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1.
Transl Psychiatry ; 13(1): 186, 2023 06 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20233704

ABSTRACT

To assess the inter-relationships between residual depressive symptoms (RDS) and Internet addiction (IA) using network analysis among clinically stable adolescents with major psychiatric disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic. RDS and IA were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), respectively. Central symptoms and bridge symptoms in the network model were examined. A total of 1,454 adolescents met the study criteria and were included in the analyses. The prevalence of IA was 31.2% (95% CI: 28.8%-33.6%). In the network analysis, the nodes IAT15 ("Preoccupation with the Internet"), PHQ2 ("Sad mood"), and PHQ1 ("Anhedonia") were the most central symptoms in the IA-RDS network model. Bridge symptoms included IAT10 ("Sooth disturbing about your Internet use"), PHQ9 ("Suicide ideation"), and IAT3 ("Prefer the excitement online to the time with others"). Additionally, PHQ2 ("Sad mood") was the main node linking "Anhedonia" to other IA clusters. Internet addiction was common among clinically stable adolescents with major psychiatric disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic. Core and bridge symptoms identified in this study could be prioritized as targets for the prevention and treatment of IA in this population.


Subject(s)
Behavior, Addictive , COVID-19 , Mental Disorders , Humans , Adolescent , Depression/epidemiology , Internet Addiction Disorder/epidemiology , Pandemics , Behavior, Addictive/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Mental Disorders/epidemiology , Mental Disorders/psychology , Anhedonia , Internet
2.
Nurs Open ; 2023 Jun 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20236513

ABSTRACT

AIM: Nurses are key staff in the response to the COVID-19 epidemic. The aim of present study was to assess Chinese clinical nurses' preparedness levels for COVID-19 after the outbreak, as well as the associated demographic factors. DESIGN: The design was a cross-sectional survey. METHODS: We distributed an online questionnaire to nurses from five eastern coastal area hospitals. The questionnaire collected demographic information, and included the nurses' preparedness to respond to COVID-19 questionnaire (NPR COVID-19). RESULTS: The total mean NPR COVID-19 score was 200.99 (standard deviation = 33.60), and the psychological approaches subscale had the lowest mean score. Education and training were positively associated with the NPR COVID-19 score. Nurses' characteristics, such as seniority, job category and educational level, were entered into the NPR COVID-19 regression model, and seniority (≤5 years) showed the strongest negative association with NPR COVID-19 scores (standard coefficient = -0.20). CONCLUSIONS: Chinese nurse's preparedness to respond to COVID-19 was adequate. Nurses with less than 5 years of work experience, nursing researchers and diploma-educated nurses reported feeling a low preparedness to respond to COVID-19. These nurses should receive specific training.

3.
BMJ Open ; 13(5): e068759, 2023 05 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2327387

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Parental presence in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) has been demonstrated to enhance infant growth and development, reduce parental anxiety and stress and strengthen parent-infant bonding. Since eHealth technology emerged, research on its utilisation in NICUs has risen substantially. There is some evidence that incorporating such technologies in the NICU can reduce parental stress and enhance parent confidence in caring for their infant.Several countries, including China, restrict parental attendance in NICUs, citing infection control challenges, issues of privacy and confidentiality and perceived additional workload for healthcare professionals. Due to COVID-19 pandemic-related shortages of personal protective equipment and uncertain mode of transmission, many NICUs around the world closed to parental visiting and engagement in neonatal care.There is anecdotal evidence that, given pandemic-related restrictions, eHealth technologies, have increasingly been used in NICUs as a potential substitute for in-person parental presence.However, the constraints and enablers of technologies in these situations have not been exhaustively examined. This scoping review aims to update the literature on eHealth technology utilisation in the NICU and to explore the literature on the challenges and facilitators of eHealth technology implementation to inform future research. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The five-stage Arksey and O'Malley methodological framework and the Joanna Briggs Institute scoping review methodology will serve as the foundation for this scoping review. Eight databases will be searched for the relevant literature published between January 2000 and August 2022 in either English or Chinese. Grey literature will be manually searched. Data extraction and eligibility screening will be carried out by two impartial reviewers. There will be periods of both quantitative and qualitative analysis. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Since all data and information will be taken from publicly accessible literature, ethical approval would not be necessary. A peer-reviewed publication will be published with the results of this scoping review. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: This scoping review protocol was registered in Open Science Framework and can be found here: https://osf.io/AQV5P/.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Telemedicine , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Infant , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Parents , Research Design , Review Literature as Topic
4.
Emerging Markets, Finance & Trade ; 58(1):11-23, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2306489

