Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences ; 25(23):7585-7597, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1576100


OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) spread around the world in 2020. Abnormal pulmonary function and residual CT abnormalities were observed in COVID-19 patients during recovery. Appropriate rehabilitation training is around the corner. The correlation between spirometric impairment and residual CT abnormality remains largely unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted on the pulmonary function of 101 convalescent COVID-19 patients before discharge. Multivariate analysis was used to establish a scoring system to evaluate the spirometric abnormality based on residual chest CT. RESULTS: Lung consolidation area >25% and severe-type COVID-19 were two independent risk factors for severe pulmonary dysfunction. Besides, a scoring system was established. People scoring more than 12 points have more chances (17 times) to get severe pulmonary function impairment before discharge. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, a chest CT characteristics-based grading system was suggested to predict the pulmonary dysfunction of COVID-19 patients during convalescence in this study. This study may provide suggestions for pulmonary rehabilitation.

Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry ; 60(10):S256, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1466519


Objectives: The objective of this presentation is to test the efficacy and safety of 2 doses of suramin vs placebo in children aged 4 to 17 years with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The hypotheses are that at least 1 of 2 suramin doses would show improvement in the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) Core score and that treatment would be safe and tolerable. Methods: Fifty-two boys were enrolled in 3 treatment arms: 10 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg, and placebo dosed at baseline, at weeks 4 and 8. Subjects were diagnosed by DSM-5 criteria and severity measured by the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule. The main efficacy analyses were ABC Core (subscales 2, 3, and 5) and Clinical Global Impression–Improvement (CGI-I) scale. Question 1 was assessed using intent-to-treat sample change scores from baseline to endpoint using ANOVA. Although the study was not designed for formal statistical comparison, ABC Core and CGI-I were tested at a family-wise Type I level of 0.05 using Dunnett’s p value for multiple comparisons. The study was approved by the South Africa Health Products Regulatory Authority and each site’s IRB. Results: The study was conducted at 6 sites in South Africa. The sample was multiracial with a mean age of approximately 8 years and a range of 4 to 15 years. There was a wide variability in the severity of ASD symptoms at baseline. Forty-four subjects completed the study, and there were 8 early withdrawals (COVID-19: 5;serious adverse event [SAE]: 1;other reason: 2). The 10 mg arm showed a sustained benefit across time points. The ABC Core modeling mean ± standard error (SE) of 10 mg showed a greater numeric improvement (–12.5 ± 3.18) vs placebo (–8.9 ± 2.86) (nonsignificant) at Week 14. The 20 mg arm did not show improvement vs placebo at Week 14. In exploratory analyses, the 10 mg arm showed greater differences from placebo in ABC Core in younger and less severe subjects. CGI-I modeled mean ± SE changes from baseline were 2.8 ± 0.30 (p = 0.016) in the 10 mg arm and 2.0 ± 0.28 (p = 0.65) in the 20 mg arm vs 1.7 ± 0.27 in the placebo. Suramin was generally safe and well tolerated over 14 weeks. There was 1 SAE, status epilepticus, in a subject (20-mg arm) with multiple risk factors for seizure;it resolved without sequelae. Conclusions: This dose-ranging proof-of-concept study showed some positive results from a treatment with a novel mechanism of action. Limitations include the small sample size and exploratory analyses that require confirmation in a larger study. Suramin was safe and tolerable over 14 weeks.

American Journal of Translational Research ; 12(10):6954-6964, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-916734


Background: To delineate the clinical characteristics associated with long-term viral shedding (>21 days) in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods: In this retrospective study, factors associated with long-term (>21 days) severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA shedding were evaluated in a conhort of 609 patients from two hospitals in Wuhan. Results: The median duration of SARS-CoV-2 viral shedding was 19 days (interquartile range, 10-28 days) among all patients. There were 42% of patients having prolonged viral shedding time (>21 days), in which the longest viral shedding time was 58 days. When comparing patients with early (≤21 days) and late viral RNA clearance (>21 days), prolonged viral shedding was associated with age <65 (P=0.015), female sex (P=0.028), cough (P=0.025), fatigue (P=0.035), sore throat (P=0.013), aspartate aminotransferase (P=0.038), procalcitonin (P=0.010), albumin (P=0.003), D-dimer (P=0.011), lung involvement (P=0.014), reticular shadow (P<0.001) and lung consolidation (P=0.004). Age range (<65 years) (odds ratio [OR], 1.46 [95% CI, 1.05-2.03]) and female sex (odds ratio [OR], 1.40 [95% CI, 1.00-1.94]) were independent risk factors. Conclusions: Long-term viral shedding (>21 days) is not a rare phenomenon among COVID-19 infectious patients. Age range (<65) and female sex are independent risk factors for long-term viral shedding. Early antiviral treatment should be considered for COVID-19 patients with such risk factors. Further study should be conducted to know the infectivity of patients with long-term viral shedding in order to develop reasonable control measures.