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1.
Transl Psychiatry ; 13(1): 186, 2023 06 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20233704

ABSTRACT

To assess the inter-relationships between residual depressive symptoms (RDS) and Internet addiction (IA) using network analysis among clinically stable adolescents with major psychiatric disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic. RDS and IA were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), respectively. Central symptoms and bridge symptoms in the network model were examined. A total of 1,454 adolescents met the study criteria and were included in the analyses. The prevalence of IA was 31.2% (95% CI: 28.8%-33.6%). In the network analysis, the nodes IAT15 ("Preoccupation with the Internet"), PHQ2 ("Sad mood"), and PHQ1 ("Anhedonia") were the most central symptoms in the IA-RDS network model. Bridge symptoms included IAT10 ("Sooth disturbing about your Internet use"), PHQ9 ("Suicide ideation"), and IAT3 ("Prefer the excitement online to the time with others"). Additionally, PHQ2 ("Sad mood") was the main node linking "Anhedonia" to other IA clusters. Internet addiction was common among clinically stable adolescents with major psychiatric disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic. Core and bridge symptoms identified in this study could be prioritized as targets for the prevention and treatment of IA in this population.


Subject(s)
Behavior, Addictive , COVID-19 , Mental Disorders , Humans , Adolescent , Depression/epidemiology , Internet Addiction Disorder/epidemiology , Pandemics , Behavior, Addictive/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Mental Disorders/epidemiology , Mental Disorders/psychology , Anhedonia , Internet
2.
Front Psychiatry ; 14: 1139742, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20245350

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly affected treatment-seeking behaviors of psychiatric patients and their guardians. Barriers to access of mental health services may contribute to adverse mental health consequences, not only for psychiatric patients, but also for their guardians. This study explored the prevalence of depression and its association with quality of life among guardians of hospitalized psychiatric patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This multi-center, cross-sectional study was conducted in China. Symptoms of depression and anxiety, fatigue level and quality of life (QOL) of guardians were measured with validated Chinese versions of the Patient Health Questionnaire - 9 (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale - 7 (GAD-7), fatigue numeric rating scale (FNRS), and the first two items of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire - brief version (WHOQOL-BREF), respectively. Independent correlates of depression were evaluated using multiple logistic regression analysis. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to compare global QOL of depressed versus non-depressed guardians. The network structure of depressive symptoms among guardians was constructed using an extended Bayesian Information Criterion (EBIC) model. Results: The prevalence of depression among guardians of hospitalized psychiatric patients was 32.4% (95% CI: 29.7-35.2%). GAD-7 total scores (OR = 1.9, 95% CI: 1.8-2.1) and fatigue (OR = 1.2, 95% CI: 1.1-1.4) were positively correlated with depression among guardians. After controlling for significant correlates of depression, depressed guardians had lower QOL than non-depressed peers did [F(1, 1,101) = 29.24, p < 0.001]. "Loss of energy" (item 4 of the PHQ-9), "concentration difficulties" (item 7 of the PHQ-9) and "sad mood" (item 2 of the PHQ-9) were the most central symptoms in the network model of depression for guardians. Conclusion: About one third of guardians of hospitalized psychiatric patients reported depression during the COVID-19 pandemic. Poorer QOL was related to having depression in this sample. In light of their emergence as key central symptoms, "loss of energy," "concentration problems," and "sad mood" are potentially useful targets for mental health services designed to support caregivers of psychiatric patients.

3.
Cell Insight ; 1(3): 100031, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2322381

ABSTRACT

During severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, the viral proteins intimately interact with host factors to remodel the endomembrane system at various steps of the viral lifecycle. The entry of SARS-CoV-2 can be mediated by endocytosis-mediated internalization. Virus-containing endosomes then fuse with lysosomes, in which the viral S protein is cleaved to trigger membrane fusion. Double-membrane vesicles generated from the ER serve as platforms for viral replication and transcription. Virions are assembled at the ER-Golgi intermediate compartment and released through the secretory pathway and/or lysosome-mediated exocytosis. In this review, we will focus on how SARS-CoV-2 viral proteins collaborate with host factors to remodel the endomembrane system for viral entry, replication, assembly and egress. We will also describe how viral proteins hijack the host cell surveillance system-the autophagic degradation pathway-to evade destruction and benefit virus production. Finally, potential antiviral therapies targeting the host cell endomembrane system will be discussed.

