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1.
Acta Agriculturae Zhejiangensis ; 34(3):457-463, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-20240064

ABSTRACT

To establish a method for simultaneous detection of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3), specific primers and TaqMan probes were designed after sequence alignment according to the specific sequences of PCV2 Cap gene and PCV3 Cap gene on GenBank. By optimizing the reaction conditions, a duplex fluorescence quantitative PCR detection method for simultaneous detection of porcine circovirus type 2 and 3 was established, and the specificity, sensitivity, and reproducibility were tested. Specificity test results showed that in addition to the positive test results for PCV2 and PCV3, tests for PRRSV, CSFV, PPV, PRV, PEDV, and TGEV were all negative with no cross-reaction, indicating its good specificity. Sensitivity test results showed that the minimum detection limit for detection of PCV2 and PCV3 can both reach 10 copies.L-1, indicating its high sensitivity. The coefficient of variation within and between groups of this method was less than 2%, indicating its good stability. A total of 181 pork and whole blood samples collected from Zhejiang Province were tested using the detection method established in this article and the standard common fluorescent PCR detection method. The results showed that the positive rate of PCV2 was 50.83% (92/181), the positive rate of PCV3 was 37.57% (68/181), and the co-infection rate of PCV2 and PCV3 was 12.15% (22/181). The above detection results of ordinary fluorescent PCR were 50.28% (91/181), 36.46% (66/181), and the co-infection rate was 11.60% (21/181). The coincidence rates of the two methods for PCV2 and PCV3 can reach 98.91% and 97.06%, and the coincidence rate for PCV2 and PCV3 mixed infection were 95.45%. In summary, the duplex fluorescence quantitative PCR detection method established in this experiment can distinguish PCV2 and PCV3 rapidly, which can be used for pathogen detection and epidemiological investigation.

2.
Journal of Economic Animal ; 27(1):74-78, 2023.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-20239651

ABSTRACT

Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCOV) is a new type of pig intestinal coronavirus, which targets pig small intestinal epithelial cells to cause severe enteritis. After infecting the host, PDCoV finishes its proliferation in the host cell by antagonism or escape the innate immune signaling transduction pathway. In order to understand the action mechanism of PDCOV 0n the congenital immune signal transduction pathways, this paper reviews the effects of PDCOV on RLR, Jak-STAT, MAPK and mitochondrial signaling pathway to clarify the relationship between PDCOV and host innate immune signaling transduction pathways in order to provide help for the prevention and treatment of PDCOV infection.

3.
Zhongguo Yufang Shouyi Xuebao / Chinese Journal of Preventive Veterinary Medicine ; 44(11):1135-1141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-20238997

ABSTRACT

Previous studies have revealed that developmental regulated brain protein (Drebrin) is involved in cell- to-cell communication, nerve transmission, tumor metastasis, spermatogenesis and other life activities, but there are few studies on viruses. The aim of the current research was therefore, to study the function of Drebrin and its effect on the proliferation of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV). The Drebrin gene was cloned according to the Drebrin gene sequence (XM_008015438.2) of Chlorocebus sabaeus registered by GenBank, and the phylogenetic tree was constructed to analyze its homology. The results showed that the CDS region of Vero cells Drebrin gene was 2088 bp long, encoding 695 amino acids, and was relatively conserved and had high homology with all species. To investigate the effect of Drebrin on the proliferation of PEDV in Vero cells, the eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3.1-Drebrin-Flag was constructed. After transfection of Vero cells with different concentrations of pcDNA3.1-Drebrin-Flag, cells were infected with PEDV. Our results showed that overexpression of Drebrin in Vero cells could significantly inhibit the intracellular PEDV mRNA level and N protein expression, reduce the extracellular virus titer and inhibit the proliferation of PEDV. Further study on the interaction between Drebrin and PEDV S proteins by laser confocal technique was also performed. The results showed that Drebrin and S protein were co-located in the cytoplasm, suggesting that the two proteins may interact with each other. This study demonstrated for the first time that Drebrin can inhibit PEDV proliferation in Vero cells, laying a foundation for further research in to Drebrin function and provides a valuable information for anti-PEDV research.

