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1.
J Pharm Anal ; 2023 May 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2327241

ABSTRACT

Currently, human health due to corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been seriously threatened. The coronavirus severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike (S) protein plays a crucial role in virus transmission and several S-based therapeutic approaches have been approved for the treatment of COVID-19. However, the efficacy is compromised by the SARS-CoV-2 evolvement and mutation. Here we report the SARS-CoV-2 S protein receptor-binding domain (RBD) inhibitor licorice-saponin A3 (A3) could widely inhibit RBD of SARS-CoV-2 variants, including Beta, Delta, and Omicron BA.1, XBB and BQ1.1. Furthermore, A3 could potently inhibit SARS-CoV-2 Omicron virus in Vero E6 cells, with EC50 of 1.016 µM. The mechanism was related with binding with Y453 of RBD determined by hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) analysis combined with quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) simulations. Interestingly, phosphoproteomics analysis and multi fluorescent immunohistochemistry (mIHC) respectively indicated that A3 also inhibits host inflammation by directly modulating the JNK and p38 MAPK pathways and rebalancing the corresponding immune dysregulation. This work supports A3 as a promising broad-spectrum small molecule drug candidate for COVID-19.

2.
Asian J Surg ; 46(5): 1969-1972, 2023 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2320847

Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Child , Humans
4.
China CDC Wkly ; 5(18): 391-396, 2023 May 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2313733

ABSTRACT

What is already known about this topic?: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) reinfection by variants is being reported commonly and has caused waves of epidemic in many countries. Because of dynamic zero policy, the SARS-CoV-2 reinfection was less reported in China. What is added by this report?: SARS-CoV-2 reinfections were observed in Guangdong Province between December 2022 and January 2023. This study estimated that the reinfection incidence was 50.0% for the original strain primary infections, 35.2% for the Alpha or Delta variants, and 18.4% for the Omicron variant; The reinfection incidence within 3-6 months after primary infection by Omicron variant was 4.0%. Besides, 96.2% reinfection cases were symptomatic while only 7.7% sought medical attention. What are the implications for public health practice?: These findings suggest a reduced likelihood of an Omicron-driven epidemic resurgence in the short term but emphasize the importance of maintaining vigilant surveillance of emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants and conducting population-based antibody level surveys to inform response preparedness.

5.
Front Immunol ; 14: 1125737, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2307020

ABSTRACT

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a heterogeneous population of immature cells capable of inhibiting T-cell responses. MDSCs have a crucial role in the regulation of the immune response of the body to pathogens, especially in inflammatory response and pathogenesis during anti-infection. Pathogens such as bacteria and viruses use MDSCs as their infectious targets, and even some pathogens may exploit the inhibitory activity of MDSCs to enhance pathogen persistence and chronic infection of the host. Recent researches have revealed the pathogenic significance of MDSCs in pathogens such as bacteria and viruses, despite the fact that the majority of studies on MDSCs have focused on tumor immune evasion. With the increased prevalence of viral respiratory infections, the resurgence of classical tuberculosis, and the advent of medication resistance in common bacterial pneumonia, research on MDSCs in these illnesses is intensifying. The purpose of this work is to provide new avenues for treatment approaches to pulmonary infectious disorders by outlining the mechanism of action of MDSCs as a biomarker and therapeutic target in pulmonary infectious diseases.


Subject(s)
Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells , Pneumonia, Bacterial , Viruses , Humans , Lung , T-Lymphocytes , Biomarkers
6.
Zool Res ; 44(3): 505-521, 2023 May 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2306427

