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1.
JMIR Aging ; : 27, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2198157

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on physical activity (PA) among older adults would be long lasting, and there is a dearth of studies looking at the changes in barriers to performing PA among older adults before and after entering the "post-pandemic era".

2.
Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis ; 08, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2193200

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has caused a critical health concern and severe economic crisis worldwide. With multiple variants, the epidemic has triggered waves of mass transmission for nearly 3 years. In order to coordinate epidemic control and economic development, it is important to support decision-making on precautions or prevention measures based on the risk analysis for different countries. This study proposes a national risk analysis model (NRAM) combining Bayesian network (BN) with other methods. The model is built and applied through three steps. (1) The key factors affecting the epidemic spreading are identified to form the nodes of BN. Then, each node can be assigned state values after data collection and analysis. (2) The model (NRAM) will be built through the determination of the structure and parameters of the network based on some integrated methods. (3) The model will be applied to scenario deduction and sensitivity analysis to support decision-making in the context of COVID-19. Through the comparison with other models, NRAM shows better performance in the assessment of spreading risk at different countries. Moreover, the model reveals that the higher education level and stricter government measures can achieve better epidemic prevention and control effects. This study provides a new insight into the prevention and control of COVID-19 at the national level. Copyright © 2022 Society for Risk Analysis.

3.
Surgery in Practice and Science ; 10:100111, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2183303

ABSTRACT

Introduction: At the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, many hospitals postponed elective operations for a 12-week period in early 2020. During this time, there was concern that the delay would lead to worse health outcomes. The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of delaying operations during this period on ED (Emergency Department) visits and/or urgent IP (Inpatient) admissions.

4.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; 45(10):1045-1048, 2022.
Article in Chinese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2143860

ABSTRACT

Objective This multicenter clinical evaluation analyzed the clinical performance of five fast nucleic acid detection systems for 2019-nCoV. Methods Clinical performance of the five fast nucleic acid detection reagents approved in China was evaluated in the present study. Fifty-seven throat swabs samples from COVID-19 patients and fifteen throat swabs samples from healthy people were collected from the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University school of Medicine, Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College of HUST, and National Institute of Viral Disease Control and Prevention of CDC to evaluate the positive coincidence rate, negative coincidence rate, total coincidence rate, the detection time and retest rate as well as the relation between positive intensity and positive coincidence rate of the five fast nucleic acid detection systems in November 2020. Results The positive coincidence rates of the five kits were 92.59% (50/54), 83.64% (46/55), 98.25% (56/57), 94.44% (51/54) and 98.18% (54/55);and the negative coincidence rates were 93.33% (14/15), 93.33% (14/15), 86.67% (13/15), 100% (14/14) and 93.33% (14/15);and the total coincidence rates were 92.75% (64/69), 85.71% (60/70), 95.83% (69/72), 94.20% (65/69) and 97.14% (68/70), respectively. The positive coincidence rate of the five kits reached 100% for the strong-positive (90/90) and medium-positive samples (84/84), but only 82.18% (83/101) for weak-positive samples (cycle threshold value>33), and the retest rate of two kits were 15.28% (11/72) and 12.50% (9/72), which were both higher than 10%. Total time from sample extraction to amplification was between 32.33-65.33 minutes for these five kits. Conclusion The five fast nucleic acid detection reagents have good performance and can be used as a supplement to routine nucleic acid detection reagents. © 2022 Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine. All rights reserved.

5.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 2022.
Article in English | PubMed Central | ID: covidwho-2061512

