Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 33
Filter
2.
Sep Purif Technol ; 298: 121565, 2022 Oct 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1905590

ABSTRACT

Public health safety issues have been plaguing the world since the pandemic outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). However, most personal protective equipments (PPE) do not have antibacterial and anti- toxicity effects. In this work, we designed and prepared a reusable, antibacterial and anti-toxicity Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) based nanofibrous membrane cooperated with Ag/g-C3N4 (Ag-CN), Myoporum.bontioides (M. bontioides) plant extracts and Ag nanoparticles (NPs) by an electrospinning-process. The SEM and TEM characterization revealed the formation of raised, creased or wrinkled areas on the fiber surface caused by the Ag nanoparticles, the rough surface prevented the aerosol particles on the fiber surface from sliding and stagnating, thus providing excellent filtration performance. The PAN/M. bontioides/Ag-CN/Ag nanofibrous membrane could be employed as a photocatalytic bactericidal material, which not only degraded 96.37% of methylene blue within 150 min, but also exhibited the superior bactericidal effect of 98.65 ± 1.49% and 97.8 ± 1.27% against E. coli and S. aureus, respectively, under 3 hs of light exposure. After 3 cycles of sterilization experiments, the PAN/M. bontioides/Ag-CN/Ag nanofibrous membrane maintained an efficient sterilization effect. Molecular docking revealed that the compounds in M. bontioides extracts interacted with neo-coronavirus targets mainly on Mpro and RdRp proteins, and these compounds had the strongest docking energy with Mpro protein, the shortest docking radius, and more binding sites for key amino acids around the viral protein targets, which influenced the replication and transcription process of neo-coronavirus. The PAN/M.bontioides/Ag-CN/Ag nanofibrous membrane also performed significant inhibition of influenza A virus H3N2. The novel nanofiber membrane is expected to be applied to medical masks, which will improve human isolation and protection against viruses.

3.
Chinese Journal of Dermatovenereology ; 36(5):593-598, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1903929

ABSTRACT

The infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 may result in a series of skin damages. In addition, some patients report the re-activation of the varicella-zoster virus, which might be related to T cell immune dysfunction caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection. Recently, studies reported herpes zoster occurrence after inoculating the COVID-19 vaccine. At present, the mechanism of interaction between COVID-19, COVID-19 vaccine and herpes zoster remains unclear, and more high-quality studies are required to further define the relationship.

4.
Life (Basel) ; 12(6)2022 May 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1869690

ABSTRACT

The ACE2 receptor, as the potential entrance site of SARS-CoV-2-affected cells, plays a crucial role in spreading infection. The DX600 peptide is a competitive inhibitor of ACE2. We previously constructed the 68Ga-labeled DOTA-DX600 (also known as 68Ga-HZ20) peptide and confirmed its ACE2 binding ability both in vitro and in vivo. In this research, we aimed to investigate the noninvasive mapping of ACE2 expression in fowl using 68Ga-HZ20 micro-PET. We chose pigeons as an animal model and first studied the administration method of 68Ga-HZ20 by direct site injection or intravenous injection. Then, the dynamic micro-PET scan of 68Ga-HZ20 was conducted at 0-40 min. Additionally, 18F-FDG was used for comparison. Finally, the pigeons were sacrificed, and the main organs were collected for further immunoPET and IHC staining. Micro PET/CT imaging results showed that 68Ga-HZ20 uptake was distributed from the heart at the preliminary injection to the kidneys, liver, stomach, and lungs over time, where the highest uptake was observed in the kidneys (SUVmax = 6.95, 20 min) and lung (SUVmax = 1.11, 20 min). Immunohistochemical experiments were carried out on its main organs. Compared to the SUVmax data, the IHC results showed that ACE2 was highly expressed in both kidneys and intestines, and the optimal imaging time was determined to be 20 min after injection through correlation analysis. These results indicated that 68Ga-HZ20 is a potential target molecule for SARS-CoV-2 in fowl, which is worthy of promotion and further study.

