Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 13 de 13
Filter
1.
Zoonoses ; 1(7), 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2025749

ABSTRACT

The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOCs), especially the sweeping spread of the delta variant, and differing public health management strategies, have rendered global eradication of SARS-CoV-2 unlikely. The currently available COVID-19 vaccines, including the inactivated whole virus vaccines, mRNA vaccines, and adenovirus-vectored vaccines, are effective in protecting people from severe disease and death from COVID-19, but they may not confer good mucosal immunity to prevent the establishment of infection and subsequent viral shedding and transmission. Mucosal vaccines delivered via intranasal route may provide a promising direction, which, if given as a third dose after a two-dose series of intramuscular vaccination, likely promotes mucosal immunity in addition to boosting the systemic cell-mediated immunity and antibody response. However, immunity induced by vaccination, and natural infection as well, is likely to wane followed by re-infection as in the case of human coronaviruses OC43, 229E, NL63, and HKU1. It is a challenge to prevent and control COVID-19 worldwide with the increasing number of VOCs associated with increased transmissibility and changing antigenicity. Nevertheless, we may seek to end the current pandemic situation through mass vaccination and gradual relaxation of non-pharmaceutical measures, which would limit the incidence of severe COVID-19. Repeated doses of booster vaccine will likely be required, similar to influenza virus, especially for the elderly and the immunocompromised patients who are most vulnerable to infection.

2.
Wiener Tierarztliche Monatsschrift ; 109(Artikel 11), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2025202

ABSTRACT

We have evaluated the diagnostic performance of immunochromatographic point-of-care tests (POCT) for the detection of rotavirus, coronavirus, Escherichia (E.) coli F5, Cryptosporidium (C.) parvum, Clostridium (Cl.) perfringens and Giardia (G.) intestinalis in fresh and thawed faecal samples from calves aged up to six months with diarrhoea. We performed POCTs to detect rotavirus, coronavirus, E. coli F5, C. parvum, Cl. perfringens and G. intestinalis on fresh samples in a field study and re-evaluated the performance for C. parvum, Cl. perfringens and G. intestinalis using thawed samples. We calculated the performance based on the results of the reference methods, which were RT-qPCR for the detection of rota- and coronavirus and bacteriological culturing and PCR to detect E. coli F5 and Cl. perfringens a and ss2 toxins. C. parvum was detected by phase-contrast microscopy and G. intestinalis by immunofluorescence microscopy. We collected 177 faecal samples from diarrhoeic calves. We found good performance for the POCT targeting rotavirus (sensitivity (SE)=92.9%;specificity (SP)=95.6%) and C. parvum (SE=63.3%;SP=96.2%). For E. coli F5, the number of true positive samples (n=1) was too low to evaluate the performance. The POCT to detect coronavirus gave a poor performance (SE=3.3%;SP=96.6%) and the POCT to detect Cl. perfringens a moderate performance (SE=52.8%;SP=78.2%). G. intestinalis POCT showed a higher sensitivity to immunofluorescence microscopy in thawed than in fresh faecal samples (SE=43.9% versus SE=29.2%). There are substantial differences in diagnostic performance between the commercially available immunochromatographic POCTs. Still, POCT can make a valuable contribution to the diagnosis and prevention of calf diarrhoea.

3.
Wiener Tierarztliche Monatsschrift ; 109(Artikel 9), 2022.
Article in German | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2025201