ABSTRACT

Ecological studies suggested a link between air pollution and severe COVID-19 outcomes, while studies accounting for individual-level characteristics are limited. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the impact of short-term ambient air pollution exposure on disease severity among a cohort of 569 laboratory confirmed COVID-19 patients admitted to designated hospitals in Zhejiang province, China, from January 17 to March 3, 2020, and elucidate the possible biological processes involved using transcriptomics. Compared with mild cases, severe cases had higher proportion of medical conditions as well as unfavorable results in most of the laboratory tests, and manifested higher air pollution exposure levels. Higher exposure to air pollutants was associated with increased risk of severe COVID-19 with odds ratio (OR) of 1.89 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.01, 3.53), 2.35 (95% CI: 1.20, 4.61), 2.87 (95% CI: 1.68, 4.91), and 2.01 (95% CI: 1.10, 3.69) for PM2.5, PM10, NO2 and CO, respectively. OR for NO2 remained significant in two-pollutant models after adjusting for other pollutants. Transcriptional analysis showed 884 differentially expressed genes which mainly were enriched in virus clearance related biological processes between patients with high and low NO2 exposure levels, indicating that compromised immune response might be a potential underlying mechanistic pathway. These findings highlight the impact of short-term air pollution exposure, particularly for NO2, on COVID-19 severity, and emphasize the significance in mitigating the COVID-19 burden of commitments to improve air quality.

6.
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science ; 63(7):2146-A0174, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2058033

ABSTRACT

Purpose : To explore associations between sensory impairment (vision and/or hearing) and Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the adult 2020 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) population. Methods : A cross-sectional study was conducted using the 2020 CHIS, the nation's largest state health survey with a sample representative of the population of California. The exposure of interest was having sensory impairment, defined as answering “Yes” to the question, “Are you blind or deaf, or do you have a severe vision or hearing problem?” The outcome of interest was whether a health professional suspected the respondent had COVID-19, assessed among those adults who had or thought they had COVID-19 and contacted a health professional. Logistic regression models were constructed to determine the odds of suspected COVID-19 by sensory impairment status, controlling for the following covariates: age, sex, race/ethnicity, self-reported general health status, current smoking habits, overweight/obese body mass index, and current health insurance status. All analyses were weighted according to the CHIS sampling design. Results : A total of 21,949 sampled participants were included, representing a weighted estimate of 29,684,882 individuals. The weighted prevalence of sensory impairment was 5.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 5.4-6.4%). Approximately 10.9% (95% CI: 10.3-11.6%) of all participants had or thought they had COVID-19, 4.9% (95% CI: 4.5-5.3%) contacted a health professional about COVID-19 concerns, and 1.7% (95% CI: 1.4-2.0%) were suspected of having COVID-19 by a health professional. Regression analyses were performed in a subgroup of 988 participants representing 1,431,690 individuals who had or thought they had COVID-19 and contacted a health professional. Those with sensory impairment had 2.12 times the unadjusted odds of suspected COVID-19 compared to those without sensory impairment (odds ratio [OR]: 2.12, 95% CI: 0.98-4.63). Those with sensory impairment had 2.51 times the adjusted odds of suspected COVID-19 compared to those without sensory impairment (adjusted OR: 2.51, 95% CI: 1.03-6.10). Conclusions : In the 2020 CHIS adult population, individuals with vision and/or hearing impairment had greater odds of having COVID-19 suspected by a health professional. Additional studies are necessary to triangulate these findings and further explore this possible increased risk for COVID-19 in this vulnerable population.

7.
129th ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition: Excellence Through Diversity, ASEE 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2046358

ABSTRACT

This research evaluates the impact of switching college engineering courses from in-person instruction to emergency remote learning among engineering students at a university in the Midwest. The study aimed to answer the question: What were the concerns and perceived challenges students faced when traditional in-person engineering courses suddenly transitioned to remote learning? The goal of this study is to uncover the challenges students were facing in engineering online courses and to understand students' concerns. Our findings can help improve teaching instruction to provide students with previously unavailable educational assistance for online engineering courses. We collected online survey responses during weeks 8 and 9 of the academic semester, shortly after the COVID-19 shutdown and emergency transition to remote learning in Spring 2020. The survey included two open-ended questions which inquired about students' feedback about moving the class online, and one two-item scale which assessed students' confidence in online engineering learning. Data analysis for the open-ended questions was guided by the theoretical framework - Social Cognitive Career Theory [1] that explores how context, person factors and social cognitions contribute to career goals, interests and actions. A phenomenological approach [2] was conducted to understand the experience of these students. Open coding and axial coding [2] methods were used to create initial categories then themes related to students' concerns and challenges. Data from the two-item scale was evaluated using descriptive statistics: means, standard deviations, and ranges. Four main themes with separate sub-categories emerged from the student responses: 1) Instructor's ability to teach course online (Instructional limitations, Seeking help, Increased Workload), 2) Student's ability to learn online (Time Management, Lower engagement and motivation, Harder to absorb material, Hard to focus, Worry about performance), 3) Difficulties outside of class (Technology issues), and 4) No concerns. Students seemed more concerned about their ability to learn the material (48% of responses) than the instructor's ability to teach the material (36% of responses). The instructional limitations or lack of instructional support (22% of responses) and time management (12% of responses) were among the major concerns in the sub-categories. The results from two-item scale indicated participants' s confidence in their ability to master their classroom knowledge was at an intermediate level via online instruction (6/10), and participants' confidence in the instructor's ability to teach knowledge in online classes is moderate to high (7/10). The results align with the open-ended question response in which students were somewhat more concerned about their ability to learn than the instructor's ability to teach. The themes and analysis will be a valuable tool to help institutions and instructors improve student learning experiences. © American Society for Engineering Education, 2022.