5.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 16(4): e0010357, 2022 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1854982

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Scrub typhus (ST) is a life-threatening infectious disease if appropriate treatment is unavailable. Large discrepancy of clinical severity of ST patients was reported among age groups, and the underlying risk factors for severe disease are unclear. METHODS: Clinical and epidemiological data of ST patients were collected in 55 surveillance hospitals located in Guangzhou City, China, from 2012 to 2018. Severe prognosis and related factors were determined and compared between pediatric and elderly patients. RESULTS: A total of 2,074 ST patients including 209 pediatric patients and 1,865 elderly patients were included, with a comparable disease severity rate of 11.0% (95% CI 7.1%-16.1%) and 10.3% (95% CI 9.0%-11.8%). Different frequencies of clinical characteristics including lymphadenopathy, skin rash, enlarged tonsils, etc. were observed between pediatric and elderly patients. Presence of peripheral edema and decreased hemoglobin were the most important predictors of severe illness in pediatric patients with adjusted ORs by 38.99 (9.96-152.67, p<0.001) and 13.22 (1.54-113.50, p = 0.019), respectively, while presence of dyspnea and increased total bilirubin were the potential determinants of severe disease in elderly patients with adjusted ORs by 11.69 (7.33-18.64, p<0.001) and 3.17 (1.97-5.11, p<0.001), respectively. Compared with pediatric patients, elderly patients were more likely to receive doxycycline (64.8% v.s 9.9%, p<0.001), while less likely to receive azithromycin therapy (5.0% v.s 41.1%, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The disease severity rate is comparable between pediatric and elderly ST patients, while different clinical features and laboratory indicators were associated with development of severe complications for pediatric and elderly patients, which is helpful for diagnosis and progress assessment of disease for ST patients.


Subject(s)
Scrub Typhus , Aged , Child , China/epidemiology , Doxycycline/therapeutic use , Humans , Risk Factors , Scrub Typhus/complications , Scrub Typhus/drug therapy , Scrub Typhus/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index
6.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-309465

ABSTRACT

Background: Chest CT is working as a first-line imaging modality for diagnosing Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Whether the CT findings could differentiate between the COVID-19 admitted out of Wuhan and common pneumonia has not been investigated. This study aimed to compare the chest CT features of patients with COVID-19 admitted out of Wuhan, as against the patients with common pneumonia. Methods: : This retrospective study enrolled 37 individuals with COVID-19 from six medical centers out of Wuhan from January 17 th to February 26 th . Another group of 41 patients with acute pneumonia collected from the same timeframe in 2019 were enrolled as the control group. All the patients had high-resolution chest CT (HRCT) scans. Clinical variables were recorded including exposure history, clinical symptoms and laboratory findings. For each HRCT, pulmonary lesions including ground-glass opacification (GGO), consolidation, and evidence of fibrosis were recorded. The Student’s t test or Wilcoxon’s test was used for comparison between COVID-19 and common pneumonia. Spearman correlation was used to evaluate correlations between the pneumonia findings on CT and clinical variables. Results: : A total of 37 patients (M/F:19/18;43.73±16.71 years) in COVID-19 group and 41(M/F:13/28;49.77±15.00 years) in common pneumonia group were evaluated. Patients with COVID-19 demonstrated a typical pattern of bilateral, multi-lobal GGO, sometimes with consolidation and fibrosis, but a mild degree of pneumonia findings than the control group ( P = 0.0024). 23/37 (62.16%) patients with COVID-19 had a preferable subpleural distribution, while the patients with common pneumonia had higher frequency of peribronchovascular pattern (16/41, 39.02%, P =0.0046). The duration between the illness onset and CT were significantly correlated with the severity scores in both groups. Conclusion: Patients with COVID-19 admitted out of Wuhan demonstrated a milder pulmonary change and a preferable subpleural pattern on HRCT when comparing with the patients with common pneumonia.

7.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-325163

ABSTRACT

We assessed the safety and immunogenicity of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine BBIBP-CorV, especially measured the resistance of four global variants of concern: Lineage B.1.1.7, Lineage B.1.351, Lineage P.1, and Lineage B.1.526 to neutralizing activity of vaccine-elicited sera. Among 1006 enrolled participants, no serious adverse event was reported within 28 days post-vaccination. Seroconversion of neutralizing antibodies was seen in 698 (91.84%) of 760 healthcare workers, and the geometric mean titres (GMTs) of neutralizing antibody titre was 62.68 (57.02–68.91) after the second immunization. We found that 57 (12.13%), 99 (20.97%), and 114 (24.26%) vaccine-elicited sera showed complete or partial loss of neutralizing activity against lineage B.1.1.7, lineage B.1.526, and lineage P.1, respectively, while 199 (42.34%) vaccine-elicited sera preserved neutralizing activity against lineage B.1.351, albeit at relatively low dilutions. These data indicated that humoral responses against SARS-CoV-2 could be effectively induced in vaccine recipients, although diminished neutralization potency against multiple variants was observed.

