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1.
Zhongguo Dangdai Erke Zazhi ; 24(12):1301-1306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2203147

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a worldwide pandemic since the end of 2019. There is an increasing number of reports on nervous system symptoms, among which encephalitis is considered a serious neurological complication of COVID-19, but there are few reports of this complication in China. Acute encephalitis has severe symptoms. If it is not identified early and treated in time, the mortality is high and the prognosis is poor. During the current global epidemic, it is necessary to pay attention to the severe nervous system symptoms of COVID-19. Therefore, this article summarizes the clinical features of COVID-19 complicated by acute encephalitis through literature review and a detailed analysis of medical records, so as to provide a reference for clinicians to deal with the cases of COVID-19 complicated by acute encephalitis.

2.
Zhongguo Dangdai Erke Zazhi ; 24(12):1289-1294, 2022.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2203144

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the persistent symptoms in preschool children after severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant infection, and to provide a basis for developing follow-up plans after infection and reducing and preventing related symptoms after infection.

3.
Frontiers in Public Health ; 10, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2199497

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThis study aimed to provide a basis for epidemic prevention and control measures as well as the management of re-positive personnel by analyzing and summarizing the characteristics of re-positive patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Delta variant infections discharged from a hospital in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in 2021. MethodsThis case-control study included a total of 45 patients with Delta variant infections diagnosed in the Fourth People's Hospital of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region between October 17 and November 28, 2021. Based on the nucleic acid test results post-discharge, the patients were dichotomized into re-positive and non-re-positive groups. Based on the time of the first re-positive test, the re-positive group was further divided into ResultsOf the 45 total patients, 16 were re-positive (re-positivity rate: 35.6%), including four patients who were re-positive after 2 weeks (re-positivity rate: 8.8%). The median time of the first re-positive after discharge was 7 days (IQR: 14-3). The re-positive group was younger than the non-re-positive group (35 vs. 53, P < 0.05), had a higher proportion of patients who were not receiving antiviral therapy (56.2 vs. 17.2%, P < 0.05). The median CT value of nucleic acid in the re-positive group was considerably greater than that at admission (36.7 vs. 22.6 P < 0.05). The findings demonstrated that neutralizing antibody treatment significantly raised the average IgG antibody level in patients, particularly in those who had not received COVID-19 vaccine (P < 0.05). The median lowest nucleic acid CT value of the >= 7 days group during the re-positive period and the immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody level at discharge were lower than those in the <7 days group (P < 0.05). When compared to the non-positive group, patients in the >= 7 days group had a higher median virus nucleic acid CT value (27.1 vs. 19.2, P < 0.05) and absolute number of lymphocytes at admission (1,360 vs. 952, P < 0.05), and a lower IgG antibody level at discharge (P < 0.05). ConclusionsIn conclusion, this study found that: (1) The re-positivity rate of SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant infection in this group was 35.6%, while the re-positivity rate was the same as that of the original strain 2 weeks after discharge (8.0%). (2) Young people, patients who did not use antiviral therapy or had low IgG antibody levels at discharge were more likely to have re-positive. And the CT value of nucleic acid at the time of initial infection was higher in re-positive group. We speculated that the higher the CT value of nucleic acid at the time of initial infection, the longer the intermittent shedding time of the virus. (3) Re-positive patients were asymptomatic. The median CT value of nucleic acid was > 35 at the re-positive time, and the close contacts were not detected as positive. The overall transmission risk of re-positive patients is low.