8.
Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital ; 13(1):9-12, 2022.
Article in Chinese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1876157

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 highlights the lack of interdisciplinary medical talents. The international history of medical education shows the urgent need of high-level interdisciplinary medical talents. Anchoring the goal to develop a global center of talents and highland of innovation, this article takes medical education of Zhejiang University as an example, focusing on and exploring the training mode of high-level interdisciplinary medical talents in the new era. It includes: Firstly, optimizing the training mode of eight-year program for medical doctors with non-medical bachelor degree followed with complete education for a medical doctorate that innovates the curriculum system of clinical medicine;secondly, creating the training system of postdoctor of clinical medicine and integrating medical resources that include high-quality talents and health care system, in order to build a high-quality teaching staff with a interdisciplinarity background and innovative bases. It not only strengthens the residents' competency and frontier creativity, but also ensures the sustainable development of interdisciplinary medical talents. The reform of training mode, curriculum system, teaching staff and clinical teaching bases all contribute to the goal of building a country with interdisciplinary talents that serve the frontier of science and technology in the world, the major needs of the country and people's health in the new era. © 2022, Peking Union Medical College Hospital. All rights reserved.

9.
2021 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference, ASEE 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1695669
10.
Ieee Computational Intelligence Magazine ; 17(1):115-115, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1626523
11.
European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences ; 25(23):7585-7597, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1576100

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) spread around the world in 2020. Abnormal pulmonary function and residual CT abnormalities were observed in COVID-19 patients during recovery. Appropriate rehabilitation training is around the corner. The correlation between spirometric impairment and residual CT abnormality remains largely unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted on the pulmonary function of 101 convalescent COVID-19 patients before discharge. Multivariate analysis was used to establish a scoring system to evaluate the spirometric abnormality based on residual chest CT. RESULTS: Lung consolidation area >25% and severe-type COVID-19 were two independent risk factors for severe pulmonary dysfunction. Besides, a scoring system was established. People scoring more than 12 points have more chances (17 times) to get severe pulmonary function impairment before discharge. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, a chest CT characteristics-based grading system was suggested to predict the pulmonary dysfunction of COVID-19 patients during convalescence in this study. This study may provide suggestions for pulmonary rehabilitation.

12.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry ; 60(10):S256, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1466519

