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1.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(21)2022 Nov 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2099523

ABSTRACT

As businesses dealt with an increasingly anxious public during the COVID-19 pandemic and were frequently tasked with enforcing various COVID-19 prevention policies such as mask mandates, workplace violence and harassment (WPV) emerged as an increasing important issue affecting worker safety and health. Publicly available media reports were searched for WPV events related to the COVID-19 pandemic that occurred during 1 March 2020, and 31 August 2021, using Google News aggregator services scans with data abstraction and verification. The search found 408 unique WPV events related to COVID-19. Almost two-thirds involved mask disputes. Over half (57%) of the 408 events occurred in retail (38%) and food service (19%). We also conducted a comparison of events identified in this search to a similar study of media reports between March 2020 to October 2020 that used multiple search engines to identify WPV events. Despite similar conclusions, a one-to-one comparison of relevant data from these studies found only modest overlap in the incidents identified, suggesting the need to make improvements to future efforts to extract data from media reports. Prevention resources such as training and education for workers may help industries de-escalate or prevent similar WPV events in the future.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Workplace Violence , Humans , United States/epidemiology , Workplace Violence/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Workplace
2.
Online Information Review ; 46(6):1152-1166, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070251

ABSTRACT

Purpose - News consumption is critical in creating informed citizenry;however, in the current context of media convergence, news consumption becomes more complex as social media becomes a primary news source rather than news media. The current study seeks to answer three questions: why the shifted pattern of news seeking only happens to some but not all of the news consumers;whether the differentiated patterns of news seeking (news media vs social media) would result in different misinformation engagement behaviors;and whether misperceptions would moderate the relationship between news consumption and misinformation engagement. Design/methodology/approach - A survey consisted of questions related to personality traits, news seeking, misperceptions and misinformation engagement was distributed to 551 individuals. Multiple standard regression and PROCESS Macro model 1 were used to examine the intricate relationships between personality, news use and misinformation engagement. Findings - Results indicate that extroversion was positively associated with social media news consumption while openness was inversely related to it. Social media news consumption in turn positively predicted greater misinformation sharing and commenting. No association was found between Big Five personality traits and news media news seeking. News media news seeking predicted higher intention to reply to misinformation. Both relationships were further moderated by misperceptions that individuals with greater misperceptions were more likely to engage with misinformation. Originality/value - The current study integrates personality traits, news consumption and misperceptions in understanding misinformation engagement behaviors. Findings suggest that news consumption via news media in the digital era merits in-depth examinations as it may associate with more complex background factors and also incur misinformation engagement. Social media news consumption deserves continuous scholarly attention. Specifically, extra attention should be devoted to extrovert and pragmatic individuals in future research and interventions. People with these characteristics are more prone to consume news on social media and at greater risk of falling prey to misinformation and becoming a driving force for misinformation distribution. Peer review -The peer review history for this article is available at:https://publons.com/publon/10.1108/OIR-10-2021-0520

3.
Annals of Tourism Research ; : 103492, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2060338

ABSTRACT

Major crises, such as COVID-19, have had a dramatic impact on tourism work. This paper investigates changes in news media reporting of tourism work from pre-pandemic norms, employing McQuail's classification for media and mass communications. We interrogate 664 news articles across two comparative periods. Findings indicate that news media themes in 2019 were often found in the ‘soft news’ sections, whereas the 2020 news elevated into ‘hard news’ sections, highlighting job losses, precarious work and community spirit. The analysis points to a more sympathetic narrative in the media about tourism employment. Theoretically, the paper is original in applying McQuail's media classification to tourism employment in a crisis context, contributing to our understanding of potential impacts of news media reporting.

