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2.
Front Public Health ; 9: 722604, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1450847

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate how knowledge and practice of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) prevention measures affected concerns about returning to work among supermarket staff. Attitudes about the ability of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to prevent COVID-19 were also assessed. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Huanggang, Hubei Province, China from April 23 to 25, 2020. Participants were invited to fill out an electronic questionnaire on their cell phones. Results: The results showed that from 2,309 valid questionnaires, 61.5% of participants were concerned about resuming work. Major concerns included asymptomatic infection (85.01%) and employees gathering in the workplace (78.96%). Multivariate logistic regression indicated that the female gender, having school-aged children and pregnancy were risk factors for being concerned about resuming work, while good knowledge and practice of preventive measures were protective factors. Knowledge and practice of preventive measures were positively correlated. Among preventive measures, the highest percentage of participants knew about wearing masks and washing hands. Meanwhile, 65.8% of participants expressed confidence in the ability of TCM to prevent COVID-19, where 74 and 51.3% thought there was a need and a strong need, respectively, for preventive TCM-based products. Among them, 71.5% preferred oral granules. Regarding TCM as a COVID-19 preventative, most were interested in information about safety and efficacy. Conclusion: These findings suggested that promoting knowledge and practices regarding COVID-19 prevention can help alleviate concerns about returning to work. Meanwhile, TCM can feasibly be accepted to diversify COVID-19 prevention methods. Clinical Trial Registration:http://www.chictr.org.cn/, identifier: ChiCTR2000031955.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Attitude , Child , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Return to Work , SARS-CoV-2 , Supermarkets , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-6, 2021 Aug 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1360258

ABSTRACT

To investigate post-traumatic growth induced by COVID-19 pandemic in certain Yunnan residents and to analyze its influencing factors. A total of 581 permanent residents of Yunnan province completed the electronic questionnaire from 18 April 2020 to 26 April 2020. Logistic regression analysis showed that the educational levels, self-perceived health status, family history of infectious diseases, family history of infectious diseases, personality and frequency of going through COVID-19 related news were influencing factors of PTG (P < 0.05). As a traumatic event, the threat of COVID-19 may enable some people to gain positive psychological development in adversity. This will provide reference for public psychological crisis intervention following the COVID-19 pandemic.

4.
Anal Chem ; 93(26): 9174-9182, 2021 07 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1279803

ABSTRACT

A rapid, on-site, and accurate SARS-CoV-2 detection method is crucial for the prevention and control of the COVID-19 epidemic. However, such an ideal screening technology has not yet been developed for the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2. Here, we have developed a deep learning-based surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy technique for the sensitive, rapid, and on-site detection of the SARS-CoV-2 antigen in the throat swabs or sputum from 30 confirmed COVID-19 patients. A Raman database based on the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 was established from experiments and theoretical calculations. The corresponding biochemical foundation for this method is also discussed. The deep learning model could predict the SARS-CoV-2 antigen with an identification accuracy of 87.7%. These results suggested that this method has great potential for the diagnosis, monitoring, and control of SARS-CoV-2 worldwide.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Deep Learning , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensitivity and Specificity , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Sputum
6.
J Burn Care Res ; 42(4): 642-645, 2021 08 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1043031

ABSTRACT

In response to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the Shanghai Burn Clinical Quality Control Center organized experts to formulate and implement a set of rapid, simple, and effective prevention and control measures, and there have not been any cases of health care professionals or inpatients in burn units suspected or confirmed with COVID-19. This article elaborates on the specific measures in burn units in response to the epidemic, including the implementation of standardized procedures, remote consultations, strengthened follow-up, exchange of experience, and popular science, among others. We share experience from Shanghai to benefit related disciplines in other countries and regions.


Subject(s)
Burn Units/organization & administration , Burns/therapy , COVID-19/epidemiology , Consensus , Critical Care/organization & administration , Burns/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , China/epidemiology , Humans , Infection Control/organization & administration
7.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 8: 577032, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-918121

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become the largest health threat worldwide, with more than 34.40 million positive cases and over 1.02 million deaths confirmed. In this study, we confirmed that significantly differentially expressed genes in COVID-19 patients were mainly involved in the regulation of immune and inflammation-related signaling pathways. It is worth noting that many infected COVID-19 patients have malignant tumors, and their prognosis is poor. To explore the susceptibility factors of cancer patients, we assessed the expression of ACE2, TMPRSS2, and the endocytic regulator AAK1 in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients and explored their effects on immune infiltration. We found that the expression of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 in LUAD patients was significantly increased, which may explain why LUAD patients are susceptible to SARS-CoV-2, and the patients with high-expression genes presented increased infiltration of immune cells such as B cells and CD4 T cells. In addition, we also identified miR-432-5p as a potential targeted molecule and bexarotene as a potential targeted drug of the three genes through bioinformatic analysis and further verified the anti-inflammatory effect of bexarotene, providing new ideas for the treatment of COVID-19.