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The objective of this presentation is to test the efficacy and safety of 2 doses of suramin vs placebo in children aged 4 to 17 years with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The hypotheses are that at least 1 of 2 suramin doses would show improvement in the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) Core score and that treatment would be safe and tolerable. Methods: Fifty-two boys were enrolled in 3 treatment arms: 10 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg, and placebo dosed at baseline, at weeks 4 and 8. Subjects were diagnosed by DSM-5 criteria and severity measured by the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule. The main efficacy analyses were ABC Core (subscales 2, 3, and 5) and Clinical Global Impression–Improvement (CGI-I) scale. Question 1 was assessed using intent-to-treat sample change scores from baseline to endpoint using ANOVA. Although the study was not designed for formal statistical comparison, ABC Core and CGI-I were tested at a family-wise Type I level of 0.05 using Dunnett’s p value for multiple comparisons. The study was approved by the South Africa Health Products Regulatory Authority and each site’s IRB. Results: The study was conducted at 6 sites in South Africa. The sample was multiracial with a mean age of approximately 8 years and a range of 4 to 15 years. There was a wide variability in the severity of ASD symptoms at baseline. Forty-four subjects completed the study, and there were 8 early withdrawals (COVID-19: 5;serious adverse event [SAE]: 1;other reason: 2). The 10 mg arm showed a sustained benefit across time points. The ABC Core modeling mean ± standard error (SE) of 10 mg showed a greater numeric improvement (–12.5 ± 3.18) vs placebo (–8.9 ± 2.86) (nonsignificant) at Week 14. The 20 mg arm did not show improvement vs placebo at Week 14. In exploratory analyses, the 10 mg arm showed greater differences from placebo in ABC Core in younger and less severe subjects. CGI-I modeled mean ± SE changes from baseline were 2.8 ± 0.30 (p = 0.016) in the 10 mg arm and 2.0 ± 0.28 (p = 0.65) in the 20 mg arm vs 1.7 ± 0.27 in the placebo. Suramin was generally safe and well tolerated over 14 weeks. There was 1 SAE, status epilepticus, in a subject (20-mg arm) with multiple risk factors for seizure;it resolved without sequelae. Conclusions: This dose-ranging proof-of-concept study showed some positive results from a treatment with a novel mechanism of action. Limitations include the small sample size and exploratory analyses that require confirmation in a larger study. Suramin was safe and tolerable over 14 weeks.

13.
Aerosol and Air Quality Research ; 21(7):20, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1314848

ABSTRACT

This study mainly involved conducting an atmospheric sensitivity analysis of the dry deposition and PM2.5-bound content of total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ, respectively. The results for Fuzhou and Xiamen cities showed that the total PCDD/F mass concentration was the factor most positively correlated to the dry deposition flux: When Delta P/P ranged from -50% to 0%, Delta S/S ranged from -66.0% to 0%, but when Delta P/P increased from 0% to +50%, Delta S/S increased from 0% to +66.0%, respectively. The second factor positively correlated with the deposition flux was the PM2.5 concentration: When Delta P/P ranged from -50% to 0%, Delta S/S ranged from -63.3% to 0%;when Delta P/P increased from 0% to +50% and +100%, Delta S/S ranged from 0% to +20.8 and -0.9%, respectively. Ambient air temperature was found to be less sensitive to dry deposition fluxes in total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ: When Delta P/P ranged from -50% to -17% and 0%, Delta S/S ranged from -17.0% to +5.6% and 0%;when Delta P/P increased from 0% to +50%, Delta S/S increased from 0% to -84.5%, respectively. The sensitivity analysis for PM2.5-bound total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ content had similar results to those for dry deposition flux. In addition, in 2018, 2019, and 2020, the annual average PM2.5-bound total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ content at Fuzhou and Xiamen was 0.430, 0.127, 0.303, and 0.426 ng-WHO2005-TEQ g(-1) in the spring, summer, autumn and winter, respectively, which showed that summer had the lowest content, while spring and winter had the highest. The results of this study provided useful information for gaining a deeper understanding of both dry deposition and particle-bound of PCDD/Fs in the ambient air.

14.
Pharmacy Education ; 21(1):121-125, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1296417

ABSTRACT

Aim: This survey study aimed to describe student and faculty experiences and perceptions regarding the sudden shift to delivery of online team-based learning (TBL) due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: Data such as perception of engagement and effectiveness of online TBL, challenges and recommendations for improving the online TBL experience were collected. Results: Eighteen (58.1%) faculty and 154 (75.9%) students completed the survey. Most students did not feel more engaged with their teammates or instructors using the online format and only one faculty member responded he/she felt more engaged with students via the online TBL format. Fortyone (26.7%) students responded they felt the online TBL improves knowledge retention, while no faculty responded they felt online TBL improved students' knowledge retention. The top challenges described include lack of student engagement and technological difficulties. Conclusion: This study showed that a lack of training and preparation for the sudden online TBL transition led to decreased student motivation and engagement.

