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1.
Progress in Nutrition ; 24(1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1819020

ABSTRACT

Objective: Body dissatisfaction is an increasing problem in adolescents, and it is thought that mindful eating and body image are related. These problems have become more serious during the pandemic period. This current study was carried out to examine the relationship between adolescents’ mindful eating, body image, and anthropometric measurements during COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A total of 200 adolescents (100 boys and 100 girls) aged 11-17 years, were involved in the study. The data were collected by the researcher using the face-to-face interview method through a questionnaire. The Mindful Eating Questionnaire was used to determine mindful eating. The Stunkard body image scale was employed to evaluate the body image of individuals, and all anthropometric measurements were made by the researcher in accordance with technique. Results: The mean age of the individuals was 14.2±2.04 years, and more than half (52%) attended high school. 60.0% of obese boys and 38.0% of obese girls considered themselves obese. A statistically significant difference was found depending on gender in terms of body perception (p<0.05). No significant difference was found between the mindful eating scores of participants according to their body perception (p>0.05). A negative statistically significant correlation was determined between the total mindful eating score of those who described themselves as underweight, overweight, and obese, and BMI (kg/m2), waist circumference (cm), hip circumference (cm), and body fat (%) (p<0.05). It was also found there were negative significant relationships between mindful eating subscales, anthropometric measurements, and BMI (p<0.05). Conclusion: It was concluded that body image in adolescents was affected by gender and BMI, and anthropometric measurements were associated with mindful eating.

2.
Analytical and Quantitative Cytopathology and Histopathology ; 43(5):471-476, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1749837

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission risk and the oral hygiene behaviors of patients using removable dentures. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 220 removable dental prosthesis users were included in the study. Among them, 110 users diagnosed with the coronavirus disease were included in the case group and 110 unaffected users were included in the control group. A survey regarding their hygiene, prosthesis removal, and handwashing attitudes was completed by the participants. Measurable variables are presented as mean +/- standard deviation (SD) and categorical variables as numbers and percentage (%). RESULTS: Individuals in the case group had a significantly lower rate of handwashing with soap and water before prosthesis removal. Additionally, no significant difference was found between the frequencies of den ture removal between the 2 groups. Furthermore, individuals who removed their prostheses more than 2 times a day had an increased rate of handwashing with soap and water. CONCLUSION: To prevent the transmission of SARS-CoV-2, proper hand hygiene is important among individuals wearing removable dentures. Individual hand hygiene habits can affect transmission of the virus. Furthermore, dentists should educate their patients wearing removable dentures regarding proper hand hygiene and denture care to prevent further spread of the virus.

3.
Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; 62:2, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1567745
4.
Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; 62:2, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1567325
5.
Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; 62(SUPPL 1), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1312276

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a viral pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2, a member of the Coronavirinae subfamily. Myalgia is one of the most prevalent symptoms. The aim of this study is to investigatewhether there is a change in FDG uptake of the muscles and bone marrow of patients with COVID-19 infection. Method: From august 2020 to december 2020, a total of 1260 oncological FDG PET-CT studies were performed inour center. Among 242 oncology patients whose SARS-CoV-2 PCR results were available, the data of 32 patients with concurrent SARS-CoV-2 positivity or previous disease history and the data of 36 covid negative patients were analyzed retrospectively. Patients tested positive COVID-19 were divided into 3 groups (14 days, 1 month and 3months) according to the time interval between the active period of the disease and FDG PET-CT imaging. FDGuptake in paraspinal, deltoid, psoas, gluteal muscles and also sacrum of each patient were measured separately, the SUVmax and the SUVmean values were recorded. The FDG uptake in paraspinal, deltoid, psoas, gluteal muscles and sacrum of the covid-negative patient group were measured and recorded the same way as the studygroup. Other imaging findings that may be related to COVID-19 were also noted. Mann-Whitney U-test was used toassess differences in metabolic parameters between the groups. Statistical significance was defined as p<0.05.Patients were asked about their muscle pain in the active phase of the COVID-19 and the pain rating scale used torate the intensity of the pain. Results: Sixty eight patients with a mean age of 56±15 (5-80) years were included in the study. There were 32females and 36 males. Median SUVmean and SUVmax values in the psoas muscle of 15 patients whose timeperiod between the SARS-CoV-2 PCR test positivity and FDG PET-CT imaging was less than 15 days were significantly higher than the median SUVmean and SUVmax values in the psoas muscle of covid-negative patientgroup (p: 0.04 and 0.016, respectively). Moreover, the bone marrow SUVmean and SUVmax values obtained from the sacrum were also found to be higher in this group (p: 0.036 and 0.016, respectively).In the patient group whosePET-CT imaging was performed 1 month after SARS-CoV-2 PCR test positivity, the SUVmax values obtained from the psoas muscle were significantly higher than the SUVmax values in the covid negative group (p: 0.043). There was no significant difference between the SUV parameters obtained from the muscle groups and bone marrow of patients who were tested for SARS-CoV-2 positivity or with a known history of COVID-19, and the SUV parametersobtained from covid-negative patients. Conclusion: Since the disease is new, there are many questions about thecourse of the disease and its early and late findings. Despite being a small sample, in our study, it was shown thatsome COVID-19 patients in the early stage of the disease may show increased FDG uptake in some muscle groups and also in bone marrow.

