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Journal of Intensive Medicine ; 2021.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1157520

ABSTRACT

Background : The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has posed a huge threat to human health. However, little is known regarding the risk factors associated with COVID-19 severity. We aimed to explore early-stage disease risk factors associated with eventual disease severity. Methods : This study enrolled 486 hospitalized, non-intensive care unit (ICU)-admitted adult patients with COVID-19 (age ≥ 18 years) treated at Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital, who were divided into three groups according to disease severity. The demographic, clinical, and laboratory data at admission and clinical outcomes were compared among severity groups, and the risk factors for disease severity were identified by multiple regression analysis. Results : Of 486 patients with COVID-19, 405 (83.33%) were discharged, 33 (6.71%) died outside of the ICU, and 48 (7.20%) were still being treated in the ICU by the time the study period ended. Significant differences in age, lymphocyte counts, and the levels of procalcitonin, aspartate aminotransferase, and D-dimer (P < 0.001 for all) among the three groups. Further analysis showed that older age, decreased lymphocyte counts, and increased procalcitonin, aspartate aminotransferase, and D-dimer levels were significantly associated with disease progression. Conclusion : Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may impair the immune system, the blood coagulation system, and hepatic and cardiac function. Some clinical characteristics and laboratory findings can help identify patients with a high risk of disease severity, which can be significant for appropriate resource allocation during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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