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1.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 737, 2021 Aug 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1435227

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The serum surfactant protein D (SP-D) level is suggested to be a useful biomarker for acute lung injuries and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Whether the serum SP-D level could identify the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the early stage has not been elucidated. METHODS: We performed an observational study on 39 laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 patients from The Fourth People's Hospital of Yiyang, Hunan, China. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, correlation analysis, and multivariate logistic regression model analysis were performed. RESULTS: In the acute phase, the serum levels of SP-D were elevated significantly in severe COVID-19 patients than in mild cases (mean value ± standard deviation (SD), 449.7 ± 125.8 vs 245.9 ± 90.0 ng/mL, P<0.001), while the serum levels of SP-D in the recovery period were decreased dramatically than that in the acute phase (mean value ± SD, 129.5 ± 51.7 vs 292.9 ± 130.7 ng/ml, P<0.001), and so were for the stratified patients. The chest CT imaging scores were considerably higher in the severe group compared with those in the mild group (median value, 10.0 vs 9.0, P = 0.011), while markedly lower in the recovery period than those in the acute phase (median value, 2.0 vs 9.0, P<0.001), and so were for the stratified patients. ROC curve analysis revealed that areas under the curve of lymphocyte counts (LYM), C-reaction protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and SP-D for severe COVID-19 were 0.719, 0.833, 0.817, 0.837, and 0.922, respectively. Correlation analysis showed that the SP-D levels were negatively correlated with LYM (r = - 0.320, P = 0.047), while positively correlated with CRP (r = 0.658, P<0.001), IL-6 (r = 0.471, P = 0.002), the duration of nucleic acid of throat swab turning negative (r = 0.668, P<0.001), chest CT imaging score on admission (r = 0.695, P<0.001) and length of stay (r = 0.420, P = 0.008). Multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that age (P = 0.041, OR = 1.093) and SP-D (P = 0.008, OR = 1.018) were risk factors for severe COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated serum SP-D level was a potential biomarker for the severity of COVID-19; this may be useful in identifying patients whose condition worsens at an early stage.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein D , Humans , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(12): e25232, 2021 Mar 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1150010

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: We aimed to investigate the relationship of radiological features and the corresponding pulmonary pathology of patients with Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pneumonia.In this multicenter study, serial chest CT and radiographic images from 9 patients (51-85 years old, 56% male) were reviewed and analyzed. Postmortem lungs were sampled and studied from these autopsies, with a special focus on several corresponding sites based on imaging features.The predominant pattern of pulmonary injury in these 9 cases was diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) and interstitial inflammation. Moreover, acute fibrinous exudates, organization, inflammatory cell infiltration, hyaline membranes, pulmonary edema, pneumocyte hyperplasia, and fibrosis were all observed. The histopathology features varied according to the site and severity of each lesion. In most of the 9 cases, opacities started from a subpleural area and peripheral structures were more severely damaged based on gross views and pathological examinations. Fibrosis could occur in early stages of infection and this was supported by radiological and pathological findings. The radiological features of COVID-19 pneumonia, at the critically ill stage, were diffuse ground-glass opacities with consolidation, interstitial thickening, and fibrous stripes, which was based in the fibrous tissue proliferation in the alveolar and interlobular septa, and filled alveoli with organizing exudation. Fungal and bacterial co-infections were also observed in 6 cases.Typical imaging features can be correlated with underlying pathological findings. Combining assessments of imaging features with pathological findings therefore can enhance our understanding of the histopathological mechanism of COVID-19 pneumonia, and facilitate early radiological diagnosis and prognosis estimation of COVID-19 pneumonia, which has important implications for the development of clinical targeted treatments and research related to COVID-19 pneumonia.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/pathology , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Autopsy , Female , Humans , Lung/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(7): e24668, 2021 Feb 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1091183

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: We aimed to retrospectively analyze the clinical and computed tomography (CT) characteristics of young adults with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia who were critically ill and to identify the features associated with non-survival.Thirty-eight COVID-19 patients (20-45 years old, 28 men) who had been admitted in the intensive care unit were included, including 18 non-survivors (group 1) and 20 survivors (group 2). Their clinical characteristics and initial and follow-up CT were compared between groups.In group 1, the days from illness onset to death were 21.1 ±â€Š10.3 days; 7 patients had underlying comorbidities. At admission, group 1 exhibited higher serum ferritin and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels (1142.6 ±â€Š242.4 mg/L and 33.8 ±â€Š18.6 mmol/L) compared with group 2 (728.3 ±â€Š150.9 mg/L and 15.2 ±â€Š6.9 mmol/L, P < .01). Group 1 exhibited more rapidly progressive opacities and consolidation in follow-up CT (16.7 ±â€Š3.1 scores, 15.7 ±â€Š3.1 segments) than group 2 (11.4 ±â€Š4.0 scores, 10.3 ±â€Š4.6 segments, P < .01). The oxygenation index was lower (87.6 ±â€Š19.2 vs 99.1 ±â€Š20.4 mm Hg) and the mechanical ventilation duration was longer (14.7 ±â€Š6.9 vs 9.7 ±â€Š3.7 days) in group 1 compare with group 2 (P < .01).Compared with the survivors, the non-survivors showed higher serum ferritin and IL-6 levels, more rapidly progressive opacities in CT, lower oxygenation index, and longer mechanical ventilation durations. Special attention to ferritin/IL-6 levels and oxygenation index as well as early CT application and timely reexaminations are important to identify the individuals who may be at risk of becoming critically ill.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/immunology , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/immunology , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Adult , COVID-19/mortality , Critical Illness , Disease Progression , Female , Humans , Male , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Survival Analysis
4.
Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis ; 13(1): e2021015, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1045343

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is highly contagious and deadly and is associated with coagulopathy. Pentraxin-3(PTX3) participates in innate resistance to infections and plays a role in thrombogenesis. Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate the role of PTX3 in coagulopathy in patients with COVID-19. Methods: A retrospective study, including thirty-nine COVID-19 patients, enrolled in Hunan, China, were performed. The patients were classified into the D-dimer_L (D-dimer <1mg/L) and D-dimer_H (D-dimer≥1mg/L) groups basing on the plasma D-dimer levels on admission. Serum PTX3 levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and compared between those two groups, then receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, correlation analysis, and linear regression models were performed to analyze the association between PTX3 and D-dimer. Results: Our results showed that serum PTX3 levels (median values, 10.21 vs. 3.36, P<0.001), computerized chest tomography (C.T.) scores (median values, 10.0 vs. 9.0, P<0.05), and length of stay (LOS) (mean values, 16.0 vs. 10.7, P=0.001) in the D-dimer_H group were significantly higher than that in D-dimer_L group. ROC curve analysis revealed that the AUC of white blood corpuscle counts, C-reaction protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and PTX3 for COVID-19 were 0.685, 0.863, 0.846, and 0.985, respectively. Correlation analysis showed that there was a positive relationship between PTX3 and D-dimer (r=0.721, P<0.001), chest CT imaging score (r=0.418, P=0.008), and LOS (r=0.486, P=0.002). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the coefficient of determination was 0.657 (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Serum level of PTX3 was positively correlated with disease severity and coagulopathy. Detection of serum PTX3 level could help identify severer patients on admission and may be a potential therapeutic target for coagulopathy in patients with COVID-19.

5.
J Med Virol ; 92(11): 2536-2542, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-935115

ABSTRACT

Although emerging data demonstrated mortality of young COVID-19 patients, no data have reported the risk factors of mortality for these young patients, and whether obesity is a risk for young COVID-19 patients remains unknown. We conducted a retrospective study including 13 young patients who died of COVID-19 and 40 matched survivors. Logistic regression was employed to characterize the risk factors of mortality in young obese COVID-19 patients. Most of the young deceased COVID-19 patients were mild cases at the time of admission, but the disease progressed rapidly featured by a higher severity of patchy shadows (100.00% vs 48.70%; P = .006), pleural thickening (61.50% vs 12.80%; P = .012), and mild pericardial effusion (76.90% vs 0.00%; P < .001). Most importantly, the deceased patients manifested higher body mass index (odds ratio [OR] = 1.354; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.075-1.704; P = .010), inflammation-related index C-reactive protein (OR = 1.014; 95% CI = 1.003-1.025; P = .014), cardiac injury biomarker hs-cTnI (OR = 1.420; 95% CI = 1.112-1.814; P = .005), and increased coagulation activity biomarker D-dimer (OR = 418.7; P = .047), as compared with that of survivors. Our data support that obesity could be a risk factor associated with high mortality in young COVID-19 patients, whereas aggravated inflammatory response, enhanced cardiac injury, and increased coagulation activity are likely to be the mechanisms contributing to the high mortality.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , COVID-19/mortality , Disease Progression , Obesity/complications , Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , China , Disease Susceptibility , Female , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Inflammation/virology , Male , Middle Aged , Odds Ratio , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Young Adult
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21396, 2020 Jul 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-684031

ABSTRACT

A large number of healthcare workers have been infected with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). We aimed to investigate their clinical and chest computed tomography (CT) characteristics.The clinical, laboratory test and CT features of 43 medical and hospital staff with confirmed COVID-19 (MP group, 26-70 years old) were retrospectively analyzed, and compared to 43 non-medical related patients (non-MP group, 26-71 years old). Follow-up CT characteristics were analyzed to assess the disease progression in the period of hospitalization.At admission, the main complaints of the MP group, including fever (81.4%), fatigue (48.8%) and cough (41.9%), were similar to the non-MP group. The C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and lactate dehydrogenase levels were higher in the non-MP group than the MP group (17.5 ±â€Š22.4 mg/L, 20.2 ±â€Š23.4 mm/H and 219 ±â€Š66U/L, respectively, P < .05). Ground-grass opacities, consolidation, interstitial thickening were common CT features of both groups. The severity of opacities on initial CT were less in the MP group (5.3 ±â€Š3.9 scores) than in the non-MP group (9.1 ±â€Š4.8 scores, P < .05). Before regular treatments, the sum score of the opacities showed weak to moderate correlations with duration, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and lactate dehydrogenase levels (R ranged from 0.341-0.651, P < .05). In the study time window, the duration from illness onset to when the most obvious pulmonary opacities were observed, according to CT findings, were similar in the MP group (13.3 ±â€Š6.6 days) and the non-MP group (13.8 ±â€Š5.1 days, P = .69). Mild to moderate anxiety and depression were observed in both groups.Despite greater knowledge of how to protect themselves than the general population, healthcare workers are also susceptible to COVID-19 infection. Occupational exposure is a very important factor. Healthcare workers have a higher vigilance about the infection in the early stage of the disease.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Occupational Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Adult , Aged , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Female , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Lung/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Diseases/virology , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Chest ; 158(1): e5-e7, 2020 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-617479
8.
J Infect Dis ; 222(6): 894-898, 2020 08 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-613973

ABSTRACT

In a retrospective study of 39 COVID-19 patients and 32 control participants in China, we collected clinical data and examined the expression of endothelial cell adhesion molecules by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Serum levels of fractalkine, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), and vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) were elevated in patients with mild disease, dramatically elevated in severe cases, and decreased in the convalescence phase. We conclude the increased expression of endothelial cell adhesion molecules is related to COVID-19 disease severity and may contribute to coagulation dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Amine Oxidase (Copper-Containing)/blood , Betacoronavirus , Cell Adhesion Molecules/blood , Chemokine CX3CL1/blood , Coronavirus Infections/blood , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , Pneumonia, Viral/blood , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , Amine Oxidase (Copper-Containing)/metabolism , Blood Coagulation Disorders/virology , COVID-19 , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Chemokine CX3CL1/metabolism , China , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism
9.
Am J Cancer Res ; 10(5): 1518-1521, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-580075

ABSTRACT

In the previous stage, there were too many patients with Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan. Ordinary people, patients, even doctors, had a great sense of desperate. On the one hand, almost all doctors participated in the treatment of patients of COVID-19. On the other hand, the government restricted residents to go out, and the sick people were also afraid of being infected with COVID-19 when seeking medical treatment. Whether cancer patients seek medical treatment or not has become a contradiction for a long time. Our Viewpoint paper is to provide a positive signal to doctors and patients that patients with in the middle or advanced stage of cancer can receive radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy normally under protective measures.

10.
Invest Radiol ; 55(6): 332-339, 2020 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-18137

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In late December 2019, an outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China was caused by a novel coronavirus, newly named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. We aimed to quantify the severity of COVID-19 infection on high-resolution chest computed tomography (CT) and to determine its relationship with clinical parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 11, 2020, to February 5, 2020, the clinical, laboratory, and high-resolution CT features of 42 patients (26-75 years, 25 males) with COVID-19 were analyzed. The initial and follow-up CT, obtained a mean of 4.5 days and 11.6 days from the illness onset were retrospectively assessed for the severity and progression of pneumonia. Correlations among clinical parameters, initial CT features, and progression of opacifications were evaluated with Spearman correlation and linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients (83%) exhibited a progressive process according to CT features during the early stage from onset. Follow-up CT findings showed progressive opacifications, consolidation, interstitial thickening, fibrous strips, and air bronchograms, compared with initial CT (all P < 0.05). Before regular treatments, there was a moderate correlation between the days from onset and sum score of opacifications (R = 0.68, P < 0.01). The C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and lactate dehydrogenase showed significantly positive correlation with the severity of pneumonia assessed on initial CT (Rrange, 0.36-0.75; P < 0.05). The highest temperature and the severity of opacifications assessed on initial CT were significantly related to the progression of opacifications on follow-up CT (P = 0.001-0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with the COVID-19 infection usually presented with typical ground glass opacities and other CT features, which showed significant correlations with some clinical and laboratory measurements. Follow-up CT images often demonstrated progressions during the early stage from illness onset.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Adult , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Disease Progression , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Linear Models , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Thorax/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
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