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Pulm Med ; 2021: 4496488, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1495709


When managing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, radiological imaging complements clinical evaluation and laboratory parameters. We aimed to assess the sensitivity of chest radiography findings in detecting COVID-19, describe those findings, and assess the association of positive chest radiography findings with clinical and laboratory findings. A multicentre, cross-sectional study was conducted involving all primary health care corporation-registered patients (2485 patients) enrolled over a 1-month period during the peak of the 2020 pandemic wave in Qatar. These patients had reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction-confirmed COVID-19 and underwent chest radiography within 72 hours of the swab test. A positive result on reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was the gold standard for diagnosing COVID-19. The sensitivity of chest radiography was calculated. The airspace opacities were mostly distributed in the peripheral and lower lung zones, and most of the patients had bilateral involvement. Pleural effusion was detected in some cases. The risk of having positive chest X-ray findings increased with age, Southeast Asian nationality, fever, or a history of fever and diarrhoea. Patients with cardiac disease, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and chronic kidney disease were at a higher risk of having positive chest X-ray findings. There was a statistically significant increase in the mean serum albumin, white blood cell count, neutrophil count, and serum C-reactive protein, hepatic enzymes, and total bilirubin with an increase in the radiographic severity score.

COVID-19/diagnosis , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Bilirubin/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Fever , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Neutrophils/metabolism , Noncommunicable Diseases , Pandemics , Pleural Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Primary Health Care , Qatar/epidemiology , Race Factors , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Serum Albumin , X-Rays , Young Adult
Case Rep Oncol ; 13(3): 1430-1440, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-992125


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been a serious threat and has been reported with different presentations and complications. Older age, along with comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, or cardiac disease, increases the risk factors for COVID-19 severity and death [N Engl J Med. 2020;382(18):1708-20 and Lancet Respir Med. 2020 05;8(5):475-81]. It is proposed that cancer patients have a significantly higher incidence of severe incidents including admission to the intensive care unit, the necessity for assisted ventilation, and even death after catching the virus compared with non-cancer patients [Lancet Oncol. 2020;21(3):335-7]. It is also described that cancer patients appear to be twice as likely to contract infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) [JAMA Oncol. 2020;6(7):1108-10]. Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a rare B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder, with patients typically presenting with cytopenias, marked splenomegaly in 80-90% of patients, circulating leukemia cells, bone marrow infiltration and the presence of BRAF V600E somatic mutation [Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus. 2014;30(Suppl 1):413-7]. Leukemic cells classically have central nuclei and abundant cytoplasm with hairy-like projections and express CD11c, CD25, CD103, and CD123 [Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus. 2014;30(Suppl 1):413-7]. Loss of CD123 in HCL has been rarely reported in the literature [Am J Hematol. 2019;94(12):1413-22]. We describe a unique case of a COVID-19-positive male who presented with severe respiratory symptoms, deteriorated quickly, and was intubated. Workup of severe progressive pancytopenia and bone marrow examination revealed HCL without splenomegaly and with atypical unusual loss of CD123. To our knowledge, this is the first case of CD123-negative HCL without splenomegaly associated with COVID-19 infection as the initial presentation.