4.
Int J Data Sci Anal ; : 1-22, 2022 Oct 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2060136

ABSTRACT

Over the past two years, organizations and businesses have been forced to constantly adapt and develop effective responses to the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic. The acuteness, global scale and intense dynamism of the situation make online news and information even more important for making informed management and policy decisions. This paper focuses on the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, using natural language processing (NLP) techniques to examine the news media as the main source of information and agenda-setters of public discourse over an eight-month period. The aim of this study is to understand which economic topics news media focused on alongside the dominant health coverage, which topics did not surface, and how these topics influenced each other and evolved over time and space. To this end, we used an extensive open-source dataset of over 350,000 media articles on non-medical aspects of COVID-19 retrieved from over 60 top-tier business blogs and news sites. We referred to the World Economic Forum's Strategic Intelligence taxonomy to categorize the articles into a variety of topics. In doing so, we found that in the early days of COVID-19, the news media focused predominantly on reporting new cases, which tended to overshadow other topics, such as the economic impact of the virus. Different independent news sources reported on the same topics, showing a herd behavior of the news media during this global health crisis. However, a temporal analysis of news distribution in relation to its geographic focus showed that the rise in COVID-19 cases was associated with an increase in media coverage of relevant socio-economic topics. This research helps prepare for the prevention of social and economic crises when decision-makers closely monitor news coverage of viruses and related topics in other parts of the world. Thus, monitoring the news landscape on a global scale can support decision-making in social and economic crises. Our analyses point to ways in which this monitoring and issues management can be improved to remain alert to social dynamics and market changes.

5.
2nd ACM Conference on Information Technology for Social Good, GoodIT 2022 ; : 218-224, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2053340

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic has spread globally and affected a large number of people. Previous studies collected online survey and interview data to raise awareness of requirements from people with visual impairments (PVI) under the COVID-19 pandemic, however, little has been observed in PVI's daily activities due to the suspension of face-to-face fieldwork. In this study, we utilized an innovative data source-YouTube videos to fill the vacancy of observation data in this specific topic. Compared to previous studies, we got more voices involved and gained a richer dataset by considering both videos from the visually impaired community where PVI are primary authors and news media videos where PVI are involved as active participants. Eventually, we collected 24 videos created by the visually impaired community and 27 videos from the news media community, where 57 PVI were depicted. This study uncovered the problems causing pandemic-related challenges and suggested the need for explicit guidelines that can make the prevention protocols accessible and inclusive for PVI, as this study indicates that accessibility can be easily missed under unforeseen situations like the COVID-19 pandemic. © 2022 ACM.

6.
Communication, Culture & Critique ; 15(3):299-410, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2051325

ABSTRACT

This introduction to the special issue on the topic of "Centering Women on Post-2010 Chinese TV" presents a brief review of major topics in the scholarship on televisual representations of women in contemporary China. The issue includes five research articles that, collectively, address research gaps in studies of post-2010 Chinese televisual-cultural discourses to do with ethnic minority women, women's media authorship, women's extramarital romance, and national heroines of the COVID-19 pandemic. We propose novel focuses for examining women's plural roles and subjectivities on and off the TV screen. We thus call for complex understandings that move beyond the predominant attention of existing scholarship on conventional depictions of women as (virtuous) wives, (good) mothers, (inspirational) female professionals or heroines, and masculine feminist girls. Instead, this special issue sheds light on the polyvalent and contested positionality of Chinese women as gendered, ethnicized, (trans)nationalized, and romanticized subjects during a (post-)globalization and (post-)pandemic age.

7.
Communication, Culture & Critique ; 15(3):372-392, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2051324

ABSTRACT

From February 2020 to the end of 2021, China's state-controlled media focused on creating its "victorious" narrative of combating the COVID-19 pandemic. This article focuses on two high-profile and COVID-19-themed TV series that aim to rewrite the collective memories of the Wuhan lockdown as part of state's affective governance strategies. Using a feminist textual analysis, the article examines the gendered nature of state narratives by dissecting the representation of national heroines of the pandemic. It demonstrates the centrality of heterosexual families and gender performances in romanticizing individual sacrifices and mass suffering. Unlike the socialist-era role models, the personal weakness and emotional flaws of China's new heroines are tactically displayed to enhance emotional authenticity and resonate with contemporary audiences. Yet these state narratives reflect only stereotypical depictions of femininity within a hierarchical gender order in post-reform China, where moralized womanhood is imbued with a sacrificial attitude that serves to discipline China's female citizens.

8.
Technology, Mind, and Behavior ; 3(3):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2050289

ABSTRACT

As news organizations struggle with issues of public distrust, artificially intelligent (AI) journalists may offer a means to reduce perceptions of hostile media bias through activation of the machine heuristic-a common mental shortcut by which audiences perceive a machine as objective, systematic, and accurate. This report details the results of two experiments (n = 235 and 279, respectively, U.S. adults) replicating the authors' previous work. In line with that previous work, the present studies found additional support for the argument that AI journalists' trigger machine-heuristic evaluations that, in turn, reduce perceptions of hostile media bias. Extending that past work, the present studies also indicate that the bias-mitigation process (if AI, then machine-heuristic activation, therefore perceived bias reduction) was moderated by source/self-ideological incongruity-though differently across coverage of two issues (abortion legalization and COVID-19 vaccine mandates). (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

9.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):156-162, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040743

ABSTRACT

One of the main causes of deterioration in mental health in the pandemic was the mishandling of information. The objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency of fear or perception of misinformation transmitted by the media and its influence on the mental health of the Peruvian population after the first wave. Analytical cross-sectional study. Which measured in almost 10,000 Peruvian inhabitants the perception of fear or exaggeration of the news with a previously validated instrument (global Cronbach's Alpha: 0.92), but this was post-first wave. The main perceptions were shown and it was associated with sex, age and educational level. Television broadcast more fear (12% strongly agree and 27% agree) and exaggeration (13% strongly agree and 26% agree);followed by social media. Men had a higher fear score in general (Coefficient: 1.83;95% CI: 1.01-3.31;p value = 0.047);Furthermore, according to the level of education, compared to those who had up to primary school, those who had secondary school had a higher overall score (Coefficient: 4.53;95% CI: 1.93-10.64;p value = 0.001), of exaggeration (Coefficient: 1.73;95% CI: 1.31-2.28;p value < 0.001), of fear (Coefficient: 1.73;95% CI: 1.31-2.28;p value < 0.001) and communication by friends / health personnel (Coefficient: 1.72;95% CI: 1.29-2.30;p value < 0.001);adjusted for age and department of residence. In general, it was observed that those with only secondary education were more afraid and were influenced by relatives and acquaintances.

10.
Journal of World Sociopolitical Studies ; 6(1):109-131, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2040587

ABSTRACT

During the Covid-19 pandemic, Over the Platforms (OTT) such as Netflix and Amazon multiplied their streaming and eased access to foreign content in India. The hybridity and transnational nature of the digital spaces allowed the audience to consume foreign content beyond the geographies of language and culture. This article aims to analyze the reception and perception of Iranian films in India during the Covid-19 pandemic. The study posits that the shift in the reception of Iranian film in India during the Covid-19 pandemic constructed a positive perception of Iran among the Indian audience. By applying the reception analysis and qualitative content analysis theories, the paper interrogates the way in which film acts as an agency to produce the perception of Iran as a nation among the Indian Audience. For the collection of data, the existing literature has been used. Furthermore, a purposive sample survey among Iranian film lovers had been conducted. The paper also carries a content analysis of the posts, comments, and reviews about Iranian films on social media pages. Iranian films have influenced the Indian audience to such a level that 80% of the respondents want to visit Iran once in a lifetime.

11.
Nigerian Agricultural Journal ; 53(1):388-395, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034243

ABSTRACT

In the past, much of extension worker's activities were done through face-to-face contacts - a tedious and time consuming approach. There is therefore, need to shift from this traditional method of reaching farmers to a more effective, faster and wider means to cover a wide spectrum of clientele. Hence, the study assessed the influence of mass media promoted agricultural programmes on arable crop production in Ezza North L.G.A of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was adopted in the selection of 120 respondents using structured questionnaire. Data collected using primary source were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed that majority (72%) of the farmers were males with a mean age of 41 years, and a mean annual farm income of N380, 000. The major mass media available in the area were radio (98%) and television (92%). The most mass media promoted agricultural programmes in the area were One-Man-One hectare (97%), Covid-19 support loan (90%), and AGSMEIS loan (82%). With the coefficient of multiple determinations (R2) of 0.867, it was observed that mass media promoted agricultural programmes have significant influence on arable crop production in the study area. However, high cost of devices, inadequate capital, lack ICT skills, peer group influence, language barrier, cultural barrier, poor infrastructural development, policy inconsistency, time of programme broadcast, and limited coverage of media waves were identified as the major constraints in the use of mass media in enhancing arable crop production in the study area. The study recommended for improved agricultural extension services delivery to farmers on the effective utilization of mass media for agricultural production.

