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1.
Australas Emerg Care ; 24(4): 314-318, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1201376

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Online learning emerged as an auxiliary approach in 2013 when MOOCs were imported and popularized in Chinese universities, particularly in the duration of pandemic outbreaks worldwide. World health organization (WHO) had recommended online education to keep social distance which still needs further evaluation. This study aimed to examine whether an open online course is superior to conventional education in emergency nursing during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Two groups of conventional education students (CG) and two groups of students participating in an online course that utilized an application (called SuperStar) as the SuperStar Group (SSG) were studied to compare their abilities in the process of new knowledge acquisition. The SSG was divided into a blended group (S1) and an online group (S2). The emergency nursing course was scheduled in 16 independent classes, which contained stochastic tests at least eight times. RESULTS: The CG group showed better performance on the final exam than the SSG group, but there was no statistically significant difference. The CG group obtained better scores on the memory capacity tests while the SSG had better scores on the application capacity tests. The SSG group scored higher on the later tests during the process of education compared to the CG group. CONCLUSIONS: Comprehension of an emergency nursing course was stronger in the SSG group than in the CG group. Horizontal comparison of subentry tests discriminated between the groups, with a better trend for the SSG group in application ability. There are potential effects on chronological learning through the use of the online course for emergency nursing education, not only during COVID-19 but also in the post-pandemic era.


Subject(s)
Education, Distance , Education, Nursing/methods , Emergency Nursing/education , COVID-19 , China , Educational Measurement , Humans , Learning , Pandemics , Students, Nursing
2.
Math Biosci Eng ; 18(2): 1833-1844, 2021 02 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1145636

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we present an SEIIaHR epidemic model to study the influence of recessive infection and isolation in the spread of COVID-19. We first prove that the infection-free equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable with condition R0<1 and the positive equilibrium is uniformly persistent when the condition R0>1. By using the COVID-19 data in India, we then give numerical simulations to illustrate our results and carry out some sensitivity analysis. We know that asymptomatic infections will affect the spread of the disease when the quarantine rate is within the range of [0.3519, 0.5411]. Furthermore, isolating people with symptoms is important to control and eliminate the disease.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Epidemics , Models, Biological , SARS-CoV-2 , Asymptomatic Infections/epidemiology , Basic Reproduction Number/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/transmission , Computer Simulation , Epidemics/prevention & control , Epidemics/statistics & numerical data , Humans , India/epidemiology , Markov Chains , Mathematical Concepts , Monte Carlo Method , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pandemics/statistics & numerical data , Quarantine/statistics & numerical data
3.
Frontier of Clinical Medicine ; 2(3), 2020.
Article in Chinese | Omniscient Pte | ID: covidwho-712723

ABSTRACT

Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia is highly infectious and the overall mortality rate is low, but the mortality rate of severe patients is high. Compared with mild patients, the disease is progressing rapidly, imaging features are typical, and many laboratory indexes are more remarkable. Some patients need intensive care unit treatment and mechanical ventilation. Early diagnosis, close attention to the changes of the condition and comprehensive treatment are very important.

4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(7): 1521-1525, 2020 Apr.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-324708

ABSTRACT

The global outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) has further spread, and there is an increasing number of confirmed cases in many countries. On February 28, 2020 of Geneva time, the World Health Organization has raised global risk level to the very high level in view of outbreak of COVID-19. Since some patients' condition appeared to deteriorate rapidly after infection of this 2019 novel coronavirus(2019-nCoV), a variety of treatments should be considered. Holistic view and syndrome differentiation are the two characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). Therefore, under the guidance of the holistic view, syndrome diffe-rentiation of TCM has achieved good effects in the treatment of COVID-19. This treatment mainly aimed at eliminating pathogens and strengthening overall health, regulating the balance of body and coordinating various of functions of Zangfu organs. In addition, modern medical proposes host-directed therapy(HDT), a strategy aims to interfere with host cell mechanism, enhance immune responses, and reduce exacerbated inflammation. To some extent, the combined application of HDT and antiviral therapy is highly consistent with the therapeutic concept of the holistic view of TCM. Therefore, under the guidance of the holistic view, syndrome differentiation of TCM uses treatments, such as clearing heat, detoxification, relieving asthma, clearing damp and phlegm, together with Lianhua Qingwen Capsules, Maxing Shigan Decoction, and Haoqin Qingdan Decoction under the guidance of these therapeutic methods. These therapeutic methods and prescriptions intervened with both virus and host at the same time in the treatment of COVID-19, which has important implications for the effective clinical treatment of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , COVID-19 , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Psychiatry Res ; 288: 112953, 2020 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-45836

ABSTRACT

A series of unexplained pneumonia appeared in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, which is highly contagious. The virus is prone to nervous and anxious psychological reactions. In the objective environment of complex and densely populated hospitals, it is a high-risk area for virus-transmitted infections and children generally have lower immunity who are more likely to develop infections. The results showed that the mental health problems of parents of hospitalized children during the epidemic were more serious, and the anxiety and depression were more obvious.


Subject(s)
Child, Hospitalized , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Parents , Pneumonia, Viral , Adult , Anxiety/epidemiology , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Child , China/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Depression/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Parent-Child Relations , Parents/psychology , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , SARS-CoV-2
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