8.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Nov 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1671539

ABSTRACT

The spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 interacts with angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) of human respiratory epithelial cells, which leads to infection. Furthermore, low-dose radiation has been found to reduce inflammation and aid the curing of COVID-19. The receptor binding domain (RBD), a recombinant spike protein with a His tag at the C-terminus, binds to ACE2 in human body. We thus constructed a radioiodinated RBD as a molecule-targeted probe to non-invasively explore ACE2 expression in vivo, and to investigate radiotherapy pathway for inhibiting ACE2. RBD was labeled with [124I]NaI using an N-bromosuccinimide (NBS)-mediated method, and 124I-RBD was obtained after purification with a specific activity of 28.9 GBq/nmol. Its radiochemical purity was (RCP) over 90% in saline for 5 days. The dissociation constant of 124I-RBD binding to hACE2 was 75.7 nM. The uptake of 124I-RBD by HeLaACE+ cells at 2 h was 2.96% ± 0.35%, which could be substantially blocked by an excessive amount of RBD, and drop to 1.71% ± 0.23%. In BALB/c mice, the biodistribution of 124I-RBD after intravenous injection showed a moderate metabolism rate, and its 24 h-post injection (p.i.) organ distribution was similar to the expression profile in body. Micro-PET imaging of mice after intrapulmonary injection showed high uptake of lung at 1, 4, 24 h p.i.. In conclusion, the experimental results demonstrate the potential of 124I-RBD as a novel targeted molecular probe for COVID-19. This probe may be used for non-invasive ACE2 mapping in mammals.

9.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-294592

ABSTRACT

Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a transmembrane protein, is the main entry point for certain coronaviruses including the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 to enter cells. Synthesizing the PET imaging probe Al 18 F-DX600-BCH which is high-affinity ACE2 is aim to detect the expression of ACE2 in body and monitor the therapeutic effect. The Al 18 F-DX600-BCH was obtained manually with a 20.4% ± 5.2% radiochemical yield without attenuation correction and an over 99% purified radiochemical purity, being stable in vitro within 4 hours and cleared rapidly in blood (the half-lives of the distribution phase and clearance phase were 2.12 min and 25.31 min, respectively). Results of both biodistribution and PET imaging showed that Al 18 F-DX600-BCH was highly accumulated in the kidney (SUV kidney/normal > 50), and specific uptake in testis (SUV testis/normal > 10) was observed in rat images. The kidney (++), gastrointestinal (++) and bronchial (+++) cells were evidenced of ACE2 positive by IHC staining of rats. A total of 10 volunteers were enrolled and received PET/CT 1 hour and 2 hours after injection or dynamic PET/CT during 0-330 seconds (NCT04542863), from which strong radioactivity accumulation was mostly observed in the genitourinary system (SUV renal cortex = 32.00, SUV testis = 4.56), and moderate accumulation in conjunctiva and nasal mucosa for several cases. This work firstly reported the probe Al 18 F-DX600-BCH targeting ACE2, conducting preliminary preclinical experiments and a total of 10 clinical transformations, which demonstrated the potential and possibility of non-invasive mapping of ACE2. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04542863. Registered 9 September 2020.

