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1.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 15: 975619, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2065603

ABSTRACT

The accumulation and deposition of misfolded α-synuclein (α-Syn) aggregates in the brain is the central event in the pathogenesis of α-synucleinopathies, including Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and multiple-system atrophy. Currently, the diagnosis of these diseases mainly relies on the recognition of advanced clinical manifestations. Differential diagnosis among the various α-synucleinopathies subtypes remains challenging. Misfolded α-Syn can template its native counterpart into the same misfolded one within or between cells, behaving as a prion-like seeding. Protein-misfolding cyclic amplification and real-time quaking-induced conversion are ultrasensitive protein amplification assays initially used for the detection of prion diseases. Both assays showed high sensitivity and specificity in detection of α-synucleinopathies even in the pre-clinical stage recently. Herein, we collectively reviewed the prion-like properties of α-Syn and critically assessed the detection techniques of α-Syn-seeding activity. The progress of test tissues, which tend to be less invasive, is presented, particularly nasal swab, which is now widely known owing to the global fight against coronavirus disease 2019. We highlight the clinical application of α-Syn seeding in early and non-invasive diagnosis. Moreover, some promising therapeutic perspectives and clinical trials targeting α-Syn-seeding mechanisms are presented.

2.
8th Joint International Conference on Serious Games, JCSG 2022 ; 13476 LNCS:39-45, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2059711

ABSTRACT

We have been running children’s play and learning camps since 2011, but we are withholding physical gathering after 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic. The problem with online videoconference camps is that it is difficult to design activities that encourage children to move spontaneously and engage with the world around them. Starting in 2021, we have launched a series of VR (virtual reality) camps with each camp aiming for the construction of a VR world. We believe that by having the children actively involved in the creation of the 3D objects that make up the worlds and in game design, we are fostering a sense of efficacy that allows them to actively work on the world surrounding them and change it. In this paper, we summarize our attempts, especially our experience of constructing a VR world with children in which the immune system of the human body is turned into a serious game. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

3.
4th International Conference on Intelligent Control, Measurement and Signal Processing, ICMSP 2022 ; : 748-752, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2052014

ABSTRACT

In order to prevent COVID-19 effectively, non-contact body temperature measurement and human identification are required in public places, but face recognition based on visible light cannot meet the requirements. Therefore, this paper proposes a thermal imaging face recognition method based on temperature block feature extraction. Histogram equalization and median filter are used to preprocess the face image, and Sobel operator is used for face detection;Six dimensional features including temperature mean, standard deviation and adjacent difference are extracted from each temperature block in the average poolinged temperature matrix, and classified by max-correlation-coefficient method. The experimental results show that the recognition rate of this method is 6.1% higher than that of PCA method with the temperature block size of boldsymbol{2times 2}. When using the same hardware to execute the program, if the two recognition rates are very close, the average test time of the proposed method is 22.2% less than the one of deep learning models such as Alexnet. Furthermore, the proposed method has strong robustness for small training sample set. For example, the recognition rate of single training sample model can reach 0.7, while in the deep learning model, except Mobilenet can reach 0.6, all of the others are less than 0.4. © 2022 IEEE.

4.
Biotechnol Lett ; 44(11): 1313-1322, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2048349

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present work was to identify a time-saving, effective, and low-cost strategy to produce in Escherichia coli a protein chimera representing a fusion anti-SARS-CoV-2 candidate vaccine, consisting of immunogenic and antigenic moieties. RESULTS: We overexpressed in E. coli BL21(DE3) a synthetic gene coding for CRM197-RBD, and the target protein was detected in inclusion bodies. CRM197-RBD was solubilized with 1 % (w/v) of the anionic detergent N-lauroylsarcosine (sarkosyl), the removal of which from the protein solution was conveniently accomplished with Amberlite XAD-4. The detergent-free CRM197-RBD was then separated from contaminating DNA using polyethylenimine (PEI), and finally purified from PEI by salting out with ammonium sulfate. Structural (CD spectrum) and functional (DNase activity) assays revealed that the CRM197-RBD chimera featured a native and active conformation. Remarkably, we determined a yield of purified CRM197-RBD equal to 23 mg per litre of culture. CONCLUSIONS: To produce CRM197-RBD, we devised the use of sarkosyl as an alternative to urea to solubilize the target protein from E. coli inclusion bodies, and the easy removal of sarkosyl by means of Amberlite XAD-4.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/biosynthesis , Escherichia coli , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/metabolism
5.
Cureus ; 14(8): e27892, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2040378

