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2.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(20): 5420-5426, 2021 Jul 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1328292

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic is a major public health emergency characterized by fast spread, a wide range of infections, and enormous control difficulty. Since the end of December 2019, Wuhan has become the first core infection area of China's COVID-19 outbreak. Since March 2020, the domestic worst-hit areas have moved to the Heilongjiang Province due to the increased number of imported COVID-19 cases. Herein, we reported the major COVID-19 outbreak, which caused a rebound of the epidemic in Harbin, China. After the rebound, different levels of causes for the recurrence of COVID-19, including city-level, hospital-level, and medical staff-level cause, were investigated. Meanwhile, corresponding countermeasures to prevent the recurrence of the epidemic were also carried out on the city level, hospital level, and medical staff level, which eventually showed the effect of infection control function in a pandemic. In this study, we described the complete transmission chain, analyzed the causes of the outbreak, and proposed corresponding countermeasures from our practical clinical experience, which can be used as a valuable reference for COVID-19 control.

3.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(12): 2696-2702, 2021 Apr 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1222302

ABSTRACT

The large global outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has seriously endangered the health care system in China and globally. The sudden surge of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection has revealed the shortage of critical care medicine resources and intensivists. Currently, the management of non-critically ill patients with COVID-19 is performed mostly by non-intensive care unit (ICU) physicians, who lack the required professional knowledge, training, and practice in critical care medicine, especially in terms of continuous monitoring of the respiratory function, intervention, and feedback on treatment effects. This clinical problem needs an urgent solution. Therefore, here, we propose a series of clinical strategies for non-ICU physicians aimed at the standardization of the management of non-critically ill patients with COVID-19 from the perspective of critical care medicine. Isolation management is performed to facilitate the implementation of hierarchical monitoring and intervention to ensure the reasonable distribution of scarce critical care medical resources and intensivists, highlight the key patients, timely detection of disease progression, and early and appropriate intervention and organ function support, and thus improve the prognosis. Different management objectives are also set based on the high-risk factors and the severity of patients with COVID-19. The approaches suggested herein will facilitate the timely detection of disease progression, and thus ensure the provision of early and appropriate intervention and organ function support, which will eventually improve the prognosis.

4.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(5): 999-1004, 2021 Feb 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1079828

ABSTRACT

The shortage of personal protective equipment and lack of proper nursing training have been endangering health care workers dealing with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In our treatment center, the implementation of a holistic care model of time-sharing management for severe and critical COVID-19 patients has further aggravated the shortage of intensive care unit (ICU) professional nurses. Therefore, we developed a short-term specialized and targeted nursing training program to help ICU nurses to cope with stress and become more efficient, thus reducing the number of nurses required in the ICU. In order to avoid possible human-to-human spread, small teaching classes and remote training were applied. The procedural training mode included four steps: preparation, plan, implementation, and evaluation. An evaluation was conducted throughout the process of nursing training. In this study, we documented and shared experiences in transitioning from traditional face-to-face programs to remote combined with proceduralization nursing training mode from our daily work experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic, which has shown to be helpful for nurses working in the ICU.

5.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 21(4): 635-641, 2020 12 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1005370

ABSTRACT

To investigate the right heart function in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a retrospective analysis of 49 COVID-19 patients with ARDS was performed. Patients were divided into severe group and critically-severe group according to the severity of illness. Age-matched healthy volunteers were recruited as a control group. The cardiac cavity diameters, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), tricuspid valve regurgitation pressure gradient biggest (TRPG), pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (PASP), maximum inferior vena cava diameter (IVCmax) and minimum diameter (IVCmin), and inferior vena cava collapse index (ICV-CI) were measured using echocardiography. We found that the TAPSE was significantly decreased in pneumonia patients compared to healthy subjects (P < 0.0001), and it was significantly lower in critically-severe patients (P = 0.0068). The TAPSE was less than 17 mm in three (8.6%) severe and five (35.7%) critically-severe patients. In addition, the TAPSE was significantly decreased in severe ARDS patients than in mild ARDS patients. The IVCmax and IVCmin were significantly increased in critically-severe patients compared to healthy subjects and severe patients (P < 0.01), whereas the ICV-CI was significantly decreased (P < 0.05). COVID-19 patients had significantly larger right atrium and ventricle than healthy controls (P < 0.01). The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in critically-severe patients was significantly lower than that in severe patients and healthy controls (P < 0.05). Right ventricular function was impaired in critically-severe COVID-19 patients. The assessment and protection of the right heart function in COVID-19 patients should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Pandemics , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/etiology , Ventricular Function, Right/physiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Echocardiography, Doppler , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/diagnosis , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/physiopathology
6.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(22): 5513-5517, 2020 Nov 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-994297

ABSTRACT

The rapid global outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the surge of infected patients have led to the verge of exhaustion of critical care medicine resources worldwide, especially with regard to critical care staff. A holistic care model on time-sharing management for severe and critical COVID-19 patients is proposed, which includes formulation of individualized care objectives and plans, identification of care tasks in each shift and making detailed checklist, and management of quality of care. This study was conducted in the COVID-19 treatment center of Harbin, Heilongjiang Province. The data collected from the treatment center were recorded and analyzed. From the results we can deduce that it is especially suitable for non-intensive care unit (non-ICU) nurses to adapt care management mode of ICU as soon as possible and ensure the quality and efficiency of care during the epidemic. The holistic care model on time-sharing management for severe and critical cases with COVID-19 proposed based on our daily work experiences can assist in improving the quality and efficiency of care, thus reducing the mortality rate of patients in ICU.

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