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1.
Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal ; 72(1):91-96, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1841856

ABSTRACT

Objective: To share the epidemiological, clinical and laboratory -based evidence of severe acute respiratory syndrome Corona Virus-2 with focus on the cases of re-infection;an update after one year of the ongoing pandemic. Study Design: Prospective observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Pathology, in collaboration with Department of Medicine, Combined Military Hospital, Malir, from Mar 2020 to Feb 2021. Methodology: Total 5190 nasopharyngeal swabs were collected and transported to the laboratory in viral transport media for severe acute respiratory syndrome Corona Virus-2, from all symptomatic patients with a history of exposure/traveling from endemic areas and those requiring admission in hospital and were screened for COVID-19 as per hospital standing protocols. Results: 561(10.8%) patients were PCR positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome Corona Virus-2. The mean age of patients was 39.45±31.9 years and a majority of patients were males 426 (76%). The most common symptoms were fever and dry cough followed by myalgia and shortness of breath. 37 (9%) patients died due to the severity of the illness. Total 6 (1.46%) cases of laboratory-confirmed reinfection of severe acute respiratory syndrome Corona Virus-2 were reported. 2(33%) cases of reinfection were observed in health care workers, mortality was seen in a single patient associated with old age and comorbidities. Conclusion: In our study, the severity of the disease was directly related to the age of patients and underlying comorbidities. Reinfection was associated with increased viral load and exposure to the infected environment. © 2022, Army Medical College. All rights reserved.

2.
Current Issues in Tourism ; : 15, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1537429

ABSTRACT

This study alludes to the highly relevant but scholarly underexplored phenomenon of halal food anxiety that Muslim travelers encounter in non-Muslim destinations. Set in the backdrop of pandemic travel, data were collected from Muslim travelers going through mandatory quarantine requirements of 3 weeks in Wuhan, China. Terror management theory (Greenberg et al., 1986) and conservation of resources theory (Hobfoll, 1988;1989) provided theoretical ground for this study. The results suggested that halal food is viewed as a highly valuable resource by Muslim travelers. Still, socio-spatial confinement of quarantine limits the availability of authenticated halal food, inducing halal food anxiety to settle in. Naturally, halal food anxiety was more prevalent among Muslim travelers who attach high importance to halal food to their self-concept. Halal food anxiety was positively associated with pandemic travel anxiety but negatively related to the psychological well-being of Muslim travelers. This study adds to the missing gastronomic aspect in the emerging scholarship of pandemic travel. It furthers the theoretical debate on the contingency effect of halal food resources to act as an anxiety buffer for Muslim travelers. For practitioners, various avenues are highlighted to exploit the vast commercial halal food market in non-Muslim majority destinations.

3.
JCPSP, Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan ; 30(Special Supplement):S144-S144, 2020.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1498346

ABSTRACT

This case report describes the clinical course and management of a 67-year gentleman presented with shortness of breath, fever and cough. History is significant for diabetes and hypertension. Baseline imaging and routine blood tests were consistent with respiratory tract infection. The patient clinically deteriorated, inflammatory markers increased by and the ABG showed type 1 respiratory failure. He was admitted to the ICU, and due to severe hypoxemia, he was intubated and mechanically ventilated. Treatment with broad-spectrum intravenous (IV) antibiotics was initiated but no clinical or radiological improvement was observed. Chest CT scan showed bilateral opacity/unification of the mid-inferior lungs in patch and interstitial pneumonia (Figs 1A and B). On clinical suspicion and repeated negative COVID-19 swabs, negative blood and urine cultures, treatment with PCP was initiated. There was excellent clinical improvement. Patient was extubated and then weaned off oxygen. His HIV status was negative, but his sputum and CRP showed PCP.

4.
Annals of King Edward Medical University Lahore Pakistan ; 27(1):154-159, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1353356

ABSTRACT

This research provides a detailed review and analysis of the data and research available online regarding the emotional and psychological impacts of COVID-19 on people of different age groups. The purpose of this review article is to identify and highlight the deep infiltrating and all-encompassing toll to the global mental health that this pandemic is causing in addition to the decline in physical functional health.

5.
New Microbes New Infect ; 42: 100896, 2021 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1347775

ABSTRACT

During an ongoing pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, main question which has arisen in everyone's mind is about the immune response that may protect from reinfection. Coronaviruses are known for short-term immunity. Their ability of mutations enables them to escape host immunity, thus increasing chances of reinfection. Here we report two cases of reinfection among health care workers who presented with symptoms of COVID-19 disease, after 3 months of first infectious course. Such documentations are necessary for epidemiological purposes and also to monitor response of virus on re-exposure.

6.
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research ; 12(2):692-713, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1076907

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of a novel coronavirus 2019 was traced back in China in late 2019, followed by their worldwide transmission as a pandemic. From January to August 2020, a total of 1,724 papers were published, where 125 were only published in August 2020, demonstrating the importance and need for current awareness and research to overcome this deleterious virus. This paper briefly highlighted the major characteristics of the SARS-CoV-2 in detail, including;a brief history of coronavirus, various transmission routes, range of mild to severe symptoms, available diagnostic tests, treatment options, measures for infection control and prevention, and particular emphasis on self-acceptance and upholding to face mask-wearing. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is limitless and has affected all the nation throughout the horizon;the voyage is indeed hard but not impossible to overcome. However, it is the responsibility of each and every individual to be cautious, know, and understand their role in this difficult situation. To conclude, due to the lack of cohesive data, this review has collated the most recent literature regarding COVID-19 and provided the reader with clear and simple knowledge and instructions on the control and prevention of COVID-19 and hence to protect the most vulnerable population.

7.
Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan ; 30(10):S144, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1024878
8.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 30(10):144, 2020.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-895897

ABSTRACT

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