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World J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 2020 May 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-679274

ABSTRACT

The 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV, SARS-CoV-2) infection has already been assigned as a Class B infectious disease requiring Class A management strategy according to "the Law on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases of the People's Republic of China" and become a global pandemic. The incidence of emergencies in otorhinolaryngology, head and neck surgery such as foreign bodies in the esophagus and the respiratory tract, epistaxis, laryngeal obstruction with dyspnea, and head and neck trauma are relatively high. Emergency surgeries are required as some of these diseases progress rapidly and probably be life-threatening. In this article, we drafted the recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of emergency surgeries in otorhinolaryngology, head and neck surgery in the epidemic area of novel coronavirus pneumonia based on "Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Diagnosis and Treatment Plan (Provisional; 7th Edition Revisions)"and WHO guidelines, combined with the experience of emergency surgeries in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Wuhan Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, which is at the center outbreak area of the SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia (COVID-19) in China, to improve the success rate of treatment for otorhinolaryngology, head and neck surgery emergency surgeries and to reduce the SARS-CoV-2 infection rate in the perioperative period.

3.
Head Neck ; 42(7): 1374-1381, 2020 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-305887

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: An increasing number of COVID-19 patients worldwide will probably need tracheostomy in an emergency or at the recovering stage of COVID-19. We explored the safe and effective management of tracheostomy in COVID-19 patients, to benefit patients and protect health care workers at the same time. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 11 hospitalized COVID-19 patients undergoing tracheostomy. Clinical features of patients, ventilator withdrawal after tracheostomy, surgical complications, and nosocomial infection of the health care workers associated with the tracheostomy were analyzed. RESULTS: The tracheostomy of all the 11 cases (100%) was performed successfully, including percutaneous tracheostomy of 6 cases (54.5%) and conventional open tracheostomy of 5 cases (45.5%). No severe postoperative complications occurred, and no health care workers associated with the tracheostomy are confirmed to be infected by SARS-CoV-2. CONCLUSION: Comprehensive evaluation before tracheostomy, optimized procedures during tracheostomy, and special care after tracheostomy can make the tracheostomy safe and beneficial in COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Occupational Health , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Tracheostomy/methods , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Intubation, Intratracheal , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Pandemics/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Tertiary Care Centers
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