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1.
Sustainability ; 15(9):7274, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2320828

ABSTRACT

Online classes quickly became a hot topic in education during the effort to prevent and manage the COVID-19 outbreak. This paper is of great value in analyzing the factors influencing online delivery from a socially acceptable perspective, using the online DingTalk platform course as the research target. The researchers of this paper used a questionnaire to establish the conceptual basis of the survey based on the technology acceptance model (TAM), and developed the corresponding survey questions. The questionnaire was distributed to 528 respondents, of which 495 were valid data samples;furthermore, the sample efficiency of the returned questionnaire was 93.75%. The data were analyzed by SPSSAU software for reliability (Cronbach alpha: 0.967). For the purposes of assessing validity, ANOVA was used, and the SEM structural ANOVA was utilized in order to understand the impact of using the DingTalk platform for online classroom teaching, as well as to study user satisfaction with its use and to make relevant suggestions for continuing to use the online platform for classes in terms of campus management for online/offline hybrid teaching.

2.
Journal of Advanced Transportation ; : 1-16, 2023.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2315082

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has hit the global restaurant business hard, especially dine-in. However, it has also provided opportunities for online dining, with takeout becoming a fulcrum for the economic resilience of the urban restaurant industry. Currently, research on the factors affecting takeout order demand under the pandemic has been inadequate. Therefore, this study uses multisource data from Nanjing to explore the changes in takeout order demand as the pandemic develops. And based on the Light gradient boosting machine (Light GBM) model, the nonlinear relationship between the built environment and order demand under different periods of pandemic is investigated, and the important factors affecting the demand are obtained. The results show that daily orders on average during COVID-19 decline by 25.6% than before COVID-19, while during the stabilization phase of the pandemic, they are 20.0% higher than before COVID-19. According to the relative importance ranking of factors in the model, land use diversity and road design influence takeout the most and the crucial influencing factors vary across pandemic periods. In the postpandemic era, special attention needs to be paid to the impact of the number of restaurants, colleges, offices, and main roads on takeout services. In addition, the thresholds of key built environment factors through partial dependency plots can enhance operators' understanding of takeout services and provide suggestions for the spatial layout of takeout resources. While satisfying people's dietary needs, the role of takeout in restoring the restaurant economy can be better utilized. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Journal of Advanced Transportation is the property of Hindawi Limited and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

3.
Emerging Markets, Finance & Trade ; 59(5):1464-1474, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2294214

ABSTRACT

This paper examines whether the COVID-19 pandemic predicts Chinese insurance firms' stock excess returns. COVID-19 is proxied using three indices: the stringency index, containment and health indices, and the government support index. We use monthly data from January 2020 to September 2020 on 64 insurance firms. Using a newly developed factor-augmented panel predictability model, we find that COVID-19 is a statistically insignificant predictor of excess returns. Our results are robust to the use of different control predictors such as macro variables, financial indicators and Fama-French factors.

4.
Transp Res D Transp Environ ; 107: 103285, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2306396

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic severely hampered the freedom of shopping travel while increasing individuals' interest in takeout. Although many studies have examined takeout shopping, the available literature provides insufficient evidence on the factors influencing takeout shopping demand under the COVID-19. In this study, generalized additive mixed models were developed based on sampling data of takeout orders in Nanjing before, during, and post the pandemic to measure the associations between takeout shopping demand and neighborhood characteristics at the business circle scale. The results show that population density, house prices, road density, and catering all have a significant impact on takeout shopping demand, while the roles of land use (residential and company indexes) before and post the pandemic are opposite. Besides, the factors influencing the recovery of the demand before and after the pandemic were analyzed. These findings provide important insights into the development of the takeout industry in the post-pandemic era.

