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Ieee Access ; 10:86696-86709, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2005084


BPMN process models have been widely used in software designs. The BPMN process models are characterized by a static graph-oriented modeling language and a lack of analytical capabilities as well as dynamic behavior verification capabilities, which not only leads to inconsistencies in the semantics of the BPMN process models, but also leads to a lack of model error detection capabilities for the BPMN process models, which also hinders the correctness verification and error correction efforts of the models. In this study, we propose an executable modeling approach for CPN-based data flow well-structured BPMN (dw-BPMN) process models, and consider both control-flow and data-flow perspectives. First, we present a formal definition of the dw-BPMN process model, which is formally mapped into a CPN executable model in three steps: splitting, mapping and combining. Then, we discuss four types of data flow errors that can occur in the model: missing, lost, redundant, and inconsistent data error. To detect these four data flow errors, we propose a detection method based on the execution results of the CPN model. Subsequently, we propose correction strategies for these four data flow errors. Finally, a dw-BPMN process model of a robot's temperature detection system for COVID-19 prevention and control in a kindergarten was used as an example to verify the validity of the method.

Neurology Perspectives ; 2(1):9-20, 2022.
Article in English, Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1959889


Background: The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which causes the disease COVID-19, has caused a pandemic that has rapidly affected the whole world and caused a significant threat to public health. The aim of this study was to investigate and analyze the social and occupational effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) in three different countries: China, Spain, and Cuba. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was designed to assess the social and occupational effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in MS patients in these three countries, using a 25-item anonymous online questionnaire, structured into three sections. Quantitative data are expressed as mean (standard deviation), and quantitative data as absolute frequency and percentage. Results: A total of 361 participants responded to the questionnaire: 194 from China, 104 from Spain, and 63 from Cuba. We found no cases of COVID-19 among Chinese patients with MS, and few cases in Spain and Cuba. Respondents reported different levels of impact on relationships with friends, family, and colleagues, and patients in all three countries described increased use of digital or social media platforms. Spanish patients reported a significantly less negative impact than those in Cuba and China. Mental and cognitive effects were similar in all three countries, although China seemed to have a better situation. We also found that the time spent exercising decreased at specific points during the pandemic, but with few changes in dietary habits. Patients reported little or no change in their means of transport in all three countries. Most patients in all three countries reported little or no physical deterioration, especially in Chinese patients (82.47%), compared to the Spanish (70.20%) and Cuban respondents (73.02%). In general, patients from all three countries demonstrated confidence in overcoming the COVID-19 pandemic, although to a lesser extent among Spanish respondents. Conclusions: During the pandemic, family support was more effective in China than in Cuba and Spain. Neither COVID-19 infections nor the number of MS relapses increased significantly during lockdown in any of the three countries. Regarding their economic situation, Spanish MS patients reported a significantly less severe negative impact than those in Cuba and China. Patients from all three countries used digital or social media platforms more frequently, probably to maintain personal relationships. Chinese and Cuban respondents were more confident of the control of the pandemic than the Spanish, who were more pessimistic. © 2021