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1.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-14, 2021 Nov 22.
Article | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2028874

ABSTRACT

Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, concerns have been raised about an 'infodemic', with information and misinformation being spread across multiple channels and mediums. Information consumption has also been associated with increased anxiety throughout the pandemic. Thus, the present study investigates the mediating role of state anxiety on the relationship between information consumption (defined as mean frequency of information consumption multiplied by number of information sources) and COVID-19 protective behaviours. We compare results across Australian and United States samples and account for personal risk perception and belief in misinformation about COVID-19. Cross-sectional data collected between 28 and 30 April 2020 were analysed using Bayesian structural equation modelling among participants from Australia (N = 201), and the United States (N = 306). State anxiety scores were above the conventional clinical cut-off. Information consumption was positively associated with state anxiety, personal risk perception, and COVID-19 protective behaviours in the Australian and the United States samples. Additionally, the relationship between information consumption and COVID-19 protective behaviours was positively mediated by state anxiety in both nations, suggesting some functional benefits of anxiety. Differences in risk perception and belief in misinformation existed between the Australian and United States sample. Findings provide support for current guidance from organisations such as the WHO, APA, and APS on limiting information consumption to reduce anxiety. To effectively communicate critical public health messaging while minimising potential burdens on mental health, there is a need to develop and test interventions that assist people in calibrating the extent and nature of their information consumption.

2.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-343310

ABSTRACT

Background: Caring Contacts can effectively reduce suicide ideation, attempts, and death. In published clinical trials, messages were sent by specialists who knew the recipient. At scale, Caring Contacts programs rarely introduce the recipient and sender. It is not known whether receiving Caring Contacts from someone unknown is as effective as messages from someone the recipient knows. Methods: Pragmatic single masked randomized controlled trial with 1:1 allocation to Caring Contacts with (CC+) versus without an introductory phone call (CC). Recruitment occurred January-July 2021, with outcomes assessed at 6 months. Participants were healthcare providers/staff and primary care patients at a not-for-profit health system in Idaho, United States reporting adverse mental health outcomes on a qualifying survey. CC+ calls focused on connection and were semi-structured. All participants were sent 11 standardized caring text messages over 6 months;when participants replied, they received personalized unscripted responses. The primary outcome was loneliness (NIH Toolkit). Findings: Among patients, 165 were randomized to CC+ (mean (SD) age: 46.7 (15.7), 79.4% female), and 166 were randomized to CC (mean (SD) age: 44.3 (17), 78.3% female). Among providers/staff, 167 were randomized to CC+ (mean (SD) age: 40.1 (11.4), 89.8% female), and 168 were randomized to CC (mean (SD) age: 41.6 (12.2), 83.3% female). There were no significant differences in loneliness at 6 months by treatment arm in either stratum. In patients, mean (SD) loneliness was 61.9 (10.7) in CC, and 60.8 (10.3) in CC+, adjusted mean difference of -1.0 (95% CI: -3.0, 1.0);p-value=0.31. In providers/staff, mean (SD) loneliness was 61.2 (11) in CC, and 61.3 (11.1) in CC+, adjusted mean difference of 0.2 (95% CI: -1.8, 2.2);p-value=0.83. Interpretation: Including an initial phone call added operational complexity and cost without significantly improving the effectiveness of a Caring Contacts program. Trial Registration: The Mental Health Among Patients, Providers, and Staff (MHAPPS) Trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04700137), with the following identifier: NCT04700137.

4.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-343181

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study investigates the interrelationship among COVID-19 anxiety, mindfulness, COVID-19 information avoidance, preventive behavior, and academic performance. Research methodology: The study assessed protective factors as mediators of COVID-19 anxiety and academic performance using WarpPLS. The study participants were K-12 Filipino students from a secondary school in Cagayan, Philippines, identified through convenience sampling. Results: COVID-19 anxiety, mindfulness, information avoidance, and preventive behavior were found to be negatively correlated. Preventive behavior is associated with improved academic performance. Conversely, there was a negative correlation between mindfulness, COVID-19 information avoidance, and academic performance. The association between COVID-19 anxiety and academic achievement is only mediated by mindfulness and preventive behavior. Limitations: Preventive factors that may affect COVID-19 anxiety and academic achievement are only considered. Also, the participants are limited to a secondary school in Cagayan, Philippines. Contribution: With the pandemic having a substantial influence on the municipality, the study would be helpful to manage and control the effect of the outbreak on the academic performance of the learners.