4.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed Central | ID: covidwho-2198980

ABSTRACT

Background: The management of LT patients during COVID-19 pandemic is important. Immunosuppressants (IS) are key therapy agents after liver transplant. Different ISs have different side effects. Calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) may lead to metabolic acidosis while mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) showed rare nephrotoxicity. We report a post-liver transplant girl who was infected with SARS-CoV-2, developing a severe mixed acidosis 3 months after the transplantation. Her acidosis was improved after withdrawing of MMF, leading the suspicion that acidosis maybe a rare side effect of MMF. Case presentation: A girl was admitted to our hospital due to SARS-CoV-2 infection, 3 months before admission the patient received LT due to Niemann-Pick disease (NPD). During hospitalization, blood gas analysis showed severe mixed acidosis. To relieve mixed acidosis, the patient was given oral rehydration salt and liquid replacement therapy. Considering that immunosuppressants may cause metabolic acidosis, dose of CsA was decreased and MMF was discontinued. Results: However, liquid replacement therapy and decreased CsA dose cannot improve the condition. As an attempt, MMF was discontinued, and 3 days later, the girl's acidosis was relieved, the latest blood gas analysis was normal with the original dose of CsA and no use of MMF or other IS. In addition, we used Naranjo Scale to see if adverse drug reactions (ADRs) existed. The final score was 6 which means MMF contributes to acidosis probably. Conclusion: The girl's mixed acidosis cannot be explained by Niemann-Pick disease and SARS-CoV-2 infection. CNIs could cause metabolic acidosis but declining the dose of CsA didn't improve her acidosis while withdrawing MMF showed a good effect. Together with the Naranjo Scale result, we suspect that acidosis maybe a rare side effect of MMF.

5.
Front Immunol ; 13, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed Central | ID: covidwho-2198895

ABSTRACT

Background: Nod-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is essential in the pathogenesis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a fatal clinical syndrome that deteriorated from acute lung injury (ALI). This bibliometric study aims to offer a thorough insight into the scientific output about NLRP3 inflammasome in ALI/ARDS and explore the intellectual base, developing trajectory and emerging trends. Methods: We retrieved the literature from 2010 to 2021 from Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) database. Bibliometrix (3.1.4) R package and CiteSpace (5.8.R3) were used for further analysis and visualization. Results: A total of 508 English articles and reviews published from 2010 to 2021 were identified. The annual number of publications presented a rapidly developing trend especially in recent years. Among all the 42 countries, China was the most productive and most cited country, while the USA had the greatest impact. Peter A. Ward from the USA was the most productive corresponding author, and 4 of these top 10 corresponding authors were from China. The most cited reference was written by Ahmed (2017) of Zhejiang University in China. The Journal of Immunology had highest citation count and G-index. Furthermore, the major disciplines of research front have drifted from "Medicine, Medical, Clinical” to "Molecular, Biology, Immunology” over the past 12 years. In the co-occurring network, the terms "acute lung injury,” "NLRP3 inflammasome,” "interleukin-1β,” "NF-κB,” and "NLRP3 activation” occurred most frequently, while in burst detection, "oxidative stress” had the highest burst strength. Co-citation network revealed that Cluster 2 "virus infection” was the most active area, including the most citation bursts. Cluster 0 "severe COVID-19” and Cluster 1 "dual inhibitor PTUPB” were emerging themes in recent years, and they involved the largest number of publications. Conclusions: This bibliometric analysis revealed a rapid growth trend of the relatively novel topic: NLRP3 inflammasome in ALI/ARDS. China was the largest contributor, while the USA offered the most landmark papers. The major disciplines of research front drifted from "Medicine, Medical, Clinical” to "Molecular, Biology, Immunology.” In recent years, studies about the role of NLRP3 in COVID-19-associated ALI/ARDS and oxidative stress became hot spots.

