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1.
Cureus ; 14(5): e25154, 2022 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2124077

ABSTRACT

Epipericardial or epicardial fat necrosis (EFN) is a self-limited inflammatory process occurring in the mediastinal fat surrounding the heart. It is an uncommon cause of acute chest pain and mimics more critical clinical disorders such as acute coronary syndrome, aortic dissection, and pulmonary embolism. However, EFN is frequently overlooked and under-recognized in emergency departments (EDs) owing to the unfamiliarity of this condition among physicians and radiologists. Herein, we present the case of a previously healthy young male patient, with a recent history of mild COVID-19 infection (two weeks before presentation), who presented to the ED for acute chest pain. Paraclinical evaluation including computed tomography (CT) of the chest revealed fat stranding along with the left epicardial fat pad in favor of EFN.

2.
Cureus ; 14(6): e26358, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1939384

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2). Patients with COVID-19 typically present with symptoms and signs related to respiratory tract infection. However, a broad spectrum of cardiac manifestations including myocarditis has been reported as complications of this virus. Nevertheless, focal myocarditis as the first clinical manifestation of COVID-19 infection has not been reported before. Thus, we herein present the case of a 56-year-old male patient previously healthy and presented to the emergency department with chest pain. The clinical picture was compatible with inferior ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Initial COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was negative, as well for its classic symptoms. Thereafter, further investigations suggested the diagnosis of focal myocarditis. Later on, the patient started to have a fever and repeated COVID-19 PCR that returned positive.

3.
Cureus ; 14(5), 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1898367

ABSTRACT

Epipericardial or epicardial fat necrosis (EFN) is a self-limited inflammatory process occurring in the mediastinal fat surrounding the heart. It is an uncommon cause of acute chest pain and mimics more critical clinical disorders such as acute coronary syndrome, aortic dissection, and pulmonary embolism. However, EFN is frequently overlooked and under-recognized in emergency departments (EDs) owing to the unfamiliarity of this condition among physicians and radiologists. Herein, we present the case of a previously healthy young male patient, with a recent history of mild COVID-19 infection (two weeks before presentation), who presented to the ED for acute chest pain. Paraclinical evaluation including computed tomography (CT) of the chest revealed fat stranding along with the left epicardial fat pad in favor of EFN.

4.
Cureus ; 14(1): e21507, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1687455

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is an infectious disease induced by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), an enveloped RNA coronavirus that primarily has a tropism for the respiratory tract. Respiratory tract symptoms are frequently encountered, but many complications of this disease are still under study, including cardiovascular and neurological syndromes. The latter was linked to a severe disease presentation, but there are no reports on asymptomatic disease presentations.  A thirty-four-year-old lady presented to the emergency division for acute right-sided weakness. She was previously healthy, with no history of miscarriages. She had no previous signs or symptoms of any respiratory tract infection or other symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 infection. The physical exam revealed a complete right-sided hemiparesis with no other findings. Her initial blood workup was normal. The echocardiography and a carotid duplex ultrasound were performed and did not show any abnormality. A real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for COVID-19 was negative; however, serology testing including IgM and IgG were positive, suggesting a recent COVID-19 infection. Cardiovascular complications have been reported in COVID-19 patients; however, ischemic stroke in asymptomatic COVID-19 patients has not been previously reported. Our case highlights the risk of thrombotic complications due to SARS-CoV-2 infection even in asymptomatic COVID-19 infected patients.

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