10.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-293272

ABSTRACT

Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a transmembrane protein, is the main entry point for certain coronaviruses including the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 to enter cells. Synthesizing the PET imaging probe Al 18 F-DX600-BCH which is high-affinity ACE2 is aim to detect the expression of ACE2 in body and monitor the therapeutic effect. The Al 18 F-DX600-BCH was obtained manually with a 20.4% ± 5.2% radiochemical yield without attenuation correction and an over 99% purified radiochemical purity, being stable in vitro within 4 hours and cleared rapidly in blood (the half-lives of the distribution phase and clearance phase were 2.12 min and 25.31 min, respectively). Results of both biodistribution and PET imaging showed that Al 18 F-DX600-BCH was highly accumulated in the kidney (SUV kidney/normal > 50), and specific uptake in testis (SUV testis/normal > 10) was observed in rat images. The kidney (++), gastrointestinal (++) and bronchial (+++) cells were evidenced of ACE2 positive by IHC staining of rats. A total of 10 volunteers were enrolled and received PET/CT 1 hour and 2 hours after injection or dynamic PET/CT during 0-330 seconds (NCT04542863), from which strong radioactivity accumulation was mostly observed in the genitourinary system (SUV renal cortex = 32.00, SUV testis = 4.56), and moderate accumulation in conjunctiva and nasal mucosa for several cases. This work firstly reported the probe Al 18 F-DX600-BCH targeting ACE2, conducting preliminary preclinical experiments and a total of 10 clinical transformations, which demonstrated the potential and possibility of non-invasive mapping of ACE2. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04542863. Registered 9 September 2020.

11.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(16): 1920-1929, 2021 07 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1522371

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The global pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a major public health problem and presents an unprecedented challenge. However, no specific drugs were currently proven. This study aimed to evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of pharmacological interventions in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and clinicaltrials.gov were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)/SARS-CoV. Random-effects network meta-analysis within the Bayesian framework was performed, followed by the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system assessing the quality of evidence. The primary outcome of interest includes mortality, cure, viral negative conversion, and overall adverse events (OAEs). Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated as the measure of effect size. RESULTS: Sixty-six RCTs with 19,095 patients were included, involving standard of care (SOC), eight different antiviral agents, six different antibiotics, high and low dose chloroquine (CQ_HD, CQ_LD), traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), corticosteroids (COR), and other treatments. Compared with SOC, a significant reduction of mortality was observed for TCM (OR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.20-0.56, moderate quality) and COR (OR = 0.84, 95% CI: 0.75-0.96, low quality) with improved cure rate (OR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.60-2.91, low quality for TCM; OR = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.05-1.30, low quality for COR). However, an increased risk of mortality was found for CQ_HD vs. SOC (OR = 3.20, 95% CI: 1.18-8.73, low quality). TCM was associated with decreased risk of OAE (OR = 0.52, 95% CI: 0.38-0.70, very low quality) but CQ_HD (OR = 2.51, 95% CI: 1.20-5.24) and interferons (IFN) (OR = 2.69, 95% CI: 1.02-7.08) vs. SOC with very low quality were associated with an increased risk. CONCLUSIONS: COR and TCM may reduce mortality and increase cure rate with no increased risk of OAEs compared with standard care. CQ_HD might increase the risk of mortality. CQ, IFN, and other antiviral agents could increase the risk of OAEs. The current evidence is generally uncertain with low-quality and further high-quality trials are needed.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 770125, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1512052

ABSTRACT

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2021.668407.].

13.
Brief Bioinform ; 22(6)2021 11 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1354275

ABSTRACT

For epidemic prevention and control, the identification of SARS-CoV-2 subpopulations sharing similar micro-epidemiological patterns and evolutionary histories is necessary for a more targeted investigation into the links among COVID-19 outbreaks caused by SARS-CoV-2 with similar genetic backgrounds. Genomic sequencing analysis has demonstrated the ability to uncover viral genetic diversity. However, an objective analysis is necessary for the identification of SARS-CoV-2 subpopulations. Herein, we detected all the mutations in 186 682 SARS-CoV-2 isolates. We found that the GC content of the SARS-CoV-2 genome had evolved to be lower, which may be conducive to viral spread, and the frameshift mutation was rare in the global population. Next, we encoded the genomic mutations in binary form and used an unsupervised learning classifier, namely PhenoGraph, to classify this information. Consequently, PhenoGraph successfully identified 303 SARS-CoV-2 subpopulations, and we found that the PhenoGraph classification was consistent with, but more detailed and precise than the known GISAID clades (S, L, V, G, GH, GR, GV and O). By the change trend analysis, we found that the growth rate of SARS-CoV-2 diversity has slowed down significantly. We also analyzed the temporal, spatial and phylogenetic relationships among the subpopulations and revealed the evolutionary trajectory of SARS-CoV-2 to a certain extent. Hence, our results provide a better understanding of the patterns and trends in the genomic evolution and epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Epidemics , Genomics , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , COVID-19/genetics , COVID-19/virology , Genetic Variation/genetics , Genome, Viral/genetics , Humans , Mutation/genetics , Phylogeny , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity
14.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4886, 2021 08 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1349666

