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1.
Turkish Journal of Chemistry ; 46(6):1827-1840, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2207224

ABSTRACT

Synthesis of a new fluorinated nucleoside of 6,7-difluoro-2-methyl-4-quinazolinone was described. 2-Amino-4,5-difluorobenzoic acid 1 reacts with (CH3CO)2O followed by ammonia to form (1H)-6,7-difluoro-2-methyl-4-quinazolinone 3a. Ribosylation of a silylated 4 with l-O-acety1-2,3-5-tri-O-benzoyl-α-D-ribofuranose 5 forms a protected nucleoside 6 then unprotected from 6 to give a free nucleoside 7. Greener pasture biological docking of the cystine protease of COVID-19 [Mpro, code 7BQY, PDB] by novel nucleoside and fluoroquinazoline compounds is presented. LIGPLOT (2D) representations calculated for the same ligands are shown. A superposition of remdesivir approved medicine, N3 inhibitor, and our ligands docked together into the binding protein of 7BQY is also given for a fair comparison. The binding affinities of remdesivir, N3 inhibitor, the nucleoside 7, and fluoroquinazoline 3a, 3b compounds with 7BQY calculated under the same conditions are –7.7, –7.4, –7.6, –6.1, and –6.1 kcal mol–1, respectively. The high values were due to the existence of many hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonds between the ligands and the active amino acid residues of the receptor, indicating a promising candidate as a COVID-19 inhibitor. Pro Tox -II server showed that compound 7 has a similar feature to the approved antiviral drug remdesivir for COVID-19. Additionally, a fascinating molecular modeling investigation showed that our nucleoside demonstrated good binding inhibition of AChE enzyme towards advancing an efficient medication against Alzheimer's disease. Finally, DFT has been conducted to illustrate the MD results in terms of the molecular descriptor-based structural activity relationship calculated from FMOs. © TÜBÍTAK.

2.
Salus ; 25(3):39-43, 2021.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2207153

ABSTRACT

Background: With more than 244 million cases worldwide, the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has affected almost every country on the planet. Its impact on the health, economy, education and scientific systems, among others, has been significant. The search for therapeutic tools for the treatment and control of this new disease, COVID-19, has been intense, but it has not yet been possible to select a specific and effective drug for its treatment. Methodology: the objective of this work is to summarize the existing information, related to some of the most common drugs used in therapy against COVID-19, to achieve this a search methodology was used in scientific and general databases (Pubmed, Google Scholar) using keywords related to the topic of interest. The results show that the most common drugs used in the treatment of this disease have mostly been evaluated in clinical trials. Conclusion(s): despite almost two years passed since the first case of COVID-19, effective and specific drugs have not been developed or reassigned for the treatment of the disease and some of of the already evaluated have shown controversial results. Copyright © 2021, Revista Salus. All rights reserved.

3.
9th Research in Engineering Education Symposium and 32nd Australasian Association for Engineering Education Conference: Engineering Education Research Capability Development, REES AAEE 2021 ; 2:1155, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2207014
4.
9th Research in Engineering Education Symposium and 32nd Australasian Association for Engineering Education Conference: Engineering Education Research Capability Development, REES AAEE 2021 ; 2:951-959, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2207011

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT: Innovation, design, and entrepreneurship are economic drivers promoting competition and growth throughout the world, many of which would not exist without well-established continuous improvement and new product development processes. Continuous improvement and new product development processes, such as the lean start-up methodology and design thinking, are well known and thriving in the business world due to the vast amount of empirically-grounded research. Unfortunately, educational institutions and researchers, alike, are lagging when it comes to these processes. Although the quantity of new and transformative degree offerings has increased substantially over the past several decades, limited research has been conducted to document key procedures associated with continuous improvement and the creation of new programs. This problem is only exacerbated when considering the role of innovation during emergency situations. PURPOSE OR GOAL: The purpose of this study is to show one approach (using photovoice) to understand how student voices can be incorporated into the continuous improvement and new program development process, specifically during emergency situations. In contrast to traditional passive data collection methods, such as a survey or focus groups, photovoice is an active data collection method where students engage in the information sharing and interpretation process at a deeper level. Using photovoice, researchers and practitioners, alike, can gain greater insights into the who, what, and how of educational effectiveness. The guiding research question is as follows: What are the factors which can influence the discovery, evaluation, and exploitation of continuous improvement and new program development during emergency situations? APPROACH OR METHODOLOGY/METHODS: This approach uses participatory research, wherein students act as researchers and actively participate in the data collection and analysis process. Under the umbrella of participatory research, the study uses photovoice for collecting qualitative data. The study was implemented in a software engineering course at a university located in the United Kingdom. Students responded to the photovoice prompts by supplying both picture and narrative. The prompts target student perceptions (positive and negative) with respect to blended learning perceptions, technology integration, and career preparedness. The qualitative data was analyzed for themes using NVivo. ACTUAL OR ANTICIPATED OUTCOMES: Analysis of the qualitative data led the researchers to identify three core themes related to the blended learning approach implemented as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic: (1) Institution - macro level, (2) Instruction - mezzo level, and (3) Student - micro level. CONCLUSIONS: The study concludes with recommendations for various higher education benefactors of the user generated data including administration, faculty, marketing, recruitment, advisors, and the students, themselves. It is intended for the overall recommendations to have a direct impact on improving the student experience. Copyright © Lisa Bosman, Usman Naeem, Eranjan Padumadasa, 2021.

5.
9th Research in Engineering Education Symposium and 32nd Australasian Association for Engineering Education Conference: Engineering Education Research Capability Development, REES AAEE 2021 ; 1:193-201, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2206999

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT A primarily undergraduate military college shifted from face-to-face instruction to emergency online instruction in Spring 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. We are examining student experiences with the shift using Cognitive Load Theory (CLT), which asserts that learning is hindered when cognitive load overwhelms finite working memory capacity. At the onset of the pandemic, we hypothesized that the need to manage learning in new and changing modalities may increase students' cognitive load and development. PURPOSE OR GOAL We seek to triangulate a previous finding that middle-years students experienced more cognitive load demands than either freshmen or seniors during the Spring 2020 semester. In this study, we examine cognitive load experienced by students in sophomore-, junior-, and senior-level civil engineering courses when engaging in various types of summative assessments. Our goal was to understand how academic course level and assessment type (closed-ended vs. open-ended) may have impacted cognitive load among students. APPROACH OR METHODOLOGY/METHODS We are engaged in a longitudinal mixed-methods study to explore the impacts of changing modalities on cognitive load and student development during the pandemic. For this study, we measured cognitive load experienced during five assessments administered across civil engineering courses of different academic levels using the NASA Task Load Index (TLX). The TLX is a rigorously-developed instrument that quantifies workload (a surrogate for cognitive load) across six dimensions: mental demand, physical demand, temporal demand, performance, effort, and frustration. We used non-parametric analysis to identify differences in cognitive workload by course level and assessment type. We supplemented interpretation of findings through analysis of open-ended questions and focus group transcripts. ACTUAL OR ANTICIPATED OUTCOMES Sophomores and juniors experienced summative assessments differently than seniors, a finding that is consistent with our previous publications suggesting that modality changes may have disproportionately impacted middle-years students. Analysis of TLX data showed that sophomores and juniors reported highest time-demand and frustration, respectively, during closed-ended assessments. Open-ended assessments elicited significant frustration among juniors, a trend that was not observed for seniors. Qualitatively, both sophomores and juniors discussed workload-associated aspects of the modality shift more than seniors. CONCLUSIONS/RECOMMENDATIONS/SUMMARY We seek to further understand the unique experiences of middle-years students as a means for developing recommendations for managing cognitive load during online engineering courses - whether planned or unplanned. Copyright © Mary K. Watson, Elise Barrella, Kevin Skenes, Benjamin Kicklighter and Aidan Puzzio, 2021.

6.
9th Research in Engineering Education Symposium and 32nd Australasian Association for Engineering Education Conference: Engineering Education Research Capability Development, REES AAEE 2021 ; 1:184-192, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2206998

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT 2020 saw many Universities transition learning activities from in person to online or remote delivery methods due to the COVID-19 pandemic, in semester 2 some classes returned to on-campus delivery. MECH1400 Mechanical Construction is a first-year unit of study that introduces students to the engineering design cycle, drawing and machining techniques through an experiential design and build project, utilising traditional mechanical engineering machining equipment such as lathes, mills, and hand tools. In semester 2 of 2020 students were offered the choice of attending on-campus classes or remote offerings, with 41 of 73 students choosing to study on campus (note some were overseas with effectively no choice). PURPOSE OR GOAL The purpose of this study was to investigate whether online/remote delivery of learning activities can enable remote students to achieve equivalent learning outcomes as their on-campus peers, particularly as the unit is traditionally taught with experiential learning activities based around a mechanical workshop environment. APPROACH OR METHODOLOGY/METHODS This study analysed and compared student results for assessment tasks for on-campus and remote students, plus other factors such as Canvas access rates and class attendance. Informal tutor feedback and end of semester institutional student satisfaction survey comments were examined to gain further insights. ACTUAL OR ANTICIPATED OUTCOMES On-campus students had higher average marks for all assessment tasks (7.3% - 13.5%);despite remote students having an average of 29.8% more page views on Canvas. End of semester student satisfaction surveys indicate that students prefer the physical workshop sessions to online tutorials and workshops, though limited comments were available. Informal tutor feedback indicated that students were less engaged in the online learning activities, with some online students not attending their "virtual” workshop sessions, and online only tutorials having low attendance for both the online and physical cohorts. CONCLUSIONS/RECOMMENDATIONS/SUMMARY Remote students achieved a final mark for the unit that was on average 9.9% lower than their on-campus peers, despite having a 29.8% higher Canvas access rate. Two conclusions are arrived at: The online learning activities need further development to help reduce or eliminate this difference for the 2021 student cohort and/or further investigation needs to be undertaken to establish why the online cohort are not better engaged with the online curriculum. Copyright © R Fiford and P Briozzo, 2021.

7.
Journal of Biochemical Technology ; 13(3):67-70, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2206964

ABSTRACT

Covid-19 is a severe acute respiratory syndrome, the disease presents with a ranging from asymptomatic to severe symptomatic illness with multiple organ failure and death, and can cause a severe effect on the coagulation system. This study aimed to determine the effect of the covid 19 on the extrinsic and intrinsic pathway of coagulation [prothrombin time(PT), international normalized ratio (INR), and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT)] and to determine the association of age and gender with the severity of COVID-19 in Sudan in order to improve the outcome. A cross-sectional study carried out among 487 COVID-19 patients attending Khartoum State. COVID-19 patients were confirmed by RT-PCR. For all patients, the prothrombin times (PT), International normalized ratio (INR), and Activated partial thromboplastin (APTT) were estimated by using a semi-automated coagulometer analyzer. Patients were divided into three subclass groups according to the Severity of COVID-19 (mild, severe in the emergency room) (ER) and intensive care unit (ICU), and the clotting factors values were compared between the groups. The results were statically analyzed by spss version 21 for data analysis. These results showed statistically significant increased Levels of PT, INR, and APTT for all (P. value = 0.000), compared to the control group. Also, the levels of coagulation tests were higher in ICU COVID-19 patients (P. value = 0.000) compared to mild and severe subgroups. This study concluded that: coagulation clotting times were increased in COVID-19 patients, especially among patients in ICU which could be a marker for DIC and even death.

8.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(20):1203-1209, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206897

ABSTRACT

The article discusses the prospects for increasing the tax potential of the Republic of Karakalpakstan based on the analysis of methods for assessing the tax potential of the region. In particular, an effective budgetary-tax system is reflected in the structure of state budget revenues, as well as ongoing reforms in the sectors of the economy in the regions and changes in world prices for raw materials. In this, the author notes the impact of coronavirus on the economy of Uzbekistan. That is, during the global coronavirus pandemic, the implementation of preferential and other measures provided for certain sectors of the economy and business in the country had a negative impact on the mobilization of budget revenues in 2020. However, the essence of these benefits provided on the basis of a number of important decrees and resolutions of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan to mitigate the negative impact of the crisis on the economy and stimulate the real sector of the economy through taxes is highlighted. In this regard, a deep analysis was carried out with information on the results of the work done in the Republic of Karakalpakstan on the above in the context of the regions of the region. From the above, the author carried out a comparative analysis of the effectiveness of the results of the representative tax system method with the factual (additive) method widely used in international practice for assessing tax potential. The effectiveness of the results of tax revenues is based on a static state and the economic efficiency of the representative tax system method in the formation of budget revenues of the Republic of Karakalpakstan has been proven. The author proposes the application of the representative tax system method to increase the tax potential of the local budget of the Republic of Karakalpakstan in the future. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

9.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(17):1418-1425, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206883

ABSTRACT

This research examined the effect of social media addiction on aggression and overall quality of life on undergraduate students at Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab. In the study, survey method was used to collect data. A sample of 50 students were selected for this study. Quality of Life Scale by John Flanagan, Internet Addiction Test by Kimberly S. Young, and The Aggression Scale by Pamela Orpinas and Ralph Frankowski (2001) were administered for data collection. SPSS tool has been used for data analysis. Results indicated that there is a positive and significant connection between social media addiction, aggression, and quality of life. It has also been found that Covid-19 has leaded to increased social media addiction, and therefore, more grave consequences. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

10.
Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences ; 18(6):228-235, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2206850

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Like most educational institutions, our medical school transitioned to online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020. An initial survey of 192 undergraduate medical students conducted in June 2020 revealed a low acceptance of online assessments, lack of work-readiness, perception of online discussions as being inferior to face-to-face, and prevalent anxiety. Following this, we implemented pedagogic changes to encourage independent learning, improve patient contact, and increase social interactions between students. Methods: A follow-up study was conducted 12 months later in the same student population, excluding those who had graduated. The same 14-item anonymized survey questionnaire was administered, and comparisons were made between the follow-up and initial responses. Results: At follow-up, 45.6% of participants felt that online assessments can adequately and fairly assess students' performance compared to the initial study (26.2%, p = 0.002). Participants at follow-up were generally more agreeable that discussion using an online learning platform was as effective as face-to-face learning compared to before (p = 0.017). Subgroup analysis showed that this was only true for Year 2 - 4 students. Year 5 students perceived online learning as less effective then face-to-face, reported lower confidence in their ability to apply their knowledge, and an increased in anxiety compared to before. Conclusion: While perception of online learning and assessment had improved at follow-up, the ramifications from restrictions to medical education over the past two years are now being felt most severely by the current final year students, emphasizing the importance of anticipating and addressing these concerns much earlier. © 2022 UPM Press. All rights reserved.

11.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 14:59-67, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206832

ABSTRACT

This study aims to analyze the valuation and quantification of assets, liabilities and income in pharmaceutical companies in Indonesia. This research is qualitative in nature, namely research that holistically intends to understand the phenomenon of what is the subject of research, be it events, perceptions, or actions, and in a descriptive way the approach used uses a conceptual approach, and literature studies The results of the study show that valuation and asset quantification use three approaches, namely the market data comparison approach, the revenue capitalization approach and the cost approach, where pharmaceutical companies in Indonesia tend to use these three approaches in assessing assets, then the debt policy of pharmaceutical companies in Indonesia when viewed from the the debt to equity ratio shows a fluctuating value where the risk of debt is still high for the company due to the high value of this ratio, furthermore the income of pharmaceutical companies in Indonesia tends to fluctuate where during the covid 19 pandemic pharmaceutical companies experienced significant revenue growth. Copyright © 2023 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

12.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:5787-5804, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206800

ABSTRACT

This study explores First Year Engineering students' perceptions towards online speaking assessment amidst COVID-19 pandemic. To ensure that the education process remained uninterrupted during the pandemic, schools and higher learning institutions were forced to shift to full time remote teaching and learning which has indirectly impacted assessment and evaluation of all courses. This study aims to examine first year engineering students' views on their experience having online speaking assessment amidst covid-19 pandemic. Investigating students' perceptions as the end user towards online assessment is highly crucial to determine the effectiveness of teaching and learning. A quantitative method of study was conducted with questionnaire derived from Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) was adopted to collect responses from 163 undergraduate Diploma engineering students doing their first semester in Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia. The key findings indicated that the students were well receptive of online speaking assessment and were fully ready to have online speaking assessment in the future. The study also discovered that students' perceived self-efficacy towards online speaking assessment was low and there was significant difference in perceptions between students from rural and students from urban area on online speaking assessment. This study is important to higher learning institutions to serve as a guide in making planning related to implementation of online speaking assessment during the pandemic. This research is also significant for its contribution towards language teaching practices in higher learning institution and will be helpful for the educators to identify ways to enhance students' online assessment experience for an effective teaching and learning. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

13.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:5706-5716, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206799

ABSTRACT

Technology bring possibility to conduct focus group discussion (FGD) virtually, especially during COVID-19. Online FGD conducted to explore needs assessment to design an effective drug prevention program among high-risk youth. 10 Online FGD within 5 participant for each group conducted involving youths from high-risk areas. Sessions recorded with the participants' consent. Online FGD provides flexibility of time and venue, and widens the opportunity to gather more in-depth data. However, online FGD might cause the interactions less dynamic. Thus, it calls for future studies on the effectiveness of online focus group discussion as compared to the conventional face-to-face method. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

14.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:4102-4107, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206789

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The use of the internet has become an integral part of everyday life in these modern times of digitalization, especially the lives of adolescents. At the same time, excessive use of the internet has emerged as a significant affliction. However, the impact of Internet addiction has not been well studied in India on these crucial years of life. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of internet addiction and its association with depression, anxiety and stress among medical students during the COVID -19 pandemic. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students of Saveetha Medical College, Chennai during the covid-19 pandemic. A pretested, predesigned questionnaire, Young's Internet Addiction Scale, and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS21) are used in the study. Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test were used to assess the association between internet addiction and depression, anxiety and stress. Result(s): A very high prevalence (72.04%) of internet addiction was observed among the respondents. The primary purposes of using the internet were entertainment (21.30%) and social media (20.80%) followed by academics (18.07%), and a majority (40.13%) reported spending 3-5 hours a day followed by more than 5 hours a day (38.49%). There was a significant association between Internet addiction and depression (odds ratio =8), anxiety (odds ratio=8) and stress (odds ratio=7). Conclusion(s): Internet addiction is a serious issue with huge impacts on mental health. Early intervention therefore is crucial. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

15.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:3665-3672, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206785

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Anosmia has been increasingly recognized as one of the most important clinical symptom to be screened for the COVID-19 Objective: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of anosmia and its association with COVID-19 risk level among staff in a higher education institution in Malaysia. Method(s): The data was obtained from COVID-19 risk assessment system implemented in the institution within four-month surveillance period from May to September 2020. The risk level was categorised into three levels namely low, moderate, and high depending on the staff reported symptoms and presence of epidemiological link. Pearson Chi Square analysis and Binary Logistic Regression were applied to assess possible association between anosmia and COVID-19 risk level. Result(s): A total of 1787 staff were involved in the analysis;1455 (81.4%) were categorized as low risk, 316 (17.7%) were medium risk and 16 (0.9%) were at high risk of contracting COVID-19. Out of 1787, 65 (3.6%) staff presented with anosmia. There was a statistically significant association between anosmia and COVID-19 risk level. Those with anosmia were 8.31 times more likely to be categorised under higher risk group (medium and high risk) compared to those without anosmia (Odds Ratio (OR): 8.31, beta =2.117, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 4.94-13.99, p < 0.001). Conclusion(s): The COVID-19 risk assessment system is proven to be valid as it demonstrated anosmia association with higher COVID-19 risk level which is consistent the current epidemiological evidence on anosmia. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

16.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:2152-2158, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206727

ABSTRACT

Background: The Pandemic of COVID-19 has put healthcare workers under significant psychological pressure. This aimed to analyze the cognitive and somatic components of anxiety among healthcare workers using the State-Trait Inventory for Cognitive and Somatic Assessment Scale (STICSA) before and during the pandemic. In this observational study, 300 healthcare workers were analyzed using the STICSA questionnaire. Various demographic data like age, gender, marital status, educational background, sleep duration was collected. The somatic and cognitive dysfunction score were compared using an independent sample T-test between gender, duration of sleep, etc. Somatic and cognitive dysfunction severity was compared with demographic and pandemic-related parameters using the Chi square test. Result(s): Among 300 participants, the majority (83%, n=249) were below 29 years of age, 159(53%) were females. In respect to duration of sleep during the pandemic, the total score was 40.85 +/- 13.3 in participants sleeping less than 7 hours and 35.83 +/- 11.7 among participants sleeping more than7 hrs. This difference in total score and duration of sleep between the groups was statistically significant (P value 0.001). The mean total score of somatic and cognitive dysfunction before the pandemic was 34.88 +/- 11.527, and it was 38.03 +/- 12.655 during the pandemic. The difference in scores before the pandemic and during the pandemic was statistically significant (P value <0.001). Conclusion(s): This study gives enough evidence that anxiety levels have increased and duration of sleep has decreased among health care workers during this pandemic, with cognitive dysfunction being more profound than somatic dysfunction.. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

17.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:1574-1578, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206721

ABSTRACT

Background: Health care providers health and safety are crucial not only for continuous and safe patient care, but also for control of any pandemic. Aim/Objectives: Our study assessed the mental workload status of doctors who are catering to mainly industrial workforce.Methodology: A cross sectional study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital for three months during the pandemic. Data was collected and assessed using NASA TASK LOAD INDEX containing 6 dimensions, and stress levels were assessed using perceived stress scale. Result(s):A total of 104 participants responded to the survey;of which 40(38.5%)were female and 64(61.5%) were male. The percentage of people with high mental demand were 68(65.4%), the overall major contributor to this high workload seen in the participants was Effort demand . The participants with higher levels of workload were 90(86.5%). Among them females were 37.8 % and males were 62.2 %. The perceived stress scale showed 2(1.9%) of participants were in low stress, 80(76.9%) were in moderate stress and 22(21.2%) were in high stress. The calculated overall workload mean scores was 66.23+15.383 and perceived stress was 22.01+5.55 which is positively correlated and statistically significant. Conclusion(s):A considerate proportion of doctors experience high workload and stress levels. Doctors being Frontline workers were more vulnerable for mental health problems which are still underreported and is expected to be very considerate. There is a need to implant ways to decrease the stress levels of doctors and for better patient care. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

18.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:815-821, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206687

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Internship is a crucial period of the general medicine doctorate that plays a key role in shaping the basic skills and professional abilities of medical students and is a major part of the educational programs in this field. It is also essential in better preparing medical students for their future professional roles. Clinical evaluation and the use of methods capable of measuring the skills, competencies, and abilities of students are of special importance. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the internship training course on the diagnosis of common skin diseases using the computer-assisted assessment method (CAA). Method(s): In this pre-experimental study, one-group pre- and post-testing were performed, and the efficacy of the internship training course on the skill of diagnosing common skin diseases was investigated among the interns of the dermatology department of Hazrat Rasool Akram Hospital, Tehran, Iran, from October 2018 to March 2020. To conduct this study, a Computer-Assisted-Assessment (CAA) test in the form of a PowerPoint presentation consisting of typical images of 25 common skin diseases at the time of entry and also a similar test of typical but different and cluttered images of the same 25 common skin diseases was performed on the last day of each internship course, and the interns recorded the diagnosis of the diseases displayed on the answer sheet during a fixed period of time. Then, the pre-and post-testing information was recorded during the consecutive periods of the interns' presence in the dermatology department. This information included the exam scores, age, sex, marital status, months of internship, year of entering the university, being an international campus student, and month of completing the internship period. After analyzing the data, the effectiveness of the training received during the internship period was assessed. Result(s): In this study, 252 medical students with an average age of 25.35 +/- 2.0 years were investigated. Among the participants, 32 people (12.7%) were international campus students, and 220 people (87.3%) were non-campus students. Also, 56 students were married (22.2%), and 196 participants (77.8%) were single. The average score of interns before the course was 8.19+/-2.6, and after the course was 19.39+/-3.4, and the difference between them was significant (P<0.001). Also, the mean difference between the scores before and after the training course was 11.19 +/- 2.1 and the scores of all participants in the study increased after the training course, which ranged from 3 to 17 scores. Pre- and post-course scores in single people were significantly higher compared to married people (P<0.001 for both). However, there was no significant difference between mean grade changes of pre-and post-course scores in single and married people (P=0.092). Also, pre-and post-course grades and grade changes in the international campus students were significantly lower than other interns (P<0.001). On the other hand, there was a significant relationship between being an international campus student and grades before the course (P = .005), grades after the course (P<0.001), and grade changes (P<0.001). Conclusion(s): Our results showed that the internship training course of the dermatology department of Hazrat Rasool Akram Hospital would efficiently increase the ability to diagnose common skin diseases by interns. This study also showed that the pre-course and post-course scores and their changes in international campus students are significantly lower compared to other students. Also, older age and being married reduce the pre-course and post-course scores in interns compared to others. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

19.
Journal of Advanced Research in Applied Sciences and Engineering Technology ; 29(1):129-141, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2206477

ABSTRACT

The spread of COVID-19 has drastically changed the community's norms or lifestyles, including public or private servants working from home (WFH). WFH also occurs among staff at the school and university. All students and educators were encouraged to continue their teaching and learning sessions online. The lecturers had to continue teaching and learning (T&L) at the university level via e-learning or electronic learning, including calculation courses such as statistics. At UUM, the ‘Statistics for Social Science' course is one of the courses offered for social science students, and it is a compulsory subject. Most students have studied statistics courses in high school, and some are not interested in the calculation course, particularly when it becomes a compulsory course at the university level. University management introduced various methods to ensure the lecturers and students can fulfil their roles in teaching and learning. Therefore, universities introduced DITL through online workshops and training for lecturers and students. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of DITL on students of the 'Statistics for Social Sciences' course during COVID-19. The methods used are descriptive statistics, Pearson correlations, and regression analysis. The results were found moderately effective based on a mean score of 3.53. The Pearson correlation results show a positive and significant relationship between Course Delivery (lecturers' delivery, course assessment, and course content) and DITL. The descriptive analysis result of DITL confirms the results. Based on the result of simple regression analysis, it shows that Internet Speed affects the DITL and H null failure to accept. In conclusion, DITL can be continued during the COVID-19 pandemic as it aligns with the advancement of information and communication technology (ICT). Therefore, ICT in teaching and learning has been implemented as well as possible, even during COVID-19. © 2022, Penerbit Akademia Baru. All rights reserved.

20.
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development ; 14(1):317-322, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206454

ABSTRACT

Backgrounds: Pregnant women are classified in a group that is vulnerable to the transmission of COVID-19 infection. Anxiety of pregnant women during COVID-19 pandemic can hinder pregnancy plans and increase anxiety of pregnant women. The anxiety of pregnant women could lead them to have a positive healthy attitude, namely by following the health protocols implemented by the government. Aim(s): This study is aimed to determine the relationship between anxiety levels and prevention attitudes toward COVID-19 transmission among pregnant women. Methodology: This type of research is quantitative analytic with a cross sectional approach using the HARS anxiety questionnaire to determine the anxiety levels of pregnant women and prevention attitude questionnaire toward COVID-19. Research was carried out at Sri Wartini Community Medical Center in Bogor City with a sample of 40 pregnant women. The sampling technique used was total sampling. The data analysis technique used statistical test with chi-square test. Result(s): Among 40 participants, 24 (60%) participants had positive prevention attitudes toward COVID-19 and 16 (40%) participants had negative prevention attitudes toward COVID-19 transmission, whereas 15 (37.5%) participants had mild anxiety and positive prevention attitudes toward COVID-19 transmission. The p-value of this research was 0.000. Conclusion(s): There was significant relationship between anxiety levels and prevention attitudes toward COVID-19 transmission among pregnant women. Copyright © 2023, Institute of Medico-legal Publication. All rights reserved.

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