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1.
Radiol Case Rep ; 16(11): 3504-3508, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1454486

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global pandemic since its discovery in December 2019, and as the disease continues to evolve, varying complications associated with it continue to arise. In this regard, computed tomography has played an extremely important role in the diagnosis and evaluation of COVID-19 pneumonia and its complications. We encountered a case of a male patient with neurofibromatosis (type I) who developed concurrent pneumothorax and pleural effusion during his recovery period from severe COVID-19 pneumonia. Pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema were also confirmed. Furthermore, an eosinophil pleural effusion appeared and was prolonged during the healing process of COVID-19. This clinical presentation suggests that fibrosis and emphysema formation due to neurofibromatosis may have caused pneumothorax and pleural effusion.

2.
Case Rep Infect Dis ; 2020: 8814249, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-751446

ABSTRACT

Although a variety of existing drugs are being tested for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), no efficacious treatment has been found so far, particularly for severe cases. We report successful recovery in an elderly patient with severe pneumonia requiring mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Despite administration of multiple antiviral drugs, including lopinavir/ritonavir, chloroquine, and favipiravir, the patient's condition did not improve. However, after administration of another antiviral drug, remdesivir, we were able to terminate invasive interventions, including ECMO, and subsequently obtained negative polymerase chain reaction results. Although further validation is needed, remdesivir might be effective in treating COVID-19.

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