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Neonatal calf diarrhoea is a multifactorial disease that sometimes leads to high economic losses. It can be fatal due to dehydration and acidosis and has been one of the main causes of calf mortality. Material and methods: This retrospective study considered calves of a maximum of 35 days of age and with a diagnosed infection with rotavirus and/or bovine coronavirus. We examined the clinical records of 156 calves that were referred to the University Clinic for Ruminants in Vienna. Results Calves that had been treated with antibiotics before admission to the Clinic had a higher risk of staying longer, suggesting either that these calves had a more serious illness or that antibiotic treatment was not indicated and so therapeutic success was not achieved. Twenty-three calves died or were euthanized at the Clinic. At the time of admission, they were younger than the surviving calves and they had a lower inner body temperature and a lower base excess at the first examination. The four most common pathogens in faecal samples were rotavirus, bovine coronavirus, Cryptosporidium parvum and Escherichia coli, which were detected in 67.1%, 53.9%, 48.1% and 94.1% of the faecal samples examined. The most common co-infection was rotavirus with Cryptosporidium parvum (17 faecal samples). We inspected the four most common pathogens in more detail. There were significant correlations between bovine coronavirus and season, with the risk of suffering from bovine coronavirus 1.6 times higher in winter than in other seasons. There was also a correlation between Cryptosporidium parvum and general behaviour: the risk of being infected with Cryptosporidium parvum was 2.6 times higher in calves that were moderately to severely depressed at the first examination. There was a correlation between co-infections and mortality, with calves with a co-infection at three times higher risk of dying than calves with a mono-infection.

4.
Veterinary Times ; 50(24):6-6, 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1970949
5.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; 36(2):236-245, 2020.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1970921

ABSTRACT

Human coronavirus (HCoV) is one of the important pathogens of human respiratory tract infection. in order to clarify the genetic characteristics of HCoV-0C43 in severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) cases at the molecular level, a total of 374 samples obtained from SARI cases in Henan Province, China, in 2019 were screened for the nucleic acids of HCoV -0C43 by real - time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Reverse transcription-PCR amplification and sequencing of spike (5) RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (12dRp) and nucleocapsid (N) was carried out in samples with positive detection of the nucleic acids of FICoV-0C43. Upon. combination Of 42 representative sequences obtained from the GenBank database, phylogenetic trees were constructed based on three full-length sequences of S, RdRp and N genes. The FICoV -0C43 strains obtained from SARI cases were genotyped and the genetic characteristics of three target genes were analyzed. Variations in the amino acids of S protein (an important antigen of HCoV-0C43) were also analyzed. Results showed that 15 (4.01%) out of 374 samples from SARI cases were positive for FICoV-0C43, and the full-length sequences of S, RdRp and N genes were obtained from 4 out of 15 samples. Based on the phylogenetic trees of these three target genes, three strains belonged to the U genotype and one strain belonged to the H genotype. Analysis of the amino - acid variations of S protein indicated that there were three special sites of amino - acid variation (L272P, P5165 and 5902A) among the G genotype strains in 2019, including the three strains in our study and USA /MN306041/SC0810/2019. Another special variation in amino acids (N484D) was found among the II genotype strains in 2019, including one strain in our study and USA/MN306043/SC0841/2019. Based on the genotype identification and genetic characteristics of HCoV-0C43 strains from SARI cases in Henan Province in 2019, baseline data for the study of molecular epidemiology of HCoV 0C43 in China have been provided.

6.
Harran Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi ; 11(1):120-127, 2022.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934962

ABSTRACT

Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) infections are widespread in newborn calf diarrhea, which is one of the critical problems in cattle breeding. This study aims to investigate BCoV infection in calves with diarrhea in Sanliurfa province. In this study, 94 calves with diarrhea (3 months) following clinical examination were sampled. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the presence of BCoV antigen. A total of 5 stool samples were found to be BCoV positive (5.32%). This result showed that BCoV was low in calves with diarrhea in Sanliurfa province. However, considering the rapid spread of the infection in cattle populations, it is thought that it may cause significant economic losses due to treatment costs and calf deaths.

7.
Journal of Pediatric Infection ; 16(1):13-19, 2022.
Article in Turkish | GIM | ID: covidwho-1924549

ABSTRACT

Objective: In this retrospective study, we aimed to identify viral agents in children hospitalized with ALRTI and to show the relationship between viral agents and clinical characteristics. Material and Methods: Two hundred and fifty five children (55.7% male) who were diagnosed with ALRTI and hospitalized between March 2016 and February 2017 were included in the study. Clinical characteristics of the patients who were examined to detect respiratory tract viruses with PCR analysis in nasopharyngeal swab samples were evaluated by using medical records. The patients were divided into three groups according to their age: under two years old, between 2-6 years old, and between 6-18 years old. Newborns were not included in the study.

