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1.
Media and Communication ; 8(2):452-457, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-689160

ABSTRACT

Health and science controversies surrounding Covid-19 pandemic have been politicized by state actors to manipulate international relations and politics China is no exception Using a package of communication tactics, the Chinese government has been engaging in an English-language information campaign to create an "Us vs US" world during the pandemic on social media While the world is scrutinizing the accuracy of and the intention behind the information disseminated by China's state actors, this commentary urges scholars to also focus on the influence of such information on global audiences, as well as on global power dynamics

2.
Crit Care ; 24(1): 394, 2020 07 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-655489

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The global numbers of confirmed cases and deceased critically ill patients with COVID-19 are increasing. However, the clinical course, and the 60-day mortality and its predictors in critically ill patients have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study is to identify the clinical course, and 60-day mortality and its predictors in critically ill patients with COVID-19. METHODS: Critically ill adult patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) from 3 hospitals in Wuhan, China, were included. Data on demographic information, preexisting comorbidities, laboratory findings at ICU admission, treatments, clinical outcomes, and results of SARS-CoV-2 RNA tests and of serum SARS-CoV-2 IgM were collected including the duration between symptom onset and negative conversion of SARS-CoV-2 RNA. RESULTS: Of 1748 patients with COVID-19, 239 (13.7%) critically ill patients were included. Complications included acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in 164 (68.6%) patients, coagulopathy in 150 (62.7%) patients, acute cardiac injury in 103 (43.1%) patients, and acute kidney injury (AKI) in 119 (49.8%) patients, which occurred 15.5 days, 17 days, 18.5 days, and 19 days after the symptom onset, respectively. The median duration of the negative conversion of SARS-CoV-2 RNA was 30 (range 6-81) days in 49 critically ill survivors that were identified. A total of 147 (61.5%) patients deceased by 60 days after ICU admission. The median duration between ICU admission and decease was 12 (range 3-36). Cox proportional-hazards regression analysis revealed that age older than 65 years, thrombocytopenia at ICU admission, ARDS, and AKI independently predicted the 60-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Severe complications are common and the 60-day mortality of critically ill patients with COVID-19 is considerably high. The duration of the negative conversion of SARS-CoV-2 RNA and its association with the severity of critically ill patients with COVID-19 should be seriously considered and further studied.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Aged , China/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Critical Illness , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
3.
Cardiovasc. Diagn. Theer. ; 2(10): 242-243, 20200401.
Article in English | ELSEVIER | ID: covidwho-317344
4.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 311, 2020 Apr 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-133666

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Since December 2019, the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has expanded to cause a worldwide outbreak that more than 600,000 people infected and tens of thousands died. To date, the clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients in the non-Wuhan areas of Hubei Province in China have not been described. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics and treatment progress of 91 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in Jingzhou Central Hospital. RESULTS: Of the 91 patients diagnosed with COVID-19, 30 cases (33.0%) were severe and two patients (2.2%) died. The severe disease group tended to be older (50.5 vs. 42.0 years; p = 0.049) and have more chronic disease (40% vs. 14.8%; p = 0.009) relative to mild disease group. Only 73.6% of the patients were quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)-positive on their first tests, while typical chest computed tomography images were obtained for each patient. The most common complaints were cough (n = 75; 82.4%), fever (n = 59; 64.8%), fatigue (n = 35; 38.5%), and diarrhea (n = 14; 15.4%). Non-respiratory injury was identified by elevated levels of aspartate aminotransferase (n = 18; 19.8%), creatinine (n = 5; 5.5%), and creatine kinase (n = 14; 15.4%) in laboratory tests. Twenty-eight cases (30.8%) suffered non-respiratory injury, including 50% of the critically ill patients and 21.3% of the mild patients. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the mortality rate of patients in Jingzhou was lower than that of Wuhan. Importantly, we found liver, kidney, digestive tract, and heart injuries in COVID-19 cases besides respiratory problems. Combining chest computed tomography images with the qPCR analysis of throat swab samples can improve the accuracy of COVID-19 diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Adult , China/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Cough/etiology , Diarrhea/etiology , Disease Outbreaks , Fatigue/etiology , Female , Fever/etiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 236-245, 2020 Apr 25.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-116218

ABSTRACT

The SARS-CoV-2 has been spread to 26 countries around the world since its outbreak. By February 16, 2020, more than 68 000 people had been diagnosed with COVID-19. Researchers from all over the world have carried out timely studies on this public health emergency and produced a number of scientific publications. This review aims to re-analyze and summarize the current research findings in a timely manner to guide scholars in relevant fields to further SARS-CoV-2 research and assist healthcare professionals in their work and decision-making. The SARS-CoV-2 related terms were selected in both English and Chinese and were searched in several major databases, including Pubmed, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP databases. The reference list of each search result was screened for relevance, which was further supplemented to the search results. The included studies were categorized by topics with key characteristics extracted, re-analyzed, and summarized. A total of 301 articles were finally included with 136 in Chinese and 165 in English. The number of publications has rapidly increased since mid-January, 2020, and a peak day was 6th February on which 50 articles were published. The top three countries publishing articles were China, the United States and the United Kingdom. The Lancet and its specialty journals have published the most articles, with contribution also from journals such as New England Journal of Medicine ( NEJM), The Journal of the American Medical Association ( JAMA), and Nature. All articles were categorized into epidemiology, clinical diagnosis and treatment, basic research, pregnant women and children, mental health, epidemic prevention & control, and others. The literatures related to SARS-CoV-2 are emerging rapidly. It is necessary to sort out and summarize the research topic in time, which has a good reference value for staff in different positions. At the same time, it is necessary to strengthen the judgment of the quality of literatures.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Biomedical Research/trends , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Betacoronavirus , China , Humans , Periodicals as Topic , United Kingdom , United States
6.
Global Health & Medicine ; 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-72241

ABSTRACT

The whole world is now facing an unprecedented pandemic with over 1 8 million confirmed cases and more than one hundred thousand deaths To counter the pandemic, Shenzhen created a central command and control structure based on the only designated hospital- Shenzhen Third People's Hospital which is a large general hospital specialized on infectious diseases in the bay area The hospital has taken many decisive and effective actions to respond to the epidemic Here, we will describe and share healthcare experiences from Shenzhen and call for international cooperation and collaboration

7.
Eur Radiol ; 30(7): 3603-3608, 2020 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-66380

ABSTRACT

Since a novel coronavirus was discovered from a cluster of patients with emerging pneumonia of unknown etiology in Wuhan, China, it has spread rapidly through droplet and contact transmission. Recently, the novel coronavirus pneumonia which was named COVID-19 by the World Health Organization (WHO) has been raised as a worldwide problem. Radiological examinations were confirmed as effective methods for the screening and diagnosis of COVID-19. It is reported that some radiologists and radiological technologists were infected when giving examinations to the patients with COVID-19. In order to reduce the infection risk of medical staff in radiology department, we summarized the experience on prevention and control measures in radiology department for COVID-19, aiming to guide the prevention and practical work for radiologists and radiological technologists. KEY POINTS: • The novel coronavirus spreads rapidly through droplet and contact transmission. • Radiologists and radiological technologists were possibly infected by patients. • Prevention and control measures in radiology department for COVID-19 are important.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Occupational Health , Pandemics/prevention & control , Personal Protective Equipment , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Radiology Department, Hospital/organization & administration , Humans , Workplace
8.
Chin. Trad. Herbal Drugs ; 5(51): 1147-1152, 20200312.
Article in Chinese | ELSEVIER | ID: covidwho-52361

ABSTRACT

To dig out and analyze the drug rule of COVID-19 prevention prescriptions from provinces and cities by using Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System, summarize and explore its potential new prescription. The Chinese medicine prevention programs for COVID-19 were collected and searched from the official website of the Health Commission and State Administration Medicine of Traditional Chinese Medicine of the country and provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities. TCM prevention programs in 17 provinces including Heilongjiang, Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Henan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Hubei, and Hunan, etc were received. A total of 82 herbs were included in 64 prescriptions, the most frequently used Chinese herbs were Astragalus membranaceus, Lonicera japonica, etc. Tonifying deficiency drugs with sweet and warm natures were used the most, the Chinese herbs distributed in the lung channel was the most in channel tropism drugs. Analysis by association rule, eight combinations of commonly used drugs were obtained. Based on entropy clustering method rule analysis, seven potential new prescriptions were obtained. Tonifying deficiency drugs are often used in various places to prevent COVID-19, focusing on the lung, spleen and stomach. Although the specific details are different, they all reflect the preventive thinking of traditional Chinese medicine.

9.
Precis. Clin. Med. ; 1(3): 3-8, 20200301.
Article in English | ELSEVIER | ID: covidwho-1181

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) epidemic has brought serious social psychological impact to the Chinese people, especially those quarantined and thus with limited access to face-to-face communication and traditional social psychological interventions. To better deal with the urgent psychological problems of people involved in the COVID-19 epidemic, we developed a new psychological crisis intervention model by utilizing internet technology. This new model, one of West China Hospital, integrates physicians, psychiatrists, psychologists and social workers into Internet platforms to carry out psychological intervention to patients, their families and medical staff. We hope this model will make a sound basis for developing a more comprehensive psychological crisis intervention response system that is applicable for urgent social and psychological problems.

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