ABSTRACT

Bacterial or viral infections, such as Brucella, mumps virus, herpes simplex virus, and Zika virus, destroy immune homeostasis of the testes, leading to spermatogenesis disorder and infertility. Of note, recent research shows that SARS-CoV-2 can infect male gonads and destroy Sertoli and Leydig cells, leading to male reproductive dysfunction. Due to the many side effects associated with antibiotic therapy, finding alternative treatments for inflammatory injury remains critical. Here, we found that Dmrt1 plays an important role in regulating testicular immune homeostasis. Knockdown of Dmrt1 in male mice inhibited spermatogenesis with a broad inflammatory response in seminiferous tubules and led to the loss of spermatogenic epithelial cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) revealed that Dmrt1 positively regulated the expression of Spry1, an inhibitory protein of the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) signaling pathway. Furthermore, immunoprecipitation-mass spectrometry (IP-MS) and co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) analysis indicated that SPRY1 binds to nuclear factor kappa B1 (NF-κB1) to prevent nuclear translocation of p65, inhibit activation of NF-κB signaling, prevent excessive inflammatory reaction in the testis, and protect the integrity of the blood-testis barrier. In view of this newly identified Dmrt1- Spry1-NF-κB axis mechanism in the regulation of testicular immune homeostasis, our study opens new avenues for the prevention and treatment of male reproductive diseases in humans and livestock.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Rodent Diseases , Zika Virus Infection , Zika Virus , Humans , Male , Mice , Animals , Testis , NF-kappa B/metabolism , COVID-19/veterinary , SARS-CoV-2/metabolism , Homeostasis , Fertility , Zika Virus/metabolism , Zika Virus Infection/metabolism , Zika Virus Infection/veterinary , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Phosphoproteins/metabolism , Phosphoproteins/pharmacology , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/pharmacology , Rodent Diseases/metabolism
7.
Heliyon ; 9(5): e15679, 2023 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2301669

ABSTRACT

Background: Despite the increasing reports of re-positive SARS-CoV-2 cases after recovery and discharge from hospitals, our knowledge remains very limited regarding the contributing factors of re-positivity and its roles in the transmission and epidemiology of the Omicron variant. Methods: In this retrospective study, re-positivity is defined as the positive nucleic acid result (Ct < 35) following two consecutive negative results during hospitalization. A total of 751 patients from Shanghai Shelter Cabin Hospital were enrolled and divided with a ratio of about 1:2 into the re-positivity group and the non-re-positivity group. Patients required three consecutive negative results daily as the de-isolation criterion. The follow-up time of discharged patients lasted five weeks. Univariate regression analysis was used to compare variables between the re-positivity and non-re-positivity groups, and the single re-positivity and multiple re-positivity groups, with P < 0.05 defined as the statistical significance of differences. Subsequently, variables with P < 0.2 were subjected to multivariate logistic regression analysis to investigate the odds ratio (OR) of re-positivity and the influencing factors of re-positivity of the Omicron variant. Results: The re-positivity group had a higher proportion of males (68.1% vs 58.1%, p = 0.000), a higher education level (31.9% vs 12.7%, p = 0.007), a longer hospitalization duration (13 days vs 8 days, p = 0.000), and a higher Convidecia vaccination rate (6.0% vs 2.4%, p = 0.011). Further multivariable analysis showed male (OR = 2.168, p = 0.000), Convidecia vaccination (OR = 2.634, p = 0.014), hospitalization duration (OR = 2.146, p = 0.000) and education level (OR = 1.595, p = 0.007) were associated with re-positivity. The average rate of re-positivity was 25% during hospitalization and decreased to 0.4% among discharged patients. Re-positivity was more common in the period with a larger number of hospitalized patients and in larger wards with a larger number of patients. Conclusion: A large number of hospitalized patients, large-sized wards, and gender are significant contributing factors to re-positivity. Division of the shelter cabin hospital into small independent wards and requirement of three consecutive results daily as the de-isolation criterion might be more beneficial to the control and prevention of the spread of the Omicron variant.