12.
Journal of Henan Normal University Natural Science Edition ; 49(4):12-22, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026894

ABSTRACT

With the spread of the coronavirus pandemic, traditional and new media and social networking sites have become one of the most effective and influential media tools in shaping the perceptions and trends of the Bahraini public. Thus, the objective of this study is to determine the extent of the Bahraini public opinion's follow-up to television programs during the pandemic. In addition, it aims to monitor the perceptions of the Bahraini public regarding the roles that television programs should play during the pandemic. Furthermore, it attempts to determine the perceptions of the Bahraini public regarding television programs' level of commitment to media performance standards during the pandemic. Lastly, it seeks to measure the perceptions of the Bahraini public regarding the level of commitment of television programs to the professional values of media practices during the pandemic. A quantitative and descriptive research design was used to determine TV shows' commitment to social responsibility during the coronavirus pandemic and its impact on forming the massive awareness as perceived by the Bahraini public. Therefore, the questionnaire was distributed electronically with a request to disseminate it further to include as many participants as possible. A total number of 632 Bahrainis completed the online survey. This study revealed that the Bahraini public opinion's follow-up to TV shows during the coronavirus pandemic indicated an increase in viewership. The general average reached 1.96, with a relative percentage (65.50%). Moreover, the study showed the perceptions of the Bahraini public regarding the roles played by TV shows during the pandemic indicated a high percentage of public opinion regarding the Bahraini television performing its functions and roles during the pandemic, where the average reached 3.75, with a relative weight of 75.1%. In addition, the results showed that the perceptions of the public about the level of commitment of television programs to the standards of moral performance and societal values during the coronavirus pandemic indicated the high approval rates of the respondents on this dimension, where the average reached 4.11 with a relative weight of 82.166%. Furthermore, the results indicated that the perceptions of the Bahraini public about the level of commitment of television programs to media performance standards and the values of professional practice during the coronavirus pandemic indicated a high percentage of respondents' approval of this dimension, where the general average reached 3.878 with a relative weight of 77.56%.

13.
Journal of Health and Social Sciences ; 7(2):236-248, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026011

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Given the high coverage of the mass media and its significant influence in communicating evidence-based health information, the aim of this study was to describe the misnomer in COVID-19 communication across the media in Nigeria. Methods: This was a review of newspaper articles that had been published between 1st February and 31st May 2020. Quantitative content analysis was used to describe and analyze the themes which characterized media representations of the COVID-19 outbreak in Nigeria. Identification of codes and themes was done by the researchers and were used to broadly categorize the data obtained into ‘general’ and ‘thematic’ categories. Coding for the general category included 14 news media outlets during the first three months of COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria. Codes for the thematic category included: Description of COVID-19 in Nigeria, Assurances on COVID-19 containment in Nigeria, Support for COVID-19 management, COVID-19 education, Treatment of COVID-19, and the effects of COVID-19 in Nigeria. Results: In all, 289 news articles met the inclusion criteria and were thus analyzed. The reporting was as follows: Description of COVID-19 (18.3%), Assurances of readiness and containment (13.5%), COVID-19 education (25.3%), Support for management of Coronavirus in Nigeria (14.9%), Treatment of COVID-19 in Nigeria (13.8%), and Effects of COVID-19 (14.2%). Overall, 64 (22.1%) of COVID-19 information across the media was fake news;35 (12.2%) pertained to the “Description of COVID-19” theme, while 29 (9.9%) pertained to the “Treatment of COVID-19” theme. Discussion: To facilitate accurate reporting of detailed information by the news media, a collaboration between health agencies and news media outlets should be enhanced to curtail false information ravaging the society. Take-home message: The role of the media in reporting disease outbreaks cannot be disregarded, although a times they could be misleading, inaccurate, or speculative. To address inaccurate media reporting of health events, open data sharing between scientists, governments, and policymakers, as well as the communication of these to the media should be commenced early in any pandemic situation. © 2022 by the authors.

14.
International Journal of Web Based Communities ; 18(2):150-172, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2022024

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a corresponding infodemic, emphasised by the use of social media as the primary communication channel during lockdowns. This study was aimed at finding the accounts that spread information in Italian on COVID-19, and how such information was propagated in the first Western country to face a lockdown. The presented analysis shows that, besides authoritative news media and institutional accounts, a relevant role was played by actors from the 'civil society', which included a popular virologist as well as a far-right activist and an unfamiliar account supporting anti-government and anti-immigration ideas. Quite surprisingly, this latter account achieved the highest number of retweets despite a relatively low number of followers. Also, it showed information propagation paths similar to health experts and institutions. © 2022 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

15.
Orient Journal of Medicine ; 34(3/4):97-106, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2012180

ABSTRACT

Background: The novel corona virus disease (COVID-19) is a severe highly infectious viral disease. Health workers, including eye health workers, are expected to take measures to prevent disease spread within the health care facility. Satisfactory performance of the risky duties depends on the workers' knowledge and perception of the disease. Objectives: To determine the knowledge and perception of COVID-19 pandemic, and any change in these parameters between the first and second waves of the pandemic, among eye health workers at a tertiary eye centre in Nigeria. Methodology: This study was conducted in two phases in March and December 2020. Eye health workers responded to pre-tested questionnaire on knowledge and perception of COVID-19: disease type, aetiology, disease nature, symptoms, transmission, prevention and fears.

16.
Triplec-Communication Capitalism & Critique ; 20(2):163-178, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2012149

ABSTRACT

This article explores the potentials of blockchain technology to alleviate and/or intensify some of the problems of the information and communication sector. Divided into four sections, the article first explores the democratic deficit within the context of an informed citizenry. This section includes a study of the current public sphere, post-truth politics and populism. Secondly, the article addresses the current information and communication system by investigating today's social media and an ever-changing digital news media landscape. Thirdly, it explores four prevalent approaches toward reforming the information and communication system: fact-checking and debunking, media literacy, regulation and policy reform, and self-regulation. And fourthly, it addresses the central question of the study, which concerns blockchain technology. This disruptive database technology has potential to offer solutions to regaining trust in the information ecosystem, yet like other approaches, when placed within existing socio-economic structures, it falls short in reversing the democratic deficit.

17.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 83(11-A):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2011842

ABSTRACT

This dissertation is a study about how people make (mis)informed decisions in the contemporary media environment where there are growing concerns over misinformation, structural inequalities, and the power of platforms. This dissertation addresses two major questions. First, how do beliefs in misinformation develop as a function of multilevel mechanisms, not only as a result of individual identities, preferences, and media diets, but also as a result of mass media structures that impose contextual influences beyond individual choices? Second, how do we foster "healthy" skepticism that helps citizens detect misinformation on social media platforms, while avoiding perpetuating a contentious understanding of fake news that often leads to anti-democratic outcomes? Through four empirical studies, I use quasi-experiment, computational classification of social media and news texts, scale construction, and panel survey experiment to uncover the multilevel and enduring challenges of misinformation. In PART 1 (Chapter 1 & 2), I demonstrate that disparities in local newspaper context across communities uniquely influence people's beliefs about COVID-19 and politics. When living in a community without a local newspaper, people are less certain about and more likely to underestimate COVID-19 prevalence in their community, which in turn are associated with less social distancing. Further, lacking a local newspaper in one's community amplifies partisan selective exposure and makes it more likely for both Democrats and Republicans to believe in false claims made by national in-party elites. Turning from formation of misinformation beliefs to strategies to mitigate misinformation, In PART 2 (Chapter 3 & 4), I show that concerns over social media misinformation are frequently politicized in mainstream broadcast TV news and in Twitter and Facebook utterances. I contend that not all skepticism leads to a better-informed citizenry and theorize two types of skepticism towards social media misinformation: accuracy- vs. identity-motivated skepticism. I reveal that while accuracy-motivated skepticism decreases people's susceptibility to partisanship-congruent misinformation they later encounter, identity-motivated skepticism fuels biases in believing in congruent misinformation and makes content moderation by social media platforms less effective. Together, these findings seek to advance theory-building that deepens our understanding of how individuals, communities, and societies face the challenges brought by misinformation. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

18.
TripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique ; 20(1):62-81, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1994922

ABSTRACT

Literature now exists on how the media reports on health inequalities. One compelling concept as to the sources and impacts of health inequalities is “social murder” as articulated by Friedrich Engels in his 1845 volume, The Condition of the Working Class in England, whereby the capitalist economic system sent workers prematurely to the grave to serve the profit motives of the bourgeoisie. There is a reemergence of the concept in the academic literature in response to growing social and health inequalities, but is this material being reported to the public? We examine news content since the turn of the 21st century and find a significant increase since 2017 in reporting that evokes the social murder concept in relation to the Grenfell Tower Fire, the COVID-19 pandemic, and the imposition of austerity in Canada and the UK. We consider these developments in relation to journalists’ roles and their reporting on health inequalities.