4.
Zhongguo Yufang Shouyi Xuebao / Chinese Journal of Preventive Veterinary Medicine ; 44(11):1189-1195, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-20238824

ABSTRACT

To develop a multiplex fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR for the detection of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) and swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV), in this study, specific primers/probes were designed based on the conserved regions of M, M and N gene sequences of PEDV, PDCoV and SADS-CoV, respectively. After optimization of the reaction conditions, a multiplex fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR for PEDV, PDCoV and SADS-CoV was established. The results of specificity assay showed that the method was positive for detection of PEDV, PDCoV and SADS-CoV, and negative for detection of porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus, porcine rotavirus, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, porcine pseudorabies virus, porcine circovirus type 2, porcine parvovirus, classical swine fever virus and foot-and-mouth disease virus. The results of sensitivity assay showed that the detection limit of this method for PEDV, PDCoV, and SADS-CoV plasmids standard was 1.0x101 copies/L, and had a good linear relationship with their Ct values in the range of 101 copies/L to 106 copies/L. The results of repeatability assay showed that the coefficients of variation (CVs) of intra- and inter-assay reproducibility ranged from 0.33% to 2.53%, indicating good repeatability and stability. To evaluate the effects of the developed method, 100 clinical samples collected from different parts of Henan province were used for detection of these three viruses and compared with those of single RT-PCR and standard methods. The results of multiplex fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR showed that the positive rates of PEDV, PDCoV and SADS-CoV were 38% (38/100), 14% (14/100) and 5% (5/100), respectively. There was no mixed infection. The coincidence rate with the standard detection methods of PEDV and PDCoV was 100%, and the sensitivity was higher than that of single RT-PCR. In this study, a specific, sensitive and rapid multiplex fluorescent quantitative RTPCR method was established for the first time, which could be used for the differential detection of PEDV, PDCoV and SADS-CoV, and laid a foundation for the differential diagnosis and control of porcine diarrheal diseases.

5.
Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization ; 21(1):53-67, 2023.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-20236650

ABSTRACT

The upheaval wrought on the U.S. beef industry by the global COVID-19 pandemic carried with it several lessons that might help improve resiliency should there be a reoccurrence. First, the futures market for fed cattle fell well before cash prices, which sent a signal to market cattle early, and those who did so benefited. Second, the decline in futures anticipated the closure of slaughter plants and provided an opportunity to purchase and store beef primals in anticipation of future scarcity. Third, the beef industry has ways of slowing or stopping the pipeline of animals destined for feed yards and can "store" these animals in background feeding facilities or on pasture or rangeland. Producers who waited to sell feeder cattle benefited from higher feeder cattle prices once the processing facilities reopened. Fourth, cow slaughter plants responded to the pandemic and subsequent scarcity of labor much better than large fed-cattle plants. Cow plants are not as sophisticated and complex as fed-cattle plants. This relative simplicity may help explain the superior performance of these plants during the crisis. Sixth, the academic work on the value of building smaller plants as a response against concentration provides mixed results-these plants require more labor per animal and can be even more susceptible to labor scarcity. Seventh, the observed increase in boxed beef prices, even as fed cattle prices fell, demonstrates the risk-mitigating impact of producer ownership of downstream activities in the value chain.

6.
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Silvarum Colendarum Ratio et Industria Lignaria ; 21(1):13-20, 2022.
Article in Polish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-20232366

ABSTRACT

Procurement of game animals is a major source of revenue for hunting clubs in Poland. For several years, the game meat buying market has been showing an upward trend, but this situation is also influenced by random factors that negatively affect the value of the game meat buying market. For several years in our country we have been struggling with the ASF virus, and since 2020, negative effects in the economy related to the occurrence of the SARS-CoV virus have been observed, also affecting the hunting sector with its activities. The aim of the study was to analyze the dynamics of game meat procurement in Poland in the years 2009-2021. The data concerned the three most important species, namely deer, roe deer and wild boar. The analysis covered the quantity of game meat, procurement value and the average price of game meat depending on animal species. The conducted research confirmed an upward trend in the volume and value of game meat procurement for all the analysed game species. Similarly, the average procurement prices of roe dee and wild boar meat with the exception of red deer, showed an upward trend. The study confirmed the negative impact of the ASF virus and the SARS-CoV-2 virus on the game meat buying market in Poland.

7.
Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization ; 21(1):1-98, 2023.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-20231626

ABSTRACT

This special issue consists of seven articles examining the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the markets of selected commodities, including: seafood, lumber, crawfish, cattle/beef, fruits and vegetables in the USA, cotton and garments in Bangladesh, and fuel oil globally.

8.
Zhongguo Yufang Shouyi Xuebao / Chinese Journal of Preventive Veterinary Medicine ; 44(10):1059-1065, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2327435

ABSTRACT

Bovine rhinitis virus (BRV) is an important pathogen responsible for the bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC) and can be divided into two genotypes (BRAV and BRBV). To establish a duplex quantitative real-time RT-PCR assay for simultaneous detection of BRAV and BRBV, specific primers and TaqMan probes targeting the 5'NTR of BRAV and 3'NTR of BRBV were designed. A duplex quantitative real- time RT- PCR assay for simultaneous detecting BRAV and BRBV was preliminarily established by optimizing reaction conditions for each step. The assay specifically detects BRAV and BRBV, and no crossreaction with other common bovine respiratory pathogens, including IDV, BCoV, BVDV-1, BRSV, BPIV-3, BAdV-3, mycoplasma bovis, Pasteurella multocida, Mannheimia haemolytica, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella, was observed. In addition, the sensitivity test showed that the detection limits of this assay were 3.2x101 copies/L for both BRAV and BRBV plasmid standards. Besides, the repeatability test showed that the variation coefficients of this assay were less than 0.05 from both lot-to-lot and intra-lot. These results showed that the assay has high specificity, extreme sensitivity, and good repeatability. Moreover, a total of 43 nasal swabs of BRDC cattle were tested by our assay and four other quantitative real-time RT-PCR assays, including 3 BRAV assays and 4 BRBV assays. The results showed that the detection rates of our assay were 32.56%(14/43) for BRAV and 30.23%(13/43) for BRBV, and the detection rates of other quantitative real-time RT-PCR assays were 0(0/43), 2.33%(1/43), 23.26%(10/43) for BRAV and 27.91% (12/43), 27.91%(12/43), 27.91%(12/43), 27.91%(12/43) for BRBV, indicating that our assay has a more substantial detection capability than other assays. This study firstly established a duplex quantitative real-time RT-PCR assay for simultaneous detection of BRAV and BRBV, and the assay exhibited high specificity, sensitivity, and stability. Moreover, the study firstly confirmed the existence of BRAV in China, contributing to the prevention and control of BRDC.

9.
Zhongguo Yufang Shouyi Xuebao / Chinese Journal of Preventive Veterinary Medicine ; 44(10):1076-1083, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2323056

ABSTRACT

Swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV), a newly discovered enteric coronavirus, is the etiological agent that causes severe clinical diarrhea and intestinal pathological damage in piglets. In this study, Vero E6 and IPI-2I cells were pretreated with different concentrations of glycyrrhizin (GLY) for 2 hours, and then infected with different concentrations of SADSCoV, aiming to investigate the inhibitory effect of GLY on SADS-CoV. Western blot and TCID50 results revealed a significantly decreased N protein expression and viral titer, indicating that GLY can inhibit the infection of SADS-CoV. Vero E6 and IPI-2I cells were pretreated with different concentrations of GLY for 2 hours and infected with SADS-CoV. Western blot results showed that when the concentration of GLY was 0.8 mmol/L, the expression of N protein decreased significantly, indicating that GLY inhibited the invasion of the virus. At first, cells were treated with 0.4 mmol/L GLY, and cell samples were collected at 2 hours, 6 hours and 12 hours after being infected with SADS-CoV for analysis, and the expression of N protein were found to be significantly reduced at all points, indicating that GLY had a significant inhibitory effect on the replication of the virus. GLY is a competitive inhibitor of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), and the receptors of HMGB1 mainly include TLR4 and RAGE. Based on this fact, the mutant plasmid at the key sites of HMGB1 (C45S, C106S, C45/106S) and the siRNA of the RAGE receptor were transfected to Vero E6 cells and infected with SADS-CoV, and the cell supernatant and samples were harvested. The western blot and TCID50 results showed that the expression of N protein and the virus titer were decreased, suggesting that GLY exerts its function by affecting the binding of HMGB1/TLR4/RAGE during SADS-CoV infection. To further explore the signaling pathway through which GLY functions, Vero E6 and IPI-2I cells were inoculated with SADS-CoV, and cell samples were harvested, western blot was used to detect the changes of MAPK proteins. The results showed that the protein expression levels of p-p38, p-JNK and p-ERK were up-regulated in the early and late stages, indicating that the MAPK pathway was activated by SADS-CoV infection. Vero E6 and IPI-2I were pretreated with different concentrations of GLY and TLR4 inhibitor TAK for 2 hours and infected with SADS-CoV. Protein samples were harvested and analysed by western blot which showed a decreased p-JNK and N proteins, while other proteins showed no significant changes. These results indicated that GLY and TAK regulated the phosphorylation of JNK but did not regulate the phosphorylation of p38 and ERK. Also, Vero E6 cells were treated with HMGB1 antibody, the siRNA of HMGB1 and HMGB1 mutants plasmid, and infected with SADS-CoV. Protein samples were harvested, western blot results showed that phosphorylation of JNK decreased, indicating that HMGB1 affected JNK phosphorylation. Finally, Vero E6 and IPI-2I cells were pretreated with different concentrations of JNK inhibitor SP600125 to infect SADS-CoV, western blot, TCID50 and IFA results showed that the expression of N protein and virus titer, as well as virus replication were reduced, indicating that SP600125 inhibited virus replication. In conclusion, our results revealed that GLY can inhibit in vitro replication of SADS- CoV, mainly through the HMGB1/TLR4/JNK signaling pathway. The discovery of this pathway provides theoretical support for the research of novel anti-SADS-CoV drugs.

10.
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Produccion Animal ; 30(Suppl. 2):95-97, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2326887

ABSTRACT

Dairy production systems in Ecuador have been studied in the last 10 years. During the Covid-2019 pandemic, the entire human society was harmed and agricultural activities affected by the disease and by the restrictions implemented to prevent its spread. The dairy industry did not escape this global situation and was affected in various countries. Reports from Ecuador and Asian countries indicate the unfavorable effect that this global health emergency situation had on dairy production. However, according to a report by the Argentine Dairy Chain Observatory1, world milk production had a constant growth of around 3%. It is considered that the activities carried out by veterinarians, milking and animal handling operators, inseminators and by the personnel dedicated to the management of paddocks were affected by Covid-19. Likewise, the supply of medicines, agricultural inputs and technology had a critical situation due to the pandemic. In addition, the response times were not always adequate, especially due to the absenteeism of livestock personnel, human mortality and effects on the health and well-being of people . Therefore, it is of interest to investigate the effects the pandemic could have on the country's cattle farms. The objective of this work was to evaluate whether the pandemic period affected milk production per hectare per year in Ecuadorian herds.

11.
Agriculture ; 13(3), 2023.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2319823

ABSTRACT

Food supply has been a constant source of concern for mankind. In the present context, with food security a priority of European and national policies, an analysis of pig farming in a representative NUTS2 administrative level of Romania that emphasizes the proportion of households raising at least one pig and the main factors influencing farmers to adopt or give up swine breeding could allow a much clearer understanding of this phenomenon that lies at the border between cultural tradition and socio-economic necessity. This study uses mixed methods that complement each another to help reveal this complex phenomenon in the analyzed territory. Cluster analysis shows the concentration of swine breeding and maps its spread in terms of both subsistence and larger farms, and qualitative interviews prove the motivation of farmers to continue in this occupation. As a primary result, the study visualizes the spatial distribution of pig farming in the rural environment of Valcea county, Romania, from a diachronic perspective in the post-communist period. It also reveals areas of differing concentrations of both very small-sized farms, which prioritize meeting their own food needs, and larger farms, which prioritize commercial production to supplement their revenue streams. Both categories, but particularly the latter, are of particular interest in a period in which the socio-economic environment after 1990 - marked by economic restructuring, unemployment, population migration, the economic crisis of 2008-2010, the pandemic of 2020-2021, and the most recent energy crisis - periodically highlights the importance of rural areas in ensuring food security and sufficiency at both the local and regional levels.

12.
Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences ; 36(2):427-434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2316572

ABSTRACT

[Objective] Using the bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) technology, the present experiment aimed to study the interaction relationship and localization of the target peptide and the complementary peptide based on the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) S protein receptor binding site peptide in living cells, so as to provide the foundation and theoretical support for the further use of the peptide in the detection of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus. [Method] The target peptide was designed according to the physical and chemical characteristics of the target protein, such as the amino acid composition, the type of charge, the ability to form intennolecular hydrogen bonds, the strength of polarity, and hydrophobicity;According to the amino acid composition of the target protein, a complementary peptide that interacted with it in theory was designed, and the target peptide and complementary peptide were predicted and analyzed by using bioinfonnatics tools;The target peptide and complementary peptide were inserted into the pBiFC-VC155 and pBiFC-VN173 vector, which was double digested by the EcoRI/XhoI and NotI/SalI, respectively, verified by enzyme digestion and sequencing, and then transfected into Vero cells to study the interaction between the target peptide and the complementary peptide, and the precise localization of BiFC complex in cells. [Result] Bioinfonnatics analysis showed that the target peptide and complementary peptide had hydrophilic and hydrophobic domains, respectively, and the hydrophilic domains were both positively and negatively charged, which could generate electrostatic attraction. The results of enzyme digestion and sequencing showed that the pBiFC-VC155-target peptide and pBiFC-VNI73-complementary peptide plasmids were successfully constructed;Cell transfection experiments showed that the target peptide and complementary peptide could form BiFC complexes in Vcro cells after co-transfection of recombinant plasmids, indicating that they could interact with each other;Indirect immuttolluorescence assay confirmed that the BiFC complex was mainly distributed in the nucleus. [Conclusion] It was confirmed that the peptide designed based on the PEW/ S protein receptor binding site can interact with each other in living cells, demonstrating the feasibility of the peptide for detection.

13.
Zeszyty Naukowe Szkoly Glownej Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego w Warszawie Problemy Rolnictwa Swiatowego ; 22(4):26-34, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2316191

ABSTRACT

The aim of the article is to present the financial condition of selected dairy cooperatives using ratio analysis and selected discriminant models. The main objective of the paper is to assess the overall financial condition of dairy cooperatives during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020-2021) and earlier years (2017-2019). The author focused, on the one hand, on the assessment of the financial condition of a selected group and, on the other hand, on the link between the financial situation of selected dairy cooperatives and state aid during the changing economic reality caused by the SARS CoV-2 virus. The financial analysis for dairy cooperatives also reveals a broader comparative context in the time span before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research shows that the analysed dairy cooperatives, with the exception of OSM Jasienica Rosielna, did not have a negative financial results.

14.
The Thai Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences ; 46(3):300-306, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2315819

ABSTRACT

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) has been affecting the swine industry, especially in suckling pigs in with a high mortality rate. Among all the strategies to overcome PEDV, boosting mucosal immunity in pig intestine via oral administration appears to be more efficient than other routes. However, there are biological obstacles such as acidic environment that could damage biologics, a product from organisms often used for PEDV treatment. The plant-derived 2C10 monoclonal antibody (mAb) from Nicotiana benthamiana produced by transient expression was revealed as one of the potential candidates against PEDV through oral delivery. Herein, we demonstrated the calcium-alginate microencapsulation system to protect the 2C10 mAb from the harsh condition in the stomach and to be released the 2C10 mAb when arriving in the intestine. The pH-responsive encapsulated 2C10 mAb microbeads were constructed from the calcium-alginate system. The microbeads were well-tolerated under the acidic environment of simulated gastric fluid (SGF) and were digested under the alkaline condition of simulated intestinal fluid (SIF). The encapsulated 2C10 mAb in the SPF-treated microbeads exhibited high virus neutralization efficiency in Vero cells when compared to the unencapsulated 2C10 mAb treated by SPF that cannot neutralize the virus. For these reasons, calcium-alginate microencapsulation system is an attractive platform to be considered as a candidate for the next generation of oral vaccine development.

15.
Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences ; 37(11):1381-1387, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2313599

ABSTRACT

Objective: A Taq Man probe-based duplex real-time PCR for rapid detection of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus(PEDV) and transmissible gastroenteritis virus(TGEV) was developed. A study was conducted using the methodology to analyze the related 2019-2021 epidemic occurred in Fujian. Method: Specific primers and probes labeled with FAM and VIC were designed to amplify the N gene of PEDV and the S gene of TGEV, respectively. A reaction system for the assay was established, optimized, and tested for sensitivity, specificity, and repeatability. The assay was used for the viral detection on297 suspected clinic specimens collected from 2019 to 2021 for an epidemiology study. Result: The newly developed duplex qPCR methodology showed a sensitivity of 10 copies.L-1 on PEDV and TGEV, which was 100 times higher than that of regular PCR. There were no cross reactions with other common viruses. The inter-and intra-assays had variations on Ct values below 1%. On the 297 specimens, the infection rate of PEDV was 88.89%, that of TGEV 1.01%, and that of both PEDV and TGEV 3.37%. Conclusion: The established duplex qPCR had high sensitivity, specificity, repeatability, and reproducibility for detecting PEDV and TGEV. The 2019-2021 epidemic involving the viruses appeared to be mostly PEDV with low incidents of mixed TGEV and PEDV/TGEV infection.

16.
Ontario Veterinary Medical Association (OVMA) ; : 288-292, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2291234

ABSTRACT

This paper describes the epidemiology, prevalence, transmission, prevention and control of some infectious diseases in companion animals, livestock, wild animals and humans in Ontario, Canada, in 2022, including SARS-CoV-2;Echinococcus multilocularis, Leishmania spp. and SARS-CoV-2;antimicrobial stewardship resources;2 cases of rabid dogs imported from Iran (July 2021 and January 2022);prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriacea, Dirofilaria immitis, Brucella canis, canine parainfluenza and adeno- and herpes viruses in dogs recently imported from Asia;Paragonimus kellicotti lung flukes and Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus in dogs;African swine fever in pet pigs, backyard pigs and wild pigs and blastomycosis in dogs and humans.

17.
Organizacoes Rurais e Agroindustriais ; 24(27), 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2301995

ABSTRACT

Cattle is one of the main items in the Brazilian productive guideline and an important export product. During the covid-19 pandemic, the price of beef occupied a prominent position in agricultural sector analyzes due to the prices increases. The objective of this research is to observe the national production behavior, exports, and domestic supply. Therefore, a domestic supply forecast was made for January 2021 to December 2022 (24 months). Based on the results obtained, it was found that the beefs supply available to the Brazilian market will not present an expressive upward behavior that compensates the evolution in beef export to international markets. Thus, a shift in the price of beef in the domestic market to higher levels may be observed.

18.
ICROFS News ; 1:1, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2258413

ABSTRACT

Research showed that reducing the protein level in the compound feed for gestating sows can have a positive effect on piglet growth. Sows fed with a lower protein content had more energy to produce milk, resulting in heavier piglets at weaning. Reducing protein intake did not negatively affect birth weight or the number of live-born piglets. The results suggest that the sows' daily need for crude protein may be even lower than the level investigated in the study. The findings are particularly relevant in light of the global shortage of organic soyabean meal and other protein sources due to the COVID-19 crisis.

19.
Sustainability ; 14(10), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2288464

ABSTRACT

The urban construction land change is the most obvious and complex spatial phenomenon in urban agglomerations which has attracted extensive attention of scholars in different fields. Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration is the most mature urban agglomeration in China, a typical representative in both China and the world. This paper analyzes the evolution dynamic, effect and governance policy of urban construction land in Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration 2011-2020 using a combination of BCG model, decoupling model and GIS tools. The findings are as follows. (1) There are large intercity differences in urban construction land in urban agglomerations, but the spatial heterogeneity is gradually decreasing. (2) The change trends and evolution patterns of urban construction land in urban agglomerations are increasingly diversified, with emergence of a variety of types such as rapid growth, slow growth, inverted U-shape, stars, cows, question and dogs. (3) The population growth, economic development and income improvement corresponding to the change of urban construction land in urban agglomerations have no desirable effect, with most cities in the expansive negative decoupling state. (4) The decoupling types show increasingly complex changes, in evolution, degeneration and unchanged states. Affected by economic transformation and the outbreak of COVID-19, an increasing number of cities are in strong negative decoupling and degeneration states, threatening the sustainable development of urban agglomerations. (5) Based on the division of urban agglomerations into three policy areas of Transformation Leading, Land Dependent, and Land Reduction, the response strategies for each are proposed, and a differentiated land use zoning management system is established.

20.
Geography and Sustainability ; 3(1):32-43, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2287658

ABSTRACT

China is the world's largest consumer of pork and grains. However, African swine fever (ASF) and the COVID-19 outbreak have greatly impacted the pork supply and food security in China. How can food security and the pork supply be ensured under the dual impacts of COVID-19 and ASF? This is a major problem to be urgently solved by the Chinese government. This study indicated that the main pork production and sales areas in China were separated, which reflected the spatial imbalance between the supply and demand. The total area of suitable selected sites for pig farms in China is 21.5 million ha. If only the areas with levels of high and moderate suitability are considered as potential sites for pig farms, the potential pork production can reach 56.1 million tons in China, which is slightly lower than demand. Due to the impact of the ASF epidemic, the food consumed by pigs has been reduced by 34.7 million tons. However, with increasing pork productivity in the future, the self-sufficiency rate of grains may further decline. On the premise that the quality of people's life is not affected, the diversification of meat supply channels should be realized in an orderly and sustainable way, which might alleviate the pressure on food supply. This study provides a theoretical reference for the spatiotemporal layout of the swine industry and addresses the issue of food security in China under the influence of ASF and the COVID-19 outbreak.

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