ABSTRACT

One of the most serious risks from COVID-19 is a financial crisis for a company. Governments and central banks have used both fiscal and monetary tools on a large scale to alleviate the financial crises of companies. We build a cross-sectional model to explore who obtained more bank loans after the outbreak of COVID-19. Using data from China's listed companies, we find that real estate companies and state-owned companies obtained more bank loans. In addition, there is no evidence that industries more severely affected by the virus obtained more bank loans. Our findings demonstrate that the misallocation of credit in China worsened after the outbreak of COVID-19.

5.
Medicine ; 3(2):75-82, 2023.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2304777

ABSTRACT

Background Delta and Omicron are two main variants that have been prevalent since 2021. However, the Omicron variant of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 shows a less severe clinical presentation and high transmissibility. Therefore, we carried out this retrospective study to evaluate Omicron severity compared with the Delta variant and further comprehend the differences in clinical characteristics in patients with the Omicron variant. Methods We extracted clinical data and compared clinical severity, symptoms, vaccination status, laboratory parameters, viral shedding time, and computed tomography (CT) imaging between the two groups of patients, which included 109 COVID-19 cases with the Delta variant and 183 cases with the Omicron variant, from January 19 to April 1, 2022, in Beijing Ditan Hospital. In addition, the Beijing Center for Disease Prevention and Control conducted whole-genome sequencing. Results We obtained 94 strains of variants of concern/Delta and 110 strains of variants of concern/Omicron. For the 110 Omicron strains, three were assigned as BA.1.1, 53 as BA.2, and 54 as BA.2.2. Among patients with the Delta variant, 54% (59/109) were moderate, which was significantly higher than that of patients with the Omicron variant (7% (12/183), P < 0.001). The number of patients with mild symptoms in the Omicron group was significantly higher than in the Delta group (80% vs. 35%, P < 0.001). Compared with the Omicron group, patients with underlying diseases or obesity, 60 years or older, or unvaccinated in the Delta group had more severe disease, and there was a significant difference between the two groups. The viral shedding time in the Omicron group was shorter than in the Delta group ((11.9 ± 5.9) vs. (14.0 ± 5.8) days, P = 0.003). Among the 183 patients in the Omicron group, 104 (57%) had dry or sore throat symptoms, more than those in the Delta group (34% (37/109);P < 0.001). In the Delta group, patients in the moderate group had more fever and cough symptoms than those in the mild group. The remission time of CT imaging in the Omicron group was shorter than in the Delta group ((9.0 ± 5.2) vs. (13.2 ± 4.2) days, P = 0.018). Conclusions Patients with Delta variants are more likely to have pneumonia, mainly with fever and cough symptoms, while patients with the Omicron variant are mostly mild, with more prominent dry or sore throat symptoms. In addition, patients with the Omicron variant have a short viral shedding time and rapid absorption of pneumonia.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(4): 1132-1136, 2023 Feb.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2306506

ABSTRACT

In observational studies, herbal prescriptions are usually studied in the form of "similar prescriptions". At present, the classification of prescriptions is mainly based on clinical experience judgment, but there are some problems in manual judgment, such as lack of unified criteria, labor consumption, and difficulty in verification. In the construction of a database of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), our research group tried to classify real-world herbal prescriptions using a similarity matching algorithm. The main steps include 78 target prescriptions are determined in advance; four levels of importance labeling shall be carried out for the drugs of each target prescription; the combination, format conversion, and standardization of drug names of the prescriptions to be identified in the herbal medicine database; calculate the similarity between the prescriptions to be identified and each target prescription one by one; prescription discrimination is performed based on the preset criteria; remove the name of the prescriptions with "large prescriptions cover the small". Through the similarity matching algorithm, 87.49% of the real prescriptions in the herbal medicine database of this study can be identified, which preliminarily proves that this method can complete the classification of herbal prescriptions. However, this method does not consider the influence of herbal dosage on the results, and there is no recognized standard for the weight of drug importance and criteria, so there are some limitations, which need to be further explored and improved in future research.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Algorithms , Databases, Factual , Prescriptions , Plant Extracts
7.
Front Psychol ; 13: 1080192, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2287204

