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1.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-323879

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is a significant worldwide health crisis. Patients with malignancy are considered at substantially increased risk of infection and poor outcomes. Breast cancer patients with COVID-19 represent an urgent clinical need. This study aimed to identify clinical characteristics of breast cancer patients with COVID-19 and risks associated with anti-cancer treatment. Methods: : This multicenter retrospective cohort study included 45 breast cancer patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 at seven designated hospitals in Hubei, China. The medical records of breast cancer patients were collected from the records of 9559 COVID-19 patients from 13 th January, 2020 to 18 th March, 2020. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to assess risk factors for COVID-19 severity. Results: : Of 45 breast cancer patients with COVID-19, 33 (73.3%) developed non-severe COVID-19, while 12 (26.7%) developed severe COVID-19, of which 3 (6.7%) patients died. The median age was 62 years, and 3 (6.7%) patients had stage IV breast cancer. Most patients developed fever (37, 82.2%), and most had bilateral lung involvement on chest CT (36, 80.0%). Univariate analysis showed the age over 75 and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score were associated with COVID-19 disease severity ( P <0.05). Multivariate analysis showed patients received chemotherapy within 7 days had a significantly higher risk for severe COVID-19 (logistic regression model: RR=13.886, 95% CI 1.014-190.243, P =0.049;Cox proportional hazards model: HR=13.909, 95% CI 1.086-178.150, P =0.043), with more pronounced neutropenia and higher LDH, CRP and procalcitonin levels than patients else ( P <0.05). Conclusions: The severity of COVID-19 in breast cancer patients was associated with baseline factors of the age over 75 and ECOG score, but not with tumor characteristics. Chemotherapy within 7 days before symptom onset was a risk factor for severe COVID-19, reflected by neutropenia and elevated LDH, CRP and procalcitonin levels.

2.
Breast ; 59: 102-109, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1283953

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic is a significant worldwide health crisis. Breast cancer patients with COVID-19 are fragile and require particular clinical care. This study aimed to identify the clinical characteristics of breast cancer patients with COVID-19 and the risks associated with anti-cancer treatment. METHODS: The medical records of breast cancer patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 were collected among 9559 COVID-19 patients from seven designated hospitals from 13th January to 18th March 2020 in Hubei, China. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to assess risk factors for COVID-19 severity. RESULTS: Of the 45 breast cancer patients with COVID-19, 33 (73.3%) developed non-severe COVID-19, while 12 (26.7%) developed severe COVID-19, of which 3 (6.7%) patients died. The median age was 62 years, and 3 (6.7%) patients had stage IV breast cancer. Univariate analysis showed that age over 75 and the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score were associated with COVID-19 disease severity (P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that patients who received chemotherapy within 7 days had a significantly higher risk for severe COVID-19 (logistic regression model: RR = 13.886, 95% CI 1.014-190.243, P = 0.049; Cox proportional hazards model: HR = 13.909, 95% CI 1.086-178.150, P = 0.043), with more pronounced neutropenia and higher LDH, CRP and procalcitonin levels than other patients (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In our breast cancer cohort, the severity of COVID-19 could be associated with baseline factors such as age over 75 and ECOG scores. Chemotherapy within 7 days before symptom onset could be a risk factor for severe COVID-19, reflected by neutropenia and elevated LDH, CRP and procalcitonin levels.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , COVID-19/diagnosis , Neutropenia/etiology , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Breast Neoplasms/mortality , C-Reactive Protein , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood , Middle Aged , Neutropenia/epidemiology , Pandemics , Procalcitonin/blood , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
3.
Cancer Biol Med ; 17(3): 519-527, 2020 08 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1068173

ABSTRACT

A novel coronavirus known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has spread across the world, prompting the World Health Organization to declare the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) a public health emergency of international concern. Cancer patients are regarded as a highly vulnerable population to SARS-CoV-2 infection and development of more severe COVID-19 symptoms, which is possibly due to the systemic immunosuppressive state caused directly by tumor growth and indirectly by effects of anticancer treatment. Currently, much effort has been directed toward studying the pathogenesis and treatment of COVID-19, but the risk profiles, prognoses, and treatment outcomes in cancer patients remain unclear. Based on the current literature, we summarize the risk profiles, clinical and biochemical characteristics, and therapy outcomes of COVID-19 infections in cancer patients. The challenges in the clinical care of cancer patients with COVID-19 are discussed. The goal of this review is to stimulate research to better understand the biological impact and prognoses of COVID-19 infections in cancer patients, thus facilitating improvement of the clinical management of these patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/therapy , Neoplasms/complications , Neoplasms/immunology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/virology , Case-Control Studies , Disease Progression , Female , Humans , Immunization, Passive , Immunocompromised Host/immunology , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Male , Neoplasms/therapy , Neoplasms/virology , Oxygen/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Severity of Illness Index
4.
EMBO Mol Med ; 12(7): e12421, 2020 07 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-306055

ABSTRACT

Progression to severe disease is a difficult problem in treating coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The purpose of this study is to explore changes in markers of severe disease in COVID-19 patients. Sixty-nine severe COVID-19 patients were included. Patients with severe disease showed significant lymphocytopenia. Elevated level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), C-reactive protein (CRP), ferritin, and D-dimer was found in most severe cases. Baseline interleukin-6 (IL-6) was found to be associated with COVID-19 severity. Indeed, the significant increase of baseline IL-6 was positively correlated with the maximal body temperature during hospitalization and with the increased baseline of CRP, LDH, ferritin, and D-dimer. High baseline IL-6 was also associated with more progressed chest computed tomography (CT) findings. Significant decrease in IL-6 and improved CT assessment was found in patients during recovery, while IL-6 was further increased in exacerbated patients. Collectively, our results suggest that the dynamic change in IL-6 can be used as a marker for disease monitoring in patients with severe COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/pathology , Interleukin-6/analysis , Pneumonia, Viral/pathology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Biomarkers/analysis , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Female , Humans , Lymphopenia/etiology , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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