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Front Med (Lausanne) ; 7: 611460, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1389196


Background: The data on long-term outcomes of patients infected by SARS-CoV-2 and treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in China are merely available. Methods: A retrospective study included 73 patients infected by SARS-CoV-2 and treated with ECMO in 21 intensive care units in Hubei, China. Data on demographic information, clinical features, laboratory tests, ECMO durations, complications, and living status were collected. Results: The 73 ECMO-treated patients had a median age of 62 (range 33-78) years and 42 (63.6%) were males. Before ECMO initiation, patients had severe respiratory failure on mechanical ventilation with a median PO2/FiO2 of 71.9 [interquartile range (IQR), 58.6-87.0] mmHg and a median PCO2 of 62 [IQR, 43-84] mmHg on arterial blood analyses. The median duration from symptom onset to invasive mechanical ventilation, and to ECMO initiation was19 [IQR, 15-25] days, and 23 [IQR, 19-31] days. Before and after ECMO initiation, the proportions of patients receiving prone position ventilation were 58.9 and 69.9%, respectively. The median duration of ECMO support was 18.5 [IQR 12-30] days. During the treatments with ECMO, major hemorrhages occurred in 31 (42.5%) patients, and oxygenators were replaced in 21 (28.8%) patients. Since ECMO initiation, the 30-day mortality and 60-day mortality were 63.0 and 80.8%, respectively. Conclusions: In Hubei, China, the ECMO-treated patients infected by SARS-CoV-2 were of a broad age range and with severe hypoxemia. The durations of ECMO support, accompanied with increased complications, were relatively long. The long-term mortality in these patients was considerably high.

J Med Virol ; 93(7): 4537-4543, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-978146


Data are conflicting regarding the impact of tobacco smoking in people with pneumonia due to SARS-CoV-2 infection (COVID-19). We performed a retrospective multicentre cohort study of 9991 consecutive patients hospitalized in a major New York academic center between March 7th and June 5th, 2020 with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19. The clinical outcomes assessed included risk of hospitalization, in-hospital mortality, risk of intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and need for mechanical ventilation among smokers (current and former). Multivariable logistic regression and propensity score models were built to adjust for potential confounders. Among 9991 consecutive patients diagnosed with COVID-19, 2212 (22.1%) patients were self-reported smokers (406 current and 1806 former). Current smoking was not associated with an increased risk of hospitalization (propensity score [PS]-adjusted OR 0.91; p = .46), in-hospital mortality (PS-OR 0.77; p = .12), ICU admission (PS-OR 1.18; p = .37), or intubation (PS-OR 1.04; p = .85). Similarly, former smoking was not associated with an increased risk of hospitalization (PS-OR 0.88; p = .11), in-hospital mortality (PS-OR 1.03; p = .78), ICU admission (PS-OR 1.03; p = .95), or intubation (PS-OR 0.93; p = .57). Furthermore, smoking (current or former) was not associated with an increased risk of hospitalization (PS-OR 0.85; p = .05), in-hospital mortality (PS-OR 0.94; p = .49), ICU admission (PS-OR 0.86; p = .17), or intubation (PS-OR 0.79; p = .06). Smoking is a well-known risk factor associated with greater susceptibility and subsequent increased severity of respiratory infections. In the current COVID-19 pandemic, smokers may have increased risk and severe pneumonia. In the current COVID-19 pandemic, smokers are believed to have an increased risk of mortality as well as severe pneumonia. However, in our analysis of real-world clinical data, smoking was not associated with increased in-patient mortality in COVID-19 pneumonia, in accordance with prior reports.

COVID-19/mortality , Critical Care/statistics & numerical data , Smoking/mortality , COVID-19/pathology , Cytokine Release Syndrome/pathology , Female , Hospital Mortality , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Inflammation/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , New York City , Respiration, Artificial/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
J Affect Disord ; 277: 337-340, 2020 12 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-722855


BACKGROUND: In December 2019, the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection was first reported in Wuhan city, central China, which has spread rapidly. The common clinical features of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection included fever, fatigue, and damage to the respiratory or digestive system. However, it is still unclear whether SARS-CoV-2 infection could cause damage to the central nervous system (CNS) inducing psychiatric symptoms. CASE REPORT: Herein, we present the first case of SARS-CoV-2 infection with manic-like symptoms and describe the diagnosis, clinical course, and treatment of the case, focusing on the identifications of SARS-CoV-2 in the specimen of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The patient developed manic-like symptoms when his vital signs recovered on illness day 17. After manic-like attack, the detection of SARS-CoV-2 specific IgG antibody in CSF was positive, while the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) on CSF for the SARS-CoV-2 was negative. The patient received Olanzapine for treatment and his mood problems concurrently improved as indicated by scores of Young Manic Rating Scale (YMRS). LIMITATION: This is a single case report only, and the RT-PCR test for SARS-CoV-2 in CSF was not performed simultaneously when SARS-CoV-2 was positive in samples of sputum and stool. CONCLUSION: This first case of COVID-19 patient with manic-like symptoms highlights the importance of evaluation of mental health status and may contribute to our understanding of potential risk of CNS impairments by SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Bipolar Disorder/etiology , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Antibodies, Viral/cerebrospinal fluid , Antipsychotic Agents/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Betacoronavirus , Bipolar Disorder/cerebrospinal fluid , Bipolar Disorder/diagnosis , Bipolar Disorder/drug therapy , Brain/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Chest Pain , China , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Cobicistat/therapeutic use , Coronavirus Infections/cerebrospinal fluid , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Darunavir/therapeutic use , Dyspnea , Fever , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Humans , Indoles/therapeutic use , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Moxifloxacin/therapeutic use , Olanzapine/therapeutic use , Pandemics , Pharyngitis , Pneumonia, Viral/cerebrospinal fluid , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , SARS-CoV-2