8.
Philippine Journal of Veterinary Medicine ; 57(1):27-40, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1905390

ABSTRACT

The study assessed the efficacy of a commercialized mixed herbal medicine in alleviating diarrhea in water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calves. The study involved 15 diarrheic water buffalo calves regardless of sex and with less than a year old from one farm divided into three treatments using randomized block design. Treatment 1 was served as control given with antibiotics and intestinal protectants.;Treatment 2 was mixed herbal medicine and probiotics and lastly, Treatment 3 was mixed herbal medicine only. The calves were treated three times a day for seven days for Treatments 2 and 3 while Treatment 1 (control) were treated once a day for 7 days. The animals were ob served and scoring of diarrhea were done and recorded daily for the next 7 days. Results of the study showed significant decrease in diarrhea scores on Day 6 and 7 post-treatment in Treatments 1 and 2 compared to the control. At Day 8 post-treatment, all calves showed soft to apparently normal stool. Genetic analysis of the possible causative agent of diarrhea revealed infection caused by rotavirus A, bovine coronavirus, BVDV, and ETEC. Results revealed that diarrhea caused by these pathogens can be alleviated by the herbal medicine and herbal medicine in addition of probiotics parallel to antibiotic treatment.

9.
Surveillance ; 48(4):10-24, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1887621

ABSTRACT

Exotic pest and disease investigations are managed and reported by the Ministry for Primary Industries' (MPI's) Diagnostic and Surveillance Directorate. This article presents a summary of investigations of suspect exotic and emerging pests and diseases in New Zealand during the period from July to September 2021.

10.
Journal of Mountain Agriculture on the Balkans ; 24(6):113-125, 2021.
Article in Bulgarian, English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1871346

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus infections rank first in the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract and respiratory system in large and small ruminants. The paper analyzes the occurrence, spread, development, trends and prevention of coronavirus infections in ruminants in Bulgaria, Europe and around the world. Retrospective, descriptive and statistical methods were used. The experience and the specifics of the coronavirus diseases encountered so far in large and small ruminants - cattle, buffaloes, camels, deer, sheep and goats and their epizootic character are summarized.

11.
Ciencia Animal ; 31(4):134-153, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1863944

ABSTRACT

This work aims to review about coronaviruses in swine, emblazoning there's differences. Transmissible gastroenteritis and epidemic diarrhea are imported diseases, as they generate a high mortality rate in lactating piglets and economic losses. These viruses reach enterocytes, causing villous atrophy;affected animals present watery diarrhea, vomiting, hypoxia and dehydration. Two other viruses have recently emerged, the swine deltacoronavirus and the swine acute diarrhea syndrome virus, which have pathogenicity and clinical signs similar to those described in previous diseases. In the other hand, the porcine respiratory coronavirus and the hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis virus have distinct clinical signs. The first causes mild or subclinical respiratory manifestations and the second neurological signs, vomiting and emaciation, mostly affecting piglets younger than 4 weeks. As there is no specific treatment for these diseases, and vaccines do not provide full protection, a good biosecurity program is the main way to control and prevent them.

12.
Revista de Salud Animal ; 43(3), 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1863877

ABSTRACT

Winter dysentery (WD) is a highly contagious disease characterized by gastrointestinal disorders in cattle. Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) has been recognized as the etiological agent of this syndrome. In Cuba, it appeared for the first time in adult cattle in 2004, and later between January 2008 and February 2009. In 2020, diarrheal outbreaks with clinical and epidemiological characteristics similar to WD occurred in units from Mayabeque province. Of eight stool samples collected, the presence of BCoV was confirmed in seven of them by reverse transcription assays coupled to endpoint polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), which confirmed 87.5% positivity. Virus was isolated in cell cultures and its characteristic cytopathic effect was observed on the fifth day after inoculation. The results of the present study confirmed that BCoV is the causative agent of diarrheas in the bovine herds studied, and confirmed the epizootic mode of presentation of this disease in them.

13.
Disease Surveillance ; 37(1):132-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1789476

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the detection consistency and power of a multiplex combined real-time PCR detection kits, and provide reference for the prevention and control of influenza plus SARS-CoV-2 infection.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL