Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 523
Filter
1.
JMIR Form Res ; 6(11): e38904, 2022 Nov 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2109560

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Dutch CoronaMelder (CM) app is the official Dutch contact-tracing app (CTA). It has been used to contain the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 in the Netherlands. It allows its users and those of connected apps to anonymously exchange warnings about potentially high-risk contacts with individuals infected with the SARS-CoV-2. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this mixed methods study is to understand the use of CTA in the pandemic and its integration into the Municipal Health Services (MHS) efforts of containment through contact tracing. Moreover, the study aims to investigate both the motivations and user experience-related factors concerning adherence to quarantine and isolation measures. METHODS: A topic analysis of 56 emails and a web-based survey of 1937 adults from the Netherlands, combined with a series of 48 in-depth interviews with end users of the app and 14 employees of the Dutch MHS involved in contact tracing, were conducted. Mirroring sessions were held (n=2) with representatives from the development (n=2) and communication teams (n=2) responsible for the creation and implementation of the CM app. RESULTS: Topic analysis and interviews identified procedural and technical issues in the use of the CTA. Procedural issues included the lack of training of MHS employees in the use of CTAs. Technical issues identified for the end users included the inability to send notifications without phone contact with the MHS, unwarranted notifications, and nightly notifications. Together, these issues undermined confidence in and satisfaction with the app's use. The interviews offered a deeper understanding of the various factors at play and their effects on users; for example, the mixed experiences of the app's users, the end user's own fears, and uncertainties concerning the SARS-CoV-2; problematic infrastructure at the time of the app's implementation on the side of the health services; the effects of the society-wide efforts in containment of the SARS-CoV-2 on the CM app's perception, resulting in further doubts concerning the app's effectiveness among MHS workers and citizens; and problems with adherence to behavioral measures propagated by the app because of the lack of confidence in the app and uncertainty concerning the execution of the behavioral measures. All findings were evaluated with the app's creators and have since contributed to improvements. CONCLUSIONS: Although most participants perceived the app positively, procedural and technical issues identified in this study limited satisfaction and confidence in the CM app and affected its adoption and long-term use. Moreover, these same issues negatively affected the CM app's effectiveness in improving compliance with behavioral measures aimed at reducing the spread of the SARS-CoV-2. This study offers lessons learned for future eHealth interventions in pandemics. Lessons that can aid in more effective design, implementation, and communication for more effective and readily adoptable eHealth applications.

2.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(22)2022 Nov 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2110073

ABSTRACT

The correct treatment of most non-transmissible diseases requires, in addition to adequate medication, adherence to physical activity and diet guidelines, as well as health data monitoring and patient motivation. The restrictions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic made telemedicine tools and mobile apps the best choice for monitoring patient compliance. The objective of this study was to analyze the benefits of an m-Health solution designed specifically for chronic patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. A pragmatic clinical trial with pre-post measurements of a single group was carried out with 70 patients (aged 40+) with one or more chronic conditions. Patients were provided with an ad hoc mobile app and health data measuring devices according to their diseases. The health status of the patients was monitored remotely by health professionals who could also modify the patient's objectives according to their evolution. The results obtained show an average fulfillment of objectives of 77%. Higher fulfillment values: medication adherence (98%) and oxygen saturation (82%); lower fulfillment values: weight (48%), glucose (57%), and distance walked (57%). Globally, the ad hoc app was rated 8.72 points out of 10 (standard deviation 1.10). Concerning the pre-post analysis, there were significant improvements vs. prior apps used by the participants in the following items: improved physical activation and better control of blood pressure, diet, weight, glucose, and oxygen saturation. In conclusion, the telemedicine tool developed was useful in increasing patient engagement and adherence to treatment.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Telemedicine , Humans , Patient Participation , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Glucose , Primary Health Care
3.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1015090, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2109885

ABSTRACT

Italy was the first country in Europe to make vaccination against COVID-19 mandatory for healthcare professionals by imposing restrictions in cases of non-compliance. This study investigates the opinions of the Italian healthcare professionals' categories affected by the regulation. We performed a qualitative online survey: the questionnaire comprised both close- and open-ended questions. The final dataset included n = 4,677 valid responses. Responses to closed-ended questions were analyzed with descriptive statistics. The framework method was applied for analyzing the open-ended questions. The sample spanned all health professions subject to compulsory vaccination, with a prevalence of physicians (43.8%) and nurses (26.3%). The vaccine adhesion before the introduction of the obligation was substantial. 10.4% declared not to have adhered to the vaccination proposal. Thirty-five percent of HPs who opted not to get vaccinated said they experienced consequences related to their choice. The trust in the vaccine seems slightly cracked, demonstrating overall vaccine confidence among professionals. Nonetheless, our results show that whether (or not) professionals adhere to vaccination is not a reliable indicator of consent to how it was achieved. There are criticisms about the lawfulness of the obligation. The data show a great variety of participants interpreting their roles concerning public and individual ethics. The scientific evidence motivates ethics-related decisions-the epidemic of confusing and incorrect information affected professionals. The Law triggered an increased disaffection with the health system and conflicts between professionals. Dealing with the working climate should be a commitment to assume soon.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Vaccines , Humans , COVID-19 Vaccines , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Italy/epidemiology
4.
J Int Med Res ; 50(11): 3000605221135446, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098199

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and significance of ventilator avoidance in patients with critical coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: This prospective observational cohort study evaluated hospital mortality and 1-year functional outcome among critically ill patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The explanatory variable was ventilator avoidance, modeled as 'initial refusal' of intubation (yes/no). Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores were obtained from surviving patients (or their surrogates) via phone or email questionnaire. RESULTS: Among patients for whom intubation was recommended (n = 102), 40 (39%) initially refused (95% confidence interval [CI] 30%, 49%). The risk of death was 79.3% (49/62) in those who did not initially refuse intubation compared with 77.5% (31/40) in those who initially refused, with an adjusted odds ratio for death of 1.27 (95% CI 0.47, 3.48). The distribution of 1-year mRS scores was not significantly different between groups. CONCLUSION: Among critically ill patients with COVID-19-associated ARDS, ventilator avoidance was common, but was not associated with increased in-hospital mortality or 1-year functional outcome.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Critical Illness , Prospective Studies , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/therapy , Ventilators, Mechanical
5.
Br J Health Psychol ; 2022 Nov 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2097708

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Self-efficacy is important for adherence to transmission-reducing behaviours (e.g., physical distancing) as also shown in the CHARIS project. We aimed to show that a theory-based short message can increase physical distancing self-efficacy and intentions to keep physical distance. DESIGN: Structured telephone surveys with a randomly selected nationally representative sample of adults in Scotland (N = 497). METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to one of two experimental conditions: message condition (short message to increase self-efficacy via vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion and emotional arousal) or control condition (no message). Followed by measures for self-efficacy and intention for physical distancing on 4-point scales. Adherence to physical distancing was assessed on a 5-point frequency scale (never - always). RESULTS: Using mediation analyses with bootstrapping procedures, we first confirmed that self-efficacy was associated indirectly with adherence, via higher intentions in a partial mediation (unstandardized indirect effect .21, 95% CI .18-.25). The message increased self-efficacy; participants receiving the message reported higher self-efficacy (M = 4.23, SD = .80) compared to participants in the control condition (M = 4.08, SD = .77; standardized regression coefficient = .19, p < .05) and self-efficacy affected intention (.48, p < .001). There was a small significant indirect effect of the message on intention via self-efficacy (unstandardized indirect effect .07, CI .01-.14). CONCLUSIONS: Increasing self-efficacy for physical distancing with a short message can successfully increase intention to physical distance via increased self-efficacy. As both self-efficacy and intentions are important predictors of adherence to transmission-reducing behaviours short messages have potential to limit the spread of COVID-19.