5.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-343177

ABSTRACT

The impact of the global COVID-19 pandemic, including the indirect effect of policy responses, on psychological distress has been the subject of much research. However, there has been little consideration of how levels of population distress rise and fall with the duration and repetition of lockdowns, or the rate of resolution of distress once lockdowns ended. This study describes the trajectories of psychological distress over multiple lockdowns during the first two years of the pandemic across five Australian states for the period May 2020 to December 2021 and examined whether distress trajectories varied as a function of time spent in lockdown, or time since lockdown ended. A total of N = 574,306 Australian adults completed Facebook surveys over 611 days (on average 940 participants per day). Trajectories of psychological distress (depression and anxiety) were regressed on lockdown duration and time since lockdown ended. Random effects reflecting the duration of each lockdown were included to account for varying effects on distress associated with lockdown length. The prevalence of distress was higher during periods of lockdown, more so for longer lockdowns relative to shorter lockdowns. Distress increased rapidly over the first weeks of lockdown, though less rapidly for short lockdowns. Distress levels tended to stabilise, or even decrease, after ten consecutive weeks of lockdown. After lockdown restrictions were lifted, distress rapidly subsided but did not return to pre-lockdown levels within four weeks, although continued to decline afterwards. In Australia short pre-signaled duration lockdowns were associated with slower rises in distress. Lockdowns may have left some temporary residual population effect, but we cannot discern whether this reflects longer term trends in increasing distress.

6.
Ir J Med Sci ; 2022 Mar 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2027651

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study was planned to examine the effects of tele-yoga training on menstrual symptoms, quality of life, anxiety-depression level, body awareness, and self-esteem in healthy women. METHODS: Thirty-two healthy premenopausal women between the ages of 18 and 45 were included in the study. The women were randomly divided into two groups as tele-yoga training (n: 16) and the control group (n: 16). The tele-yoga training was performed on the Zoom software for 6 weeks, 2 times a week and 45 min a day. No intervention was made in the control group. Menstrual pain and symptoms by Menstrual Symptom Scale (MSS), quality of life by Nottingham Health Profile (NHP), depression levels by Beck Depression Scale (BDS), anxiety levels by State and Trait Anxiety Scale (STAI), body awareness by Body Awareness Questionnaire (BAQ), and self-esteem by Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) were determined. RESULTS: In the tele-yoga training group, statistically significant improvements were observed in the MSS total (p = 0.001), negative effects (p = 0.003), menstrual pain symptoms (p = 0.003), coping methods (p = 0.001) sub-parameters, BDS score (p = 0.000), NHP sleep (p = 0.021), energy (p = 0.002), emotional (p = 0.000), and isolation (p = 0.039) sub-parameters. In the control group, there was statistically significant worsening in the NHP total score (p = 0.000). As regards the differences in values between the two groups, there were statistically difference in favor of the training group in sub-parameters of MSS, NHP sleep, energy, emotional, and isolation sub-parameters, and BDS and BAQ scores (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: It is thought that tele-yoga training may be a safe and effective method in reducing menstrual symptoms and depression, increasing quality of life, and body awareness.

7.
2022 International Conference on Machine Learning, Big Data, Cloud and Parallel Computing, COM-IT-CON 2022 ; : 141-149, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2029192

ABSTRACT

Anxiety and Depression are among the extremely crucial mental health issues. Every year, millions of individuals suffer from depression and anxiety, yet only a small percentage of them receive timely treatment. Throughout the last few decades, the evolution of machine learning methods has considerably aided in the development of technologies that assist clinicians in predicting various sorts of mental illnesses. As the Covid-19 pandemic rapidly spreads over the world, the global gaming industry is booming. Youth is increasingly focused on digital games due to lockdown and social distancing policies. This work presents a system for predicting if a player suffers from psychological illnesses such as anxiety and depression by combining game and player information with a selfesteem measure. The game and player's data has been gathered from two questionnaires namely, GAD and SWL, and multiple state-of-the-art simulations have been conducted. Four different machine learning classifiers were tested using 10-fold cross-validation approach on data set of internet gamers. Among the four algorithms, Decision Tree classifier showed the best accuracy for all predicted parameters. For GAD and SWL questionnaires, decision tree obtains accuracy of 100% and 84.71% respectively. © 2022 IEEE.

8.
The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development ; 35(4):328, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2027156

ABSTRACT

Background: The Coronavirus pandemic has resulted in an extreme challenge for humanity in recent times, like the challenges faced during World War II. Its origin has been pointed out, and the speculation made on its source directly points towards Wuhan in China. Since then, it has spread across the globe. The pandemic has resulted in more than one million deaths, which is a considerable challenge for humanity. Objective: With the pandemic of COVID-19, prevention of patient infection is crucial. This research focused on the orthopedic operating room nursing model effect based on evidence-based nursing and PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-act) cycle during the COVID-19 outbreak. Materials and Methods: From February 2020 to May 2020, 146 patients were admitted and received orthopedic surgery at Xuanwu Chunshu Hospital, Beijing, China, these admissions were grouped into control and intervention groups, which was based on the treatment provided. Satisfaction, time to bed and hospitalization, postoperative incision infection, and the occurrence of deep venous thrombosis of lower extremities, pain degree score, surgical treatment effect, anxiety, and depression scores were compared for all the admissions between the control and intervention groups. Results: In the control group, nursing satisfaction was less than in the intervention group. The time of getting out of bed and hospitalization was less in the intervention group;The total incidence of postoperative incision infection and lower limb deep vein thrombosis in the intervention group decreased. In the first postoperative day, the pain level in the intervention group was less than the control group. The effectiveness rate in the observation group is higher than that of the control group. Anxiety and depression scores of both groups tended to decrease with time and there was an interactive effect between grouping and time, where these differences were found to be statistically significant (P-value<0.05). Conclusion: The clinical application of the orthopedics operating room nursing model based on evidence-based nursing and PDCA cycle is remarkable and worth implementing during the COVID-19 outbreak.

9.
Pan Afr Med J ; 41: 345, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2025519

ABSTRACT

Introduction: on January 7th 2020, SARS-CoV-2 was identified in Wuhan, China, and on March 11th, 2020, the World Health Organization declared it a "Pandemic". The aim of this research is to assess depression, anxiety, work, and social status in healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: the research was designed to be a cross-sectional face-to-face survey. The study included 111 healthcare employees and 222 non-healthcare workers between the ages of 18 and 65 who applied to the hospital. For some reason, no one was excluded from the research. Socio-demographic and lifestyle-related questions, depression, anxiety, work-social adjustment scores, and pandemic-social status-operation connections were all assessed using a self-report questionnaire containing psychometric measures. Results: the mean age of the participants in the study was 33.67±10.01 and 59% of the participants were female. PHQ9: 11.67±6.41, GAD7: 9.06±5.81, and W&SAS: 17.55±10.98 were the scores of the healthcare professional groups. PHQ9: 10.25±6.21, GAD7: 7.59±5.65, and W&SAS: 14.75±10.27 were the non-healthcare professional groups' results. When the PHQ9, GAD7, and W&SAS scores of both groups were compared, there was no statistically significant difference in the PHQ9 depression score between the two groups (p=0.107), the GAD7 (p<0.05) and W&SAS (p<0.05) scores of the healthcare professionals were statistically significantly higher. Conclusion: in comparison to the non-healthcare worker group, healthcare professionals had the same level of depression, greater levels of moderate and high anxiety, and higher levels of work-social adjustment disorder. Unlike the literature, we found that the degree of depression fell to the same level as the non-health professional group in our study, but it was still disadvantaged in terms of anxiety and work-social adjustment.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Health Personnel , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/epidemiology , Female , Health Personnel/psychology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Turkey/epidemiology , Young Adult
10.
Practising Midwife ; 25(8):26-30, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2026913

ABSTRACT

The perinatal period is a high risk for onset and relapse of mental health problems. The COVID-19 pandemic is a particularly stressful occurrence with reported negative impacts on perinatal mental health, hence the need to understand these impacts on pregnant and post-partum childbearing women and people, and prioritise interventions to alleviate them. This is the first of two articles.

11.
International Journal of Health Sciences ; 6:1463-1471, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026887

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Prenatal yoga is a modified type of Hatha yoga that is adjusted to the condition of pregnant women. This study aims to determine the effect of prenatal yoga on the anxiety level of pregnant women in the third trimester during the Covid-19 pandemic in Purbalingga. Methods: This study used Pre-Experimental Design with One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. The sample in this study was 576 pregnant women in clinics in Purbalingga. It used the total sampling technique. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate analysis. Results: The results showed that the pretest results of anxiety scores of pregnant women who take prenatal yoga classes are 16.48 with a standard deviation of 5.598, a median of 16.00 (minimum 3-maximum 33). Then, after prenatal yoga, the anxiety score is 4.67 with a standard deviation of 2.862, and a median of 4.67 (minimum 0- maximum 11). Then, the Wilcoxon test obtains a p-value of 0.000 (<0.05). Conclusion: It can be concluded that there is a difference in the level of anxiety before and after the intervention in the form of prenatal yoga. Prenatal yoga reduces anxiety levels in pregnant women in the third trimester during the Covid-19 pandemic. © 2022 International Journal of Health Sciences.

12.
International Journal of Health Sciences ; 6:5134-5151, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026880

ABSTRACT

Dental practitioners are at risk due to direct contact with possibly infected patients as front-line health care professionals during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Therefore, it is of interest to measure the anxiety, fear, awareness and economic effect of the epidemic on Indian dentists at work .This study was conducted utilizing an online survey questionnaire and Google forms from August 22nd to August 23rd, 2021. A total of 485 doctors took part in the survey. The questionnaire included open-ended, closed-ended, and Likert five-point scale items to measure anxiety, awareness, and the financial impact of COVID-19 on dentists. The Mann-Whitney test was used for two groups. The Kruskal–Wallis test was used as a post-hoc test for multigroup comparisons. The average age of the participants was 36.5 ± 9.2 years, with the majority (75.21%) being just graduate dentists. More than 80.1% of interviewees expressed concern about contracting COVID-19. Younger dentists and females have higher levels of anxiety than older dentists. The level of awareness and practice of COVID-19 precautions and infection-control measures among these dentists (94.1%) was found to be high. This is due to age, qualification, and designation (except GP vs. Specialist). Data shows that about 75 percent of practitioners said their income had decreased by roughly 50 percent, independent of demographic characteristics. Data also shows that Indian dentists had a high degree of knowledge and awareness during the COVID-19 epidemic despite fear and anxiety. © 2022 International Journal of Health Sciences.All rights reserved.

13.
International Journal of Health Sciences ; 6:310-319, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026872

ABSTRACT

Online learning causes student anxiety during the Covid-19 pandemic. Anticipatory guidance is a form of guidance provided for students to anticipate the occurrence of anxiety. However, the problem is that students in Indonesia consider learning assignments to be the cause of anxiety during online learning. This makes the reason that the importance of guidance for students in preventing anxiety so that online learning can be carried out effectively. The purpose of this research is to build an android-based application to anticipate the occurrence of anxiety for students that is easily accessible and understandable. This research method uses Research & Development (R&D). The subjects in this study were material experts, media experts, and students. The data collection tool used is in the form of a validation sheet to obtain an assessment of the validator or experts. The results show that after design validation by the three material experts an average score of 84.8 was very good and the validation of the three media experts obtained an average score of 72.14 in the good category. Based on the ten student opinions regarding anticipatory guidance on anxiety using an Android-based application, the score was very good in terms of appearance, ease of use of the application and material content related to material clarity, and language. Of the ten students' opinions regarding the android-based application, it gave a proper value to be used as anticipatory guidance on student anxiety during online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. © 2022 International Journal of Health Sciences.

14.
International Journal of Health Sciences ; 6:12086-12098, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026868

ABSTRACT

Background - Mental health care and concerns are usually overlooked when there are limited resources available to contain the pandemic. In this global COVID-19 crisis, mental health issues have increased and became one of the most underrated and widespread health concerns globally. Objectives - This study is an attempt to review the existing mental health concerns in the post-pandemic era through various strategies related to mental health care and global experiences with special emphasis on the context of India. By reviewing existing evidence, this study proposes recommendations and conceptual framework for mental health concerns in the pandemic. Methodology - The researchers have searched through Google Scholar and various electronic databases like PubMed, Web of Science, SCOPUS, etc. with the search terms like "psychiatry", "mental health", "COVID-19", "Coronavirus", "SARS-CoV-2", "anxiety", "stress", "depression", etc. in several combinations. They compiled information from published magazines, newspaper articles, journals, official websites of several NGOs and institutions and web pages, press releases, verified pages on social media, etc. Results - Some of the common health concerns reported were anxiety, stress, insomnia, depression, anger, denial, and fear. Some of the most vulnerable groups were older people and children, people with current mental health problems, and frontline workers. Suicide attempts were also very common amidst the pandemic. A lot of measures are taken across the world to address issues related to mental health by using intervention strategies and guidelines. Social media has played a great role in this context. State-sponsored intervention, toll-free numbers to address behavioral and psychological problems and tele-psychiatry consultations have been provided by the Indian government. Conclusion - A need-based intervention approach is needed that is specific to vulnerable groups with a positive approach and risk management strategies at par with epidemiology of Coronavirus evolving these days. Prioritization and planning of mental health care would be instrumental in serving the most vulnerable population. © 2022 International Journal of Health Sciences. All rights reserved.

15.
Hacettepe University Journal of the Faculty of Pharmacy ; 41(4):211-220, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026851

ABSTRACT

Community pharmacists have been on the frontlines during the 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Although the mental health and anxiety levels of many other health workers are studied in this period, literature is very limited to understand the experience of pharmacists. This study aims to define the anxiety level of community pharmacists in Istanbul during the COVID-19 pandemic and identify possible influencing factors. The population of the study is community pharmacists from pharmacies in Istanbul. In this cross-sectional study, 348 pharmacies are selected by simple random sampling. Participants are approached via telephone and inquired with questions about sociodemographic information, work conditions, COVID-19 specific concerns, and the Beck Anxiety Inven-tory. 239 (68.7%) pharmacists responded. This study identifies that, by the 6th month of the pandemic, the mean anxiety score of the pharmacists in Istanbul is 9.4±10.6, and 54.8% (n=134) of the participants is experiencing “minimal” anxi-ety. However, they have some COVID-19 specific concerns (becoming infected and transmitting the disease to family or environment) at high and extreme lev-els. Those concerns significantly increase the anxiety score. The findings of this study are promising for public health, as they show that community pharmacists could cope with the psychological effects of the pandemic. © 2021, Hacettepe University, Faculty of Pharmacy. All rights reserved.

16.
Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology ; 11(2):157-170, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026847

ABSTRACT

Background: There is evidence that exposure to heat stress over time may lead to chronic kidney disease. This study aimed to summarize the evidence on the effects of heat stress on renal function among individuals exposed to occupational heat stress. Materials and Methods: In this systematic review, all papers on the effect of heat stress on kidney function among workers at any workplace and heat level were included. Reviews, case reports, conference proceedings, letters, editorials, s without full text, in-vitro, and animal studies were excluded. Furthermore, studies conducted on children, general populations, and hospitalized patients, as well as those not measuring heat stress, were also excluded. Medline, Scopus, ISI, and Embase databases were searched from 1st January 1991 to 19th October 2021. Search criteria were prepared by combining an 'exposed population' AND 'exposure' AND 'outcome' keywords. Quality assessment was done using the National Institutes of Health Quality Assessment tool. Results: A total of 24 articles with 14,282 participants were considered for qualitative synthesis. Although most papers indicated a positive association between heat stress and kidney dysfunction, especially regarding dehydration, the present study found heterogeneous evidence. Glomerular filtration rate, serum creatinine level, and albumin-to-creatinine ratio, due to occupational heat stress, were other markers mentioned in primary studies. Conclusions: This review highlighted the impact of occupational heat stress on renal function. Among the markers investigated in this review, most studies reported a positive association between occupational heat stress and dehydration. © The Author(s) 2022;All rights reserved. Published by Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences Press.

17.
Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology ; 11(2):114-120, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026845

ABSTRACT

Background: Nurses' direct exposure to COVID-19 patients and resulting health anxiety can threaten their performance of human and moral duties. Materials and Methods: This work was a descriptive correlational study. The statistical population was all nurses working in the intensive care unit of COVID-19 patients in Ardabil hospitals in the 2021 year, from which 150 people were selected by convenient sampling. Data were collected using the Health Anxiety Inventory, Scale for Existential Thinking, and the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy. Results: The Pearson correlation coefficient showed that the association between empathy and health anxiety was negative and significant (r =-0.47, P <0.001), and that between empathy and existential thinking was positive and significant (r = 0.31, P <0.001). Also, the correlation coefficients between health anxiety and existential thinking showed a negative and significant association between the two variables (r =-0.28, P <0.001). In addition, the moderated hierarchical regression analysis showed that the interactive effect of health anxiety and existential thinking on nurses' empathy with patients with COVID-19 was 29%. Conclusion: According to the finding of this study, strengthening the spiritual attitude and existential thinking among the nurses of the COVID-19 ward was necessary to reduce health anxiety and its negative effects on the empathetic comunication with patients. © The Author(s) 2022;All rights reserved. Published by Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences Press.

18.
Braz J Psychiatry ; 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2026800

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Coronaviruses that cause respiratory infections in people are known to be neuropathogenic. The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is an association between the severity of viral pneumonia and the anxiety and depression levels of patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 165 patients were included in the study prospectively, and 70 patients were intubated at follow-up. According to the intubation status, the patients were divided into two groups: intubated and non-intubated. RESULTS: The GAD-7 score was 10.37±3.75 (p<0.001) in patients who were intubated after the first 7 days. The length of stay in the ICU was 25±22.3/day (p<0.001), and the length of stay in the hospital was 28.28±23.37/day, which was longer than those who were not intubated (p<0.001). APACHE and SOFA scores, as well as GAD-7 and PHQ-9, were found to be positively related to ICU and hospital length of stay (p<0.01). CONCLUSION: The presence and exacerbation of anxiety and depression symptoms can provide information about the aggravation and progression of the underlying disease.

19.
Philosophia (Philippines) ; 23(2):341-354, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026771

ABSTRACT

The year 2020 began with the world being controlled by a then-unknown force. This unknown force would later be called a coronavirus or Covid-19. Not a single country would be free from infection by this virus. We are petrified with astonishment when confronted with this disease. Initially, after admitting the reality, we started struggling with and revolting against this virus. Time has led us to the consideration of our existence. This pandemic inclines us to revisit the major themes in existential philosophy discussed by Sartre in the Nausea and the philosophy of the absurd by Camus in The Myth of Sisyphus, The Plague, and The Stranger. The study addresses the concepts of anxiety, suffering, freedom, self-deception, absurdity, and choices. When confronted with the reality of the disease, we are shocked by an odd sensation like what Roquentin felt in his experience of nausea. This bizarre feeling brought an initial rejection, a self-deception followed by suffering, and a reflection of one's freedom. The concept of freedom leads us to certain decisions we make and the choices we are offered. The absurdity brought about by the pandemic is a reality that we must accept as it is. How would Sisyphus feel if he were living in the present? The struggle by Sisyphus can be our struggle now against a coronavirus. We feel condemned to roll a rock to the top of a mountain, a punishment that seems like 'futile and hopeless labor.' However, we are stronger than our rock. The paper presents a parallelism between our suffering during the pandemic and the sufferings of Sisyphus and Roquentin. © 2022 Philippine National Philosophical Research Society. All rights reserved.

20.
Wiad Lek ; 75(8 pt 1):1868-1875, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2026697

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To study the structure of cognitive impairment in patients who were hospitalized with moderate to severe COVID-19 pneumonia. Investigate the correlation with demographic, biochemical parameters, as well as the emotional state of the patient. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Cognitive functions were assessed using the MOCA test. PHQ-9 depression and GAD-7 anxiety questionnaires were used to study psychopathological symptoms. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were extracted from medical records. RESULTS: Results: Cognitive performance is impaired in 94% of patients with COVID-19. This allows to suggest that COVID-19 has a serious impact on cognition, especially in elder people. Among different domains only visuospatial and executive functioning, thinking, attention and delayed recall were severely impaired, while other domains stayed relatively intact. Patients after COVID-19 also tend to have a mild depressive and anxiety state. Anxiety levels were higher than depressive levels, but not connected to cognitive functioning. Also, there was seen a positive correlation between anxiety and pO2 and negative between anxiety and comorbid cardiac pathology. However, this requires further studies to reveal. Another interesting finding was non-linear relationship between cognitive performance and depression, that allows to suggest rapidly evolving depressive mood in persons with severe cognitive impairment after COVID-19. Cognitive and emotional state of patients after COVID-19 was also highly connected with working status. CONCLUSION: Conclusion: Significant cognitive impairment was presented in almost all patients with COVID-19. There was a selective impairment in domains of visuospatial/ executive functioning, thinking, attention and delayed recall. Conclusions: Significant cognitive impairment was presented in almost all patients with COVID-19. There was a selective impairment in domains of visuospatial/ executive functioning, thinking, attention and delayed recall.

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