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J Thorac Dis ; 14(6): 1794-1801, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1934830


Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has placed enormous diagnostic burden on hospitals and testing laboratories. It is thus critical for such facilities to optimize the diagnostic process to enable maximum testing on minimum resources. The current standard of diagnosis is the detection of the viral nucleic acid in clinical specimens. Methods: In order to optimize the laboratory's nucleic acid testing system for COVID-19, we performed a Discrete-Event-Simulation using the Arena Simulation Software to model the detection process based on the data obtained from the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University (FAHGMU). The maximum of total time that specimens spent and the equipment consumption was compared under different scenarios in the model. Results: Seven scenarios were performed to simulate actual situation and improved situations. We analyzed conditions that adding a new nucleic acid extraction system (NAES), shifting a member from night duty to morning duty, using specimen tubes containing guanidine isothiocyanate (GITC), then tested the maximum testing capacity in the current number of technicians. In addition, the costs including personal protective equipment (PPE) and testing kits was calculated. Conclusions: A work schedule based on specimen-load improves efficiency without incurring additional costs, while using the specimen tubes containing GITC could reduce testing time by 30 min. In contrast, adding new NAESs or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) instruments has minimal impact on testing efficiency.

Influenza Other Respir Viruses ; 15(1): 7-12, 2021 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-735924


To inform seroepidemiological studies, we characterized the IgG- responses in COVID-19 patients against the two major SARS-CoV-2 viral proteins, spike (S) and nucleocapsid (N). We tested 70 COVID-19 sera collected up to 85 days post-symptom onset and 230 non-COVID-19 sera, including 27 SARS sera from 2003. Although the average SARS-CoV-2 S and N-IgG titers were comparable, N-responses were more variable among individuals. S- and N-assay specificity tested with non-COVID-19 sera were comparable at 97.5% and 97.0%, respectively. Therefore, S will make a better target due to its lower cross-reactive potential and its' more consistent frequency of detection compared to N.

Antibodies, Viral/blood , Coronavirus Nucleocapsid Proteins/immunology , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/immunology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cross Reactions , Humans , Middle Aged , Phosphoproteins/immunology , Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus/immunology