19.
Online Information Review ; 46(5):954-973, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1992551

ABSTRACT

Purpose>Partisan news media, which often publish extremely biased, one-sided or even false news, are gaining popularity world-wide and represent a major societal issue. Due to a growing number of such media, a need for automatic detection approaches is of high demand. Automatic detection relies on various indicators (e.g. content characteristics) to identify new partisan media candidates and to predict their level of partisanship. The aim of the research is to investigate to a deeper extent whether it would be appropriate to rely on the hyperlinks as possible indicators for better automatic partisan news media detection.Design/methodology/approach>The authors utilized hyperlink network analysis to study the hyperlinks of partisan and mainstream media. The dataset involved the hyperlinks of 18 mainstream media and 15 partisan media in Slovakia and Czech Republic. More than 171 million domain pairs of inbound and outbound hyperlinks of selected online news media were collected with Ahrefs tool, analyzed and visualized with Gephi software. Additionally, 300 articles covering COVID-19 from both types of media were selected for content analysis of hyperlinks to verify the reliability of quantitative analysis and to provide more detailed analysis.Findings>The authors conclude that hyperlinks are reliable indicators of media affinity and linking patterns could contribute to partisan news detection. The authors found out that especially the incoming links with dofollow attribute to news websites are reliable indicators for assessing the type of media, as partisan media rarely receive links with dofollow attribute from mainstream media. The outgoing links are not such reliable indicators as both mainstream and partisan media link to mainstream sources similarly.Originality/value>In contrast to the extensive amount of research aiming at fake news detection within a piece of text or multimedia content (e.g. news articles, social media posts), the authors shift to characterization of the whole news media. In addition, the authors did a geographical shift from more researched US-based media to so far under-researched European context, particularly Central Europe. The results and conclusions can serve as a guide how to derive new features for an automatic detection of possibly partisan news media by means of artificial intelligence (AI).Peer review>The peer review history for this article is available at the following link: https://publons.com/publon/10.1108/OIR-10-2020-0441.

20.
People and Nature ; 3(6):1272-1283, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1990524

ABSTRACT

Many migratory fish populations are declining, threatened by human-induced pressures such as habitat loss and fragmentation caused by dams, roads, land use change, climate change and pollution. However, public awareness of fish migration and associated human pressures remains limited. It is important to communicate about hard-to-see and complex environmental topics and issues, such as fish migration, with young people, who stand to be the most affected by ongoing global changes. Young people are also at a critical stage in their attitude formation and may be particularly receptive to learning enrichment and engagement for behaviour change about environmental issues. Arts-based methods can be particularly effective in fostering broad personal connections with nature, especially for complex topics like fish migration. The collaborative and creative processes involved in developing such media often lack critique, which limits learning from previous experiences. In this article, we reflect on the co-creation of the Shout Trout Workout (STW), a lyric poem, comic and music video for 8- to 14-year-olds, designed to entertain, engage and enrich learning about migratory fishes and aquatic environments. We chart the process of creation, including conception of ideas, writing the poem, fact-checking and developing the storyline with scientists and creating a comic and music video with visual artists and musicians. We explore some of the challenges and merits of collaborative working, consider the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the creative and initial engagement process and share what we learned about creative input, communication and respect. We also discuss how the experience shaped our thoughts about the nature of co-creation itself, and how in creating STW, collaborators contributed to the process in multiple, nuanced and unanticipated ways (e.g. artistic input, ideas, science, dissemination), representing a spectrum of co-creative practice. We hope that sharing our experiences and reflections is useful and inspiring for other cross-disciplinary collaborations, and for those who aim to create learning enrichment and engagement material about ecological processes and environmental issues for young people.

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