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OBM Neurobiology ; 6(3), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2204987


The World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 pandemic on March 11th, 2020. The pandemic had significantly affected public health, and the mental health of people was compromised regardless of age or socioeconomic status. In this study, we measured the psychological distress caused by the pandemic and determined the associated factors. An online survey was conducted from November 16th (2020) to January 31st (2021). The participants were Albanian adults (≥18 years old). The call to participate was posted on social networks. A questionnaire based on the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was distributed to the participants via Google Forms. The internal consistency of the scales was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. The total number of participants was 488, and 87.3% were females. The mean age was 21.17 years. Full-time students and health care workers comprised 58% and 12.9% of the participants, respectively. The participants were asked 24 questions, and five factors explained 54.14% of the variance. The factors included mental fatigue, psychological consequences in metabolism, obsession with protective measures, negative perception of the situation, and empathy for patients with COVID-19. Effective and relevant mental health interventions and policies to help cope with psychological distress specifically related to COVID-19 should be designed and implemented. © 2022 by the author.

Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 10:1593-1598, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2066708


AIM: The aim was to assess the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on the healthcare of Type 2 Diabetes patients and identify the factors that correlated. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2020 to February 2021. The study enrolled 400 adults with Type 2 diabetes aged 40–65 years with at least one other chronic illness who received primary care health services in Vlore, Albania. A short questionnaire based on the literature, considering the situation of the COVID-19 pandemic, was used for data collection. The administration of the questionnaire was carried out by trained nurses. All participants give their written informed consent before administering the questionnaire. Pearson’s two-tailed correlations and linear regression were used to test the correlations. RESULTS: Among 400 patients with Type 2 Diabetes in the study, 53.0% were female and 47.0% were men. Most of the participants were married (n = 303) with a high level of edcation (54.3%). Treatment was mainly with oral medications (58.0%). Based on the body mass index (BMI), 63.0% of the participants were overweight. Employment status (p = 003), the type of treatment, oral medication versus insulin (p = 001), BMI (p = 001), and living alone (p = 008) were the most correlated factors. CONCLUSIONS: The care of Type 2 Diabetic patients due to the COVID-19 pandemic is closely associated with social determinants of health and the resources of health-care settings. The need to address innovative approaches to care, including self-care, social support, and e-health, is recommended.

Metabolism-Clinical and Experimental ; 128:S17-S17, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1799791