8.
Disease Surveillance ; 38(2):163-165, 2023.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2306075

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of asymptomatic norovirus infections status in kitchen workers in schools, child care settings, and catering service units and other key places in Tongzhou district of Beijing from 2019 to 2021, and provide evidence for scientific prevention and control of norovirus infection. Methods: The simple random sampling method was used to select the kitchen workers, especially the kitchen workers preparing cold dish, from catering service units, schools, childcare settings, construction sites, hotels as study subjects, and their anal swabs or stool samples were collected for norovirus nucleic acid detection by fluorescence quantitative PCR. Descriptive method was used to analyze the asymptomatic norovirus infection status of the kitchen workers. Results: A total of 3880 samples were collected from 552 units, and 15 norovirus positive cases were detected, including 1 sample positive for GI and 14 samples positive for GII. The asymptomatic norovirus infection rate was 0.39% (15/3880), in which 0.30% (5/1656) in man, and 0.45% (10/2224) in women. No asymptomatic infections were detected in age groups < 18 years and > 60 years, and 2055 cases were detected in age group 19- years, with a positive rate of 0.34% (7/2055), and 1637 cases were detected in age group 46- years, with a positive rate of 0.49% (8/1637). In 2019 when no COVID-19 epidemic occurred, the asymptomatic norovirus infection rate was 1.00% (1/100), but the asymptomatic norovirus infection rate was 0.39% (11/2805)in 2020 and 0.31%(3/975)in 2021 in the context of COVID-19 epidemic. Conclusion: The asymptomatic norovirus infection rate in kitchen workers in key places in Tongzhou was similar to the average level in Beijing during the same period. In COVID-19 epidemic period, the asymptomatic norovirus infection rate was lower than that before the epidemic.

9.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 21(4): 698-710, 2023 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2254579

ABSTRACT

Although plant secondary metabolites are important source of new drugs, obtaining these compounds is challenging due to their high structural diversity and low abundance. The roots of Astragalus membranaceus are a popular herbal medicine worldwide. It contains a series of cycloartane-type saponins (astragalosides) as hepatoprotective and antivirus components. However, astragalosides exhibit complex sugar substitution patterns which hindered their purification and bioactivity investigation. In this work, glycosyltransferases (GT) from A. membranaceus were studied to synthesize structurally diverse astragalosides. Three new GTs, AmGT1/5 and AmGT9, were characterized as 3-O-glycosyltransferase and 25-O-glycosyltransferase of cycloastragenol respectively. AmGT1G146V/I variants were obtained as specific 3-O-xylosyltransferases by sequence alignment, molecular modelling and site-directed mutagenesis. A combinatorial synthesis system was established using AmGT1/5/9, AmGT1G146V/S and the reported AmGT8 and AmGT8A394F . The system allowed the synthesis of 13 astragalosides in Astragalus root with conversion rates from 22.6% to 98.7%, covering most of the sugar-substitution patterns for astragalosides. In addition, AmGT1 exhibited remarkable sugar donor promiscuity to use 10 different donors, and was used to synthesize three novel astragalosides and ginsenosides. Glycosylation remarkably improved the hepatoprotective and SARS-CoV-2 inhibition activities for triterpenoids. This is one of the first attempts to produce a series of herbal constituents via combinatorial synthesis. The results provided new biocatalytic tools for saponin biosynthesis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Plants, Medicinal , Saponins , Triterpenes , Astragalus propinquus/chemistry , Astragalus propinquus/genetics , Astragalus propinquus/metabolism , Saponins/chemistry , Saponins/metabolism , Glycosyltransferases/genetics , SARS-CoV-2 , Triterpenes/metabolism , Protein Engineering , Sugars/metabolism
10.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med ; 2023: 6028554, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2269836