7.
Medical Journal of Malaysia ; 77(Supplement 3):49, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2093088

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Post COVID care clinic (PCCC) was started in Hospital Sungai Buloh in mid June 2020. Most category 4 and 5 COVID-19 patients would be discharged with a range of medications and will be followed up at PCCC. Some medication requires tapering doses might be burdensome to patients while adverse effects from some medication could also affect compliance. The aims of this study were to review patient clinical characteristics, medication adherence and treatment outcomes to discharge medications. Material(s) and Method(s): A cross sectional study at the PCCC from April 1 to May 21, 2021 was conducted. Patients who attended PCCC and gave consent were included in the study. Assigned pharmacist approached the patient with the case report form and the Malaysia Medication Adherence Assessment Tool (MyMAAT) was self administered by the patient or caregiver. Result(s): A total of 128 patients were included in the study. Majority of patients seen were with co- morbidity hypertension and diabetes. Complications of COVID-19 reported were mostly organizing pneumonia (90%) and pulmonary embolism (43%). Most patients (91%) discharged with at least one medication and anti-inflammatory was the most commonly prescribed (93%). Oral prednisolone and dexamethasone were prescribed over several days to weeks in the treatment of organizing pneumonia. Patients on anti- inflammatory reported the highest adverse drug reactions (93%). Overall adherence to discharge medications in the PCCC was good (76%). However, there could be potential for under-reporting of side effects experiences for one or more of discharge medications as a result of completed treatment. Conclusion(s): This was the first study done specifically to review the discharge medications in a PCCC. Good adherence was shown despite several adverse drug effects reported by post COVID-19 patients.

8.
Can J Respir Ther ; 58: 151-154, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2091556

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The use of high-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) is a simple method that can reduce intubation in patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure (ARF). Early and prolonged prone position has demonstrated benefits on mortality in mechanically ventilated patients and on intubation in awake patients with ARF. However, strategies to achieve adherence to awake prone positioning (APP) have not been previously described. Case and outcomes: We present six patients with ARF due to COVID-19 treated with HFNO and APP. The median (p25-75) of PaFiO2 upon admission was 121 (112-175). The average duration of APP on the first day was 16 h (SD 5 h). Duration (median p25-75) in APP for the following 20 days was 13 (10-18) h/day. Several strategies such as the presence of a health care team, recreational activities, adaptation of the circadian rhythm, oral nutritional support, and analgesics were used to improve prone tolerance. None of the patients suffered from delirium, all were ambulating on discharge from the ICU and none require intubation. Conclusion: The case series presented show the feasibility of prolonged use of HFNO and APP in patients with COVID-19 and severe persistent hypoxemia and described strategies to enhance adherence.

9.
Pan Afr Med J ; 42: 307, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2090889

ABSTRACT

Introduction: community health workers play important roles in curtailing the spread of COVID-19. This study therefore investigated the knowledge, attitude and adherence to practice of COVID-19 prevention-protocols among community health workers in selected States of Nigeria. Methods: purposive sampling method was adopted. A cohort of community health workers testing and enrolling human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive-clients into care were involved in the study. Questionnaire on Microsoft forms was completed by 366 participants. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical methods. Results: key findings revealed that 87.80% have good knowledge of COVID-19; 96.10% positive attitude towards COVID-19 prevention-protocols and 97.20% adhere to the protocols. Demographics variables have significant positive effect on adherence to COVID-19 prevention-protocol among the respondents as follows: marital status (X2: 21.91; p: <0.05), gender (X2: 9.01; p: 0.003), ethnic group (X2: 17.45; p: <0.05), State of residence (X2: 32.51; p: <0.05), education status (X2: 18.44; p: 0.005). Findings revealed there is no significant relationship between knowledge of COVID-19 and the anxiety status of community health workers (p=0.90). There is positive relationship between knowledge of COVID-19 and attitude to guidelines and adherence to COVID-19 prevention-protocols. R=0.20 (<0.05) and 0.195 (<0.05) respectively. Conclusion: the high knowledge of COVID-19, positive attitude and adherence to the prevention-protocols among community health workers provides assurance of their ability to provide factual information to the community and their ability to promote good attitude and adherence to the prevention-protocols. Key sociodemographic variable like marital status, gender, ethnic groups, educational status and State of residents play significant roles in adherence to COVID-19 prevention-protocols.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Community Health Workers , Humans , Nigeria , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , COVID-19/prevention & control , Cross-Sectional Studies
10.
Euro Surveill ; 27(42)2022 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2089698

ABSTRACT

BackgroundDuring the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, key persons who were formally or informally active in community organisations and networks, such as sports clubs or cultural, educational, day care and healthcare facilities, occupied a key position between governments and citizens. However, their experiences, the dilemmas they faced and the solutions they generated when implementing COVID-19 measures in their respective settings are understudied.AimWe aimed to understand how key persons in different community organisations and networks experienced and responded to the COVID-19 measures in the Netherlands.MethodsBetween October 2020 and December 2021, the Corona Behavioural Unit at the Dutch national public health institute, conducted qualitative research based on narratives derived from 65 in-depth interviews with 95 key persons from 32 organisations and networks in eight different sectors.ResultsFirstly, key persons enhanced adherence and supported the resilience and well-being of people involved in their settings. Secondly, adherence was negatively affected where COVID-19 measures conflicted with important organisational goals and values. Thirdly, small changes and ambiguities in COVID-19 policy had substantial consequences, depending on the context. Fourthly, problem-solving was achieved through trial-and-error, peer support, co-creation and transparent communication. Lastly, the COVID-19 pandemic and measures highlighted inequalities in access to resources.ConclusionPandemic preparedness requires organisational and community preparedness and a multidisciplinary public health approach. Structural engagement of governments with key persons in community organisations and networks is key to enhance public trust and adherence to pandemic measures and contributes to health equity and the well-being of the people involved.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Public Health , Netherlands/epidemiology
11.
Patient Prefer Adherence ; 16: 2821-2834, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2089572

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Community pharmacists play a key role as vaccinators for COVID-19. They can reduce the burden of the disease worldwide. Objective: This study used a cross-sectional questionnaire to determine whether the Saudi Arabian public was willing to obtain the COVID-19 vaccine via community pharmacists. Results: The questionnaire focused on the satisfaction, concerns, and opinions towards providing vaccination by community pharmacists. The study featured 415 individuals aged 18 and older (eligible for the COVID-19 vaccine). Of the participants in this study, 58.1% were aged 18-25, with 55.4% female. Most participants (72.8%) have not been exposed to COVID-19 and are not aware of the approval of COVID-19 vaccination by community pharmacists. Of the 415 complete questionnaires, 45% believed that community pharmacists are not experienced in administering vaccines. However, 63% of participants are satisfied with getting the COVID-19 vaccination by a community pharmacist if no other option is available. More than 68% of the respondents agree that community pharmacies should expand their health care services to include vaccinations, prescriptions, checkups, and other forms of preventative medicine. Discussion: The availability of community pharmacist-administered vaccination in Saudi Arabia could be a significant factor in the success of the country's vaccination program. This study may serve as a model to expand the role of pharmacists in other countries' vaccination programs.

12.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 800, 2022 Oct 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2089168

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In-person directly observed therapy (DOT) is commonly used for tuberculosis (TB) treatment monitoring in the US, with increasing usage of video-DOT (vDOT). We evaluated the impact of COVID-19 on TB treatment adherence, and utilization and effectiveness of vDOT. METHODS: We abstracted routinely collected data on individuals treated for TB disease in Baltimore, Maryland between April 2019 and April 2021. Our primary outcomes were to assess vDOT utilization and treatment adherence, defined as the proportion of prescribed doses (7 days/week) verified by observation (in-person versus video-DOT), comparing individuals in the pre-COVID and COVID (April 2020) periods. RESULTS: Among 52 individuals with TB disease, 24 (46%) received treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic. vDOT utilization significantly increased in the COVID period (18/24[75%]) compared to pre-COVID (12/28[43%], p = 0.02). Overall, median verified adherence was similar pre-COVID and COVID periods (65% versus 68%, respectively, p = 0.96). Adherence was significantly higher overall when using vDOT (median 86% [IQR 70-98%]) compared to DOT (median 59% [IQR 55-64%], p < 0.01); this improved adherence with vDOT was evident in both the pre-COVID (median 98% vs. 58%, p < 0.01) and COVID period (median 80% vs. 62%, p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: vDOT utilization increased during the COVID period and was more effective than in-person DOT at verifying ingestion of prescribed treatment.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Telemedicine , Tuberculosis , Humans , COVID-19/drug therapy , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use , Pandemics , Medication Adherence , Directly Observed Therapy , Tuberculosis/drug therapy
13.
International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy ; 22(3):331-344, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2084007

