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1.
Surg Infect (Larchmt) ; 23(8): 712-716, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2001183

ABSTRACT

Background: Ileocolic intussusception is a common gastrointestinal emergency that occurs in infancy. Many cases are caused by anatomic lead points, such as hypertrophied Peyer's patches. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, which causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), commonly presents with respiratory symptoms, however, its relation to intussusception remains unknown. Methods: Two cases are reported as well as a review of pertinent English-language literature on the topic. Results: We present two cases of intussusception in COVID-19-positive patients, including the first known case of a lead point with tissue polymerase chain reaction (PCR) confirming COVID-19 positivity, and compare these findings to a review of the recent literature. Intussusception in COVID-19-positive patients is becoming more prevalent and more often requires operative treatment. Discussion: We offer evidence that intussusception can be the presenting symptom in the absence of COVID-19-related respiratory symptoms. There also seems to be a trend toward the need for operative intervention compared with COVID-19-negative intussusception. The presence of SARS-CoV-2 can be confirmed via PCR in specific lead points (lymph nodes), directly causing the intussusception. Conclusions: Providers should have a low threshold to suspect and diagnose intussusception as operative treatment is more readily used in COVID-19-positive pediatric patients with gastrointestinal symptoms.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Intussusception , COVID-19/complications , Child , Humans , Intussusception/diagnosis , Intussusception/etiology , SARS-CoV-2
2.
JCI Insight ; 6(14)2021 07 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1320462

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), remains a pandemic. Severe disease is associated with dysfunction of multiple organs, but some infected cells do not express ACE2, the canonical entry receptor for SARS-CoV-2. Here, we report that the C-type lectin receptor L-SIGN interacted in a Ca2+-dependent manner with high-mannose-type N-glycans on the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. We found that L-SIGN was highly expressed on human liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) and lymph node lymphatic endothelial cells but not on blood endothelial cells. Using high-resolution confocal microscopy imaging, we detected SARS-CoV-2 viral proteins within the LSECs from liver autopsy samples from patients with COVID-19. We found that both pseudo-typed virus enveloped with SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and authentic SARS-CoV-2 virus infected L-SIGN-expressing cells relative to control cells. Moreover, blocking L-SIGN function reduced CoV-2-type infection. These results indicate that L-SIGN is a receptor for SARS-CoV-2 infection. LSECs are major sources of the clotting factors vWF and factor VIII (FVIII). LSECs from liver autopsy samples from patients with COVID-19 expressed substantially higher levels of vWF and FVIII than LSECs from uninfected liver samples. Our data demonstrate that L-SIGN is an endothelial cell receptor for SARS-CoV-2 that may contribute to COVID-19-associated coagulopathy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Capillaries , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Endothelial Cells , Lectins, C-Type/metabolism , Liver/blood supply , Lymphatic Vessels , Receptors, Cell Surface/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , COVID-19/metabolism , COVID-19/pathology , COVID-19/virology , Capillaries/metabolism , Capillaries/pathology , Capillaries/virology , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Endothelial Cells/pathology , Endothelial Cells/virology , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Humans , Liver/pathology , Lymphatic Vessels/metabolism , Lymphatic Vessels/pathology , Lymphatic Vessels/virology , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus , Virus Internalization
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