5.
One Health Bulletin ; 2(15), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2288484

ABSTRACT

Background: To control the imported risks brought by all international arrivals, China Customs has implemented strict closed-loop health management policy called "three checks, three screenings and one transfer". This study provides epidemiological evidence for prevention and control measures on imported cases of asymptomatic infections and describes the current COVID-19 prevention and control system on imported risks in China. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed an imported incident of three asymptomatic carriers. Serum SARS-CoV-2 IgM and IgG antibodies were detected by chemiluminescence and gold immnnochromatography(GICA). Results: Three cases were reported positive for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid on their arrival, total antibodies and IgG, but negative for IgM. The Ct values of cases A, B and C were 34/36/36, 32/33/32 and 25/31/29, respectively. There were 10726434 pair-end reads sequenced for case C, and approximate 80% reads were aligned to the hCoV-19/Wuhan/IVDC-HB-01/2019 genome (EPI_ISL_402119). The viruses of case A and C were homologous and came from the SARS-CoV-2 variant. Conclusion: Serum antibody IgM and IgG tests are recommended for international travelers from epidemic areas. The "three checks, three screenings and one transfer" policy implemented at custom's entry points was effective in COVID-19 prevention and control.

6.
Sci Transl Med ; 14(649): eabo0686, 2022 06 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2264929

ABSTRACT

T cell-derived pro-inflammatory cytokines are a major driver of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis. Although these cytokines have traditionally been attributed to CD4 T cells, we have found that CD8 T cells are notably abundant in synovium and make more interferon (IFN)-γ and nearly as much tumor necrosis factor (TNF) as their CD4 T cell counterparts. Furthermore, using unbiased high-dimensional single-cell RNA-seq and flow cytometric data, we found that the vast majority of synovial tissue and synovial fluid CD8 T cells belong to an effector CD8 T cell population characterized by high expression of granzyme K (GzmK) and low expression of granzyme B (GzmB) and perforin. Functional experiments demonstrate that these GzmK+ GzmB+ CD8 T cells are major cytokine producers with low cytotoxic potential. Using T cell receptor repertoire data, we found that CD8 GzmK+ GzmB+ T cells are clonally expanded in synovial tissues and maintain their granzyme expression and overall cell state in blood, suggesting that they are enriched in tissue but also circulate. Using GzmK and GzmB signatures, we found that GzmK-expressing CD8 T cells were also the major CD8 T cell population in the gut, kidney, and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, suggesting that they form a core population of tissue-associated T cells across diseases and human tissues. We term this population tissue-enriched expressing GzmK or TteK CD8 cells. Armed to produce cytokines in response to both antigen-dependent and antigen-independent stimuli, CD8 TteK cells have the potential to drive inflammation.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Granzymes/metabolism , Humans
7.
Vaccine ; 41(13): 2120-2126, 2023 03 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2288499

ABSTRACT

Parental vaccine hesitancy is a key factor influencing children's vaccination against infectious diseases such as the COVID-19. The current study aims to investigate how parent's health literacy and health belief affect parental hesitancy toward the COVID-19 vaccination, and navigate effective measures to help parents make vaccination decision for children. A mixed-mode web survey was conducted among parents of children aged 3-11 years. Parental vaccine hesitancy, health literacy, and health beliefs were assessed. Parallel mediation model examined whether the association between parent's health literacy and vaccine hesitancy was mediated by health beliefs. In total, 11.3% of the 346 participants reported vaccine hesitancy. Hesitant parents were more likely to be he mother (Father: 4.5%; Mother: 12.9%) and with children having allergic issues (Allergic: 18.3%; Non-allergic: 9.8%). Meanwhile, parents with lower health literacy were more likely to show hesitancy towards vaccinating their children (ß = -6.87, 95% CI = [-10.50, -3.11]). This relationship was partially mediated by more perceived barriers in vaccination (ß = -2.53, 95%CI = [-4.09, -1.02]), but not other health beliefs. In other words, parents with better health literacy may perceive fewer barriers in making vaccination decision for their children, thus being less hesitant. Accordingly, healthcare professionals and policy makers could design education service to promote parents' health literacy, and remove the perceived barriers as well as increase their confidence in following the COVID-19 vaccine guidance for children.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Health Literacy , Child , Male , Female , Humans , COVID-19 Vaccines , Vaccination Hesitancy , Vaccination , Parents , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
8.
Clin Pediatr (Phila) ; : 99228231161335, 2023 Mar 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2265431

