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1.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; 33(4):633-636, 2023.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-20245386

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the role of nosocomial infection informatics surveillance system in the prevention and control of multidrug-resistant organisms(MDROs) infections. METHODS: The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Pharmaceutical University was selected as the study subjects, which had adopted the nosocomial infection informatics surveillance system since Jan.2020. The period of Jan.to Dec.2020 were regarded as the study period, and Jan.to Dec.2019 were regarded as the control period. The situation of nosocomial infection and MDROs infections in the two periods were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The incidence of nosocomial infections and underreporting of nosocomial infection cases in this hospital during the study period were 2.52%(1 325/52 624) and 1.74%(23/1 325), respectively, and the incidences of ventilator associated pneumonia(VAP), catheter related bloodstream infection(CRBSI), catheter related urinary tract infection(CAUTI)were 4.10(31/7 568), 2.11(14/6 634), and 2.50(25/9 993) respectively, which were lower than those during the control period(P< 0.05). The positive rate of pathogenic examination in the hospital during the study period was 77.95%(1 269/1 628), which was higher than that during the control period(P<0.05), the overall detection rate of MDROs was 15.77%(206/1 306), the detection rates of MDROs in Escherichia coli, Acinetobacter baumannii, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus were lower than those during the control period(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The development and application of the informatics technology-based surveillance system of nosocomial infection could effectively reduce the incidence of nosocomial infections and device related infections, decrease the under-reporting of infection cases, and also reduce the detection rate of MDROs as well as the proportion of MDROs detected in common pathogenic species.

2.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; 29(7):896-900, 2020.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1352840

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of five hospitals in Guangdong Province 0n successfully transporting retained passengers by chartered flights during the outbreak of the COVID-19. Methods We retrospectively evaluated the operation and management, cabin arrangement, isolation requirements, and personnel protection in the aspect of epidemic prevention and control. Results In 11 charter missions, over one thousand "healthy" passengers with potential risk of infections were transported back to China. The medical delivery team and flight crew were kept free of infection, passengers maintained zero cluster infections and no unexpected adverse events during the air transport. Conclusions Our results indicate how to carry passengers in a scientific and orderly way is crucial for avoiding the transmission risks of the epidemic of COVID-19 among working staffers and passengers.

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