ABSTRACT

As a traditional Chinese medicine, Lianhua Qingwen capsules have been widely used to treat Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study was aimed to demonstrate the association between treatment with Lianhua Qingwen capsules and the clinical outcomes of hospitalized patients with COVID-19. This retrospective study was conducted at four hospitals in Central China. Data of hospitalized COVID-19 patients were collected between December 19, 2019 and April 26, 2020. Based on whether Lianhua Qingwen capsules were used, patients were classified into Lianhua Qingwen and non-Lianhua Qingwen (control) groups. To control for confounding factors, we used conditional logistic regression in a propensity-score matched (PSM) cohort (1 : 1 balanced), as well as logistic regression without matching as sensitivity analysis. A total of 4918 patients were included, 2760 of whom received Lianhua Qingwen capsules and 2158 of whom did not. In the PSM model, after adjusting for confounders, the in-hospital mortality was similar between the Lianhua Qingwen group and the control group (6.8% vs. 3.3%, adjusted OR, 0.66 [95% CI, 0.38-1.15], p = 0.138). The negative conversion rate of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection was higher in the Lianhua Qingwen group (88.3% vs. 96.1%, adjusted OR, 4.02 [95% CI, 2.58-6.25], p < 0.001). The incidence of acute liver injury was comparable between the two groups (14.0% vs. 11.5%, adjusted OR: 0.85 [95% CI, 0.71-1.02], p = 0.083), and the incidence of acute kidney injury was lower in the Lianhua Qingwen group (5.3% vs. 3.0%, adjusted OR: 0.71 [95% CI, 0.50-1.00], p = 0.048). Treatment with Lianhua Qingwen capsules was not significantly associated with in-hospital mortality in COVID-19 patients. In the Lianhua Qingwen group, the negative conversion rate of SARS-CoV-2 infection was higher and the incidence of acute kidney injury was lower than in the control group.

11.
J Appl Gerontol ; : 7334648221135584, 2022 Oct 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2287246

ABSTRACT

Home care workers played critical roles in meeting the complex medical and social needs of homebound adults during COVID-19, yet their contributions remain underappreciated. This study characterizes home care workers' roles during COVID-19 and examines how home care disruptions impacted homebound individuals and caregivers. Using a qualitative analysis of electronic medical records among a randomly sampled subset of homebound patients in a home-based primary care practice, we found that home care workers were essential in meeting existing and new needs of homebound individuals. Insufficient home care worker services, including unstable schedules and inadequate hours of paid care, became particularly disruptive, leading to risks for patients and their caregivers. Given their integral role on care teams, home care workers must be a policy focus to prepare for emergent situations and ensure that homebound individuals have access to high quality, stable home care.

12.
J Transl Int Med ; 10(3): 227-235, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2246719

ABSTRACT

The pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has rapidly spread to all countries worldwide. The emergence of its variants has exacerbated this problem. To date, many variants have been identified across the viral genome; the variants of concern are the focus of attention due to their higher transmissibility and resistance to vaccines, especially the delta variant. The delta variant has become the dominant severe acute respiratory syndrome novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) variant worldwide, causing severe panic as it is highly infectious. A better understanding of these variants may help in the development of possible treatments and save more lives. In this study, we summarize the characteristics of the variants of concern. More importantly, we summarize the results of previous studies on the delta variant. The delta variant has a high transmissibility rate and increases the risk of hospitalization and death. However, it is partially sensitive to vaccines. In addition, nonpharmaceutical interventions are valuable during epidemics. These interventions can be used against the delta variant, but managing this variant should still be taken seriously.

13.
Appl Biochem Biotechnol ; 2022 Nov 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2238480

ABSTRACT

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in an unprecedented form of plastic pollution: personal protective equipment (PPE). On the eve of the COVID-19 pandemic, there is a tremendous increase in the production of plastic-based PPE. To control the spread of the virus, face masks (FMs) are used as primary PPE. Thus, the production and usage of FM significantly increased as the COVID-19 pandemic was still escalating. The primary raw materials for the manufacturing of FMs are non-biodegradable synthetic polymers derived from petrochemicals. This calls for an urgent need to develop novel strategies for the efficient degradation of plastics. Furthermore, most of these masks contain plastic or other derivatives of plastic. The extensive usage of FM generates millions of tons of plastic waste for the environment in a short span of time. However, their degradation in the environment and consequences are poorly understood. Therefore, the potential impacts of disposable FM on the environment and human health during the COVID-19 pandemic are clarified in the present study. Despite structural and recalcitrance variations, lignocellulose and plastic polymers have physicochemical features, including carbon skeletons with comparable chemical bonds as well as hydrophobic properties in amorphous and crystalline regions. In this review, we argue that there is much to be learned from termites by transferring knowledge from research on lignocellulose degradation by termites to that on plastic waste.