5.
PeerJ ; 11: e14979, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2299227

ABSTRACT

Objective: During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the N95 mask is an essential piece of protective equipment for healthcare workers. However, the N95 mask may inhibit air exchange and odor penetration. Our study aimed to determine whether the use of N95 masks affects the odor discrimination ability of healthcare workers. Methods: In our study, all the participants were asked to complete three olfactory tests. Each test involved 12 different odors. The participants completed the test while wearing an N95 mask, a surgical mask, and no mask. The score for each olfactory test was documented. Results: The olfactory test score was significantly lower when the participants wore N95 masks than when they did not wear a mask (7 vs. 10, p < 0.01). The score was also lower when the participants wore N95 masks than surgical masks (7 vs. 8, p < 0.01). Conclusion: Wearing N95 masks decreases the odor discrimination ability of healthcare workers. Therefore, we suggest that healthcare workers seek other clues when diagnosing disease with a characteristic odor.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Respiratory Protective Devices , Humans , N95 Respirators , COVID-19/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Controlled Before-After Studies , Odorants , Health Personnel
6.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 6762, 2023 04 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2297227

ABSTRACT

In recent years, there have been several solutions to medical image segmentation, such as U-shaped structure, transformer-based network, and multi-scale feature learning method. However, their network parameters and real-time performance are often neglected and cannot segment boundary regions well. The main reason is that such networks have deep encoders, a large number of channels, and excessive attention to local information rather than global information, which is crucial to the accuracy of image segmentation. Therefore, we propose a novel multi-branch medical image segmentation network MBSNet. We first design two branches using a parallel residual mixer (PRM) module and dilate convolution block to capture the local and global information of the image. At the same time, a SE-Block and a new spatial attention module enhance the output features. Considering the different output features of the two branches, we adopt a cross-fusion method to effectively combine and complement the features between different layers. MBSNet was tested on five datasets ISIC2018, Kvasir, BUSI, COVID-19, and LGG. The combined results show that MBSNet is lighter, faster, and more accurate. Specifically, for a [Formula: see text] input, MBSNet's FLOPs is 10.68G, with an F1-Score of [Formula: see text] on the Kvasir test dataset, well above [Formula: see text] for UNet++ with FLOPs of 216.55G. We also use the multi-criteria decision making method TOPSIS based on F1-Score, IOU and Geometric-Mean (G-mean) for overall analysis. The proposed MBSNet model performs better than other competitive methods. Code is available at https://github.com/YuLionel/MBSNet .


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Household Articles , Humans , Learning , Electric Power Supplies , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
7.
J Med Virol ; 95(4): e28735, 2023 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2306536

ABSTRACT

Data on the safety of inactivated COVID-19 vaccines in pregnant women is limited and monitoring pregnancy outcomes is required. We aimed to examine whether vaccination with inactivated COVID-19 vaccines before conception was associated with pregnancy complications or adverse birth outcomes. We conducted a birth cohort study in Shanghai, China. A total of 7000 healthy pregnant women were enrolled, of whom 5848 were followed up through delivery. Vaccine administration information was obtained from electronic vaccination records. Relative risks (RRs) of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP), intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW), and macrosomia associated with COVID-19 vaccination were estimated by multivariable-adjusted log-binomial analysis. After exclusion, 5457 participants were included in the final analysis, of whom 2668 (48.9%) received at least two doses of an inactivated vaccine before conception. Compared with unvaccinated women, there was no significant increase in the risks of GDM (RR = 0.80, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.69, 0.93), HDP (RR = 0.88, 95% CI, 0.70, 1.11), or ICP (RR = 1.61, 95% CI, 0.95, 2.72) in vaccinated women. Similarly, vaccination was not significantly associated with any increased risks of PTB (RR = 0.84, 95% CI, 0.67, 1.04), LBW (RR = 0.85, 95% CI, 0.66, 1.11), or macrosomia (RR = 1.10, 95% CI, 0.86, 1.42). The observed associations remained in all sensitivity analyses. Our findings suggested that vaccination with inactivated COVID-19 vaccines was not significantly associated with an increased risk of pregnancy complications or adverse birth outcomes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pregnancy Complications , Premature Birth , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Female , Humans , Cohort Studies , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Pregnant Women , Fetal Macrosomia , Premature Birth/epidemiology , East Asian People , China/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Pregnancy Outcome
8.
PeerJ ; 11, 2023.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2269946

ABSTRACT

Objective During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the N95 mask is an essential piece of protective equipment for healthcare workers. However, the N95 mask may inhibit air exchange and odor penetration. Our study aimed to determine whether the use of N95 masks affects the odor discrimination ability of healthcare workers. Methods In our study, all the participants were asked to complete three olfactory tests. Each test involved 12 different odors. The participants completed the test while wearing an N95 mask, a surgical mask, and no mask. The score for each olfactory test was documented. Results The olfactory test score was significantly lower when the participants wore N95 masks than when they did not wear a mask (7 vs. 10, p < 0.01). The score was also lower when the participants wore N95 masks than surgical masks (7 vs. 8, p < 0.01). Conclusion Wearing N95 masks decreases the odor discrimination ability of healthcare workers. Therefore, we suggest that healthcare workers seek other clues when diagnosing disease with a characteristic odor.

9.
Frontiers in psychiatry ; 14, 2023.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2288808

ABSTRACT

Background Post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are commonly reported by psychiatric healthcare personnel during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and negatively affect quality of life (QOL). However, associations between PTSS and QOL at symptom level are not clear. This study examined the network structure of PTSS and its connection with QOL in psychiatric healthcare personnel during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods This cross-sectional study was carried out between March 15 and March 20, 2020 based on convenience sampling. Self-report measures including the 17-item Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist – Civilian version (PCL-C) and World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire - Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF) were used to measure PTSS and global QOL, respectively. Network analysis was used to investigate the central symptoms of PTSS and pattern of connections between PTSS and QOL. An undirected network was constructed using an extended Bayesian Information Criterion (EBIC) model, while a directed network was established based on the Triangulated Maximally Filtered Graph (TMFG) method. Results Altogether, 10,516 psychiatric healthcare personnel completed the assessment. "Avoidance of thoughts” (PTSS-6), "Avoidance of reminders” (PTSS-7), and "emotionally numb” (PTSS-11) were the most central symptoms in the PTSS community, all of which were in the Avoidance and Numbing domain. Key bridge symptoms connecting PTSS and QOL were "Sleep disturbances” (PTSS-13), "Irritability” (PTSS-14) and "Difficulty concentrating” (PTSS-15), all of which were within the Hyperarousal domain. Conclusion In this sample, the most prominent PTSS symptoms reflected avoidance while symptoms of hyper-arousal had the strongest links with QOL. As such, these symptom clusters are potentially useful targets for interventions to improve PTSS and QOL among healthcare personnel at work under pandemic conditions.

10.
Zool Res ; 44(2): 323-330, 2023 Mar 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2288820

ABSTRACT

The rapid spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in recent years not only caused a global pandemic but resulted in enormous social, economic, and health burdens worldwide. Despite considerable efforts to combat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), various SARS-CoV-2 variants have emerged, and their underlying mechanisms of pathogenicity remain largely unknown. Furthermore, effective therapeutic drugs are still under development. Thus, an ideal animal model is crucial for studying the pathogenesis of COVID-19 and for the preclinical evaluation of vaccines and antivirals against SARS-CoV-2 and variant infections. Currently, several animal models, including mice, hamsters, ferrets, and non-human primates (NHPs), have been established to study COVID-19. Among them, ferrets are naturally susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 infection and are considered suitable for COVID-19 study. Here, we summarize recent developments and application of SARS-CoV-2 ferret models in studies on pathogenesis, therapeutic agents, and vaccines, and provide a perspective on the role of these models in preventing COVID-19 spread.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Rodent Diseases , Cricetinae , Animals , Mice , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/veterinary , Ferrets , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A
11.
Front Psychiatry ; 14: 975443, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2288815

ABSTRACT

Background: Post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are commonly reported by psychiatric healthcare personnel during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and negatively affect quality of life (QOL). However, associations between PTSS and QOL at symptom level are not clear. This study examined the network structure of PTSS and its connection with QOL in psychiatric healthcare personnel during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out between March 15 and March 20, 2020 based on convenience sampling. Self-report measures including the 17-item Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist - Civilian version (PCL-C) and World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire - Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF) were used to measure PTSS and global QOL, respectively. Network analysis was used to investigate the central symptoms of PTSS and pattern of connections between PTSS and QOL. An undirected network was constructed using an extended Bayesian Information Criterion (EBIC) model, while a directed network was established based on the Triangulated Maximally Filtered Graph (TMFG) method. Results: Altogether, 10,516 psychiatric healthcare personnel completed the assessment. "Avoidance of thoughts" (PTSS-6), "Avoidance of reminders" (PTSS-7), and "emotionally numb" (PTSS-11) were the most central symptoms in the PTSS community, all of which were in the Avoidance and Numbing domain. Key bridge symptoms connecting PTSS and QOL were "Sleep disturbances" (PTSS-13), "Irritability" (PTSS-14) and "Difficulty concentrating" (PTSS-15), all of which were within the Hyperarousal domain. Conclusion: In this sample, the most prominent PTSS symptoms reflected avoidance while symptoms of hyper-arousal had the strongest links with QOL. As such, these symptom clusters are potentially useful targets for interventions to improve PTSS and QOL among healthcare personnel at work under pandemic conditions.

12.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 19(7): 1271-1279, 2023 Jul 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2288782

ABSTRACT

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Insomnia and depression are common mental health problems reported by mental health professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic. Network analysis is a fine-grained approach used to examine associations between psychiatric syndromes at a symptom level. This study was designed to elucidate central symptoms and bridge symptoms of a depression-insomnia network among psychiatric practitioners in China. The identification of particularly important symptoms via network analysis provides an empirical foundation for targeting specific symptoms when developing treatments for comorbid insomnia and depression within this population. METHODS: A total of 10,516 psychiatric practitioners were included in this study. The Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) were used to estimate prevalence rates of insomnia and depressive symptoms, respectively. Analyses also generated a network model of insomnia and depression symptoms in the sample. RESULTS: Prevalence rates of insomnia (ISI total score ≥8), depression (PHQ-9 total score ≥5) and comorbid insomnia and depression were 22.2% (95% confidence interval: 21.4-22.9%), 28.5% (95% confidence interval: 27.6-29.4%), and 16.0% (95% confidence interval: 15.3-16.7%), respectively. Network analysis revealed that "Distress caused by sleep difficulties" (ISI7) and "Sleep maintenance" (ISI2) had the highest strength centrality, followed by "Motor dysfunction" (PHQ8) and "Sad mood" (PHQ2). Furthermore, the nodes "Sleep dissatisfaction" (ISI4), "Fatigue" (PHQ4), and "Motor dysfunction" (PHQ8) had the highest bridge strengths in linking depression and insomnia communities. CONCLUSIONS: Both central and bridge symptoms (ie, Distress caused by sleep difficulties, Sleep maintenance, Motor dysfunction, Sad mood, Sleep dissatisfaction, and Fatigue) should be prioritized when testing preventive measures and specific treatments to address comorbid insomnia and depression among psychiatric practitioners during the COVID-19 pandemic. CITATION: Zhao N, Zhao Y-J, An F, et al. Network analysis of comorbid insomnia and depressive symptoms among psychiatric practitioners during the COVID-19 pandemic. J Clin Sleep Med. 2023;19(7):1271-1279.

13.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 1079297, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2288412

ABSTRACT

Swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV) is an enveloped, positive single-stranded RNA virus belonging to Coronaviridae family, Orthocoronavirinae subfamily, Alphacoronavirus genus. As one of the main causes of swine diarrhea, SADS-CoV has brought huge losses to the pig industry. Although we have a basic understanding of SADS-CoV, the research on the pathogenicity and interactions between host and virus are still limited, especially the metabolic changes induced by SADS-CoV infection. Here, we utilized a combination of untargeted metabolomics and lipomics to analyze the metabolic alteration in SADS-CoV infected cells. Significant changes were observed in 1257 of 2225 metabolites identified in untargeted metabolomics, while the number of lipomics was 435 out of 868. Metabolic pathway enrichment analysis showed that amino acid metabolism, tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and ferroptosis were disrupted during viral infection, suggesting that these metabolic pathways may partake in pathological processes related to SADS-CoV pathogenesis. Collectively, our findings gain insights into the cellular metabolic disorder during SADS-CoV infection, offer a valuable resource for further exploration of the relationship between virus and host metabolic activities, and provide potential targets for the development of antiviral drugs.


Subject(s)
Alphacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Swine Diseases , Swine , Animals , Coronavirus Infections/veterinary , Alphacoronavirus/genetics , Diarrhea/veterinary , Epithelial Cells
14.
Front Psychol ; 13: 1080192, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2287204

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study examined the prevalence of cyberbullying and its relationship with residual depressive symptoms in this patient population during the COVID-19 outbreak using network analysis. Methods: This was a multicenter, cross-sectional study. Adolescent patients attending maintenance treatment at outpatient departments of three major psychiatric hospitals were included. Experience of cyberbullying was measured with a standard question, while the severity of Internet addiction and depressive symptoms were measured using the Internet Addiction Test and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, respectively. The network structure of depression and cyberbully were characterized and indices of "Expected Influence" was used to identify symptoms central to the network. To identify particular symptoms that were directly associated with cyberbully, the flow function was used. Results: Altogether 1,265 patients completed the assessments. The overall prevalence of cyberbullying was 92.3% (95% confidence interval (CI): 90.8-93.7%). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that male gender (p = 0.04, OR = 1.72, 95%CI: 1.04-2.85) was significantly associated with higher risk of cyberbullying, while a relapse of illness during the COVID-19 pandemic was significantly associated with a lower risk of cyberbullying (p = 0.03, OR = 0.50, 95%CI: 0.27-0.93). In the network of depression and cyberbully, "Sad mood," "Anhedonia" and "Energy" were the most central (influential) symptoms. Furthermore, "Suicidal ideation" had the strongest negative association with cyberbully followed by "Guilt". Conclusion: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the experience of cyberbullying was highly prevalent among clinically stable adolescent psychiatric patients, particularly male patients. This finding should raise awareness of this issue emphasizing the need for regular screening and interventions for adolescent patients. Central symptoms (e.g., "Sad mood," "Anhedonia" and "Energy") identified in this study should be targeted in interventions and preventive measures.

15.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 21(1): 63, 2023 Feb 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2286209

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) refers to a tricky clinical disease, known by its high morbidity and mortality, with no real specific medicine for AKI. The carbonization product from Pollen Typhae (i.e., Pu-huang in China) has been extensively employed in clinic, and it is capable of relieving the renal damage and other diseases in China since acient times. RESULTS: Inspired by the carbonization process of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), a novel species of carbon dots derived from Pollen Typhae (PT-CDs) was separated and then collected using a one-pot pyrolysis method. The as-prepared PT-CDs (4.85 ± 2.06 nm) with negative charge and abundant oxygenated groups exhibited high solubility, and they were stable in water. Moreover, the rhabdomyolysis (RM)-induced AKI rat model was used, and it was first demonstrated that PT-CDs had significant activity in improving the level of BUN and CRE, urine volume and kidney index, and histopathological morphology in RM-induced AKI rats. It is noteworthy that interventions of PT-CDs significantly reduced degree of inflammatory reaction and oxidative stress, which may be correlated with the basial potential mechanism of anti-AKI activities. Furthermore, cytotoxicity assay and biosafety evaluation exhibited high biocompatibility of PT-CDs. CONCLUSION: This study offers a novel relieving strategy for AKI based on PT-CDs and suggests its potential to be a related candidate for clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Rhabdomyolysis , Rats , Animals , Carbon/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Acute Kidney Injury/pathology , Kidney/pathology , Rhabdomyolysis/pathology
17.
J Med Virol ; 2022 Oct 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2237585

ABSTRACT

Despite the high vaccination coverage, potential COVID-19 vaccine-induced adverse effects, especially in pregnant women, have not been fully characterized. We examined the association between COVID-19 vaccination before conception and maternal thyroid function during early pregnancy. We conducted a retrospective cohort study in Shanghai, China. A total of 6979 pregnant women were included. Vaccine administration was obtained from electronic vaccination records. Serum levels of thyroid hormone were measured by fluorescence and chemiluminescence immunoassays. Among the 6979 included pregnant women, 3470 (49.7%) received at least two doses of an inactivated vaccine. COVID-19 vaccination had a statistically significant association with both maternal serum levels of free thyroxine (FT4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). Compared with unvaccinated pregnant women, the mean FT4 levels were lower in pregnant women who had been vaccinated within 3 months before the date of conception by 0.27 pmol/L (ß = -0.27, 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.42, -0.12), and the mean TSH levels were higher by 0.08 mIU/L (ß = 0.08, 95% CI, 0.00, 0.15). However, when the interval from vaccination to conception was prolonged to more than 3 months, COVID-19 vaccination was not associated with serum FT4 or TSH levels. Moreover, we found that COVID-19 vaccination did not significantly associate with maternal hypothyroidism. Our study suggested that vaccination with inactivated COVID-19 vaccines before conception might result in a small change in maternal thyroid function, but this did not reach clinically significant levels.

18.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-11, 2022 Jan 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2237091

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, internet use and gaming of adolescents had been elevated. On the one hand, internet use and gaming in the period was a good approach to killing quarantined time. However, the increased use of the internet and game of adolescents may also increase the risk of internet addiction. This study aimed to describe the internet behavior changes of adolescents and to understand the impact of clinical features on internet addiction after the adolescents back to school in COVID-19 period. We conducted a cross-sectional cohort study using data collected through online investigation in China. Six hundred and twenty-five adolescents completed the online survey. Results indicated that internet addiction, having gaming use behaviors, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) Conduct subscale scores and the SDQ Prosocial subscale scores before the COVID-19 outbreak were significant in predicting the internet addiction after the adolescents back to school. The proportion of internet addiction and gaming behaviors among adolescents in China was changed across the COVID-19 pandemic. Clinical features before the COVID-19 pandemic could predict Internet addiction risk after the adolescents back to school.

19.
Autophagy ; : 1-2, 2022 Jul 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2231443

ABSTRACT

Upon entering host cells, ß-coronaviruses specifically induce generation of replication organelles (ROs) from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) through their nonstructural protein 3 (nsp3) and nsp4 for viral genome transcription and replication. The most predominant ROs are double-membrane vesicles (DMVs). The ER-resident proteins VMP1 and TMEM41B, which form a complex to regulate autophagosome and lipid droplet (LD) formation, were recently shown to be essential for ß-coronavirus infection. Here we report that VMP1 and TMEM41B contribute to DMV generation but function at different steps. TMEM41B facilitates nsp3-nsp4 interaction and ER zippering, while VMP1 is required for subsequent closing of the paired ER into DMVs. Additionally, inhibition of phosphatidylserine (PS) formation by siPTDSS1 partially reverses the DMV and LD defects in VMP1 KO cells, suggesting that appropriate PS levels also contribute to DMV formation. This work provides clues to the mechanism of how host proteins collaborate with viral proteins for endomembrane reshaping to promote viral infection.

20.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol ; 15: 1485-1487, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2231095

ABSTRACT

A case of new onset of severe plaque psoriasis following COVID-19 vaccination was reported. A 63-year-old woman presented with multiple plaques for 2 months after the second dose of COVID-19 vaccination. Dermatological examination revealed diffuse erythematous papules and plaques on trunk and limbs. Her lesions responded well to the treatment of secukinumab 150 mg per week. In this case, we presented the potential association between COVID-19 vaccination and the onset of psoriasis. It is essential to recognize the possible adverse events as vaccination against COVID-19 continues worldwide.

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