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1.
Sens Actuators B Chem ; 351: 130897, 2022 Jan 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1458630

ABSTRACT

The rapid and accurate diagnosis of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) at the early stage of virus infection can effectively prevent the spread of the virus and control the epidemic. Here, a colorimetric and fluorescent dual-functional lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) biosensor was developed for the rapid and sensitive detection of spike 1 (S1) protein of SARS-CoV-2. A novel dual-functional immune label was fabricated by coating a single-layer shell formed by mixing 20 nm Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) and quantum dots (QDs) on SiO2 core to produce strong colorimetric and fluorescence signals and ensure good monodispersity and high stability. The colorimetric signal was used for visual detection and rapid screening of suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection on sites. The fluorescence signal was utilized for sensitive and quantitative detection of virus infection at the early stage. The detection limits of detecting S1 protein via colorimetric and fluorescence functions of the biosensor were 1 and 0.033 ng/mL, respectively. Furthermore, we evaluated the performance of the biosensor for analyzing real samples. The novel biosensor developed herein had good repeatability, specificity and accuracy, which showed great potential as a tool for rapidly detecting SARS-CoV-2.

2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(34): 40342-40353, 2021 Sep 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1366784

ABSTRACT

Sensitive point-of-care methods for detecting severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antigens in clinical specimens are urgently needed to achieve rapid screening of viral infection. We developed a magnetic quantum dot-based dual-mode lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) biosensor for the high-sensitivity simultaneous detection of SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) and nucleocapsid protein (NP) antigens, which is beneficial for improving the detection accuracy and efficiency of SARS-CoV-2 infection in the point-of-care testing area. A high-performance magnetic quantum dot with a triple-QD shell (MagTQD) nanotag was first fabricated and integrated into the LFIA system to provide superior fluorescence signals, enrichment ability, and detectability for S/NP antigen testing. Two detection modes were provided by the proposed MagTQD-LFIA. The direct mode was used for rapid screening or urgent detection of suspected samples within 10 min, and the enrichment mode was used for the highly sensitive and quantitative analysis of SARS-CoV-2 antigens in biological samples without the interference of the "hook effect." The simultaneous detection of SARS-CoV-2 S/NP antigens was conducted in one LFIA strip, and the detection limits for two antigens under direct and enrichment modes were 1 and 0.5 pg/mL, respectively. The MagTQD-LFIA showed high accuracy, specificity, and stability in saliva and nasal swab samples and is an efficient tool with flexibility to meet the testing requirements for SARS-CoV-2 antigens in various situations.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Viral/analysis , Biosensing Techniques/methods , Coronavirus Nucleocapsid Proteins/analysis , SARS-CoV-2/chemistry , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/analysis , Antibodies, Immobilized/immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology , Antigens, Viral/immunology , Coronavirus Nucleocapsid Proteins/immunology , Fluorescence , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Humans , Immunoassay/methods , Limit of Detection , Magnetite Nanoparticles/chemistry , Nasopharynx/virology , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Phosphoproteins/immunology , Quantum Dots/chemistry , Saliva/virology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/immunology
3.
Analyst ; 146(12): 3908-3917, 2021 Jun 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1319050

ABSTRACT

The pandemic outbreak of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is still spreading rapidly and poses a great threat to human health. As such, developing rapid and accurate immunodiagnostic methods for the identification of infected persons is needed. Here, we proposed a simple but sensitive on-site testing method based on spike protein-conjugated quantum dot (QD) nanotag-integrated lateral flow immunoassay (LFA) to simultaneously detect SARS-CoV-2-specific IgM and IgG in human serum. Advanced silica-core@dual QD-shell nanocomposites (SiO2@DQD) with superior luminescence and stability were prepared to serve as fluorescent nanotags in the LFA strip and guarantee high sensitivity and reliability of the assay. The performance of the SiO2@DQD-strip was fully optimized and confirmed by using 10 positive serum samples from COVID-19 patients and 10 negative samples from patients with other respiratory diseases. The practical clinical value of the assay was further evaluated by testing 316 serum samples (114 positive and 202 negative samples). The overall detection sensitivity and specificity reached 97.37% (111/114) and 95.54% (193/202), respectively, indicating the huge potential of our proposed method for the rapid and accurate detection of SARS-CoV-2-infected persons and asymptomatic carriers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus , Antibodies, Viral , Humans , Immunoassay , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Reproducibility of Results , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensitivity and Specificity , Silicon Dioxide
4.
Sens Actuators B Chem ; 345: 130372, 2021 Oct 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1294238

ABSTRACT

Rapid and accurate diagnosis of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and influenza A virus (FluA) antigens in the early stages of virus infection is the key to control the epidemic spread. Here, we developed a two-channel fluorescent immunochromatographic assay (ICA) for ultrasensitive and simultaneous qualification of the two viruses in biological samples. A high-performance quantum dot nanobead (QB) was fabricated by adsorption of multilayers of dense quantum dots (QDs) onto the SiO2 surface and used as the highly luminescent label of the ICA system to ensure the high-sensitivity and stability of the assay. The combination of monodispersed SiO2 core (∼180 nm) and numerous carboxylated QDs formed a hierarchical shell, which ensured that the QBs possessed excellent stability, superior fluorescence signal, and convenient surface functionalization. The developed ICA biosensor achieved simultaneous detection of SARS-CoV-2 and FluA in one test within 15 min, with detection limits reaching 5 pg/mL for SARS-CoV-2 antigen and 50 pfu/mL for FluA H1N1. Moreover, our method showed high accuracy and specificity in throat swab samples with two orders of magnitude improvement in sensitivity compared with traditional AuNP-based ICA method. Hence, the proposed method is a promising and convenient tool for detection of respiratory viruses.

5.
Analyst ; 146(12): 3908-3917, 2021 Jun 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1221232

ABSTRACT

The pandemic outbreak of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is still spreading rapidly and poses a great threat to human health. As such, developing rapid and accurate immunodiagnostic methods for the identification of infected persons is needed. Here, we proposed a simple but sensitive on-site testing method based on spike protein-conjugated quantum dot (QD) nanotag-integrated lateral flow immunoassay (LFA) to simultaneously detect SARS-CoV-2-specific IgM and IgG in human serum. Advanced silica-core@dual QD-shell nanocomposites (SiO2@DQD) with superior luminescence and stability were prepared to serve as fluorescent nanotags in the LFA strip and guarantee high sensitivity and reliability of the assay. The performance of the SiO2@DQD-strip was fully optimized and confirmed by using 10 positive serum samples from COVID-19 patients and 10 negative samples from patients with other respiratory diseases. The practical clinical value of the assay was further evaluated by testing 316 serum samples (114 positive and 202 negative samples). The overall detection sensitivity and specificity reached 97.37% (111/114) and 95.54% (193/202), respectively, indicating the huge potential of our proposed method for the rapid and accurate detection of SARS-CoV-2-infected persons and asymptomatic carriers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus , Antibodies, Viral , Humans , Immunoassay , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Reproducibility of Results , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensitivity and Specificity , Silicon Dioxide
6.
Anal Chem ; 92(23): 15542-15549, 2020 12 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-933643

ABSTRACT

A rapid and accurate method for detection of virus (SARS-CoV-2)-specific antibodies is important to contain the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak, which is still urgently needed. Here, we develop a colorimetric-fluorescent dual-mode lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) biosensor for rapid, sensitive, and simultaneous detection of SARS-CoV-2-specific IgM and IgG in human serum using spike (S) protein-conjugated SiO2@Au@QD nanobeads (NBs) as labels. The assay only needs 1 µL of the serum sample, can be completed within 15 min, and is 100 times more sensitive than the colloidal gold-based LFIA. Two detection modes of our biosensor are available: the colorimetric mode for rapid screening of the patients with suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection without any special instrument and the fluorescent mode for sensitive and quantitative analyses to determine the concentrations of specific IgM/IgG in human serum and detect the infection early and precisely. We validated the proposed method using 16 positive serum samples from patients with COVID-19 and 41 negative samples from patients with other viral respiratory infections. The results demonstrated that combined detection of virus-specific IgM and IgG via SiO2@Au@QD LFIA can identify 100% of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection with 100% specificity.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral/blood , COVID-19/diagnosis , Immunoassay/methods , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Quantum Dots/chemistry , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , COVID-19/virology , Gold/chemistry , Humans , Particle Size , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , SARS-CoV-2/metabolism , Sensitivity and Specificity , Silicon Dioxide/chemistry , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/chemistry
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