6.
Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; 62(SUPPL 1), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1312007

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Our aim in this study is to evaluate non-diagnostic computed tomography (CT) images obtained for attenuation purposes and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images in myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) in patients with a history of COVID-19 known. Methods: The information of 287 patients who had MPS imaging with pharmacological stress in our department between October 2020 and January 2021 were retrospectively evaluated from the hospital information system. The patients were divided into two groups according to the only ground glass density on CT and the presence of Tc-99m methoxy isobutyl isonitrile (MIBI) involvement with ground glass density. The date when the patients were diagnosed with COVID-19 was recorded. Results: Twenty-two patients had a history of COVID-19. There was an average of 74±46 (15-186) days between the diagnosis of COVID-19 and MPS. Ground glass density was observed on non-diagnostic CT in 11 patients. Ten patients had increased Tc-99m MIBI uptake consistent with ground glass areas. The median time between diagnosis and MPS was calculated as 50.5 days in patients with Tc-99m MIBI involvement in the lung and 63.5 days in patients without involvement, but according to the time interval between diagnosis and MPS, there was no significant difference between them (p> 0.05). Conclusions: Although imaging models corresponding to clinical improvement in patients diagnosed with COVID- 19 usually occur after the 2nd week of the disease, they may continue for a long time after the diagnosis, moreover, increased radiopharmaceutical uptake may accompany this. Keywords: COVID-19, MPS, MIBI .

7.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 24(5): 753-761, 2021 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1239069

ABSTRACT

AIMS: We aimed to objectively assess the COVID-19 awareness of the patients requiring dental interventions in our dental clinic by utilizing a newly generated questionnaire, which may serve helpfully in the hard battle against the pandemic in our country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 306 volunteer adults who applied to our dental clinic for dental interventions during the early days of COVID-19 outbreak in Turkey. All patients responded to a newly created questionnaire composed of four sections with 19 questions those mostly assessing the social and demographic details; like the participant's age, gender, marital status, education status, medical history, basic dental hygiene habits, occupation, and general information about the COVID-19 infection and its protection methods. RESULTS: The outcomes of 306 participants revealed that their gender, age, and education status showed significant distinctions about the dissemination of coronavirus via dental interventions. Higher education status was linked to a loftier level of social awareness about the COVID-19 infection and its potential associations with dental interventions. It was observed that the participants were unsatisfactorily cautious against the COVID-19 infection and its dissemination pathways in their social environment, particularly in the specific case of systematic diseases and preventive measures. The primary way of obtaining information about the COVID-19 infection was the electronic websites. CONCLUSION: Deplorably, accentuating the urgent need for further intensive training programs on the relationship between the systemic diseases and COVID-19 infection, and explicit daily care methods in the social environment.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adult , Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Turkey/epidemiology
8.
International Journal of Exergy ; 32(3):314-327, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-833250

ABSTRACT

Viral infections hijack metabolism of patients and start managing allocation of the cellular energy and exergy and the material reserve to the life processes to optimise their interests. Unlike most of the other viral infections, COVID-19 can cause severe pneumonia, pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis that decrease gas exchange between the alveoli and pulmonary capillaries. This results in diminished oxygenation of haemoglobin to transport oxygen between the lungs and the tissues. When the metabolic rate of the patient decreases by 33%, exergetic and energetic magnitude of the incurring damages would be 0.46 and 0.45 W/kg, respectively. In the case of 66% of decrease in the metabolic activity, the exergetic and energetic magnitude of the damage, based on the metabolic cost to an 18-year-old person, may be 0.92 and 0.90 W/kg, respectively. If a 70-year-old person should collect the same energetic and exergetic damages with that of an 18-year-old person, his/her metabolism must generate 17% more energy or exergy to compensate the incurred damage. If a person should have additional health problems, the energetic and exergetic cost of fixing the damage will probably increase. Copyright © 2020 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

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