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1.
Front Public Health ; 9: 771638, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1551556

ABSTRACT

Background: Public health measures (such as wearing masks, physical distancing, and isolation) have significantly reduced the spread of the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), but the impact of public health measures on other respiratory infectious diseases is unclear. Objective: To assess the correlation between public health measures and the incidence of respiratory infectious diseases in China during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: We collected the data from the National Health and Construction Commission in China on the number of patients with six respiratory infectious diseases (measles, tuberculosis, pertussis, scarlet fever, influenza, and mumps) from 2017 to 2020 and assessed the correlation between public health measures and the incidence of respiratory infectious diseases. Finally, we used the data of the six respiratory infectious diseases in 2021 to verify our results. Results: We found public health measures significantly reduced the incidence of measles (p = 0.002), tuberculosis (p = 0.002), pertussis (p = 0.004), scarlet fever (p = 0.002), influenza (p = 0.034), and mumps (p = 0.002) in 2020, and prevented seasonal peaks. Moreover, the effects of public health measures were most marked during the peak seasons for these infections. Of the six respiratory infectious diseases considered, tuberculosis was least affected by public health measures. Conclusion: Public health measures were very effective in reducing the incidence of respiratory infectious diseases, especially when the respiratory infectious diseases would normally have been at their peak.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Communicable Diseases , Communicable Diseases/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Public Health , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Progress in Biochemistry and Biophysics ; 47(4):275-285, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-707699

ABSTRACT

The new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has a strong transmission ability and has been confirmed to be transmissible from person to person. Asymptomatic carriers can also be a source of transmission. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of the new coronavirus is particularly important to control the outbreak. Based on the relevant research progress at home and abroad, this paper analyzes and combs the four major detection technologies of new coronaviruses such as fluorescent PCR, isothermal amplification, Cas enzyme technology and immunoassay, in order to provide references and ideas for the diagnosis, prevention and control of new coronaviruses and other epidemic viruses.

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