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1.
J Nutr Sci ; 12: e54, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2312414

ABSTRACT

The objective of the present study was to examine associations between variables of COVID-19-related concerns and changes in fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption among a sample of participants from the Brighter Bites program at risk for food insecurity. Cross-sectional data were collected during April-June 2020 using a rapid-response survey to understand social needs, COVID-19-related concerns and diet-related behaviours among families with children participating in Brighter Bites (n 1777) in the 2019-2020 school year at risk for food insecurity, within the surrounding Houston, Dallas, Austin, Texas area; Southwest Florida; Washington, D.C., United States. Of the 1777 respondents, 92 % of households reported being at risk for food insecurity. Among those from food insecure households, the majority were of Hispanic/Mexican-American/Latino (84⋅1 %) ethnic background, predominantly from Houston, Texas (71⋅4 %). During the pandemic, among individuals from food insecure households, 41 % (n 672) reported a decrease in FV intake, 32 % (n 527) reported an increase in FV intake, and 27 % (n 439) reported no change in FV intake. Those who reported concerns about financial stability had a 40 % greater risk of decreased FV intake compared to those not concerned about financial stability (RR 1⋅4; 95 % CI 1⋅0, 2⋅0; P = 0⋅03). The present study adds to this current body of sparse literature on how the initial phase of the pandemic impacted FV consumption behaviours among food insecure households with children. Effective interventions are needed to diminish the negative impact of COVID-19 on the population's health.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Child , Humans , United States , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Food Supply , Diet , Vegetables , Food Insecurity
2.
Food Protection Trends ; 43(2):161-166, 2023.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2305254

ABSTRACT

YouTube videos have been a significant source of public health and food safety misinformation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Specifically. the washing of produce with soap and other substances was promoted in the early stages of the pandemic through YouTube videos. There- fore. we conducted a study to analyze produce washing messaging in YouTube videos posted during. compared to prior to. the COVlD-19 pandemic. Videos were identified via targeted keyword searches. Produce washing meth. ads were coded and classified according to government recommendations. A total of 100 YouTube videos were identified and analyzed: 56 videos were posted during the pandemic and 34 before the pandemic. Of the 100 videos. 70 contained nenfactuel information about produce washing. Videos posted by bloggers were more likely to contain nonfactuel information compared to videos posted by the government and organizations {78 versus 2.9%]. Videos posted during the pandemic were more likely to have nnnfactual information than those posted before the pandemic [56 versus 17%]. This study found that individual. bloggers contributed to the spread of misinformafion about produce washing in YouTube videos, resulting in potentially harmful behavior changes among consumers. Efforts are needed from food safety educators and public health officials to improve the accuracy of fund safety information disseminated on YouTube.

3.
Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism ; 41(72), 2023.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2294769

ABSTRACT

This paper explores the impacts that the New Zealand government's lockdown measures to contain the COVID-19 virus during 2020 had on the activity and experiences of outdoor recreationists in New Zealand. Concepts related to coping strategies such as rationalisation, displacement and substitution, have been used frequently to explain the behavioural changes and processes involved in outdoor recreation when disruptions arise such as crowding and recreational conflict. However, such concepts have rarely been applied to rapid on-set disruptors such as pandemics. This paper adopts coping strategy theory to help document the strategies adopted by outdoor recreationists in response to the national lockdown in 2020. Based on a qualitative analysis of twenty interviews with outdoor recreationists in New Zealand, various coping mechanisms such as temporal, activity, and spatial displacement are identified. These include increased appreciation for outdoor settings, discovery of local activities and microadventures, and increased walking activity across the restricted, reaction and reset periods. Outdoor recreation coping strategies may contribute to increased resilience to disruptive and rapid on-set events and enhance understanding of how recreationists respond and adapt to disruption. This research presents a unique insight of coping strategies adopted in response to the national lockdown that may have implications for participation and management of outdoor recreation in New Zealand in the coming years. This paper also offers a new perspective on the behaviourist tradition in the field of outdoor recreation which may be fruitful for future research examining rapid on-set disruptions and crises.

4.
"Lucrari Stiintifice, Universitatea de Stiinte Agricole Si Medicina Veterinara ""Ion Ionescu de la Brad"" Iasi, Seria Agronomie" ; 65(1):215-218, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2282934

ABSTRACT

More than two years after the start of the coronavirus pandemic, tourism remains one of the most affected economic sectors. The present work aims to address, on the one hand, the impact of the health crisis on the behavior of consumers in the choice of tourist services, as well as to identify the methods by which these changes in behavior can positively influence the development of the rural tourism sector. Beyond momentary measures, we should look ahead to the future of tourism and identify ways to develop a more resilient and sustainable tourism offer. The experience gained during the health crisis will certainly help us anticipate new trends and consumption patterns. It should be mentioned that in order to benefit from this chance, integrated efforts must be made by all actors involved in the rural tourism sector, so that potential tourists can be guaranteed unforgettable experiences.

5.
Journal of Leisure Research ; 54(2):196-202, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2256808

ABSTRACT

This study examined the impact of COVID-19 on recreational walking while on vacation, a relevant activity among tourists especially in urban destinations. We surveyed visitors to Costa Daurada, an urban coastal destination in Catalonia in August 2020. Only 5% of participants reported lower recreational walking levels compared to normal circumstances;75% reported similar levels;and 20% reported higher levels. Higher recreational walking levels were associated with visiting local amenities or strolling and with a higher level of perceived safety from COVID-19 when walking. Higher perceived overcrowding was associated with less recreational walking. The pandemic may have altered recreational behavior while on vacation in urban settings especially by increasing outdoor activities such as recreational walking. If persistent, such behavioral changes could have relevant implications for both the tourism and recreation sectors and for local policymakers who aim to promote walkability while managing tourist pedestrian flows.

6.
Analele Universitatii din Oradea, Fascicula: Ecotoxicologie, Zootehnie si Tehnologii de Industrie Alimentara ; 21(A):83-88, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2254755

ABSTRACT

The last two years (March 2020-March 2022) have been marked by the SARS COV 2 pandemic, a pandemic that has had considerable negative effects on many areas of activity of which perhaps the most affected has been the HoReCa industry with all that entails. The study focuses on the development of sustainable tourism in the context of recent years, respectively on changing the behavior of tourists regarding all that involves the development of such tourism, as a necessity of modern times due to awareness of the importance of eliminating the negative factors of tourism on the environment. The intervention of the bioeconomy in the development of a sustainable tourism is a premise of fulfilling the challenge to maintain a healthy environment but also to respond to the growing demand from tourists for sustainability.

7.
The Scandinavian Economic History Review ; 71(1):36-57, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2249564

ABSTRACT

In 2020, The COVID-19 crisis has put great pressure on the economy worldwide. Only time can tell whether the COVID-19 crisis will have permanent effects on corporate and household behaviour and how it will affect society at large. This article examines historical experiences of how households managed the financial consequences of rising mortality during the 1918 influenza pandemic. We find that the previous pandemic led to an immediate and major increase in primarily small-sum industrial life insurance policies designed for blue-collar workers. The increase in new policies did not, however, have a lasting effect. By the time the pandemic had faded, the number of policies had dropped to below pre-pandemic conditions. This historical experience underlines the fact that there are limits to the extent to which even a major shock, such as a pandemic, can lead to behavioural change among households as currently being predicted in relation to COVID-19.

8.
German Economic Review ; 24(1):1-31, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2247387

ABSTRACT

We exploit the natural experimental setting provided by the Covid-19 lockdown to analyse how performance is affected by a friendly audience. Specifically, we use data on all football matches in the top-level competitions across France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom over the 2019/2020 season. We compare the difference between the number of points gained by teams playing at home and teams competing away before the Covid-19 outbreak, when supporters could attend any match, with the same difference after the lockdown, when all matches took place behind closed doors. We find that the performance of the home team is halved when stadiums are empty. Further analyses indicate that offensive (defensive) actions taken by the home team are drastically reduced (increased) once games are played behind closed doors. Referees are affected too, as they change their behaviour in games without spectators. Finally, the home advantage is entirely driven by teams that do not have international experience. Taken together, our findings corroborate the hypothesis that social pressure influences individual behaviour.

9.
Community Health Equity Research & Policy ; 43(2):211-217, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2230320

ABSTRACT

It's less possible to promote health behaviors without theory-based studies and it's better to use health education and promotion theories for more effective health education and promotion interventions. Theories are able to change the behavior of individuals at the personal, interpersonal, organizational, social, and policymaking levels. Organizations play an important role in the daily life of people, and any changes in these organizations can affect people's health. The Community Coalition Action Theory (CCAT) is a form of theories for the change across organizations. A community coalition is a structured arrangement where all members can work together on a common goal and objective. The current article focuses on applications of the CCAT to provide a framework for the development of activities and interventions related to confronting Covid-19. Forming a coalition is very significant and can increase the effectiveness of interventional programs. CCAT is one of the best practices that can be achieved through joint activities of multiple organizations that lead to improved health behaviors

10.
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Oeconomica ; 18(3), 2022.
Article in French | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2207803

ABSTRACT

Over the last fifteen years, the concept of the „green economy” has started to be given increasing importance not only in academia, but also in the implementation of various public policies, as a result of the need to respect sustainable development. Given the increased importance of respecting the environment in the current context, this article aims to highlight the impact of online trade in clothing sector on the consumer in terms of sustainability. Through an opinion poll, young people's perception of the impact of online clothes trade in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic was investigated, reaching the conclusion that the pandemic led to a change in behavioral trends with regard to the acquisition of clothing.

11.
Revista de Administração de Empresas ; 63(1):1-19, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2197555

ABSTRACT

O artigo analisa como as organizaçöes interpretam as relaçöes sistemicas envolvendo o mercado e relaçöes de trabalho em suas estrategias de gestao de recursos humanos (GRH) na pandemia da Covid-19. Por meio de abordagem qualitativa, realizaram-se quatro grupos focais com 24 gestores de pessoas e entrevistas com quatro representantes sindicais em tres regiöes do Brasil: Sul (Joinville, SC), Nordeste (Fortaleza, CE) e Centro-Oeste (Brasilia, DF). Os achados indicam lacunas de conhecimento das áreas de GRH sobre mercado e relaçöes de trabalho, práticas similares de GRH em patamares distintos e institucionalizadas por repertorio comum, enquanto os sindicatos adaptam-se a nova legislaçao trabalhista. O contexto pandémico trouxe mudanças estruturais, como o teletrabalho, ajuste a legislaçao e organizaçao do trabalho, e também mudanças comportamentais, e efeitos na saúde do trabalhador. O estudo contribui teoricamente ao discutir a GRH sob a abordagem institucional;metodologicamente propicia pesquisas comparativas;e empíricamente ilustra como acontece a GRH em distintas regiöes do Pais.Alternate :El articulo analiza cómo las organizaciones interpretan las relaciones sistémicas que involucran el mercado de trabajo y las relaciones laborales en sus estrategias de gestión de recursos humanos (GRH) en el contexto de la pandemia COVID19. A través de un enfoque cualitativo, se realizaron cuatro grupos focales con 24 gestores de personas y entrevistas con cuatro representantes sindicales en tres regiones de Brasil: Sur (Joinville, SC), Nordeste (Fortaleza, CE), y Centro-Oeste (Brasilia, DF). Los hallazgos indican lagunas de conocimiento en las áreas de GRH sobre el mercado y las relaciones laborales, prácticas similares de GRH en diferentes niveles, institucionalizadas por un repertorio común, mientras los sindicatos se adaptan a la nueva legislación laboral. El contexto de la pandemia trajo cambios estructurales (e. g.: teletrabajo, ajuste a la legislación y organización del trabajo) y conductuales, incluida la salud de los trabajadores. El estudio contribuye teóricamente al ampliar el análisis de la GRH bajo el enfoque institucional;metodológicamente al propiciar las investigaciones comparativa;y empiricamente al ilustrar cómo funciona la gestión de recursos humanos en diferentes regiones del pais.Alternate :The article analyzes how organizations interpret the systemic relationships between the labor market and labor relations in human resource management (HRM) strategies during the Covid-19 pandemic. The research adopted a qualitative approach, carrying out four focus groups with 24 people managers and interviewing four union representatives in Brazilian cities located in three of the five Brazilian regions: Northeast (Fortaleza, CE), South (Joinville, SC), and Central-West (Brasília, DF). The findings indicated knowledge gaps in the area of HRM regarding labor market and labor relations. They observed the occurrence of similar HRM practices institutionalized by a common repertoire at different levels while unions were adapting to the new labor legislation in Brazil (enacted in 2017). The Covid-19 pandemic brought structural changes such as an increase in telework and adjustment to labor legislation and organization. It also brought behavioral changes and affected the worker's health. The study contributes a) theoretically by expanding the analysis of HRM under the institutional approach, b) methodologically by providing comparative research, and c) empirically by illustrating how HRM works in different regions of the country.

12.
Terra ; - (8):280-309, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2203087

ABSTRACT

El artículo comienza con un debate sobre el concepto de "contracción” y sus orígenes, fuera del ámbito del desarrollo rural. A partir de ahí, se muestra la distribución de las zonas rurales en contracción en toda Europa. A continuación, se describen los procesos socioeconómicos que impulsan el declive demográfico en las zonas rurales, utilizando tanto la revisión bibliográfica del proyecto ESCAPE como los resultados de sus ocho estudios de caso. Seguidamente, se describe de forma breve la evolución de las intervenciones de la UE para paliar los efectos del declive demográfico, y se hacen algunas observaciones sobre el panorama político/de gobernanza actual. Concluimos considerando cómo una mejor comprensión del problema y del proceso de reducción puede conducir a intervenciones más eficaces, en el contexto de una visión renovada a largo plazo para el medio rural europeo. Este último debe reconocer plenamente el creciente abanico de oportunidades a las que se enfrentan las zonas rurales, a medida que la COVID-19 cambia estas y se aceleran las transformaciones en el comportamiento laboral y en la geografía de la actividad económica, y se cumplen los anteriores cambios graduales en la tecnología y los mercados.Alternate :The paper begins with a discussion of the concept of "shrinking”, and its origins, outside the realm of rural development. Building on this, the paper shows the distribution of shrinking rural areas across Europe. Using both the project's literature review and findings from its eight case studies the socio-economic processes which drive demographic decline in rural areas are then described. A brief account of the evolution of EU interventions to alleviate the effects of shrinking, and some remarks about the current policy/governance landscape follow. We conclude by considering how a better understanding of the problem and process of shrinking may lead to more effective interventions, within the context of a refreshed long-term vision for Rural Europe. The latter needs to fully acknowledge the expanding repertoire of opportunities confronting rural areas as COVID-19 changes in working behaviour, and the geography of economic activity, accelerate, and fulfil, previously incremental shifts in technology and markets.

13.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S403-S404, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2153940

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to an increased psychological strain on public mental health and may impact behavioural, mental, and physical health, presumably with effects on patients with severe mental disorders. Objective(s): This study examines pandemic-related physical and mental health and (compensatory) behavioural changes, in patients with BD as compared to healthy control individuals. Method(s): Physical and mental health and self-reported changes in daily structure and behaviour due to pandemic were assessed using a self-constructed questionnaire and the brief symptom inventory (BSI) from outpatient clinics in Germany, Austria, and Denmark in individuals with BD and a healthy control group. Result(s): The present study included 118 individuals with BD and 215 healthy controls. Individuals with BD reported statistically significant higher physical risk burden, increased weight gain, more physical comorbidities, and a decrease in physical activity and they further reported higher rate of COVID-19 testing, had more worries concerning health and experienced more anxiety but less social distancing. Conclusion(s): The COVID-19 pandemic seems to have a greater impact on physical health in individuals with BD than in healthy controls. Individuals with BD appear to be having more difficulties compensating their behaviour due to the pandemic which could amplify the effect of risk factors associated with poorer physical health. This highlights the necessity for optimising and targeting the overall treatment of both mental and physical health in patients with BD during periods with far-reaching changes such as COVID- 19 pandemic.

14.
Scientific Papers Series Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development ; 22(3):411-418, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2147469

ABSTRACT

Romania ranks third in the hierarchy of vegetable growing countries in Europe. This study focuses on the determinants of the decision to buy fresh and canned vegetables and on the satisfaction of buyers on these purchases. The quantitative survey was used as a method of collecting information, and the investigation technique was used as an investigation technique, structured in the form of an opinion poll. The opinion poll applied is a questionnaire-based survey that provided information on the situation of vegetable consumers and the change in consumption behavior caused by the COVID -19 health crisis. Most respondents prefer buying directly from the market, buying between 1-3 kg per purchase. If in previous years taste and provenance were the basic criteria in the purchase of vegetables, the economic crisis caused by the health crisis COVID-19, brought the price in the first place, due to the decrease of buyers' incomes or other financial problems. The need for consumption/family, however, did not suffer, the quantities purchased being comparable to those of previous years, buyers turning to vegetables with a low degree of perishability. The study provides results on consumers' criteria for selecting vegetables and their hierarchical changes during the COVID-19 health crisis.

15.
Revista Cientifica Multidisciplinar RECIMA21 ; 3(6), 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2146693

ABSTRACT

The present study is an integrative review, which aimed to understand the damage to the mental health of the elderly population caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Scientific evidence on the psychological impacts of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on the world's elderly population was based on one of the methods of disease prevention, through social isolation, where the elderly population became more vulnerable to loneliness, feeling of abandonment, fear of death and loss, among others. Among the most important impacts found are anxiety, depression, stress, behavioral changes, early grief, and untreated chronic pain, reaching the extreme that is suicide. The relevance of this work is due to the importance of knowing and studying the mental health of the elderly during the COVID-19 pandemic, in order to help in the psychological treatment of patients in need. The integrative review technique was performed, which is a study that aims to gather other similar studies, evaluate them and gather them in analysis in order to create a new content. For the search for information, file bases such as Scientific Electronic Libraby Online (SciELO), the Portal of Electronic Journals of Psychology (PePSIC), MEDLINE, PubMed, Google Scholar were used.

16.
International Journal of Emerging Markets ; 17(10):2558-2583, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2135965

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This study aims to reveal both the effect of the perception of COVID-19 on avoidance behaviors and the mediating role of the perception of personal control in this relationship. COVID-19 emerged in December 2019 and since then, it has spread globally in a short period and has affected people socially, economically and culturally.Design/methodology/approach>The data for the research was collected from 418 participants during COVID-19, through online questionnaires. The obtained data were analyzed through AMOS and SPSS software using structural equation modeling.Findings>The research results show that some perceptions of COVID-19 affect avoidance behavior and that personal control has a mediating role. It has also been found that gender plays a moderating role in the relationship between COVID-19 and avoidance behavior. It has been found that women are especially more sensitive compared to men in perceiving COVID-19. This study also found that perception of COVID-19 changes depending on income.Practical implications>After the pandemic is over, people will get in contact with each other less than before, and trade will change accordingly. People will avoid shopping in crowded places, and consumer behaviors will undergo different changes. All of these results considered, it is expected that avoidance behavior will cause some permanent behavioral changes in consumers.Originality/value>The study answers the critical question about the effect of the perception of COVID-19 on avoidance behavior. Furthermore, the role of income level, gender and education in this relationship will be highlighted.

17.
Sociologia ; 54(5):385, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067607

ABSTRACT

Globally, the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted daily activities, which led to a change in consumer shopping behavior as well. The aim of this paper is to analyze how shopping behavior of consumers has changed as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic in Slovakia. Two phases of an omnibus survey of shopping behavior were realized (before COVID-19, January 2018 and during COVID-19 pandemic, November 2020, June 2021). The research indicates that consumption patterns changed before and during the pandemic. The majority of Slovak consumers purchased their food at large stores before and during the pandemic. The pandemic resulted in panic shopping among a third of consumers in Slovakia. About more than tenth of Slovak consumers used online shopping more often than before pandemic.

18.
The International Journal of Sustainability in Economic, Social and Cultural Context ; 18(1):85-100, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2056691

ABSTRACT

The issue of human nature has not been limited in discussing disaster management during these days. This research aims to examine how human nature has been applied to the field to mitigate the various impacts of disasters. Qualitative content analysis, including inference and thematic layers, is used as the main method in comparing the arbitrariness-based with the duality-based aspect of human nature in terms of international organizations, developed nations, and developing nations. The key finding is that these stakeholders need to shift from the arbitrariness-based to the duality-based aspect. Such transition may lead to embracing effective disaster management, multiple emergency plans, self- and public awareness, psychological support, behavior change, diversity, and education. As a multidisciplinary study, this research comprehensively analyzes the contents of human nature within disaster management.

19.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):139-147, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040741

ABSTRACT

Having been previously infected does not guarantee that one is safe in this pandemic, therefore, it is important to estimate the change in perceptions. The aim was to determine the fatalistic perception of patients recovered from COVID-19 in Peru and to identify the sociodemographic differences that influence the fatalistic perception of recovered and uninfected patients. Observational, retrospective cohort. The exposure variable was whether the patient had already been infected by COVID-19, the dependent variable was the fatalistic perception in the event of becoming ill with COVID-19 (in the case of those who had already been ill, the question was asked in the event of reinfection);this was measured with a validated test and being fatalistic was defined as those who were in the upper third of the scores;analytical statistics were obtained. Of the 8957 respondents, 37% reported that they had already been infected by COVID-19. In bivariate analysis, there was no difference in fatalism according to having been previously infected (p=0.426). In multivariate analysis, there was a lower risk of fatalism among men (aRR: 0.85;95%CI: 0.80-0.90;p-value<0.001), but an increased risk among those who believed they could be reinfected (aRR: 1.39;95%CI: 1.23-1.56;p-value<0.001), adjusted for three variables. Un conclusion, there is no association between fatalistic perception of the pandemic and having been infected with COVID-19 in Peru. However, being a woman and believing in a possible reinfection were risk factors for presenting fatalistic ideas.

20.
Food Studies ; 13(1):1-23, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2030452

ABSTRACT

The present paper investigates the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on consumer behavior related to local food products (LFPs). The study relies on the interpretation of in-depth interviews (N = 26) conducted through phone calls in Tehran, Iran, between September 23 to October 27, 2020. The results reveal substantial changes in buying behavior and food habits. Our findings present four behavioral categories with different underlying motivational factors: (1) ceased consumption, (2) reduced consumption, (3) unchanged consumption, and (4) increased consumption of LFPs. The results show that reduced accessibility during the lockdowns inhibited some respondents from acquiring the products they wanted. Moreover, health concerns due to distrust of food safety made some consumers hesitant about local food consumption. Our findings enhance understanding of how and why pandemics like COVID-19 may affect food habits and, consequently, attitudes and behaviors toward local food consumption. As consumption is constrained by time and place, the study contributes by bringing a localized perspective into consumers’ understanding of “local” products and the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in Tehran.

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