8.
Ann Glob Health ; 86(1): 128, 2020 10 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-887660

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 first appeared in China in December 2019, with a high rate of infectivity and morbidity, which brought tremendous psychological pressure to healthcare workers. Purpose: To understand the psychological health status of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 outbreak and decline, and to provide a theoretical reference for the future establishment of a psychological crisis intervention system. Methods: Healthcare workers were recruited using convenience sampling and snowball sampling methods, and the electronic version of the SCL-90 scale and a sociodemographic questionnaire were administered. In the pretest, a total of 5018 responses were collected; after six weeks, random sampling was performed. The SCL-90 and measures of other epidemic-related problems were administered, with 1570 responses received; then, the final data analysis was performed. Results: After six weeks, the post-test GSI score; SCL-90 total score; and PST, PSDI, O-C, I-S, DEP, ANX, PHOB, PAR, PSY, and HOS scores were significantly lower than the corresponding pretest scores (p < 0.05). The results by occupational category showed that the scores of nursing staff decreased significantly for 12 indexes and that the scores of the doctors and other hospital staff also significantly decreased. There was a significant difference between the pretest (50.78 ± 28.18) and post-test (45.00 ± 28.49) scores for the degree of worry about the epidemic. Healthcare workers believed that the top three aspects of life affected by the epidemic were economic problems (816 people), interpersonal communication problems (731 people), and mental health (728 people). Conclusion: Over the course of the epidemic, the item scores generally declined significantly. Therefore, during an outbreak period, attention should be paid to psychological crisis interventions for healthcare workers; problems caused by psychological pressure, and even other psychological conditions, can be significantly alleviated to reduce the probability of subsequent health problems.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Coronavirus Infections , Crisis Intervention/methods , Depression , Health Personnel/psychology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Stress, Psychological , Adult , Anxiety/diagnosis , Anxiety/etiology , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Depression/diagnosis , Depression/etiology , Female , Humans , Male , Mental Health/statistics & numerical data , Occupational Stress/classification , Occupational Stress/diagnosis , Occupational Stress/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , SARS-CoV-2 , Stress, Psychological/diagnosis , Stress, Psychological/etiology
9.
Psychiatry Res ; 291: 113202, 2020 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-574681

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is now spreading worldwide, and poses some public mental health problems which requires close attention. This study aims to develop a scale of COVID-19 related psychological distress in healthy public (CORPD) to assess the severity of psychological distress in uninfected healthy populations. We compiled a 14-item scale which contains two dimensions- Anxiety & fear and Suspicion -using the classical measurement theory. 652 Chinese citizens consented and completed a survey through an online questionnaire APP. The reliability test showed that the scale had good internal consistency reliability and Split-Half reliability, and the validity test showed that it had good structure validity, content validity and criterion correlation validity. This scale can be used to assess the psychological distress of people in China and in other COVID-19-hit regions and countries. It also provides a reference for future studies on COVID-19 or other respiratory infectious diseases related public mental health.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Mental Health , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Psychological Distress , Adult , Anxiety/psychology , COVID-19 , China , Fear/psychology , Female , Health Surveys , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Reproducibility of Results , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Chin Med ; 15: 47, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-260542

ABSTRACT

In December 2019, a cluster of pneumonia cases was caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in Wuhan, China. Cancer patients are a special group, the immunity of them will be suppressed because of various anti-tumor treatments, and the risk of infection will be greatly increased, so we will report clinical features of 9 cancer patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. 5 (56%) patients were ordinary type, 3 (33%) were severe type, and 1 (11%) was critical type. A total of 8 patients received combined therapy of traditional Chinese medicines and western medicines. From the clinical outcomes of these 8 patients, western combined therapy of traditional Chinese medicine was indeed an effective treatment method. D-dimmer rise, infection index rise, and chest CT(computed tomography) progression may be clinical warning indicators for severe patients, in our study, more 50% of patients had elevated levels of these indicators, but only 44% (including the dead) of patients had received treatment in the intensive care unit. 5 (56%) ordinary type patients had been discharged, while the 1 (11%) critical type patient died 3 days after admission. Cancer comorbidity seems to have no direct relationship with severe events, and the combination of traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine may be effective in the prevention and treatment of novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia (NICP).

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