6.
Regional Science Policy and Practice ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2193213

ABSTRACT

Mobility interventions in communities play a critical role in containing a pandemic at an early stage. The real-world practice of social distancing can enlighten policymakers and help them implement more efficient and effective control measures. A lack of such research using real-world observations initiates this article. We analyzed the social distancing performance of 66,149 census tracts from 3,142 counties in the United States with a specific focus on income profile. Six daily mobility metrics, including a social distancing index, stay-at-home percentage, miles traveled per person, trip rate, work trip rate, and non-work trip rate, were produced for each census tract using the location data from over 100 million anonymous devices on a monthly basis. Each mobility metric was further tabulated by three perspectives of social distancing performance: "best performance," "effort," and "consistency." We found that for all 18 indicators, high-income communities demonstrated better social distancing performance. Such disparities between communities of different income levels are presented in detail in this article. The comparisons across scenarios also raise other concerns for low-income communities, such as employment status, working conditions, and accessibility to basic needs. This article lays out a series of facts extracted from real-world data and offers compelling perspectives for future discussions.

7.
Int J Nurs Pract ; : e13125, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2192642

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the incidence of facial pressure injuries in health-care professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic in a meta-analysis. METHODS: Related studies were obtained through electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) Chinese Scientific Journal (VIP) China Biomedical Literature service systems (CBM) and Wanfang Data (from inception to 27 November 2021). The pooled incidence and the 95% confidence interval of facial pressure injuries were calculated with Review Manager v5.4 software. RESULTS: Overall, 16 studies with 14 430 health-care professionals were included. Pooled results showed that the pooled incidence of facial pressure injury in health-care professionals was 58.8% (95% CI: 49.0%-68.7%;p < 0.01). The results of the subgroup analysis showed that the incidence of facial pressure injury in these staff was high, and predominantly stage I pressure injury, in the following cases: in health-care professionals who wore personal protective equipment for longer than 4 h, in those without any training experience, and on the nose. CONCLUSION: Administrators and researchers should pay attention to preventing facial pressure injury related to the wearing of personal protective equipment (PPE) by ensuring all health-care professionals receive training and by limiting prolonged periods of use.

8.
Infectious Microbes & Diseases ; 4(4):168-174, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2190911

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging infectious disease, and it is important to detect early and monitor the disease trend for policymakers to make informed decisions. We explored the predictive utility of Baidu Search Index and Baidu Information Index for early warning of COVID-19 and identified search keywords for further monitoring of epidemic trends in Guangxi. A time-series analysis and Spearman correlation between the daily number of cases and both the Baidu Search Index and Baidu Information Index were performed for seven keywords related to COVID-19 from January 8 to March 9, 2020. The time series showed that the temporal distributions of the search terms "coronavirus," "pneumonia" and "mask" in the Baidu Search Index were consistent and had 2 to 3 days' lead time to the reported cases;the correlation coefficients were higher than 0.81. The Baidu Search Index volume in 14 prefectures of Guangxi was closely related with the number of reported cases;it was not associated with the local GDP. The Baidu Information Index search terms "coronavirus" and "pneumonia" were used as frequently as 192,405.0 and 110,488.6 per million population, respectively, and they were also significantly associated with the number of reported cases (r(s) > 0.6), but they fluctuated more than for the Baidu Search Index and had 0 to 14 days' lag time to the reported cases. The Baidu Search Index with search terms "coronavirus," "pneumonia" and "mask" can be used for early warning and monitoring of the epidemic trend of COVID-19 in Guangxi, with 2 to 3 days' lead time.

9.
Cell Death Discovery ; 9(1):9, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2185786

ABSTRACT

Acute lung injury (ALI) describes the injury to endothelial cells in the lungs and associated vessels due to various factors. Furthermore, ALI accompanied by inflammation and thrombosis has been reported as a common complication of SARS-COV-2 infection. It is widely accepted that inflammation and the cytokine storm are main causes of ALI. Two classical anti-inflammatory cell types, regulatory T cells (Tregs) and M2 macrophages, are theoretically capable of resisting uncontrolled inflammation. Recent studies have indicated possible crosstalk between Tregs and macrophages involving their mutual activation. In this review, we discuss the current findings related to ALI pathogenesis and the role of Tregs and macrophages. In particular, we review the molecular mechanisms underlying the crosstalk between Tregs and macrophages in ALI pathogenesis. Understanding the role of Tregs and macrophages will provide the potential targets for treating ALI.