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, elderly adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have experienced difficulties to adhere to their therapy (TA), a situation which not only has had an impact on their glycemic control, but on their quality of life (QoL) as well. Telepsychology has proved to be an effective alternative to treat health-related complications in patients with this disease, however, results of same are unknown among the Latin American population. The aim of this study was determining the effect of Online Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on TA, overall QoL and specific QoL in two elderly adults with T2DM. The case of a 62-year-old woman and a 60-year-old man who was offered an intervention consisting of nine sessions offered through a video conference platform is presented. The procedure included: psychoeducation, self-control training techniques, behavior reinforcement, feedback and problem solving. The Objective Clinical Change (OCC) evidences an increase in TA behaviors, such as use of medications, following a healthy diet (OCC≥ 0.20) and monitoring capillary blood glucose in the medium term (four months). Likewise, improve specific QoL for T2DM patients (OCC≤ -0.20). It is concluded that telepsychology is a low-cost, safe, feasible and effective type of therapy to increase and maintain TA behaviors, as well as to improve the QoL of patients suffering T2DM. Even though, more research is needed to increase the effectiveness of this therapy modality © 2022 AAC

14.
Pak J Med Sci ; 38(8): 2289-2295, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2080956

ABSTRACT

Background & Objective: Transplant recipients are at a high risk of critical COVID-19 illness due to chronic immunosuppression and their underlying medical condition. Our objective was to study the COVID-19 related fears and adherence to infection control measures in solid organ transplant recipients during COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted during the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic (April- August 2020) in Punjab, Pakistan, as a part of province wide COVID-19 awareness drive 754 recipients registered at Punjab Human Organ Transplantation Authority (P-HOTA) for solid organ transplant were contacted telephonically and administered a self-constructed questionnaire. The participants' response was linked to demographic, anthropometric and disease characteristics available in organizational data base. Results: Seven hundred fifty four patients who had undergone transplant or were on list during the time period 2018-2020 were identified from data base of PHOTA. 648 patients were contacted while 80 were found to have expired post- transplant and 26 recipients were still on the waiting list. The median age was 31-40 years, with male predominance (5:1). A majority of patients (93%) were found to be well informed about corona infection and its impact on their illness (89%) but (59%) of the recipients had a fear score 25-34(severe) of acquiring infection with female predominance (61%). All the recipients adhered to measures like wearing masks, frequent hand washing and maintaining safe distance .65.9% patient's preferred online consultation while (77.9%) patients left their shoes outside their house. Conclusion: During the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic Solid Organ Transplant patients seemed well informed of COVID-19 infection and adhered to precautionary measures against the infections. About 78% of recipients reported that their health and quality of health care (61.1%) during this period remained the same while 3.4% reported of being infected or a contact history with COVID-19 patients.

15.
Front Rehabil Sci ; 3: 942475, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2080304

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with bladder cancer (BC) have a high prevalence of comorbidity and low adherence to systemic anticancer treatment but it is unknown whether this is associated with sarcopenia. Objective: We aimed to investigate if the sarcopenia-defining parameters (muscle strength, muscle mass and physical performance) were associated with reduced adherence to systemic anticancer treatment in patients with BC, and if these muscle domains changed during treatment. Methods: Patients >18 years of age with BC referred for chemotherapy or immunotherapy at Department of Oncology, Rigshospitalet, Denmark were eligible for study inclusion. Measurements were performed before treatment initiation and within one week after treatment termination, and consisted of assessments of muscle strength, muscle mass, and physical performance. Data was compared with thresholds outlined by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older Patient's (EWGSOP2) guidelines and a healthy, age-matched Danish cohort. Results: Over a period of 29 months, we included 14 patients of whom two completed follow-up measurements. The recruitment rate was <50% of planned due to logistics and Covid-19 related limitations. Consequently, a decision to prematurely terminate the study was made. No patients fulfilled EWGSOP2 criteria for sarcopenia, but the majority had reduction in one or more muscle domains compared to healthy, age-matched individuals. The majority of patients had poor treatment tolerance, leading to dose reductions and postponed treatments. Conclusions: In this prematurely terminated study, no patients fulfilled EWGSOP2 criteria for sarcopenia, yet, most patients were affected in one or more muscle domains and the majority had compromised treatment adherence.

16.
JMIR Form Res ; 6(10): e41415, 2022 10 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2079998

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hydroxyurea therapy is effective for reducing complications related to sickle cell disease (SCD) and is recommended by National Health Lung and Blood Institute care guidelines. However, hydroxyurea is underutilized, and adherence is suboptimal. We wanted to test a multilevel mobile health (mHealth) intervention to increase hydroxyurea adherence among patients and improve prescribing among providers in a multicenter clinical trial. In the first 2 study sites, participants were exposed to the early phases of the COVID-19 pandemic, which included disruption to their regular SCD care. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the implementation of an mHealth behavioral intervention for improving hydroxyurea adherence among patients with SCD. METHODS: The first 2 sites initiated enrollment 3 months prior to the start of the pandemic (November 2019 to March 2020). During implementation, site A clinics shut down for 2 months and site B clinics shut down for 9 months. We used the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance (RE-AIM) framework to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of the intervention. mHealth implementation was assessed based on patients' daily app use. Adherence to hydroxyurea was calculated as the proportion of days covered (PDC) from prescription records over the first 12 and 24 weeks after implementation. A linear model examined the relationship between app usage and PDC change, adjusting for baseline PDC, lockdown duration, and site. We conducted semistructured interviews with patients, health care providers, administrators, and research staff to identify factors associated with mHealth implementation and effectiveness. We used a mixed methods approach to investigate the convergence of qualitative and quantitative findings. RESULTS: The percentage of patients accessing the app decreased after March 15, 2020 from 86% (n=55) to 70% (n=45). The overall mean PDC increase from baseline to week 12 was 4.5% (P=.32) and to week 24 was 1.5% (P=.70). The mean PDC change was greater at site A (12 weeks: 20.9%; P=.003; 24 weeks: 16.7%; P=.01) than site B (12 weeks: -8.2%; P=.14; 24 weeks: -10.3%; P=.02). After adjustment, PDC change was 13.8% greater in those with increased app use after March 15, 2020. Interview findings indicated that site B's closure during COVID-19 had a greater impact, but almost all patients reported that the InCharge Health app helped support more consistent medication use. CONCLUSIONS: We found significant impacts of the early clinic lockdowns, which reduced implementation of the mHealth intervention and led to reduced patient adherence to hydroxyurea. However, disruptions were lower among participants who experienced shorter clinic lockdowns and were associated with higher hydroxyurea adherence. Investigation of added strategies to mitigate the effects of care interruptions during major emergencies (eg, patient coaching and health navigation) may "insulate" the implementation of interventions to increase medication adherence. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04080167; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04080167. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): RR2-10.2196/16319.

17.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-11, 2022 Oct 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2077424

ABSTRACT

There is a need for a measure to monitor adherence to transmission-reducing behaviours (TRBs) during pandemics. An adherence measure can monitor current TRBs, assess change over time and, potentially, predict later behaviours. The TRB adherence measure (scale consisting of seven items) includes questions based on government behavioural directives in Scotland that were common internationally, i.e., physical distancing, face covering and hand hygiene. Data were collected weekly for 6 weeks at the beginning of the pandemic, including a later follow-up repeated measure of some participants, in 20-minute structured telephone surveys with a nationally representative random sample of adults in Scotland. A total of 2969 people completed the adherence items and were highly adherent. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a unidimensional scale (CFI = .95; TLI = .93; RMSEA = .08; SRMR = .08), although internal consistency was low (Cronbach's alpha = .49). The adherence score significantly predicted adherence to a validity test item (ΔR2 = .114, F(1,2964) = 379.76, p < .001). It also predicted adherence to TRBs later over and above personal habitual styles (Creature of Habit Scale: COHS). The adherence score has been developed for routine monitoring of adherence to TRBs during the COVID-19 pandemic. It can be used to predict future similar behaviours and adherence to other behaviours, although it may be necessary to explore adherence to the specific behaviours occasionally. Adherent behaviour for one TRB is likely to be associated with adherence to government directives to other TRBs. Importantly, these TRBs are likely to be crucial in reducing COVID-19 case numbers, as well as protecting against other infectious diseases including influenza and the common cold.

18.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(20)2022 Oct 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2071437

ABSTRACT

To expand the application area of the reference group and enrich exercise theoretical research, based on Stimulus-Organism-Response (SOR) framework, this study examines the external factors that motivate adherence to exercise. Taking reference group and strategy and cultural fit as the main stimuli, and personal investment and life satisfaction as mediating variables, this study explores the influence of external stimuli on residents' exercise behavior. In order to enrich the sample size, two surveys of 734 Chinese residents in two cities (Xiamen vs. Fuzhou) were conducted using factor analyses, regression analysis, and t-test analysis. The results indicated that the reference group and strategic and cultural fit as external stimuli impact on residents' personal investment, life satisfaction and exercise adherence, and that personal investment and life satisfaction as the organism has an impact on residents' exercise adherence. Personal investment and life satisfaction play a chain mediating role between the reference group and exercise adherence, and between strategy and cultural fit and exercise adherence. Moreover, the t-test determined the differences between Xiamen and Fuzhou residents' exercise adherence and life satisfaction. Residents' surroundings affect their exercise behavior and life satisfaction. These findings have implications for policymaking aimed at promoting national exercise, which could gradually improve residents' physical fitness, particularly in light of the current coronavirus emergency.


Subject(s)
Exercise , Personal Satisfaction , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cities
19.
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2069268

ABSTRACT

Background/Objectives Adherence to medication(s) is an essential component of holistic management in any chronic disease including in post liver transplant patients. Thus, this study aimed to assess adherence to medications in Indian pediatric liver disease patients (including post liver transplant recipients) and to identify variables affecting its occurrence. Methods A cross sectional study was conducted amongst pediatric (<18 years of age) subjects with Wilson disease (WD) and Autoimmune liver disease (AILD) along with post liver transplant (LT) recipients from May 2021 to October 2021. Structured tools using pre-validated questionnaires (‘Medication adherence measure’ (MAM), and the ‘The Child & Adolescent Adherence to Medication Questionnaire’ (CAAMQ) were used to collect data related to non adherence prevalence (based on missed and late doses) and factors influencing the adherence. Results A total of 152 children were included in the study (WD 39.5 %, AILD 32.9 % & Post LT 27.6 %). Prevalence of missed and late dose non adherence (at a cut off of > 20 %) was 12.5 % and 16.4 % respectively. Older age (odd’s ratio/O.R 1.185), stay in a rural area (O.R 5.08), and barriers like ‘bad taste of medication’ (O.R 4.728) and ‘hard to remember the medication’ (O.R 7.180) were independently associated with non adherence (p < 0.05). Conclusions Overall, non adherence was seen in 12 to 16 % i.e. around one-sixth of the patients, with least non adherence seen in post liver transplant recipients (0 to 2.4 %). Older age of the patient, rural place of stay and personal barriers like hard to remember/forgetfulness and bad medication taste were identified as factors independently leading to non adherence.

20.
Nutrients ; 14(19)2022 Oct 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2066300

ABSTRACT

The Mediterranean diet (MD) is a plant-based diet associated with a reduction in the risk of developing COVID-19 comorbidities. Lockdown instigation during the COVID-19 pandemic has affected eating habits and lifestyles, highlighting the need to analyze the healthiness of new consumption patterns. We conducted a survey to assess lifestyle change in Tunisian adults and their MD adherence. A total of 1082 respondents completed a self-administered online survey designed to assess their food and lifestyle habits. Poor overall adherence to MD was observed (mean MEDAS score 6.6, SD 1.07) in a preponderance of the mid-MD adherent subgroup (71.2% of the participants). Location, age, profession, and household welfare proxy were the main determinants of high MD adherence. When adjusting for sociodemographic variables, location and income remained statistically significant. Positive health outcomes were noticed in respondents with high MEDAS scores. Most importantly, binary logistic regression showed that risk of COVID-19 infection decreased as MEDAS score increased for unvaccinated obese participants (OR = 0.63; confidence interval (CI) 0.4-0.98; p = 0.045). Regarding lifestyle changes, confinement had contributed to an overall reduction in cigarette consumption, sleeping hours, and physical activity. Long-term consequences of these changes on health outcomes must be further explored.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Diet, Mediterranean , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Communicable Disease Control , Feeding Behavior , Humans , Life Style , Pandemics
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL