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Chromatographia ; 84(11): 1035-1048, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1408668


Qingfei Paidu (QFPD) granules have played a critical role during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China. However, worldwide acceptance has been a problem because of the complex ingredients and unique theory of treatment. In this study, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-Q Exactive Orbitrap-mass spectrometry (MS) and the Orbitrap traditional Chinese medicine library (OTCML) were used to investigate the chemical constituents of QFPD granules. By comparing retention times, masses, isotope ion patterns, and MS2 profiles, 108 compounds were putatively identified using the OTCML combined with manual verification, including 12 alkaloids, 49 flavonoids, 13 terpenoids, 14 phenylpropanoids, 4 phenolic acids, 5 phenols, and 11 other phytochemicals. Of these compounds, 17 were confirmed using reference standards. In addition, representative compounds of these different chemical types were used as examples to analyze the fragmentation pathways and characteristic product ions. Moreover, 20 herbs within the QFPD granules were also identified to establish the sources of these chemical components. This is the first rapid profiling of the chemical constituents of QFPD granules using HPLC-Q Exactive Orbitrap-MS and yields valuable information for further quality control and mechanistic studies of QFPD granules. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s10337-021-04085-0.