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study examined the prevalence of cyberbullying and its relationship with residual depressive symptoms in this patient population during the COVID-19 outbreak using network analysis. Methods: This was a multicenter, cross-sectional study. Adolescent patients attending maintenance treatment at outpatient departments of three major psychiatric hospitals were included. Experience of cyberbullying was measured with a standard question, while the severity of Internet addiction and depressive symptoms were measured using the Internet Addiction Test and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, respectively. The network structure of depression and cyberbully were characterized and indices of "Expected Influence" was used to identify symptoms central to the network. To identify particular symptoms that were directly associated with cyberbully, the flow function was used. Results: Altogether 1,265 patients completed the assessments. The overall prevalence of cyberbullying was 92.3% (95% confidence interval (CI): 90.8-93.7%). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that male gender (p = 0.04, OR = 1.72, 95%CI: 1.04-2.85) was significantly associated with higher risk of cyberbullying, while a relapse of illness during the COVID-19 pandemic was significantly associated with a lower risk of cyberbullying (p = 0.03, OR = 0.50, 95%CI: 0.27-0.93). In the network of depression and cyberbully, "Sad mood," "Anhedonia" and "Energy" were the most central (influential) symptoms. Furthermore, "Suicidal ideation" had the strongest negative association with cyberbully followed by "Guilt". Conclusion: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the experience of cyberbullying was highly prevalent among clinically stable adolescent psychiatric patients, particularly male patients. This finding should raise awareness of this issue emphasizing the need for regular screening and interventions for adolescent patients. Central symptoms (e.g., "Sad mood," "Anhedonia" and "Energy") identified in this study should be targeted in interventions and preventive measures.

8.
Curr Psychol ; : 1-12, 2023 Mar 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2269337

ABSTRACT

The mental health of vocational college students has been neglected during the COVID-19 pandemic. Prospective imagery may play a role in the relationships among stress, anxiety and depression. This study aimed to survey the mental health of Chinese vocational college students and explore the mediation effect of prospective imagery vividness and anxiety symptoms on the relationship between perceived stress and depressive symptoms. A total of 2, 381 vocational college students (Mage = 18.38 years, range: 16-21, SD = 0.92) provided self-report data on perceived stress, anxiety and depressive symptoms and prospective imagery vividness. Two potential serial mediation models were postulated regarding the roles of prospective imagery vividness and anxiety symptoms in the relationship between perceived stress and depressive symptoms. The prevalence rates of stress, anxiety and depressive symptoms were 55.7%, 33.2% and 53.5%, respectively, among vocational college students. Perceived stress was associated with decreased vividness of positive prospective imagery and increased vividness of negative prospective imagery and anxiety symptoms, leading to increased depressive symptoms. Additionally, prospective imagery vividness and anxiety symptoms had a serial mediation effect on the relationship between perceived stress and depressive symptoms. The results demonstrated that impoverished vividness of positive prospective imagery is not only a central feature of depression but also associated with anxiety. Interventions targeting prospective imagery vividness may alleviate anxiety and depressive symptoms among Chinese vocational college students and should be implemented as soon as possible during the COVID-19 pandemic.

9.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 1059934, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2241830

ABSTRACT

Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) is a major cause of infectious disease in cattle, causing huge economic losses to the beef and dairy industries worldwide. BCoV can infect humans and multiple other species of animals. A rapid, reliable, and simple test is needed to detect BCoV infection in suspected farms. In this study, we developed a novel multienzyme isothermal rapid amplification (MIRA) and lateral flow dipstick (LFD) combination assay, targeting a highly conserved region of the viral nucleocapsid (N) gene for BCoV detection. The MIRA-LFD assay was highly specific and sensitive, comparable to a published reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) assay for BCoV detection. Compared with the published RT-qPCR assay, the κ value of the MIRA-LFD assay in the detection of 192 cattle clinical samples was 0.982. The MIRA-LFD assay did not require sophisticated instruments and the results could be observed with eyes. Our results showed that the MIRA-LFD assay was a useful diagnostic tool for rapid on-site detection of BCoV.

10.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 983505, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2224854

ABSTRACT

Background: BRII-196 and BRII-198 are two anti-SARS-CoV-2 monoclonal neutralizing antibodies as a cocktail therapy for treating COVID-19 with a modified Fc region that extends half-life. Methods: Safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and immunogenicity of BRII-196 and BRII-198 were investigated in first-in-human, placebo-controlled, single ascending dose phase 1 studies in healthy adults. 44 participants received a single intravenous infusion of single BRII-196 or BRII-198 up to 3,000 mg, or BRII-196 and BRII-198 combination up to 1500/1500 mg, or placebo and were followed up for 180 days. Primary endpoints were incidence of adverse events (AEs) and changes from pre-dose baseline in clinical assessments. Secondary endpoints included pharmacokinetics profiles of BRII-196/BRII-198 and detection of anti-drug antibodies (ADAs). Plasma neutralization activities against SARS-CoV-2 Delta live virus in comparison to post-vaccination plasma were evaluated as exploratory endpoints. Results: All infusions were well-tolerated without systemic or local infusion reactions, dose-limiting AEs, serious AEs, or deaths. Most treatment-emergent AEs were isolated asymptomatic laboratory abnormalities of grade 1-2 in severity. BRII-196 and BRII-198 displayed pharmacokinetics characteristic of Fc-engineered human IgG1 with mean terminal half-lives of 44.6-48.6 days and 72.2-83.0 days, respectively, with no evidence of interaction or significant anti-drug antibody development. Neutralizing activities against the live virus of the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant were maintained in plasma samples taken on day 180 post-infusion. Conclusion: BRII-196 and BRII-198 are safe, well-tolerated, and suitable therapeutic or prophylactic options for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov under identifiers NCT04479631, NCT04479644, and NCT04691180.

11.
J Med Virol ; 95(2): e28550, 2023 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2219767

ABSTRACT

Prolonged severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has received much attention since it is associated with mortality and is hypothesized as the cause of long COVID-19 and the emergence of a new variant of concerns. However, a prediction model for the accurate prediction of prolonged infection is still lacking. A total of 2938 confirmed patients with COVID-19 diagnosed by positive reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction tests were recruited retrospectively. This study cohort was divided into a training set (70% of study patients; n = 2058) and a validation set (30% of study patients; n = 880). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were utilized to identify predictors for prolonged infection. Model 1 included only preadmission variables, whereas Model 2 also included after-admission variables. Nomograms based on variables of Model 1 and Model 2 were built for clinical use. The efficiency of nomograms was evaluated by using the area under the curve, calibration curves, and concordance indexes (C-index). Independent predictors of prolonged infection included in Model 1 were: age ≥75 years, chronic kidney disease, chronic lung disease, partially or fully vaccinated, and booster. Additional independent predictors in Model 2 were: treated with nirmatrelvir/ritonavir more than 5 days after diagnosis and glucocorticoid. The inclusion of after-admission variables in the model slightly improved the discriminatory power (C-index in the training cohort: 0.721 for Model 1 and 0.737 for Model 2; in the validation cohort: 0.699 for Model 1 and 0.719 for Model 2). In our study, we developed and validated predictive models based on readily available variables of preadmission and after-admission for predicting prolonged SARS-CoV-2 infection of patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Aged , Nomograms , SARS-CoV-2 , Retrospective Studies , Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome
12.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1046326, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2199517

ABSTRACT

Objective: We investigated the effects of COVID-19 fear on negative moods among college students, and assessed the efficacy of physical exercise behavior as a moderator variable. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Students from three colleges and universities in Shangqiu City, Henan Province and Yangzhou City, Jiangsu Province were enrolled in this study, which was performed during the COVID-19 pandemic using an online questionnaire. A total of 3,133 college students completed the questionnaire. Measurement tools included the COVID-19 Phobia Scale (C19P-S), Depression-Anxiety-Stress Self-Rating Scale (DASS), and the Physical Activity Behavior Scale (PARS-3). Results: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the rates of depression, anxiety, and stressful negative moods among college students were 35.5, 65.5, and 10.95%, respectively; there was a positive correlation between COVID-19 fear and negative moods among college students (r = 0.479, p < 0.001), which was negatively correlated with physical exercise behavior (r = -0.4, p < 0.001); the regulating effects of physical exercise behavior were significant (ΔR2 = 0.04, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The rate of negative moods among college students is high, and the fear for COVID-19 is one of the key factors that lead to negative moods. Physical exercise can modulate the impact of COVID-19 fear among college students on negative moods. Studies should elucidate on mental health issues among different populations during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Phobic Disorders , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Cross-Sectional Studies , East Asian People , Mental Health , Students/psychology , Exercise
13.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1031231, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2199015

