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1.
Journal of Southwest Minzu University Natural Science Edition ; 48(2):135-141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1958497

ABSTRACT

Feline Astrovirus (FAstV), Feline Parvovirus(FPV) and Feline Enteric Coronavirus (FECoV) are important pathogens causing diarrhea in cats.In order to establish a molecular detection method which can differentiate the three pathogens in the same PCR system, an FAstV/FPV/FECoV triple PCR method was established with optimized primer concentrations and annealing temperature, and specificity, sensitivity and repeatability were tested. The results showed that the PCR method could only identify FAstV (320 bp), FPV (468 bp) and FECoV (664 bp) genes, while not other canine and feline related pathogens. The detection limits of FAstV, FPV and FECoV were 2x10~7 copy/L (7.1 pg/L),4.7x10~6 copy/L (2.4 pg/L) and 7x10~6 copy/L (5.1 pg/L) respectively. The established triple PCR method was used to detect 207 cat fecal samples collected in Chengdu from 2019 to 2020, including 141 diarrhea samples and 66 clinical health samples. The detection rates of FAstV, FPV and FECoV were 24.15% (50/207), 37.20% (77/207) and 15.46% (32/207) respectively, and the co-infection rates of FAstV/FPV, FPV/FECoV and FAstv/FECoV were 9.18%,6.28% and 6.28% respectively. In conclusion, the triple PCR method of FAstV/FPV/FECoV was successfully established, and could be applied for virus detection and epidemiological investigation.

2.
Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology ; 43(8):20-23, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1958427

ABSTRACT

Just as the smell gets diluted by ventilation, the dangerous concentration of the virus can also get reduced by ensuring appropriate amount of outdoor air flows in. In closed and stale space droplets and aerosol gets quickly concentrated and greatly increases the risk of transmission of virus in that area. Visit to any nearby shopping malls, newly furnished coaching classes, modern residential buildings, government offices, hotels, restaurants and even hospitals shows that they are nothing but an assortment of closed and unventilated spaces. These closed space acts as Super spreader of the virus. Peak test positive rate of 22.6% per hundred test is observed during the month of May, which is a result of high humidity particulate matter concentration temperature CO2 concentration.

3.
IUP Journal of Knowledge Management ; 20(2):38-59, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1958260

ABSTRACT

Sustainable Development (SD) has remained a major discourse in the political and academic circles for over a decade. According to the United Nations, SD is defined by 17 measurable goals which could be used to evaluate a nation's achievements. Lately, the concept of bioeconomy has emerged as a strategic direction for economic prosperity among the comity of nations amid the devastating effects of the Covid-19 pandemic. It is argued that bioeconomy has the ultimate potential of actualizing the SD goals. Consequent upon such prospects, this paper seeks to establish a nexus between the pervasive knowledgedriven technologies of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the development and sustenance of a vibrant bioeconomy. It adopts a systematic review with a prime focus on how AI integrates and drives biotechnological processes towards sustainable production particularly in the area of food security. This paper further identifies the lapses in the integration and adoption processes and makes a case for interdisciplinary collaboration among professional societies who are the major players in the academia and the industry, as well as the government's contribution towards the review and implementation of appropriate public-private partnership programs to drive AI-driven biotech projects at the grassroots.

4.
Indian Coconut Journal ; 64(8):16-24, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1958056

ABSTRACT

Relevant fields which require ample attention in the coconut sector are discussed, including: rejuvenation, replanting and plantation development;production of quality planting materials with high productivity, new propagation methods, and seed/seedling sharing;development of scientific cultivation suitable for inter/multi species crops and coordination of international research;integrated processing and value addition;awareness raising, marketing and promotion;and formation of a marketing strategy for coconut value added products.

5.
Current Science ; 122(3):244-246, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1957973

ABSTRACT

This article highlights the diffusion of the COVID-19 pandemic across the globe at continental scales and within continents at national scales. Using raw metrics (cumulative deaths and population) and per capita metrics (cumulative deaths per million of population) collected from April 2020 to 31 December 2021, results showed that Europe, North America, and South America had reached a relatively high evenness of spread. However, in Asia and Africa, a much larger concentration exists in a few areas. It is possible that in these two continental regions, there is not only poor connectivity, which offers natural barriers to transmission, but also high levels of undercounting.

6.
Bulletin des GTV ; 104:85-92, 2021.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1957885

ABSTRACT

Coronaviruses have a high evolutionary capacity which has led to their very large genetic diversity. Their prevalence in nature is very high and they can infect a wide spectrum of hosts including mammals (including humans) and birds. To date, six porcine coronaviruses have been identified. Two of which were responsible for severe epizootics in pigs with a major impact in the global swine industry in the 60's to 80's for porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus and since the 2010's in China and 2014 in North America for porcine epidemic diarrhoea virus. The latter has also become the third most important pathogen for pigs in China after the African swine fever virus and the porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus. This review summarizes the latest developments in scientific knowledge of these porcine coronaviruses.

7.
Journal of School of Public Health & Institute of Public Health Research ; 19(4):413-422, 2022.
Article in Persian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1957775

ABSTRACT

Background and Aim: The objective of this study was to determine the seroepidemiological history of SARS-CoV-2 infection among asymptomatic children in Tehran. Materials and Methods: Blood samples of children younger than 14 years old were collected during the period autumn-winter 2020 and spring 2021 and tested for SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody using the EUROIMMUN ELISA kit. In addition, questionnaires were used to collect demographic and infection status information in the participants. Data were analyzed using the SPSS software.

8.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(15)2022 Jul 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1957288

ABSTRACT

The impact of COVID-19 has forced higher education institutes to go into lockdown in order to curb the situation. This sudden change caused students within the institutions to forgo traditional face to face classroom settings and to attend immediate online classes. This review aims to summarize the evidence of the social demographic mental health impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on students in higher education institutes within the Asia Pacific region and identify the coping mechanisms adopted during these times. A systematic literature search was conducted using three databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, and Scopus), out of which 64 studies met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. The findings revealed that the social demographic groups most at risk were female students, those who were in the final years of their studies (i.e., students who were almost graduating), and postgraduate students as well as students studying medical fields (nursing, dental, medicine, health sciences etc.). The majority of the studies identified that students were relying on mobile devices and extended screen time to cope with the pandemic. Having proper social support, be it through a network of friends or positive family cohesion, can be a good buffer against the mental impacts of COVID-19. Students in higher education institutes are at risk of mental consequences due to COVID-19. By reducing their screen time, finding a healthier coping system, increasing the availability of support within the family and community, as well as actively engaging in beneficial activities students may be able to alleviate general negative emotions, specifically during the pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adaptation, Psychological , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Female , Humans , Male , Mental Health , Pandemics , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Students/psychology
9.
Era's Journal of Medical Research ; 8(2):174-184, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1955359

ABSTRACT

Since the first coronavirus patient was identified in Bangladesh on March 8, the most controversial issue is about the exact level of the infection in Bangladesh. Conformly with the population density the number of COVID-19 tests is inadequate. As the number of tests increases, so does the number of infections, making it difficult to predict the spread of COVID-19 in Bangladesh. In this case, the unplanned initiatives are particularly responsible in other for unplanned measures, lack of public awareness, and lack of proper knowledge. In this case, the Ministry of Health has made three major mistakes, three important features of the medical system in Bangladesh have been mentioned. It is more effective to prevent COVID-19 by isolating the infected person by further testing COVID-19 until effective treatment is available and to provide adequate and effective masks and personal protective equipment (PPE). In this case, the COVID-19 testing kit invention has received a good response in many countries of the world. This study focuses on the comprehensive data verification, selection, and evaluation of COVID-19 in Bangladesh and its implications for the future, what to do to address and prevent the COVID-19 challenge, and effective treatment against the coronavirus (COVID-19). It is hopeful that the discussion of the material mentioned in this research paper will help to strike a balance between the government, citizens, and experts which will be feasible in improving the current situation in COVID-19 Bangladesh and reducing its severity.

10.
Global Perspectives ; 1(1), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1951645

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 and its associated lockdowns and restrictions on movement may be impacting women and men’s access to and use of health care services including contraceptive, prenatal, and postnatal care. Yet we know little of its impact to date, especially in low- and middle-income countries, including India. Understanding how COVID-19 impacts the use of these services now, and as it persists, is essential for improving access and use today. Additionally, these data are necessary to understand fertility and other health-related outcomes we may see in the future. The objectives of this study are to understand a Facebook sample of respondent’s perceived barriers to contraceptive, prenatal, and postnatal care in India and how these changed over 4 months of the COVID-19 pandemic. To meet this need, we conducted four rounds of monthly online surveys with men and women (N = 9,140) recruited using Facebook ads in India between April and July 2020, a period when the national lockdown was tapered from the strictest to restricted. While about 75% of respondents reported no barriers to contraception due to COVID-19, about half of those pregnant or postpartum reported barriers to pre- and postnatal care. Barriers to care for contraception, prenatal, and postnatal care increased significantly over time. Most respondents reported some change on fertility preferences, with more respondents reporting desire to delay, rather than to have a child sooner, due to COVID-19. Overall, as the early COVID-19 pandemic persisted, barriers to reproductive and maternal health care increased in India, suggesting that as the pandemic continued there have likely been additional challenges for people seeking these services. It is essential that health care providers begin to address these barriers to ensure access to care throughout these important time periods. © 2022 The Author(s).

11.
Asian Economic Policy Review ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1948929

ABSTRACT

The Asia–Pacific region's rapid growth and poverty reduction in recent decades have been accompanied by rising income and wealth inequality. Technological progress, globalization, deregulation and market-oriented reform, and financialization have generated many new opportunities, but rewarded capital more than labor, benefited skilled workers more than the unskilled, widened spatial inequality, and produced a growing number of the superrich. For some countries, population aging has also contributed to rising inequality. The present paper provides an update on recent trends of income and wealth inequality in the Asia–Pacific region, examines causes behind rising inequality, and discusses policy actions needed to tackle inequality. It also assesses how the COVID-19 has likely worsened inequality in the region. © 2022 Japan Center for Economic Research.

12.
Maritime Business Review ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1948704

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study aims to identify the characteristics of the maritime shipping network in Northeast Asia as well as compare the level of port connectivity among these container ports in the region. In addition, this study analyses the change in role and position of 20 ports in the region by clustering these ports based on connectivity index and container throughput and route index. Design/methodology/approach: This study employs Social Network Analysis (SNA) to delineate the international connectivity of major container ports in Northeast Asia. Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) is used to identify each port's connectivity index and container throughput index, and the resulting indexes are employed as the basis to cluster 20 major ports by fuzzy C-mean (FCM). Findings: The results revealed that Northeast Asia is a highly connected maritime shipping network with the domination of Shanghai, Shenzhen, Hong Kong and Busan. Furthermore, both container throughput and connectivity in almost all container ports in the region have decreased significantly due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The rapid growth of Shenzhen and Ningbo has allowed them to join Cluster 1 with Shanghai while maintaining high connectivity, yet decreasing container throughput has pushed Busan down to Cluster 2. Originality/value: The originality of this study is to combine indexes of SNA into connectivity index reflecting characteristics of the maritime shipping network in Northeast Asia and categorize 20 major ports by FCM. © 2022, Pacific Star Group Education Foundation.

13.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 80: 104212, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1936029

ABSTRACT

Background: The ongoing global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first reported in South Asia on 30th January 2020 in India. Ever since, certain countries have witnessed multiple waves of COVID-19, requiring attention by public health experts and strategists in the region. The objectives of this study are to assess social contributors to the recurrent waves of COVID-19 in South Asia including first demographic traits, second household characteristics and social measures, third workplace trends and personal protective equipment use, and fourth satisfaction and attitudes concerning public health measures and vaccination status. The study also aims to plan for control strategies focusing on India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal, countries with the highest burden of COVID-19 in South Asia. Methods: A population-based large cross-sectional study was conducted from 1st July to August 10th, 2021 using online mediums. The survey consisted of 31 questions divided into sociodemographic and COVID-19 status information, household characteristics and social measures, workplace trends and personal protective measures, satisfaction and attitudes towards public health measures, and vaccination status. Bivariate, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, and the Kruskal Wallis test was conducted for factors associated to COVID-19 infection and positive vaccination status. Findings: We enrolled 1046 participants with 57.1% females and 41.8% males, comprising 48.9% healthcare workers. Statistically significant associations were found using ANOVA based on the Kruskal-Wallis test for differences between thoughts towards public health authorities implementing standard operating procedures (SOPs) and HCW status were statistically significant (P = 0.002). The most important social predictors for positive vaccination status based on the ROC analysis were gender (P < 0.001), job role (P < 0.001), income group (P < 0.001), healthcare worker status (P < 0.001), household member tested positive (P = 0.007), personal vehicle ownership (P < 0.001), job requiring close contacts (P < 0.001) and co-worker masking habits (P = 0.02). Conclusions: Public health experts and strategists are required to focus control strategies on political and religious gatherings, reopening offices, noncompliance of SOPs by the masses, and crowded commuting to limit the reemergence of COVID-19 infections in countries with the highest burden in the region.

14.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2022 May 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1941822

ABSTRACT

Generic tofacitinib has been available in India for more than a year and is widely used in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) therapy. There is scarce real-world data on its effectiveness and safety from India, especially given infection endemicity. We retrospectively analysed records (demographic and clinical information, haematology and biochemistry, adverse events) of patients prescribed generic tofacitinib from a single centre in Mumbai, India. Disease activity was calculated using the disease activity score-28 and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) and other tools, and we used paired T-tests for significant response. We defined clinical tofacitinib failure as a composite outcome, including clinician's decision to change to an alternative disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) or flare after self-withdrawal. We performed logistic regression and survival analysis for determinants of clinical failure. We reviewed records of 102 patients (92 female; median age: 53 years) with mean RA duration of 146 months. Thirteen had prior treatment with innovator tofacitinib. There was significant improvement in disease activity parameters at a mean duration of 186 days. No serious adverse events were reported; 4 patients had tuberculosis and 19 patients had mild COVID-19 while on treatment. Clinical failure was seen in 25 patients, and mean time to failure on survival analysis was 357 days. No baseline characteristic predicted clinical failure. Generic tofacitinib showed good effectiveness and a tolerable adverse effect profile, despite tuberculosis endemicity and COVID-19. Setting up registries would be valuable in gaining more data on generic tofacitinib. Key Points • There is scarce data from India regarding the use of tofacitinib in rheumatoid arthritis, despite widespread use. • In this retrospective analysis of 102 patients at a single centre, we found tofacitinib monotherapy was efficacious and tolerable. • Tuberculosis was detected in four and nineteen patients had mild covid.

15.
Applied Economics ; : 1-13, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1937500

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates the effects of trade regionalism in East Asia from 1995 to 2018, by applying a series of gravity models. An initial, basic gravity model is repeatedly augmented to account for a range of economic, geographical, cultural, and above all institutional factors representing free trade agreements in effect. Unlike previous studies, this investigation distinguishes between the bilateral and multilateral measures of regional trading arrangements. Two interesting findings are reported. First, the results confirm the impact of trade regionalism on the export flows between the economies of East Asia in the period under study. Second, the effects of multilateral trading agreements vary greatly depending on the agreement and on the particular country's range of influence, in particular cases showing no sufficient economic benefits. Overall, the results point to the complementarity of bilateral and multilateral trading arrangements in the region and to the emergence of a certain distinctive model of cooperation and integration in East Asia - which has been underpinned during the COVID-19 pandemic by the conclusion of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), and which will be further verified in the post-COVID character of global trade and regional trading arrangements.

16.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(14)2022 Jul 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1938794

ABSTRACT

(1) Background: To date, there are limited data in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) that collect, monitor, and evaluate food environments in standardized ways. The development of a pilot survey tool, tailored to LMICs and focused on retail food environments, is necessary for improving public health nutrition. (2) Methods: A novel survey tool was developed and piloted in a sample of village retail food environments (n = 224) in Matiari, Pakistan between October 2020 to April 2021. Villages were randomly selected, and food outlets were surveyed within a 500-m radius from each village center. Descriptive statistics (counts and percentages) were used to describe the characteristics of food outlets and the availability of food. To test whether there was a difference in characteristics or in the mean of number of healthy, unhealthy, and total food items available by village size, a χ2 test or one-way ANOVA was conducted, respectively. (3) Results: In total, 1484 food outlets were surveyed for food accessibility, availability, and promotion across small (n = 54), medium (n = 112), and large villages (n = 58). In small and medium-sized villages, mobile food vendors were the predominant food outlet type (47.8% and 45.1%, respectively), whereas in large villages, corner stores (36%) were more prominent. The mean number of total food items (p < 0.006) and unhealthy food items (p < 0.001) available in food outlets differed by village size. The proportion of food outlets with available fruits, meat and poultry, water, and sugar-sweetened beverages also differed by village size (p < 0.001). (4) Conclusions: This study informs the global evidence gap in the current understanding of food environments in various ethnically diverse and dynamic LMICs, and the developed methodology will be useful to other LMICs for measuring and monitoring the food environment, especially among vulnerable population groups. This work complements current national and provincial survey efforts in Pakistan.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Food Supply , COVID-19/epidemiology , Commerce , Food , Humans , Pakistan/epidemiology , Pandemics , Residence Characteristics
17.
Malar J ; 21(1): 223, 2022 Jul 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1938328

ABSTRACT

Effective control of infectious diseases is facilitated by informed decisions that require accurate and timely diagnosis of disease. For malaria, improved access to malaria diagnostics has revolutionized malaria control and elimination programmes. However, for COVID-19, diagnosis currently remains largely centralized and puts many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) at a disadvantage. Malaria and COVID-19 are infectious diseases that share overlapping symptoms. While the strategic responses to disease control for malaria and COVID-19 are dependent on the disease ecologies of each disease, the fundamental need for accurate and timely testing remains paramount to inform accurate responses. This review highlights how the roll-out of rapid diagnostic tests has been fundamental in the fight against malaria, primarily within the Asia Pacific and along the Greater Mekong Subregion. By learning from the successful elements of malaria control programmes, it is clear that improving access to point-of-care testing strategies for COVID-19 will provide a suitable framework for COVID-19 diagnosis in not only the Asia Pacific, but all malarious countries. In malaria-endemic countries, an integrated approach to point-of-care testing for COVID-19 and malaria would provide bi-directional benefits for COVID-19 and malaria control, particularly due to their paralleled likeness of symptoms, infection control strategies and at-risk individuals. This is especially important, as previous disease pandemics have disrupted malaria control infrastructure, resulting in malaria re-emergence and halting elimination progress. Understanding and combining strategies may help to both limit disruptions to malaria control and support COVID-19 control.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Malaria , Asia/epidemiology , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19 Testing , Humans , Malaria/diagnosis , Malaria/epidemiology , Pandemics
18.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 22(1): 185, 2022 Jul 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1938308

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The global COVID-19 pandemic requires urgent development of new vaccines. Endocrinological adverse effects following the new mRNA vaccine against COVID-19 have been reported in several cases. Specific to the involvement of pituitary function; however, only a single case with hypophysis has been reported. This is the first case of isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency (IAD) following mRNA vaccination against COVID-19. CASE PRESENTATION: A healthy 31-year-old man received the BNT162b2 SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine. The first injection was uneventful. One day after the second injection, he noticed general fatigue and fever. In the following several days, he additionally developed headaches, nausea, and diarrhea. Four days after the vaccine injection, he visited a hospital with worsening of these symptoms. Physical examination revealed slight disorientation but no other deficits. Laboratory tests revealed hyponatremia, hypoglycemia, and extremely low plasma ACTH and serum cortisol levels (ACTH < 1.5 pg/ml, cortisol 1.6 µg/dl). He was diagnosed with adrenal crisis and was emergently treated with hydrocortisone. The symptoms responded well and he recovered within a few days. Magnetic resonance images after the replacement with hydrocortisone revealed an atrophic pituitary gland. The patient was referred to our tertiary hospital for further endocrinological examination. Pituitary endocrine load tests revealed isolated adrenocortical response deficiency. After other clinical assessments, he was diagnosed as having isolated ACTH deficiency. After initiation of hydrocortisone replacement, there has been no recurrence of symptoms related to adrenocortical insufficiency nor involvement of other pituitary functions. CONCLUSION: This is the first reported case of IAD potentially associated with COVID-19 immunization. Recent reports have emphasized the importance of adjuvants in the mRNA vaccine that induce the endocrinological adverse effects through disturbance of the autoimmune system, but details are still unclear. Given the broad and rapid spread of vaccinations against COVID-19, it is clinically important to consider that there could be cases with a rare but emergent adrenal crisis even among those who present common symptoms of adverse effects following inactive SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccination.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Insufficiency , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19 , Endocrine System Diseases , Hypoglycemia , Adrenal Insufficiency/chemically induced , Adrenal Insufficiency/drug therapy , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/deficiency , Adult , BNT162 Vaccine/adverse effects , COVID-19/prevention & control , Endocrine System Diseases/chemically induced , Endocrine System Diseases/drug therapy , Humans , Hydrocortisone/blood , Hydrocortisone/therapeutic use , Hypoglycemia/chemically induced , Hypoglycemia/drug therapy , Male , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination/adverse effects
19.
Transp Res Interdiscip Perspect ; 15: 100660, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1937267

ABSTRACT

That the COVID-19 pandemic is unprecedented in terms of its scale, spread and shocks can be evinced by the myriad of ever-changing responses cities all around the world have rolled out throughout the different waves of outbreaks. Although the threat is similar across the world, it took some time before its reach became global and the waves of outbreak are experienced by cities at different times. While this staggered spread imply that some cities might manage the virus better as they learn from the experiences of cities which had been amongst the earliest to face the virus, the reality is more complicated. In the early stages of the pandemic, the global consensus on the best way to contain the virus swiftly converged in the interlinked strategies of restricting the movement of people and minimizing their social contact. However, the effectiveness of these strategies differ greatly between cities. To that end, this study focuses on COVID-19 responses in two regions (Latin America and Southeast Asia) and examines the evolution of the first wave of COVID-19 outbreaks during 2020 in Singapore, Jakarta (Indonesia), Bogotá (Colombia) and Santiago (Chile). The study is based on a comparative approach and uses a variety of data sources, namely morphology, density, housing concentration, mobility, and governance in the four analyzed cities. The goal is to shed light on the response of city governments in these two different regions in terms of mobility restrictions in order to reduce the cases of new infections. The results show the relevance of urban policies and their territorial approaches, particularly in terms of mobility and public transport networks in the four cities.

20.
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences ; 52(3):641-648, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1935086

ABSTRACT

Background/aim: The aim of this study is to analyze and compare the predictive values of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) and Creatinine Index (CI) in the short-term mortality of maintenance hemodialysis patients and to determine their best cut-offs. Material and Methods: A total of 169 adult hemodialysis patients were included in this retrospective, cross-sectional, and single-center study. The demographic, clinical, and laboratory data of the month in which the patients were included in the study were obtained from their medical files and computer records. All-cause death was the primary outcome of the study during a 12-month follow-up after baseline GNRI and CI calculations.

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