14.
Am J Hosp Palliat Care ; : 10499091221104732, 2022 Jul 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2230084

ABSTRACT

Background: Research on deaths during COVID-19 has largely focused on hospitals and nursing homes. Less is known about medically complex patients receiving care in the community. We examined care disruptions and end-of-life experiences of homebound patients receiving home-based primary care (HBPC) in New York City during the initial 2020 COVID-19 surge. Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients enrolled in Mount Sinai Visiting Doctors who died between March 1-June 30, 2020. We collected patient sociodemographic and clinical data and analyzed care disruptions and end-of-life experiences using clinical notes, informed by thematic and narrative analysis. Results: Among 1300 homebound patients, 112 (9%) died during the study period. Patients who died were more likely to be older, non-Hispanic white, and have dementia than those who survived. Thirty percent of decedents had confirmed or probable COVID-19. Fifty-eight (52%) were referred to hospice and 50 enrolled. Seventy-three percent died at home. We identified multiple intersecting disruptions in family caregiving, paid caregiving, medical supplies and services, and hospice care, as well as hospital avoidance, complicating EOL experiences. The HBPC team responded by providing clinical, logistical and emotional support to patients and families. Conclusion: Despite substantial care disruptions, the majority of patients in our study died at home with support from their HBPC team as the practice worked to manage care disruptions. Our findings suggest HBPC's multi-disciplinary, team-based model may be uniquely suited to meet the needs of the most medically and socially vulnerable older adults at end of life during public health emergencies.

15.
J Palliat Med ; 2022 Nov 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2227269

ABSTRACT

Background: There is limited evidence regarding the challenges of providing hospice care to those dying at home during the COVID-19 pandemic. Objective: To describe the challenges of home hospice care and the specific types of disruptions in care processes experienced by patients and families. Design: Qualitative study of the electronic medical record notes of a large New York City (NYC) home-based primary care program. Setting/Subjects: Subjects were 58 patients referred to hospice who died during the initial NYC COVID-19 surge from March to June 2020. Results: We identified six domains of disruptions in home hospice care: delayed hospice enrollment, inability to conduct home visits, lack of needed supplies, communication failures, strained caregivers, and limitations of telehealth. Conclusions: This study provides a critical first analysis of disruptions in home hospice care that can feasibly be addressed and must be prioritized by hospices throughout the ongoing pandemic and in advance of future emergencies.

16.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1050096, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2199526

ABSTRACT

Background: In May 2021, the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant led to the first local outbreak in China in Guangzhou City. We explored the epidemiological characteristics and spatial-temporal clustering of this outbreak. Methods: Based on the 153 cases in the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant outbreak, the Knox test was used to analyze the spatial-temporal clustering of the outbreak. We further explored the spatial-temporal clustering by gender and age groups, as well as compared the changes of clustering strength (S) value between the two outbreaks in Guangzhou. Results: The result of the Knox analysis showed that the areas at short distances and brief periods presented a relatively high risk. The strength of clustering of male-male pairs was higher. Age groups showed that clustering was concentrated in cases aged ≤ 18 years matched to 18-59 years and cases aged 60+ years. The strength of clustering of the outbreak declined after the implementation of public health measures. The change of strength of clustering at time intervals of 1-5 days decreased greater in 2021 (S = 129.19, change rate 38.87%) than that in 2020 (S = 83.81, change rate 30.02%). Conclusions: The outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 Delta VOC in Guangzhou has obvious spatial-temporal clustering. The timely intervention measures are essential role to contain this outbreak of high transmission.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Male , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Incidence , Disease Outbreaks , China/epidemiology , Cluster Analysis
17.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1074289, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2199025

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and has brought a huge threat to public health and the global economy. Rapid identification and isolation of SARS-CoV-2-infected individuals are regarded as one of the most effective measures to control the pandemic. Because of its high sensitivity and specificity, nucleic acid testing has become the major method of SARS-CoV-2 detection. A deep understanding of different diagnosis methods for COVID-19 could help researchers make an optimal choice in detecting COVID-19 at different symptom stages. In this review, we summarize and evaluate the latest developments in current nucleic acid detection methods for SARS-CoV-2. In particular, we discuss biosensors and CRISPR-based diagnostic systems and their characteristics and challenges. Furthermore, the emerging COVID-19 variants and their impact on SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis are systematically introduced and discussed. Considering the disease dynamics, we also recommend optional diagnostic tests for different symptom stages. From sample preparation to results readout, we conclude by pointing out the pain points and future directions of COVID-19 detection.