ABSTRACT

Wide-scale SARS-CoV-2 genome sequencing is critical to tracking viral evolution during the ongoing pandemic. We develop the software tool, Variant Database (VDB), for quickly examining the changing landscape of spike mutations. Using VDB, we detect an emerging lineage of SARS-CoV-2 in the New York region that shares mutations with previously reported variants. The most common sets of spike mutations in this lineage (now designated as B.1.526) are L5F, T95I, D253G, E484K or S477N, D614G, and A701V. This lineage was first sequenced in late November 2020. Phylodynamic inference confirmed the rapid growth of the B.1.526 lineage. In concert with other variants, like B.1.1.7, the rise of B.1.526 appears to have extended the duration of the second wave of COVID-19 cases in NYC in early 2021. Pseudovirus neutralization experiments demonstrated that B.1.526 spike mutations adversely affect the neutralization titer of convalescent and vaccinee plasma, supporting the public health relevance of this lineage.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/virology , SARS-CoV-2/classification , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , COVID-19/epidemiology , Genome, Viral , Humans , Models, Molecular , Mutation , New York/epidemiology , Phylogeny , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Software , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/genetics
15.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 668407, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1337662

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emergent infectious pneumonia caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which is highly contagious and pathogenic. COVID-19 has rapidly swept across the world since it was first discovered in December 2019 and has drawn significant attention worldwide. During the early stages of the outbreak in China, traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) were involved in the whole treatment process. As an indispensable part of TCM, Chinese patent medicines (CPMs) played an irreplaceable role in the prevention and treatment of this epidemic. Their use has achieved remarkable therapeutic efficacy during the period of medical observation and clinical treatment of mild, moderate, severe, and critical cases and during convalescence. In order to better propagate and make full use of the benefits of TCM in the treatment of COVID-19, this review will summarize the potential target of SARS-CoV-2 as well as the theoretical basis and clinical efficacy of recommended 22 CPMs by the National Health Commission and the Administration of TCM and local provinces or cities in the treatment of COVID-19. Additionally, the study will further analyze the drug composition, potential active ingredients, potential targets, regulated signaling pathways, and possible mechanisms for COVID-19 through anti-inflammatory and immunoregulation, antiviral, improve lung injury, antipyretic and organ protection to provide meaningful information about the clinical application of CPMs.

16.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(16): e2100965, 2021 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1281195

ABSTRACT

Rapid progress has been made to identify and study the causative agent leading to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) but many questions including who is most susceptible and what determines severity remain unanswered. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a key factor in the infection process of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). In this study, molecularly specific positron emission tomography imaging agents for targeting ACE2 are first developed, and these novel agents are evaluated in vitro, in preclinical model systems, and in a first-in-human translational ACE2 imaging of healthy volunteers and a SARS-CoV-2 recovered patient (NCT04422457). ACE2 expression levels in different organs in live subjects are quantitatively delineated and observable differences are measured in the patient recovered from COVID-19. Surprising sites of uptake in the breast, reproductive system and very low uptake in pulmonary tissues are reported. This novel method can add a unique tool to facilitate SARS-CoV-2 related research and improve understanding of this enigmatic disease. Molecular imaging provides quantitative annotation of ACE2, the SARS-CoV-2 entry receptor, to noninvasively monitor organs impacted by the COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/metabolism , COVID-19/metabolism , COVID-19/virology , Peptides/pharmacokinetics , SARS-CoV-2/metabolism , Animals , COVID-19/pathology , Cells, Cultured , Female , Gallium Radioisotopes/pharmacokinetics , Humans , Male , Mice , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Protein Binding , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Tissue Distribution , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
17.
Nature ; 592(7855): 616-622, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1075232

