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1.
International Immunopharmacology ; 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-689157

ABSTRACT

Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread rapidly to more than 215 countries, with over 11 91 million reported cases and more than 540,000 deaths Rapid diagnosis remains a bottleneck for containing the epidemic We used an automated chemiluminescent immunoassay to detect serum IgM and IgG antibodies to the 2019-nCoV in 742 subjects, so as to observe the dynamic process of antibody production in COVID-19 disease and seroepidemiology in different populations Patients with COVID-19 were reactive (positive) for specific antibodies within 3-15 days after onset of symptoms Specific IgM and IgG levels increased with the progression of the disease The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves for IgM and IgG were 0 984 and 1 000, respectively This antibody detection assay had good sensitivity and specificity The understanding of the dynamic serological changes of COVID-19 patients and the seroepidemiological situation of the population will be helpful to further control the epidemic of COVID-19

2.
World J. Otorhinolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. ; 2020.
Article in English | ELSEVIER | ID: covidwho-306374

ABSTRACT

Objective: Analyzing the symptom characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019(COVID-19) to improve control and prevention. Methods: Using the Baidu Index Platform (http://index.baidu.com) and the website of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention as data resources to obtain the search volume (SV) of keywords for symptoms associated with COVID-19 from January 1 to February 20 in each year from 2017 to 2020 and the epidemic data in Hubei province and the other top 9 impacted provinces in China. Data of 2020 were compared with those of the previous three years. Data of Hubei province were compared with those of the other 9 provinces. The differences and characteristics of the SV of COVID-19-related symptoms, and the correlations between the SV of COVID-19 and the number of newly confirmed/suspected cases were analyzed. The lag effects were discussed. Results: Comparing the SV from January 1, 2020 to February 20, 2020 with those for the same period of the previous three years, Hubei's SV for cough, fever, diarrhea, chest tightness, dyspnea, and other symptoms were significantly increased. The total SV of lower respiratory symptoms was significantly higher than that of upper respiratory symptoms (P<0.001). The SV of COVID-19 in Hubei province was significantly correlated with the number of newly confirmed/suspected cases (r confirmed= 0.723, r suspected= 0.863, both p < 0.001). The results of the distributed lag model suggested that the patients who searched relevant symptoms on the Internet may begin to see doctors in 2–3 days later and be confirmed in 3–4 days later. Conclusion: The total SV of lower respiratory symptoms was higher than that of upper respiratory symptoms, and the SV of diarrhea also increased significantly. It warned us to pay attention to not only the symptoms of the lower respiratory tract but also the gastrointestinal symptoms, especially diarrhea in patients with COVID-19. Internet search behavior had a positive correlation with the number of newly confirmed/suspected cases, suggesting that big data has an important role in the early warning of infectious diseases.

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