10.
ACS Measurement Science Au ; 2(5):414-421, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2185512

ABSTRACT

Mucous samples collected through nasopharyngeal (NP) swabs are considered gold standard specimens for the detection of respiratory pathogens. Matrices of these highly viscous samples often cause significant background noises in immunoassays, especially immunoassays with high sensitivity. We demonstrated such nonspecific background signals in both a chemiluminescence enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and a novel highly sensitive immunoassay called Microbubbling SARS-CoV-2 Antigen Assay (MSAA). We developed and demonstrated the effectiveness of two quick sample pretreatment methods, filtration and preadsorption, to decrease nonspecific signals and increase the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Using these pretreatment methods, the SNR (at 3.6 × 104 copies/mL of inactivated SARS-CoV-2) was increased by 42.4-fold (95% CI 41.0-43.8) and 67.1-fold (95% CI 57.9-76.3) in the MSAA, and 1.3-fold (95% CI 0.9-1.7) and 1.8-fold (95% CI 1.6-2.0) in the chemiluminescence ELISA assay. Sample pretreatment methods developed in this study are broadly adaptable for the development of immunoassays for highly viscous samples. © 2022 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.

11.
Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy ; 10:10, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2184524
12.
The Innovation ; 4(1), 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2184481

ABSTRACT

The BBIBP-CorV severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) inactivated vaccine has been authorized for emergency use and widely distributed. We used single-cell transcriptome sequencing to characterize the dynamics of immune responses to the BBIBP-CorV inactivated vaccine. In addition to the expected induction of humoral immunity, we found that the inactivated vaccine induced multiple, comprehensive immune responses, including significantly increased proportions of CD16+ monocytes and activation of monocyte antigen presentation pathways;T cell activation pathway upregulation in CD8+ T cells, along with increased activation of CD4+ T cells;significant enhancement of cell-cell communications between innate and adaptive immunity;and the induction of regulatory CD4+ T cells and co-inhibitory interactions to maintain immune homeostasis after vaccination. Additionally, comparative analysis revealed higher neutralizing antibody levels, distinct expansion of naive T cells, a shared increased proportion of regulatory CD4+ T cells, and upregulated expression of functional genes in booster dose recipients with a longer interval after the second vaccination. Our research will support a comprehensive understanding of the systemic immune responses elicited by the BBIBP-CorV inactivated vaccine, which will facilitate the formulation of better vaccination strategies and the design of new vaccines. © 2022 The Authors

13.
World Journal of Pediatrics ; 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2175144

ABSTRACT

Background: Gut microbiota alterations have been implicated in the pathogenesis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study aimed to explore gut microbiota changes in a prospective cohort of COVID-19 children and their asymptomatic caregivers infected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant. Method(s): A total of 186 participants, including 59 COVID-19 children, 50 asymptomatic adult caregivers, 52 healthy children (HC), and 25 healthy adults (HA), were recruited between 15 April and 31 May 2022. The gut microbiota composition was determined by 16S rRNA gene sequencing in fecal samples collected from the participants. Gut microbiota functional profiling was performed by using Phylogenetic Investigation of Communities by Reconstruction of Unobserved States (PICRUSt) software. Result(s): The gut microbiota analysis of beta diversity revealed that the fecal microbial community of COVID-19 children remained far distantly related to HC. The relative abundances of the phyla Actinobacteria and Firmicutes were decreased, whereas Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, and Verrucomicrobiota were increased in COVID-19 children. Feces from COVID-19 children exhibited notably lower abundances of the genera Blautia, Bifidobacterium, Fusicatenibacter, Streptococcus, and Romboutsia and higher abundances of the genera Prevotella, Lachnoclostridium, Escherichia-Shigella, and Bacteroides than those from HC. The enterotype distributions of COVID-19 children were characterized by a high prevalence of enterotype Bacteroides. Similar changes in gut microbiota compositions were observed in asymptomatic caregivers. Furthermore, the microbial metabolic activities of KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) and COG (cluster of orthologous groups of proteins) pathways were perturbed in feces from subjects infected with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant. Conclusion(s): Our data reveal altered gut microbiota compositions in both COVID-19 children and their asymptomatic caregivers infected with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant, which further implicates the critical role of gut microbiota in COVID-19 pathogenesis. Copyright © 2023, Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine.

14.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 28(13):26-33, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2162885

ABSTRACT

A network of global respiratory disease surveillance systems and partnerships has been built over decades as a direct response to the persistent threat of seasonal, zoonotic, and pandemic influenza. These efforts have been spearheaded by the World Health Organization, country ministries of health, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nongovernmental organizations, academic groups, and others. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention worked closely with ministries of health in partner countries and the World Health Organization to leverage influenza surveillance systems and programs to respond to SARS-CoV-2 transmission. Countries used existing surveillance systems for severe acute respiratory infection and influenza-like illness, respiratory virus laboratory resources, pandemic influenza preparedness plans, and ongoing population-based influenza studies to track, study, and respond to SARS-CoV-2 infections. The incorporation of COVID-19 surveillance into existing influenza sentinel surveillance systems can support continued global surveillance for respiratory viruses with pandemic potential.

15.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 28(13):208-216, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2162884

ABSTRACT

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) supports international partners in introducing vaccines, including those against SARS-CoV-2 virus. CDC contributes to the development of global technical tools, guidance, and policy for COVID-19 vaccination and has established its COVID-19 International Vaccine Implementation and Evaluation (CIVIE) program. CIVIE supports ministries of health and their partner organizations in developing or strengthening their national capacities for the planning, implementation, and evaluation of COVID-19 vaccination programs. CIVIE's 7 priority areas for country-specific technical assistance are vaccine policy development, program planning, vaccine confidence and demand, data management and use, workforce development, vaccine safety, and evaluation. We discuss CDC's work on global COVID-19 vaccine implementation, including priorities, challenges, opportunities, and applicable lessons learned from prior experiences with Ebola, influenza, and meningococcal serogroup A conjugate vaccine introductions.

16.
Nurs Open ; 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2157885

ABSTRACT

AIM: This systematic review evaluated the quality of evidence for the prevention and management of facial pressure injuries in medical staff. DESIGN: This review was presented in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. METHODS: We retrieved the relevant studies from 19 databases. Using the literature evaluation standards and evidence grading system of the Australian Joanna Briggs Institute Evidence-Based Health Care Center, we evaluated the quality of the literature encompassing different types of research and assessed their levels of evidence. RESULTS: A total of 13 studies were included, including seven expert consensuses, two recommended practices, one clinical decision, one best practice information booklet, one systematic review and one randomized controlled trial. In the end, 31 best evidence were summarized, including skin cleaning and care, PPE placement and movement, reasonable use of dressings, treatment measures and education and training.

17.
Biotechnology & Bioengineering ; 08:08, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2157710

ABSTRACT

Since the COVID-19 outbreak, unconventional cell line development (CLD) strategies have been taken to enable development of SARS-CoV-2-neutralizing antibodies at expedited speed. We previously reported a novel Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Control (CMC) workflow and demonstrated a much-shortened timeline of 3-6 months from DNA to investigational new drug (IND) application. Hereafter, we have incorporated this CMC strategy for many SARS-CoV-2-neutralizing antibody programs at WuXi Biologics. In this paper, we summarize the accelerated development of a total of seven antibody programs, some of which have received emergency use authorization (EUA) approval in less than two years. Stable pools generated under GMP conditions consistently exhibited similar productivity and product quality at different scales and batches, enabling rapid initiation of phase I clinical trials. Clones with comparable product quality as parental pools were subsequently screened and selected for late-stage development and manufacturing. Moreover, a preliminary stability study plan was devised to greatly reduce the time required for final clone determination and next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based viral testing was implemented to support rapid conditional release of the master cell bank (MCB) for GMP production. The successful execution of these COVID-19 programs relies on our robust, fit for purpose, and continuously improving CLD platform. The speed achieved for pandemic-related biologics development may innovate typical biologics development timelines and become a new standard in the industry. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

18.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1):474, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2153541

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate mental health and self-management in glaucoma patients during the COVID-19 pandemic in China and to describe the correlation between anxiety, depression, glaucoma, and self-management. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included glaucoma patients who enrolled in the case management platform and completed an online survey. The survey included the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), and Glaucoma Self-Management Questionnaire (GSMQ). RESULTS: Among 109 glaucoma patients enrolled in this study, the proportions of patients suffering from depression and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic were 26.6% and 20.2%, respectively. A statistical association was found between depression and self-management behaviour in these glaucoma patients (r = -0.247, P = 0.010). The self-management scores in patients less than 35 years were lower than those in patients aged 35-60 years (P = 0.046). The scores of body function promotion in men were lower than those in women (P = 0.048). Patients with primary school education and below had lower scores in the medical management of disease than those with either middle school education (P = 0.032) or community college education or higher (P = 0.022). CONCLUSION: A high proportion of anxiety and depression was found in glaucoma patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Better self-management behaviour was associated with stronger mental health regulation. It is important to help glaucoma patients improve their self-management behaviours, especially for young men with low educational levels.

19.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 60(12): 1302-1306, 2022 Dec 02.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2143846

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of vaccination on viral negative conversion of children with COVID-19. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. A cohort of 189 children aged 3-14 years with COVID-19 admitted to Renji Hospital (South branch) of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from April 7th to May 19th 2022 was enrolled in the study. According to the vaccination status, the infected children were divided into an unvaccinated group and a vaccinated group. Age, gender, severity, clinical manifestations, and laboratory tests, etc. were compared between groups, by rank sum test or chi-square test. The effects of vaccination on viral negative conversion were analyzed by a Cox mixed-effects regression model. Additionally, a questionnaire survey was conducted among the parents of unvaccinated children to analyze the reasons for not being vaccinated. Results: A total of 189 children aged 3-14 years were enrolled, including 95 males (50.3%) and 94 females (49.7%), aged 5.7 (4.1,8.6) years. There were 117 cases (61.9%) in the unvaccinated group and 72 cases (38.1%) in the vaccinated group. The age of the vaccinated group was higher than that of the unvaccinated group (8.8 (6.8, 10.6) vs. 4.5 (3.6, 5.9) years, Z=9.45, P<0.001). No significant differences were found in clinical manifestations, disease severity, and laboratory results between groups (all P>0.05), except for the occurrence rate of cough symptoms, which was significantly higher in the vaccinated group than in the non-vaccinated group (68.1% (49/72) vs. 50.4% (59/117),χ2=5.67, P=0.017). The Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Cox mixed-effects regression model showed that the time to the viral negative conversion was significantly shorter in the vaccinated group compared with the unvaccinated group (8 (7, 10) vs. 11 (9, 12) d, Z=5.20, P<0.001; adjusted HR=2.19 (95%CI 1.62-2.97)). For questionnaire survey on the reasons for not receiving a vaccination, 115 questionnaires were distributed and 112 valid questionnaires (97.4%) were collected. The main reasons for not being vaccinated were that parents thought that their children were not in the range of appropriate age for vaccination (51 cases, 45.5%) and children were in special physical conditions (47 cases, 42.0%). Conclusion: Vaccination can effectively shorten the negative conversion time of children with COVID-19 and targeted programs should be developed to increase eligible children's vaccination rate for SARS-CoV-2 vaccination.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Vaccines , Child , Female , Male , Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , China/epidemiology
20.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 60(11): 1100-1102, 2022 Nov 02.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2099943
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