ABSTRACT

Here we report on the antibody and memory B cell responses of a cohort of 20 volunteers who received the Moderna (mRNA-1273) or Pfizer-BioNTech (BNT162b2) vaccine against SARS-CoV-21-4. Eight weeks after the second injection of vaccine, volunteers showed high levels of IgM and IgG anti-SARS-CoV-2 spike protein (S) and receptor-binding-domain (RBD) binding titre. Moreover, the plasma neutralizing activity and relative numbers of RBD-specific memory B cells of vaccinated volunteers were equivalent to those of individuals who had recovered from natural infection5,6. However, activity against SARS-CoV-2 variants that encode E484K-, N501Y- or K417N/E484K/N501-mutant S was reduced by a small-but significant-margin. The monoclonal antibodies elicited by the vaccines potently neutralize SARS-CoV-2, and target a number of different RBD epitopes in common with monoclonal antibodies isolated from infected donors5-8. However, neutralization by 14 of the 17 most-potent monoclonal antibodies that we tested was reduced or abolished by the K417N, E484K or N501Y mutation. Notably, these mutations were selected when we cultured recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus expressing SARS-CoV-2 S in the presence of the monoclonal antibodies elicited by the vaccines. Together, these results suggest that the monoclonal antibodies in clinical use should be tested against newly arising variants, and that mRNA vaccines may need to be updated periodically to avoid a potential loss of clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral/blood , COVID-19 Vaccines/immunology , COVID-19/immunology , COVID-19/virology , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/genetics , Vaccines, Synthetic/immunology , Adult , Aged , Antibodies, Monoclonal/blood , Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology , Antibodies, Neutralizing/blood , Antibodies, Neutralizing/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , B-Lymphocytes/immunology , COVID-19 Vaccines/genetics , Cryoelectron Microscopy , Epitopes, B-Lymphocyte/chemistry , Epitopes, B-Lymphocyte/immunology , Epitopes, B-Lymphocyte/ultrastructure , Female , Humans , Immunization, Secondary , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Immunoglobulin M/immunology , Immunologic Memory/immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Models, Molecular , Mutation , Neutralization Tests , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/chemistry , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/immunology , Vaccines, Synthetic/genetics
18.
SciFinder; 2020.
Preprint | SciFinder | ID: ppcovidwho-5289

ABSTRACT

A review. Severe acute respiratory syndrome-novel coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) poses great challenges for public health in China. Among the reported coronavirus disease 2019 patients, most of them are aged, and a large proportion of them are combined with chronic basic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases. Heart failure is the end stage of various cardiovascular diseases. Patients with heart failure should strengthen their cognition and management in this epidemic. This review makes a comprehensive discussion between sars-cov-2 and heart failure.

19.
SciFinder; 2020.
Preprint | SciFinder | ID: ppcovidwho-4354

ABSTRACT

The present study relates to anal. of medical cases of corona virus disease 2019 treated with traditional Chinese medicine Haoqin Qingdan decoction. Corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19), which broke out in Wuhan, is highly contagious, and belongs to the category of "damp toxin epidemic" in traditional Chinese medicine. In this study, Haoqin Qingdan decoction was used to clear dampness and heat, reconcile Shaoyang channel and reach Sanjiao channel, detoxify the dampness fever epidemic toxin, and block the toxin inside, with a good efficacy. This prescription focuses on smoothing the Shaoyang gallbladder channel and Sanjiao channel, and regards the spleen and stomach as the acquired essence. In the prescription, Erchen decoction reconciles the spleen and stomach, elevates clear qi and lower turbid qi;Radix Bupleuri is added to increase its detoxification function;and Radix Paeoniae Rubra is added to circulate the blood and prevent pathogen from the blood. When the condition improves, Sweet Wormwood Herb and talc are often withdrawn, and Codonopsis is added to nourish the spleen and stomach, to strengthen the healthy qi and eliminate evil. Based on the cases of COVID-19 treated in Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital, this paper summarized some experience of applying Haoqin Qingdan decoction.

20.
SciFinder; 2020.
Preprint | SciFinder | ID: ppcovidwho-3575

ABSTRACT

A review. At present, the diagnosis and treatment of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has entered a critical period. The treatment of complex and changeable disease requires the cooperation of doctors, nurses and pharmacists. Therefore, from the perspective of pharmaceutical service, this article introduced some important aspects to improve the treatment of COVID-19, including the formulation of pharmaceutical care standards, prescription and medical order review, remote pharmaceutical care for COVID-19, pharmaceutical care for COVID-19 patients in the hospital and science popularization of COVID-19. As an important part of the prevention and control of epidemic disease, clin. pharmacy service has played an active role in ensuring the safety and effectiveness of patients′ medication, thereby making contribution to the effective control of the epidemic.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL