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1.
Adnan Menderes Universitesi Ziraat Fakultesi Dergisi ; 17(1):107-113, 2020.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100858

ABSTRACT

In Ceylanpinar State Farm conditions, 2-3-4-5-6-7 > 537 head of the Awassi sheep flock, by examining the lambing parameters, this study was carried out to determine the number and ratio of single, twin, total and general lambs according to age groups. In this context, the highest, lowest and general average values according to age groups are respectively (head;%, head);2 (age) 122 +or- 1.38;89.71-14 +or- 1.09;10.29, 136 +or- 1.24, 4 (age) 75 +or- 1.39;78.13-21 +or- 1.13;21.87, 96 +or- 1.26 and 448 +or- 1.33;83.43-89 +or- 1.11;16.57, 537 +or- 1.22. When the distribution of the effects of birth type, sex on lamb birth live weight is examined, single male (kg/head), single female (kg/head), total of single lamb (head) and overall average single lamb birth live weight (kg/head) When ordering twin male (kg/head), twin female (kg/head), total twin (head), overall average twin lamb birth live weight(kg/head) maximum, minimum and general respectively;5 (age) 5.3 +or- 1.28, 4.9 +or- 1.22-61 +or- 1.41, 5.1 +or- 1.25;4.6 +or- 1.29, 4.0 +or- 1.22-32 +or- 1.15, 4.3 +or- 1.30, 2 (age) 4.2 +or- 1.19, 3.8 +or- 1.17-122 +or- 1.38, 4.0 +or- 1.18;3.6 +or- 1.19, 3.1 +or- 1.14-28 +or- 1.09, 3.4 +or- 1.17, determined. This result were statistically significant differences between lambing mother age and lambing type, lamb sex and live birth weight it was determined (P 0.05). Increasing the demand for mutton in the process of Covid-19 pandemic, these differences can be lamb meat under the conditions of limited sheep breeding, local sheep presence and sheep products can be increased. In terms of lambing parameters, if the high breeding populations are used as breeding material for the breeding of domestic breeds as Awassi, it will be possible to increase the local and regional sheep production efficiency. The pandemic negative impact of sheep breeding process can be minimized in Turkey.

2.
Journal of International Agricultural and Extension Education ; 29(1):8-21, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100055

ABSTRACT

COVID was politically polarizing, had global and public health impacts, and created havoc in supply chains. Social dilemmas caused by the pandemic were difficult, but also created opportunities to be resilient and innovative in agricultural extension education. This mini-ethnographic case study examined three Greek agricultural sectors from the perspectives of experts in extension and higher education. Data included semi-structured interviews, review of technical reports, and photographs in developing each case study. From the cross-case analysis, there were four emerging themes: environmental, economic, and social impacts and the innovative solutions used to address these concerns. What we have learned, and where we go from here requires reimagining training and education to broaden our reach and approaches. There is a need to educate stakeholders to access reliable data, become citizen scientists, engage in learning communities in virtual settings across sectors, and become more entrepreneurial to sustain the environment, food security, and financial stability within communities worldwide.

3.
European Journal of Migration and Law ; 24(2):179-312, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2091991

ABSTRACT

This special issue aims to critically explore the complex links between labour migration and the agri-food sector in Europe, drawing attention to the variety of legal and social factors and issues at stake in the contemporary forms of exploitation underpinning the agri-food system. Five papers are presented sequentially, so as to unravel an analysis of migrant agricultural labour in different comparative contexts, from the Mediterranean to the far North of Europe, considering the production of fresh fruit and vegetables in fields and greenhouses, berry picking and meat processing, and how this has been impacted by labour market transformations and labour reforms, interventions to address the vulnerable conditions of workers in the agri-food sector, and the effects of COVID-19.

4.
Sustainability ; 14(12), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2080473

ABSTRACT

This article describes the multi-function of the metropolitan agricultural parks (MAPs) in Milan (Parco Agricolo Sud Milano) and Naples (Parco De Filippo) and their resilience within the last COVID-19 lockdown period. These parks play an important role in the urban regeneration and social inclusion processes in their relative metropolitan areas. Nevertheless, the restrictions imposed to limit COVID-19 contagions have imposed their closure or severely limited their activities, with evident consequences for the local population's well-being. This study's novelty is twofold: it is the first study examining the resilience and sustainability impact of MAPs during COVID-19;additionally, it is the first survey making use of Milan and Naples practices. The work uses primary and secondary data and mixed methods. Exploiting a document analysis and the elaboration of a semi-structured interview with the directors, the article lists the multiple functions of the parks and underlines their multidimensional governance vocations for fostering sustainable development - environmental, economic and social functions. The study also reveals that, during the lockdown, the parks' activities were strongly reduced or restructured. Recreational and educational activities were lifted in Parco Agricolo Sud in Milan whilst local farms restructured their food supply and fostered their network and linkages with the urban distribution channels. MAP in Naples had to stop its activities and reorganize into a smart-working system. Lastly, our study found that economic and farm network activities were resumed with greater urgency in Milan, whereas in Naples the recovery of the social practices has taken on greater importance.

5.
Land ; 11(6), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2055289

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the world economy since 2020. This study analyzed the impact of the pandemic on innovative agri-food companies from different branches of agro-industrial activity located in Extremadura (Spain). The main aim of this study was to determine which activities have been most affected. Differences between actions and changes made depending on the nature of the product, process, or services were also evaluated. The information was obtained from an online questionnaire in which the research questions were posed (what consequences, actions, or changes has the pandemic had on the development of firms' activities?). Data were analyzed descriptively, and a statistical study was conducted on the existence or absence of independence between effects and actions based on the branches of activity of agri-food industries. The main results showed that companies' financial (decrease in turnover and reduction/displacement of product demand) and operational functioning (difficulty in marketing activities and standstill/decline in the fiscal year) has mainly been affected. In response, innovative agro-industries have acted regarding their processes (increased ICT use and new marketing strategies) and procedures (implementation of stricter hygienic-sanitary protocols and reorganization of activities and personnel) to deal with the negative effects on their activities. In general, all agro-industrial branches have incorporated changes in their products and services, mainly by providing new and better customer benefits, and improving product formats and forms of payment to suppliers. These findings provide information for the regional public administration in the development of initiatives that mitigate the negative effects of the pandemic and favor the implementation of actions that help the adaptation of agro-industrial activities. Agricultural policies should incorporate specialized measures to ensure the global sustainability of the food and agriculture system and the supply and production.

6.
Revista Paranaense de Desenvolvimento ; 140:71-88, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046696

ABSTRACT

Sectors strategic to the post Covid-19 economic recovery Parana are identified here by using an input-output matrix and economic indicators calculated from 2018 Parana-Rest of Brazil interregional system data. Intersectoral linkages indices portray food industry, civil construction, commerce and land transport as driving sectors of the state economy. Results concerning production, employment and income are higher for the textile and clothing, commerce, accommodation and food, education, health, and software development sectors, the latter being an important sector for the emergence of micro and small business. Incentive actions directed to strategic sectors in the economic recovery involve professional qualification, microcredit, business incubators, and extension activities focusing the dissemination of new communication and sales technologies.

7.
Arroz ; 70(556):3-12, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046620

ABSTRACT

This article examines the increase in prices of farm inputs (herbicides, insecticides, fungicides and fertilizers) in 2021 and the reasons for the increase, including the rise in energy costs, the disruption caused by outbreaks of new variants of COVID-19, and the increase in international freight prices. It is concluded that there are definitely external factors, beyond local control, that are drastically affecting the prices of farm inputs, a situation that directly harms the Colombian agri-food market by significantly increasing production costs due to the high dependence on imported products and raw materials necessary in the national agrochemical and fertilizer industry. There is a need to implement technologies and cultivation practices that lead to the reduction and/or rationalization in the use of inputs, seeking to reduce production costs and increase yields.

8.
Electronic Outlook Report from the Economic Research Service 2021. (FDS-21c):18 pp. ; 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046504

ABSTRACT

U.S. Ethanol Market Faced Shock in 2020: The US. ethanol market faced pandemic-related shocks in 2020, as COVID-19 reduced driving miles and demand for transportation fuel. These shocks ultimately impacted U.S. feed-grains markets, particularly corn. Since the creation of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) in 2005, and the subsequent passage of RFSZ in 2007, the use of corn for ethanol fuel has created a link between US. feed grain markets and transportation fuel use. As a result of this linkage, the sudden change in social and economic behaviors caused by COVID-19 led to changes in US. com markets. The following is a broad summary of the pre-pandemic state of the ethanol market, the 2020 ethanol market, and the identification of certain market factors that are expected to be important for the outlook of the US. ethanol market. Ethanol Market Trends and Conditions Prior to COVID-19: For the 4 years spanning 2016-2019, the US. motor gasoline product supplied was quite stable. According to US. Energy Information Administration data (EIA), monthly gasoline product supplied averaged about 11.9 billion gallons between 2016-2019. Deviations generally followed seasonal patterns. Gasoline supply levels began 2020 up slightly from their 2016-2019 averages: 11.4 billion gallons in January, compared to an average January-supply level of 11.3 billion gallons and 10.9 billion gallons in February, compared to an average of 10.7 billion gallons.

9.
AgriFutures Australia Publication 2021. (21-129):vi + 16 pp. ; 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046142

ABSTRACT

What the report is about: The Rice Industry Leadership Program 2017-2020 was extended due to COVID-19. This report outlines all the programs that have been completed. Who is the report targeted at?: The AgriFutures Rice Advisory Panel. Where are the relevant industries located in Australia?: The rice-growing regions of southern NSW. Background: For the past decade, the rice industry has been evolving and growing to understand the importance of strong leadership. It does this through becoming an industry that truly believes in its people and their ability to innovate, grow and adjust to changes brought about by water reform, pressure from other crops and permanent horticulture, climate variability and market pressures. Our leaders are not only seen as leaders in the rice industry, but also as leaders within their communities, of which the rice industry is very proud. It hopes these leaders continue to influence not only industry but also regional communities. Recognising the opportunity to continue the great work in leadership, the Ricegrowers' Association (RGA) applied for and received $367,960 in funding from the Australian Government's $5 million Leadership in Agricultural Industries Fund. In addition to federal funding, the RGA was also supported by key organisations in the rice industry: AgriFutures Australia, SunRice, the Rice Marketing Board of the State of NSW, and Rice Extension. This $662,760 funding enabled the Rice Industry Leadership Program 2017-2020 to be established. Aim/objectives: The RGA believes that developing leaders is an investment in the future of our industry. The objective of the Rice Industry Leadership Program 2017-2020 was to provide an opportunity for potential leaders of our industry to undertake training to develop their leadership skills. The development of strong and effective industry leaders helps the rice industry to structurally adjust to the many drivers of change influencing the industry, and to continue its economic, environmental and innovation success. Through strong leadership, the industry is better positioned to embrace the opportunities and challenges facing the industry. Methods used: Methods used through the Rice Leadership Program consisted of residential training workshops, short face-to-face workshops, online learning opportunities, and social networking events. Results/findings: Over the duration of the program, 163 people completed leadership programs. The key findings for this project illustrated a need for professional development opportunities across the rice industry, the broad agricultural sector and, in particular, our regional communities. Because people working in agriculture often find it to be isolating, the social interaction and networking in this program was a key to its success. A limited number of people in the industry are willing to take on leadership roles outside their own business. This finding will affect industry stakeholders because there is a risk of not having the right people to lead the businesses and industry in the future. Implications for relevant stakeholders: Through this program's strong commitment to investing in future leaders, we were able to improve the industry's ability to pursue initiatives in the public interest, and to deliver direct and indirect benefits for community. Throughout the leadership program, a common value that has been reinforced is the important role the rice industry plays economically, socially and environmentally for local businesses, communities, and the broader agricultural and irrigation industries. The Rice Industry Leadership Program has made progress towards addressing the leadership needs of those respective organisations and communities. Recommendations: We strongly believe the Rice Industry Leadership Program has helped to ensure the future success of the rice industry by delivering high-quality leadership development opportunities for growers and industry associates. The RGA has built a strong brand over the past 10 years for delivering leadership programs. We recommend that the RGA continue t

10.
Industria Saccarifera Italiana ; 113(1/2):3-5, 2020.
Article in Italian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2045457

ABSTRACT

The international economy is already being severely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, both directly and indirectly as a result of the required controls put in place to stop the disease's spread. The food and agriculture industry is likewise being affected by these effects. While the food supply has been stable thus far, in many nations the virus-containment efforts are beginning to affect the flow of agro-food items to markets and consumers, both domestically and abroad. The composition of the industry as well as the degree of demand for specific commodities are both significantly changing. How detrimental these effects wind up being to food security, nutrition, and the livelihoods of farmers, fishers, and others involved in the food supply chain will be greatly influenced by the short-, medium-, and long-term policy responses. Governments have a lot on their plates right now, including responding to the health crisis, dealing with the fallout from the economic shock, and making sure the food system runs smoothly. While the pandemic creates some major short-term issues for the food system, it also presents a chance to speed up changes in the food and agriculture industry that will increase its resilience to a variety of threats, including climate change.

11.
Louisiana Agriculture ; 65:2, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2044964

ABSTRACT

This article presents an overview of the growth of the Louisiana nursery industry and the labour challenges the industry is facing. Labour issues in the nursery industry are not easily solved, considering the nature and seasonality of employment and competition from other industries. Despite the benefits associated with the H-2A guest worker program, particularly securing seasonal workers in times of need, which allows nurseries to cope with labour shortages, few Louisiana nurseries rely on the H-2A program. Moreover, prolonged impact of the COVID-19 pandemic also raises concerns on ways the industry needs may change and how it will affect securing labour.

12.
Journal of ISSAAS ; 28(1):152-153, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2044831

ABSTRACT

Prior to the pandemic, agri-tourism was on its rise in the Philippines. It is known as a fusion of Agriculture and tourism, linked to other sectors, including hospitality and transportation. However, travel bans and other restrictions amid the COVID-19 pandemic have adversely affected tourism. This study aimed to describe the pandemic effects on agri-tourism enterprises in the province of La Union, Philippines, and their adaptation strategies. A survey of 16 enterprises was conducted in May 2021. Descriptive and content analysis was employed to analyze the data and information gathered. The pandemic was found to have significantly affected the enterprises' marketing function, resulting in financial losses and adjustments to their business models. Their adaptation strategies were categorized as either survival or sustaining. Survival strategies were the farms' initial coping mechanisms like shifting to a new market, lowered prices, and switching to online marketing. On the other hand, sustaining strategies were also known as long-term solutions like diversification and expansion. The enterprises that adopted both strategies had wider offerings and possessed more than one accreditation. It is recommended that agri-tourism enterprises continue strategizing as the pandemic remains a threat. They should consider employing sustaining strategies for post-pandemic.

13.
Nigerian Journal of Animal Production ; 49(3):195-212, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040729

ABSTRACT

The current COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the agricultural value chains in Nigeria to economic uncertainties with the livestock sector at the receiving end of the impact of the accompanying effects. The present study assessed the extent of the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on livestockfarmers. Aweb-based cross-sectional online questionnaire survey was conducted in randomly selected 12 States in Nigeria. Data gathered through the questionnaire included;respondents' demographic characteristics, knowledge and attitude regarding COVID-19 pandemic, extent of impact of the pandemic, farm activities severely affected and mitigation efforts made by the affected livestock farmers. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics, including frequency count, percentage, mean and confidence interval set at p<0.05. This study revealed that majority (73%) of the livestock farmers were aware of COVID-19 pandemic, 66% practiced intensive farming system while 62% were into poultry production. Knowledge and attitude of livestock farmers regarding COVID-19 revealed that 86% of the respondents believed that COVID-19 did not have a specific drug for treatment, 97% agreed with the principle of hand washing, 70% had hand washing stations on their farms while 59% believed that animals could be infected with the disease. Of the extent of the impact of COVID-19, 42% claimed to have had high blood pressure, 80% lacked funds to run their farms while 27% witnessed the loss of loved ones, 86% of the farmers were severely affected in marketing of their products and services;72%, 52% and 72% were affected in restocking, farm cleaning and transportation, respectively. As a result of the pandemic, 39% sought for loans and reduced labour, 24% stopped payment of salaries while 23% reduced the quantity and quality of feeds given to their animals. The present study highlighted the devastating effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the livestock industry in Nigeria. Therefore, concerted efforts to ensure the survival of the livestock industry must be put in place by individuals and the government at large to salvage current situation and emergency preparedness protocol should be put in place in case of future occurrence.

14.
Sustainable Agriculture Research ; 11(3):20-26, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040283

ABSTRACT

The Specialty Crop Industry was hard hit after Covid-19 was declared a pandemic. Concerns of the future of the industry triggered the initiation of a Qualtrics survey to investigate growers' attitude and behaviors amidst Covid-19, identify new production practices and cost analysis going into the fall crop season. The results of the survey conducted from June 10-July 02, 2020 will also be useful to Extension professionals in other regions and Policymakers in determining financial assistance programs for growers who suffered from Covid-19 pandemic. Results depicted that 62.5% of farmers will plant the same acreages in the fall of 2020 amidst the pandemic.

15.
Les Cahiers du CREAD ; 38(3):478-512, 2022.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040230

ABSTRACT

Covid-19 and the Ukrainian crisis have put the question of the "food emergency" back on everyone's agenda. If the need to ensure food security is unanimous in Algeria, this is however not the case for the future orientation of public policies in this area. This work attempts to contribute to this debate through a strategic prospective analysis to 2035 identifying new orientations for policies to support agricultural and fisheries production systems. It demonstrates that it is necessary, in order to better prepare for these "long and short time" challenges, to act now and to go further "than instead of" marginal adjustments. Also, these new policies must accompany "a double paradigm shift" that of the food model and the agricultural and fisheries production systems. The establishment of a cross-cutting food security policy in Algeria therefore appears to be essential to promote and succeed in this new dynamic.

16.
Jiangsu Journal of Agricultural Sciences ; 38(4):1099-1105, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040042

ABSTRACT

In this paper, fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) was used to analyze the relationship between export growth of edible fungi and trade environment under the background of COVID-19 prevalence from a configurational perspective. The results showed that, single environmental factor did not constitute a necessary condition for high export growth. There were three trade environment configurations that generated high export growth, and there was a complementary relationship between epidemic risk of COVID-19 and economic growth, technical barrier. Both epidemic risk of COVID-19 and technical barrier showed a bidirectional effect on export growth. Economic cardinality and economic growth jointly affected the sensitivity of export growth to transportation cost.

17.
PLoS Sustainability and Transformation ; 1(8), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2039450

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted agriculture in India in many ways, yet no nationally representative survey has been conducted to quantify these impacts. The three objectives of this study were to evaluate how the pandemic has influenced: (1) cropping patterns and input use, (2) farmers' willingness to adopt sustainable agricultural practices, and (3) farmers' COVID-19 symptoms. Phone surveys were conducted between December 2020 and January 2021 with farmers who had previously participated in a nationally representative survey. Values are reported as weighted percent (95% confidence interval). A total of 3,637 farmers completed the survey;59% (56-61%) were small/marginal farmers;72% (69-74%) were male;and 52% (49-55%) had a below poverty line ration card. A majority of farmers (84% [82-86%]) reported cultivating the same crops in 2019 and 2020. Farmers who reported a change in their cropping patterns were more likely to be cultivating vegetables (p = 0.001) and soybean (p<0.001) and less likely to be cultivating rice (p<0.001). Concerning inputs, 66% (63-68%) of farmers reported no change in fertilizers;66% (64-69%) reported no change in pesticides;and 59% (56-62%) reported no change in labor. More than half of farmers (62% [59-65%]) were interested in trying sustainable farming, primarily because of government schemes or because their peers were practicing it. About one-fifth (18% [15-21%]) of farmers reported COVID-19 symptoms in the past month (cough, fever, or shortness of breath) and among those with symptoms, 37% (28-47%) reported it affected their ability to work. In conclusion, COVID-19 infections had started to impact farmers' productivity even during the first wave in India. Most farmers continued to grow the same crops with no change in input use. However, many expressed an interest in learning more about practicing sustainable farming. Findings will inform future directions for resilient agri-food systems.

18.
ACIAR Final Reports 2020. (FR2021/030):45 pp. 31 ref. ; 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034270

ABSTRACT

This project aimed to identify and prioritize opportunities for sustainable development of groundwater resources with specific focus on the lowland plains and upland plateaus of Laos. It addressed this aim through three key objectives: (1) establish the potential to develop groundwater for irrigation in key hydrogeological settings in Southern Laos;(2) assess the opportunities that solar-powered pumping technologies may provide smallholder farmers seeking to engage in more profitable, market-oriented agriculture;and (3) enhance the capacity of current and emerging groundwater professionals in Laos. Two areas with promising aquifer development potential were selected in Southern Laos: a drought-prone lowland area underlain by sandstone aquifers in Savannakhet province (Outhomphone district);and a wetter, upland basaltic area on the Bolaven Plateau (Pakxong district). For the first objective, a preliminary hydrogeological assessment was undertaken based on the collation and analysis of existing (limited) data supplemented by data from a network of around 40 to 50 monitoring wells in each district and other hydrogeological measurements collected during two field campaigns. For the second objective, the opportunities for solar-powered groundwater pumping to provide an alternative to conventional grid electricity or fuel pumps was explored through policy analysis and the evaluation of a demonstration project as well as actual field operations. The third and final objective involved a cross-cutting effort to enhance capacity of current or emerging groundwater professionals. For Outhoumphone, where the need for dry season access to reliable groundwater sources is high, the sandstone aquifers present are likely sufficiently replenished but inadequately productive to provide a substantial resource for expanding dry season irrigation. Drillers in the area report well instability, saline water and drilling failure as common technical challenges. With adequate field investigations these challenges may be overcome and supplies for commercial agriculture could become feasible. For Pakxong, where the basaltic aquifers are more productive and reliable, field observations show that more entrepreneurial farmers have already started to develop groundwater for high value commercial crops. There is clear scope to expand irrigation development. Drillers report high success rates for wells and this is supported by the aquifer testing undertaken during this research. Even though policies on solar technologies in agriculture are limited, the solar industry appears to be expanding rapidly, with over twenty solar companies based in Laos;most of which are also servicing the agricultural sector. A demonstration site operated by the National Agriculture and Forestry Research Institute in Vientiane Capital provides firsthand experience of solar pumping and data is emerging on its functioning and performance. Rapid assessments of six solar pumping sites on the Vientiane Plain show that better-off farmers and investors with the means to afford the upfront capital cost are accessing water on demand at effectively little or no marginal cost. Although the situation is evolving rapidly, solar water pumping for agriculture still remains an emerging technology in Laos and hence the long term technical performance, economic viability and potential impacts on the groundwater resources remain entirely unanswered at the present time. A one-week hydro-geophysics training course took place in Pakxong in November 2020 that involved 14 attendees from government agencies and the national university. Training was provided in fieldwork and analysis in new techniques to investigate groundwater using geophysical equipment, site wells, drilling and aquifer testing and aquifer conceptualization. In-situ guidance was provided by in-country team members supported by higher level oversight provided remotely by trainers based in Australia due to travel restrictions associated with COVID-19. The project has also enabled 5 Bachelor, Master and Doctorate students to unde

19.
Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Economics ; 43(1):51-71, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034247

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of Covid-19 saw the loss of jobs which necessitates the need to embrace entrepreneurship, especially among women who are more economically marginalized in the labour market in Sub-Sahara Africa. The disease outbreak warrants the need to consume healthy food which many women especially those heading their households could not afford due to inactive economic engagement. This present study found the need to beam a searchlight on mediating role of entrepreneurship development on the economic growth of women in Nigeria. Data for the study came from a cross-section of Five hundred (500) women entrepreneurs, randomly selected to represent 71% of the total sample size. Structural equation modelling (SEM) technique was used to operationalize the study objectives and suppositions. Constructively, it was found that psychological indicators (PSYI) and knowledge of business practice indicator (KBPI) catalyzed entrepreneurship development in the area by 17.8% and 38.1% respectively. This strong affinity or association between the PSYI and KBPI indirectly resulted in over 100% growth in the economic status of women in the area. Hypothetically, PYSI and KBPI were mediated to economic growth through entrepreneurship development by 5% and 1% levels of probability which caused the rejection of the null hypotheses two and three. The study explicitly suggests that separating household and business income, and maintaining a separate business account, among others are the knowledge of business practice indicators;openness to change, and desire for self-independent among others are the psychological indicators, while the increase in the size of the inventory among others is the business performance indicator that stimulates entrepreneurship development;These led to higher formalization, and increases in capital investment as entrepreneurship development indices that stimulates economic growth. Thus, women entrepreneurs should be properly trained on the guiding principles of entrepreneurship development and practices. The study, therefore, recommends that government and non- governmental agencies should concentrate effort on training women to come near competence in their economic activities.

20.
Nigerian Agricultural Journal ; 53(1):388-395, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034243

ABSTRACT

In the past, much of extension worker's activities were done through face-to-face contacts - a tedious and time consuming approach. There is therefore, need to shift from this traditional method of reaching farmers to a more effective, faster and wider means to cover a wide spectrum of clientele. Hence, the study assessed the influence of mass media promoted agricultural programmes on arable crop production in Ezza North L.G.A of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was adopted in the selection of 120 respondents using structured questionnaire. Data collected using primary source were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed that majority (72%) of the farmers were males with a mean age of 41 years, and a mean annual farm income of N380, 000. The major mass media available in the area were radio (98%) and television (92%). The most mass media promoted agricultural programmes in the area were One-Man-One hectare (97%), Covid-19 support loan (90%), and AGSMEIS loan (82%). With the coefficient of multiple determinations (R2) of 0.867, it was observed that mass media promoted agricultural programmes have significant influence on arable crop production in the study area. However, high cost of devices, inadequate capital, lack ICT skills, peer group influence, language barrier, cultural barrier, poor infrastructural development, policy inconsistency, time of programme broadcast, and limited coverage of media waves were identified as the major constraints in the use of mass media in enhancing arable crop production in the study area. The study recommended for improved agricultural extension services delivery to farmers on the effective utilization of mass media for agricultural production.

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