18.
Infect Genet Evol ; 106: 105384, 2022 Nov 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2181580

ABSTRACT

Rhinoviruses (RVs) are a major pathogen of community acquired pneumonia in children. To investigate the prevalence and genetic characteristics of RVs in China, we performed a molecular epidemiological study during 2017-2019 in community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in pediatric patients. In this multicenter study, 109 RV-A, 20 RV-B and 80 RV-C were identified. Among them, RV-A12, RV-A101, RV-A78, RV-A49, RV-A22, RV-B52, RV-C2, RV-C53 and RV-C5 were the common genotypes in the study. A total of 23 complete genome of RVs including 4 RV-A, 1 RV-B and 18 RV-C were obtained. Furthermore, in the RV-C isolates, one RV-C5 and five RV-C53 genotypes were found, which have a limited number in the GenBank. Phylogenetic analysis of the complete genome showed that most of the RVs isolated in the study have high nucleotide sequence identities (>95%) compared with the corresponding reference sequence in the GenBank. In RV-A9, RV-A28, RV-A61 and RV-B52, amino acid mutations were found in the potential neutralizing immunogenic (Nim) sites (Nim-1a and Nim-1b) of the VP1. In RV-B52, one of RV-C2 and RV-C5 isolates, amino acid mutations were found in the P1a peptide of the VP1. However, no recombination events were found in the study. In conclusion, RV-A was the predominant specie of RVs followed by RV-C in the study. The complete genomes of one RV-C5 and five RV-C53 genotypes were obtained which have a limited number sequence in the GenBank. High nucleotide sequence identities (>95%) were found among the complete genome obtained in the study and the corresponding reference sequence in the GenBank. Amino acid mutations were found in the potential Nim-1a, Nim-1b sites and P1a peptide region of the VP1 in parts of RVs.

19.
J Infect Public Health ; 16(1): 125-132, 2023 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2150141

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Considering the adverse reactions to vaccination against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), some people, particularly the elderly and those with underlying medical conditions, are hesitant to be vaccinated. This study aimed to explore the prevalence of adverse reactions and provide direct evidence of vaccine safety, mainly for the elderly and people with underlying medical conditions, to receive COVID-19 vaccination. METHODS: From 1st March to 30th April 2022, we conducted an online survey of people who had completed three doses of COVID-19 vaccination by convenience sampling. Adverse reaction rates and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. In addition, conditional logistic regression was used to compare the differences in adverse reactions among the elderly and those with underlying medical conditions with the general population. RESULTS: A total of 3339 individuals were included in this study, of which 2335 (69.9%) were female, with an average age of 32.1 ± 11.4 years. The prevalence of adverse reactions after the first dose of inactivated vaccine was 24.6% (23.1-26.2%), 19.2% (17.8-20.7%) for the second dose, and 19.1% (17.7-20.6%) for the booster dose; among individuals using messenger RNA vaccines, the prevalence was 42.7% (32.3-53.6%) for the first dose, 47.2% (36.5-58.1%) for the second dose, and 46.1% (35.4-57.0%) for the booster dose. Compared with the general population, the prevalence of adverse events did not differ in individuals with underlying medical conditions and those aged 60 and above. CONCLUSIONS: For individuals with underlying medical conditions and those aged 60 and above, the prevalence of adverse reactions is similar to that of the general population, which provides a scientific basis regarding vaccination safety for these populations.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Prevalence , Research Design , Vaccination/adverse effects
20.
N Engl J Med ; 387(22): e58, 2022 Dec 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2133831
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