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to assess barriers to Vaccines for Children (VFC) provider practices participating in the COVID-19 Vaccination Program and intentions to offer COVID-19 vaccination to children aged <5 years. We invited a random sample of 15 000 VFC provider practices in the United States to complete an online survey during February 28 to March 11, 2022. Of 2809 practices that completed the survey, 2246 (80.0%) were enrolled in the COVID-19 Vaccination Program. Concerns around staff resources, vaccine and supply storage space, and vaccine wastage from multidose vials were the most frequently reported program-enrollment barriers. Among enrolled practices that have decided whether to offer COVID-19 vaccination to the children aged <5 years, 1641 (88.8% of 1848) reported likely offering it to current patients, and 1165 reported likely offering it to children who are not current patients. Addressing participation barriers and encouraging active promotion may increase COVID-19 vaccination coverage of children.

9.
Nurs Open ; 10(7): 4395-4403, 2023 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2263451

ABSTRACT

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the sleep quality in dialysis patients during the COVID-19 epidemic and explore the association between negative psychology (including depression, anxiety, and stress) and sleep quality in this population. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study including three centres. METHODS (PATIENTS OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION): This cross-sectional study included 378 dialysis patients from April to May 2022 in three dialysis centres in Shanghai. METHODS: Depression, anxiety, stress, and sleep quality were measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Perceived Stress Scale-14 (PSS-14), and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), respectively. With a threshold of 5 to classify participants into good and poor sleep quality, with HADS/PSS-14 scores as independent variables (per standard deviation (SD) increment), respectively and binary Logistic regression model was constructed to explore the association between the three negative psychological aspects of depression, anxiety, and stress and sleep quality. RESULTS: The median PSQI score was 11.0 (mean ± SD: 11.8 ± 4.8). Among them, poor sleep quality (i.e., PSQI >5) was reported by 90.2% of participants. After adjusting for sociodemographic and disease-related information, HADS-depression was associated with a significant 49% (odds ratio (OR): 1.49; 95% CI 1.02-2.18) increase in the risk of poor sleep quality for each additional SD (2.4). Correspondingly, for each SD (7.1) increase in PSS-14, the risk of poor sleep quality was significantly increased by 95% (OR: 1.95; 95% CI 1.35-2.82). CONCLUSION: During the COVID-19 pandemic, there was a significant negative association between negative psychology, such as depression and stress, and sleep quality in dialysis patients, and this relationship was independent of the dialysis modality. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: In the context of the rampant COVID-19, the vast majority of dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease presents with severe sleep quality problems, and negative psychology is a potential influencing factor.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Humans , Sleep Quality , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pandemics , Renal Dialysis , China/epidemiology , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/epidemiology
10.
Aging Ment Health ; : 1-7, 2022 Mar 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2288482

ABSTRACT

Objective: Older adults' well-being may suffer due to prolonged social isolation leading to loneliness and increased stress during the COVID-19 pandemic. The current study aimed to address the role of benefit-finding, defined as the capacity to derive meaning and positive aspects from stressful situations, in late midlife and older adults' adaptation to the effects of home confinement and centralized quarantine (HCCQ).Methods: 421 participants aged 50 or above in mainland of China participated in an online survey to study the effects of HCCQ on loneliness, stress, anxiety, depression and life satisfaction, as well as the moderating role of benefit-finding.Results: Correlational analysis showed that a history of HCCQ was basically unrelated to any outcome. However, the effect actually varied by levels of benefit-finding. Among late midlife and older people with lower benefit-finding, those who had experienced HCCQ reported more loneliness, perceived stress, as well as more anxiety and depressive symptoms; no such relationships were found when benefit-finding was moderate or high.Conclusion: The findings extended our understanding of the role of benefit-finding in buffering the negative impact of adversity. By mitigating the effects of prolonged social isolation, benefit-finding served as a protective factor in late midlife and older people's adaptation to the sequelae of this pandemic.

11.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; : 1, 2022 Oct 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2246702
12.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1088246, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2232961

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate mental health status and its associated factors among female nurses in the normalization of COVID-19 epidemic prevention and control in China. Methods: Random cluster sampling was applied to recruit 740 female nurses in China. The respondents completed the survey with mobile devices. Demographic questionnaire, Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Insomnia Severity Index, and The Impact of Event Scale-Revised were used to assess demographic Information, anxiety, depression, insomnia and PTSD symptoms, respectively. The associated factors of mental health status were identified by binary logistic regression analysis. Results: The prevalence of anxiety and depression was 7.9 and 17.8%, respectively. Insomnia was an associated factor of anxiety (OR = 6.237, 95%CI = 6.055-23.761, P < 0.001) and depression (OR = 9.651, 95%CI = 5.699-22.370, P < 0.001), while PTSD was an associated factor of anxiety (OR = 11.995, 95%CI = 2.946-13.205, P < 0.001) and depression (OR = 11.291, 95%CI = 6.056-15.380, P < 0.001), Being married was a protective factor of depression (OR = 0.811, 95%CI = 1.309-6.039, P < 0.01). Conclusion: Female nurses showed problems in mental health. Insomnia, PTSD and marital status were associated with mental health. The hospital management should pay more attention to the unmarried groups, and strive to improve the sleep quality of female nurses and reduce their stress caused by traumatic events.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Nurses , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Humans , Female , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Depression/psychology , China/epidemiology , Health Status
13.
China CDC Wkly ; 5(1): 5-10, 2023 Jan 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2237474

ABSTRACT

What is already known about this topic?: Although a third coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination (booster) dose is highly recommended for diabetic patients, the vaccination behaviors and related adverse events are unclear among diabetic patients with a COVID-19 booster dose. What is added by this report?: Diabetic patients with higher postprandial blood glucose, worrying about the safety of the booster dose were less likely to get the vaccine. While having positive attitudes towards COVID-19 booster vaccination, trusting the health professionals' advice on vaccination, diabetic patients were more likely to get the booster vaccine. Furthermore, the prevalence of adverse events was not significantly different between the homologous and heterologous boosting groups. What are the implications for public health practice?: Effective measures should be taken to promote the COVID-19 booster dose uptake among diabetic patients. Health professionals should educate Chinese diabetic patients about the safety and efficacy of booster doses and continue to increase the COVID-19 booster dose vaccination coverage.

14.
International Journal of Food Science & Technology ; : 1, 2023.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2213640

ABSTRACT

Summary The coronavirus disease‐19 (COVID‐19) pandemic caused dietary changes. Humans reduced social activities to prevent the spread of COVID‐19, which led to increasing demand for machines to help cook. This work studies the effect of different stirrer modes on the texture of celery, asparagus, green peppers, and spinach during the cooking process and the functional loss of components in vegetables by measuring the changes in vitamin C, total polyphenols, and total flavonoids. The results showed that colour changes and loss of nutrients in each vegetable varied under different stirrer modes. Stirring was found to be the best mode for cooking all four vegetables. In addition, there was a positive correlation between the a* value and functional components during the cooking process, which means that the colour difference and nutritional loss of vegetables can be modulated together. This study provides theoretical guidance for developing the stirring unit in a cooking machine. [ FROM AUTHOR]

15.
Cell Res ; 33(3): 201-214, 2023 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2185794

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2 infection can trigger strong inflammatory responses and cause severe lung damage in COVID-19 patients with critical illness. However, the molecular mechanisms by which the infection induces excessive inflammatory responses are not fully understood. Here, we report that SARS-CoV-2 infection results in the formation of viral Z-RNA in the cytoplasm of infected cells and thereby activates the ZBP1-RIPK3 pathway. Pharmacological inhibition of RIPK3 by GSK872 or genetic deletion of MLKL reduced SARS-CoV-2-induced IL-1ß release. ZBP1 or RIPK3 deficiency leads to reduced production of both inflammatory cytokines and chemokines during SARS-CoV-2 infection both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, deletion of ZBP1 or RIPK3 alleviated SARS-CoV-2 infection-induced immune cell infiltration and lung damage in infected mouse models. These results suggest that the ZBP1-RIPK3 pathway plays a critical role in SARS-CoV-2-induced inflammatory responses and lung damage. Our study provides novel insights into how SARS-CoV-2 infection triggers inflammatory responses and lung pathology, and implicates the therapeutic potential of targeting ZBP1-RIPK3 axis in treating COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Animals , Mice , SARS-CoV-2/metabolism , COVID-19/pathology , RNA , Lung/pathology , Cytokines/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Receptor-Interacting Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
16.
Front Public Health ; 10: 937844, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2199451

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the diagnosis, treatment, and care for tuberculosis (TB). Delays in seeking TB care may result in increased community transmission and unfavorable treatment outcomes. We sought to understand the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on the proportion of patients with TB who delayed seeking the diagnosis and care for TB and explore the reasons for their postponement. Methods: We surveyed a representative sample of outpatients treated for pulmonary TB from June to November 2020 using an anonymous standardized questionnaire. Multivariable logistic regression was used to calculate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of factors associated with the postponement of TB care. We used routinely collected surveillance data to assess trends of TB reports before and after the emergence of COVID-19 (2017-2019 vs. 2020-2022) in Tianjin, China. Results: Among 358 participants who were diagnosed with pulmonary TB during the COVID-19 response, 61 (17%) postponed seeking TB diagnosis due to COVID-19, with 39 (64%) citing fear as the primary reason. Female sex (aOR:2.0; 95% CI: 1.1-3.7), previous antituberculosis treatment (aOR:3.2; 95%CI: 1.4-7.6), and TB diagnosis during the first-level response (aOR = 3.2, 1.7-6.2) were associated with the postponement. Among all 518 participants receiving antituberculosis treatment, 57 (11%) had postponed their regular healthcare visits due to COVID-19, 175 (34%) received no treatment supervision, and 32 (6%) experienced treatment interruption. Compared to 2017-2019, reported pulmonary TB declined by 36.8% during the first-level response to COVID-19, 23.5% during the second-level response, 14% during the third-level response in 2020, and 4.3% in 2021. Conclusion: The COVID-19 response reduced the number of people who sought and received diagnosis, treatment, and care for TB in Tianjin, China. Integrative programs to ensure access and continuity of TB services should be considered and dual testing for SARS-CoV-2 and M. tuberculosis may facilitate finding cases.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Tuberculosis , Humans , Female , Pandemics , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/epidemiology , Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Tuberculosis/drug therapy , Tuberculosis/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use
19.
JAMA Pediatr ; 177(2): 208-210, 2023 02 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2157656

ABSTRACT

This cross-sectional study investigates whether US adolescents' routine vaccination status is associated with their parents' self-reported intent or hesitancy to have them vaccinated for COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Humans , Adolescent , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Vaccination , Parents
20.
Anal Chem ; 94(51): 17795-17802, 2022 12 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2160134

ABSTRACT

Addressing the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has highlighted the need for rapid, accurate, and low-cost diagnostic methods that detect specific antigens for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Tests for COVID-19 are based on reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR), which requires laboratory services and is time-consuming. Here, by targeting the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, we present a point-of-care SERS detection platform that specifically detects SARS-CoV-2 antigen in one step by captureing substrates and detection probes based on aptamer-specific recognition. Using the pseudovirus, without any pretreatment, the SARS-CoV-2 virus and its variants were detected by a handheld Raman spectrometer within 5 min. The limit of detection (LoD) for the pseudovirus was 124 TU µL-1 (18 fM spike protein), with a linear range of 250-10,000 TU µL-1. Moreover, this assay can specifically recognize the SARS-CoV-2 antigen without cross reacting with specific antigens of other coronaviruses or influenza A. Therefore, the platform has great potential for application in rapid point-of-care diagnostic assays for SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humans , COVID-19/diagnosis , Point-of-Care Systems , COVID-19 Testing , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods
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