ABSTRACT

Background: The variants of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have emerged repeatedly, especially the Omicron strain which is extremely infectious, so early identification of patients who may develop critical illness will aid in delivering proper treatment and optimizing use of resources. We aimed to develop and validate a practical scoring model at hospital admission for predicting which patients with Omicron infection will develop critical illness. Methods: A total of 2,459 patients with Omicron infection were enrolled in this retrospective study. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to evaluate predictors associated with critical illness. Moreover, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC), continuous net reclassification improvement, and integrated discrimination index were assessed. Results: The derivation cohort included 1721 patients and the validation cohort included 738 patients. A total of 98 patients developed critical illness. Thirteen variables were independent predictive factors and were included in the risk score: age > 65, C-reactive protein > 10 mg/L, lactate dehydrogenase > 250 U/L, lymphocyte < 0.8*10^9/L, white blood cell > 10*10^9/L, Oxygen saturation < 90%, malignancy, chronic kidney disease, chronic cardiac disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, cerebrovascular disease, and non-vaccination. AUROC in the derivation cohort and validation cohort were 0.926 (95% CI, 0.903-0.948) and 0.907 (95% CI, 0.860-0.955), respectively. Moreover, the critical illness risk scoring model had the highest AUROC compared with CURB-65, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) and 4C mortality scores, and always obtained more net benefit. Conclusion: The risk scoring model based on the characteristics of patients at the time of admission to the hospital may help medical practitioners to identify critically ill patients and take prompt measures.

14.
J Affect Disord ; 324: 317-324, 2023 03 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2159163

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Anhedonia is a suicide risk factor among adolescent patients with recurrent depressive disorder (depression hereafter). This study examined associations between suicidal ideation (SI) and residual depressive symptoms (RSD), including anhedonia, among clinically stable adolescents with depression. METHOD: A network analysis was performed to examine the association between RDS and SI among adolescents with depression. Node-specific predictive betweenness was computed to examine short paths between anhedonia and SI. Additionally, a Network Comparison Test (NCT) was conducted to examine gender differences in derived network model characteristics. RESULTS: The network analysis identified close associations of PHQ9 ("Suicide ideation") with PHQ1 ("Anhedonia") as well as some other RDS including PHQ6 ("Guilt"), PHQ2 ("Sad mood") and PHQ8 ("Motor disturbances"). Additionally, PHQ2 ("Sad mood") and PHQ4 ("Fatigue") were the main bridge nodes linking anhedonia and SI. Comparisons of network models did not find significant differences in network global strength or edge weights. LIMITATION: Causal relations between anhedonia and SI could not be determined due to the cross-sectional study design. CONCLUSIONS: SI was directly related to Anhedonia in addition to Guilt, Sad mood and Motor disturbances. Sad mood and Fatigue were the main bridge nodes linking Anhedonia and SI. To reduce the risk of SI among clinically stable adolescents with depression during the COVID-19 pandemic, specific RDS including Anhedonia, Guilt, Sad mood, Motor disturbances and Fatigue should be targeted in interventions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Depressive Disorder , Humans , Adolescent , Depression/epidemiology , Suicidal Ideation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pandemics , Anhedonia
15.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(19)2022 Sep 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2065946

ABSTRACT

Physical activity (PA) and sleep are both important to mental health. However, their joint effects on mental distress have not been well explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the joint effects of PA and sleep on mental health, as well as the dose-response relationships between PA and mental health under different sleep health statuses. A longitudinal panel study was adopted to evaluate the relationship between PA, sleep, and mental health among 66 healthy Chinese college students with four online questionnaire surveys. A mixed-effect model with individual-level random effect was used to analyze the interactive regulation effect of PA and sleep on mental health, and a generalized additive model with splines was further fitted to analyze dose-response relationships between variables. When sleep was at a healthy level, no significant difference in mental health was observed between different levels of PA (p > 0.05). However, poor sleepers with moderate and high PA levels indicated significantly fewer negative emotions than those with low PA levels (p = 0.001, p = 0.004). Likewise, poor sleepers who engaged in more moderate intensity PA could significantly reduce negative emotions (ß = -0.470, p = 0.011) in a near-linear trend. In summary, both sleep and PA benefit mental health, and they probably regulate mental health through an interactive compensation mode. For good and poor sleepers, PA plays a different role in maintaining and improving mental health. Increasing moderate intensity PA up to moderate-and-high levels is recommended for those who simultaneously suffer from sleep and psychological health problems.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Mental Health , COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Exercise , Humans , Pandemics , Sleep/physiology , Students/psychology
16.
Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology ; 12, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2046017

ABSTRACT

Since the end of 2019, COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 has spread worldwide, and the understanding of the new coronavirus is in a preliminary stage. Currently, immunotherapy, cell therapy, antiviral therapy, and Chinese herbal medicine have been applied in the clinical treatment of the new coronavirus;however, more efficient and safe drugs to control the progress of the new coronavirus are needed. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), microRNAs (miRNAs), and circular RNAs (circRNAs) may provide new therapeutic targets for novel coronavirus treatments. The first aim of this paper is to review research progress on COVID-19 in the respiratory, immune, digestive, circulatory, urinary, reproductive, and nervous systems. The second aim is to review the body systems and potential therapeutic targets of lncRNAs, miRNAs, and circRNAs in patients with COVID-19. The current research on competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) (lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA and circRNA-miRNA-mRNA) in SARS-CoV-2 is summarized. Finally, we predict the possible therapeutic targets of four lncRNAs, MALAT1, NEAT1, TUG1, and GAS5, in COVID-19. Importantly, the role of PTEN gene in the ceRNA network predicted by lncRNA MALAT1 and lncRNA TUG1 may help in the discovery and clinical treatment of effective drugs for COVID-19.

17.
Frontiers in pharmacology ; 13, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2034005

ABSTRACT

Background: BRII-196 and BRII-198 are two anti-SARS-CoV-2 monoclonal neutralizing antibodies as a cocktail therapy for treating COVID-19 with a modified Fc region that extends half-life. Methods: Safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and immunogenicity of BRII-196 and BRII-198 were investigated in first-in-human, placebo-controlled, single ascending dose phase 1 studies in healthy adults. 44 participants received a single intravenous infusion of single BRII-196 or BRII-198 up to 3,000 mg, or BRII-196 and BRII-198 combination up to 1500/1500 mg, or placebo and were followed up for 180 days. Primary endpoints were incidence of adverse events (AEs) and changes from pre-dose baseline in clinical assessments. Secondary endpoints included pharmacokinetics profiles of BRII-196/BRII-198 and detection of anti-drug antibodies (ADAs). Plasma neutralization activities against SARS-CoV-2 Delta live virus in comparison to post-vaccination plasma were evaluated as exploratory endpoints. Results: All infusions were well-tolerated without systemic or local infusion reactions, dose-limiting AEs, serious AEs, or deaths. Most treatment-emergent AEs were isolated asymptomatic laboratory abnormalities of grade 1-2 in severity. BRII-196 and BRII-198 displayed pharmacokinetics characteristic of Fc-engineered human IgG1 with mean terminal half-lives of 44.6–48.6 days and 72.2–83.0 days, respectively, with no evidence of interaction or significant anti-drug antibody development. Neutralizing activities against the live virus of the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant were maintained in plasma samples taken on day 180 post-infusion. Conclusion: BRII-196 and BRII-198 are safe, well-tolerated, and suitable therapeutic or prophylactic options for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Clinical Trial Registration:ClinicalTrials.gov under identifiers NCT04479631, NCT04479644, and NCT04691180.

18.
Journal of Tropical Medicine ; 20(10):1371-1374, 2020.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2012954

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To assess the mental health status of medical staff that fight against the maim irus diseases 2019 (COV1D- 19) in Wuhan. and provide data support for medical staff psychological intervention and protection. Methods The meritul health status of 224 medical staff in the prevention and control of GOVID-19 and 127 controls was investigated by combining scale filling and online survey methods. Results The anxiety store of medical shill in Wuhan survey group 18.6 t 5.9 / was significantly higher than that of ordinary medical staff in Xi' an f 16.0 +or-4.6 . and the difference was statistically significant (P< 0.01). 29.991 of the medical staff that fight against COVID -19 in Wuhan had a high score of anxiety. The degree of anxiety of military medical staff was significantly lower than that of non-military medical staff t 11/4 0.001. Those who had participated in the fight against SARS. disaster rescue or exercises had significantly loner anxiety than those without any experience (P<0.001). However, there was no significant difference in anxiety between medical staff who participated in the exercise and those who participated in the fight against SARS and disaster rescue (P=036). Conclusions The front-line medical staff who fight against COV1D- 19 show a high level of anxiety. Participation in the exercise can significantly reduce the anxiety of medical staff fighting against the epidemic.

19.
J Appl Toxicol ; 42(10): 1688-1700, 2022 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2013548

ABSTRACT

The antiviral drug remdesivir has been used to treat the growing number of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. However, the drug is mainly excreted through urine and feces and introduced into the environment to affect non-target organisms, including fish, which has raised concerns about potential ecotoxicological effects on aquatic organisms. Moreover, studies on the ecological impacts of remdesivir on aquatic environments have not been reported. Here, we aimed to explore the toxicological impacts of microinjection of remdesivir on zebrafish early embryonic development and larvae and the associated mechanism. We found that 100 µM remdesivir delayed epiboly and impaired convergent movement of embryos during gastrulation, and dose-dependent increases in mortality and malformation were observed in remdesivir-treated embryos. Moreover, 10-100 µM remdesivir decreased blood flow and swimming velocity and altered the behavior of larvae. In terms of molecular mechanisms, 80 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified by transcriptome analysis in the remdesivir-treated group. Some of these DEGs, such as manf, kif3a, hnf1ba, rgn, prkcz, egr1, fosab, nr4a1, and ptgs2b, were mainly involved in early embryonic development, neuronal developmental disorders, vascular disease and the blood flow pathway. These data reveal that remdesivir can impair early embryonic development, blood flow and behavior of zebrafish embryos/larvae, probably due to alterations at the transcriptome level. This study suggests that it is important to avoid the discharge of remdesivir to aquatic ecosystems and provides a theoretical foundation to hinder remdesivir-induced ecotoxicity to aquatic environments.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Drug Treatment , Water Pollutants, Chemical , Adenosine Monophosphate/analogs & derivatives , Alanine/analogs & derivatives , Animals , Ecosystem , Embryo, Nonmammalian , Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta/metabolism , Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta/pharmacology , Larva , Water Pollutants, Chemical/metabolism , Water Pollutants, Chemical/toxicity , Zebrafish , Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
20.
J Transl Med ; 20(1): 376, 2022 08 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2002197

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Adopting healthy lifestyles and staying mentally health are two cost-effective modifiable strategies that cancer survivors can implement in self-management. We aimed to evaluate the independent, mediation, interaction, and joint associations of combined lifestyle and mental health with mortality in cancer survivors. METHODS: We performed a cohort study including 3145 cancer survivors from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005-2018). A healthy lifestyle score was constructed based on post-diagnosis body mass index, physical activity, diet, smoking, and drinking. Post-diagnosis mental health was assessed by Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for all-cause, cancer, and non-cancer mortality were computed using Cox proportional hazards regression models. RESULTS: After 20,900 person-years of follow-up (median, 6.3 years), cancer survivors with higher lifestyle score had decreased mortality, independent of mental health. Compared to participants with lower lifestyle score (0-1), HRs (95% CIs) for all-cause and non-cancer mortality among those with higher lifestyle score (3-5) were 0.68 (0.52-0.89) and 0.69 (0.56-0.85), respectively. 6.2-10.3% of the associations were mediated by mental health. Similar trends were observed among participants categorized by mental health, those with better mental health had lower mortality, independent of lifestyle. Participants with better mental health benefited more from adopting healthy lifestyles, and vice versa. Combinations of higher healthy lifestyle score and better mental health were associated with significant decreased mortality, the lowest mortality was seen in participants with highest healthy lifestyle score and concurrently with best mental health. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, in this cohort study with a nationally representative sample of US cancer survivors, we comprehensively explored the complex associations of lifestyle, mental health, and mortality. Evidence derived from this study may give much confidence to cancer survivors and healthcare providers that, changing one's lifestyle and/or staying mentally healthy after cancer diagnosis can improve survival.


Subject(s)
Cancer Survivors , Neoplasms , Cohort Studies , Humans , Life Style , Mental Health , Neoplasms/complications , Nutrition Surveys , Risk Factors
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