15.
31st CIRP Design Conference 2021, CIRP Design 2021 ; 100:482-487, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1275640

ABSTRACT

Over the past years, Industry 4.0 technologies and their integrations have provided new production automation forms, making product design very concerned with Design For Robot Assembly. From the educational perspective, this very practical topic is often taught in a lab environment where many resources can be used, demonstrated, and tested. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has forced many institutions to move the teaching activities from onsite to online, while accesses to laboratories became very limited. For theoretical learnings, this transition can be done without experiencing significant issues. However, for practical learnings, several challenges emerge. In this study, we present the transition process from onsite to online of a Design for Robot Assembly workshop and the adaptations to accomplish all practical learnings. The objective is to demonstrate a student-centred approach to learning that is adaptable for an online teaching context. An innovative method of designing and running an online workshop that does not require access to lab facilities is introduced. Furthermore, we summarize the challenges from workshop preparation to the post-workshop discussion. Based on these experiences, we provide suggestions and a guideline for best practices of running an online Design for Robot Assembly workshop, which can also be used for regular online teaching to promote a more practical experience. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.. All rights reserved.

16.
Aerosol and Air Quality Research ; 21(5), 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1234872

ABSTRACT

In this study, the atmospheric total-PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ concentrations, gas-particle partitioning, PM2.5 concentration, PM2.5-bound total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ content and dry deposition flux in Shanghai and Nanjing were investigated from 2018-2020. In Shanghai, the total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ concentration dropped from 0.0291 pg-WHO2005-TEQ m–3 from 2018–2019 to 0.0250 pg-WHO2005-TEQ m–3 in 2020, while in Nanjing, it dropped from 0.0423 pg-WHO2005-TEQ m–3 to 0.0338 pg-WHO2005-TEQ m–3. The average concentrations of PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ in spring and winter in Shanghai and Nanjing were 47.6% and 53.8% higher than those in summer, respectively. From 2018-2019, the average particle phase fractions of total-PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ in Shanghai and Nanjing were 50.3% and 57.5%, respectively, while in 2020, they were 47.8% and 55.1%, respectively. From 2018-2019, the average PM2.5-bound total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ content was 0.342 and 0.493 ng-WHO2005-TEQ g–1 in Shanghai and Nanjing, respectively, while in 2020, it was 0.312 and 0.489 ng-WHO2005-TEQ g–1, respectively. In Shanghai and Nanjing, the average PM2.5-bound total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ content in spring and winter was 77.5% and 73.2% higher than that in summer, respectively. From 2018–2019, the dry deposition flux of total-PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ was 316.3 and 460.5 pg WHO2005-TEQ m–2 month–1 in Shanghai and Nanjing, respectively, while in 2020, it was 272.5 and 368.4 pg WHO2005-TEQ m–2 month–1, respectively. The average dry deposition flux of total-PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ in spring and winter was 47.6% and 53.8% higher than that summer in Shanghai and Nanjing, respectively. The above results indicate that COVID-19 in 2020 had a positive effect on air quality improvement in PCDD/Fs. On average, more than 98.88% of the total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ dry deposition flux was primarily contributed by the particle phase. This was attributed to the fact that dry deposition of particle phase PCDD/Fs was mainly due to gravitational settling accompanied by higher dry deposition velocities, while the gas phase PCDD/Fs were deposited mostly by diffusion at a lower dry deposition velocity. © The Author(s).

17.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry ; 30:30, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1210153

ABSTRACT

Hexameric structure formation through packing of three C-terminal helices and an N-terminal trimeric coiled-coil core has been proposed as a general mechanism of class I enveloped virus entry. In this process, the C-terminal helical repeat (HR2) region of viral membrane fusion proteins becomes transiently exposed and accessible to N-terminal helical repeat (HR1) trimer-based fusion inhibitors. Herein, we describe a mimetic of the HIV-1 gp41 HR1 trimer, N3G, as a promising therapeutic against HIV-1 infection. Surprisingly, we found that in addition to protection against HIV-1 infection, N3G was also highly effective in inhibiting infection of human beta-coronaviruses, including MERS-CoV, HCoV-OC43, and SARS-CoV-2, possibly by binding the HR2 region in the spike protein of beta-coronaviruses to block their hexameric structure formation. These studies demonstrate the potential utility of anti-HIV-1 HR1 peptides in inhibiting human beta-coronavirus infection. Moreover, this strategy could be extended to the design of broad-spectrum antivirals based on the supercoiling structure of peptides.

18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(6): 992-1001, 2021 Jun 10.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1194724

ABSTRACT

Contaminations of SARS-CoV-2 have been found for many times in imported cold chain aquatic products and their packaging materials in China. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the contamination status, sources and transmission risks of SARS-CoV-2 in imported cold chain aquatic products, and try to put forward relevant suggestions and strategies in order to provide evidence for the prevention and control of SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , China , Humans , Refrigeration
19.
Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol ; 57(6): 974-978, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1162972

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) viral load and infection-to-delivery interval with maternal and cord serum concentrations of anti-SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies and transplacental transfer ratio in pregnant women with active or recovered SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODS: This was a prospective case series of consecutive pregnant women with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection between 27 March 2020 and 24 January 2021. We collected information regarding deep throat saliva or nasopharyngeal swab (NPS) reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test results, serial cycle threshold (Ct) values at and after diagnosis, demographic, clinical and outcome data, and neonatal NPS RT-PCR results. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of IgG and immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 was performed in maternal and cord blood serum samples obtained at delivery. Correlation of maternal Ct values, infection-to-delivery interval, infection duration and viral load area under the curve (AUC) with gestational age (GA) at diagnosis, maternal and cord serum IgG concentrations and transplacental transfer ratio of IgG were evaluated using Pearson's correlation. RESULTS: Twenty pregnant women who consented to participate and who had delivered their babies by 31 January 2021 were included in the study, comprising 14 who had recovered from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and six with active infection at delivery. The median GA at clinical manifestation was 32.7 (range, 11.9-39.4) weeks. The median infection-to-delivery interval and infection duration were 41.5 (range, 2-187) days and 10.0 (range, 1-48) days, respectively. The median GA at delivery was 39.1 (range, 32.4-40.7) weeks and the median seroconversion interval was 14 (range, 1-19) days. Of 13 neonates born to seropositive mothers with recovered infection at delivery, 12 tested positive for anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG. All neonatal NPS samples were negative for SARS-CoV-2 and all cord sera tested negative for IgM. The median transplacental transfer ratio of IgG was 1.3 (interquartile range, 0.9-1.6). There was a negative correlation between infection-to-delivery interval and anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG concentrations in maternal (r = -0.6693, P = 0.0087) and cord (r = -0.6554, P = 0.0068) serum and a positive correlation between IgG concentration in maternal serum and viral load AUC (r = 0.5109, P = 0.0310). A negative correlation was observed between transfer ratio and viral load AUC (r = -0.4757, P = 0.0409). CONCLUSIONS: In pregnant women who have recovered from COVID-19, anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG concentrations at delivery increased with increasing viral load during infection and decreased with increasing infection-to-delivery interval. The median transplacental transfer ratio of IgG was 1.3 and it decreased with increasing viral load during infection. © 2021 International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral/immunology , COVID-19/immunology , Immunity, Maternally-Acquired/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Immunoglobulin M/immunology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/immunology , Viral Load/immunology , Adult , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing , COVID-19 Serological Testing , Cohort Studies , Female , Fetal Blood/immunology , Gestational Age , Humans , Pregnancy , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , Time Factors
20.
Australian Journal of Chemistry ; : 7, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1127219

ABSTRACT

A two-photon fluorescence labelling probe (LP) was synthesised, and LP-Ag was obtained by LP labelling the N-protein antigen (Ag) of COVID-19. LP-Ag was made into an immunochromatographic strip. When a blood sample was added to the sample hole of the test card, it would move forward along the nitrocellulose (NC) film. If the sample contained IgM, the IgM bound to LP-Ag and formed anMline with the coated mouse anti-human IgM antibody, giving a positive response to the presence of IgM of COVID-19. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the immunochromatographic strip based on the LP was compared with those of the nucleic acid detection method and the colloidal gold method, proving it to be much simpler than the nucleic acid detection method, which can greatly shorten the detection period, and to be much more stable than the colloidal gold method, which can overcome uncertainty. LP-Ag can be used to image lung tissue with COVID-19 by two-photon fluorescence microscopy (TFM).

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