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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(19)2022 Sep 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2043779

ABSTRACT

The exact pathophysiology of severe COVID-19 is not entirely elucidated, but it has been established that hyperinflammatory responses and cytokine storms play important roles. The aim of this study was to examine CMV status, select chemokines, and complement components in COVID-19, and how concentrations of given molecules differ over time at both molecular and proteomic levels. A total of 210 COVID-19 patients (50 ICU and 160 non-ICU patients) and 80 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Concentrations of select chemokines (CXCL8, CXCL10, CCL2, CCL3, CCR1) and complement factors (C2, C9, CFD, C4BPA, C5AR1, CR1) were examined at mRNA and protein levels with regard to a COVID-19 course (ICU vs. non-ICU group) and CMV status at different time intervals. We detected several significant differences in chemokines and complement profiles between ICU and non-ICU groups. Pro-inflammatory chemokines and the complement system appeared to greatly contribute to the pathogenesis and development of severe COVID-19. Higher concentrations of CXCL8 and CCL2 in the plasma, with reduced mRNA expression presumably through negative feedback mechanisms, as well as CMV-positive status, correlated with more severe courses of COVID-19. Therefore, CXCL8, CCL2, and CMV seropositivity should be considered as new prognostic factors for severe COVID-19 courses. However, more in-depth research is needed.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Chemokine CCL2/metabolism , Chemokines/metabolism , Cytomegalovirus Infections/complications , Humans , Prognosis , Proteomics , RNA, Messenger
2.
Nutrients ; 14(14)2022 Jul 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1938923

ABSTRACT

Limited social contacts, lack of professional activities, economic insecurity, and a sense of threat, as well as boredom during the COVID-19 pandemic, contributed to tension and stress. All of these increase the risk of an inappropriate diet. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mood and nutrition of patients undergoing bariatric surgery. A group of 312 patients (both before and after bariatric surgery) completed a questionnaire about their diet and mood during COVID-19 lockdown. About 70% of all respondents reacted to the epidemiological situation: irritability, anxiety about their own health, and eating without being hungry. A total of 74% of all of the subjects snacked between meals (especially sweets). The respondents who believed that obesity and its complications had a negative impact on the prognosis of the coronavirus infection had a statistically significant higher prevalence of health anxiety, feeling that important life issues were out of control, irritability, need for psychological support, and need for dietary consultation. Patients after bariatric surgery had e.g., a statistically significant lower incidence of feeling hungry, eating after meals, and eating fatty foods. The COVID-19 pandemic has been shown to negatively affect the mood and diet of bariatric patients, which may affect their health status and worsen the prognosis of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Bariatric Surgery , COVID-19 , Bariatric Surgery/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet , Humans , Pandemics
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