ABSTRACT

Background In the pediatric population, the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) foreign body is a common presentation for emergency departments (ED) and ENT units. COVID-19 has led to a significant impact on the health care system and the overall mental well-being of the general population. With the health care system under significant strain, we noted a continued presence of children with foreign bodies, with some requiring removal under a general anesthetic. Aim We aimed to assess if lockdown measures increased or decreased the incidence of children presenting to the hospital with ear, nose, and throat foreign bodies and to evaluate their management by the ED and ENT specialties. Method A retrospective data of children presenting with a foreign body in the ear, nose, and throat from March 2020 to August 2020 was compared with the data for the same period in 2019. Results Our study showed an overall decrease in children presenting with foreign bodies in 2020 compared to 2019 (n=90 and n=106, respectively). However, the number of children needing general anesthetic remained the same, and those presenting with foreign bodies in the upper aerodigestive tract were higher in 2020. Conclusion Children with foreign ear, nose, and throat bodies continued to present to the hospital during the COVID-19 lockdown. Our study shows an overall decrease in the number of children presenting with Ear, Nose, and Throat foreign body during the lockdown, but not statistically significantly different.

6.
Data Technologies and Applications ; 56(4):626-643, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2037645

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This research aims to collect human body variables via 2D images captured by digital cameras. Based on those human variables, the forecast and recommendation of the Digital Camouflage Uniforms (DCU) for Taiwan's military personnel are made.Design/methodology/approach>A total of 375 subjects are recruited (male: 253;female: 122). In this study, OpenPose converts the photographed 2D images into four body variables, which are compared with those of a tape measure and 3D scanning simultaneously. Then, the recommendation model of the DCU is built by the decision tree. Meanwhile, the Euclidean distance of each size of the DCU in the manufacturing specification is calculated as the best three recommendations.Findings>The recommended size established by the decision tree is only 0.62 and 0.63. However, for the recommendation result of the best three options, the DCU Fitting Score can be as high as 0.8 or more. The results of OpenPose and 3D scanning have the highest correlation coefficient even though the method of measuring body size is different. This result confirms that OpenPose has significant measurement validity. That is, inexpensive equipment can be used to obtain reasonable results.Originality/value>In general, the method proposed in this study is suitable for applications in e-commerce and the apparel industry in a long-distance, non-contact and non-pre-labeled manner when the world is facing Covid-19. In particular, it can reduce the measurement troubles of ordinary users when purchasing clothing online.

7.
Case Reports in Ophthalmology ; 13(2):350-354, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2027103

ABSTRACT

Plants of the Araceae family exude a sap containing calcium oxalate, a toxic substance that causes dermatitis. However, ocular injury due to exposure to Araceae sap has rarely been reported. Herein, we present a case of severe pseudomembranous conjunctivitis following exposure to Arisaema ringens, an Araceae species and popular houseplant in Japan. A 67-year-old man presented with pain in his right eye after exposure to the sap of A. ringens. At presentation, the best corrected visual acuity and intraocular pressure in the right eye were 20/800 and 15 mm Hg. Slit-lamp examination showed strong hyperemia, conjunctival chemosis, and corneal edema with many pseudomembranes, and fluorescein staining revealed corneal epithelial defects in the central area of the cornea. We washed the ocular surface with saline and initiated treatment with topical instillations of 1.5% levofloxacin and 0.1% betamethasone, combined with ofloxacin eye ointment. After repeatedly removing the pseudomembranes and increasing the frequency of the topical instillations, pseudomembranous conjunctivitis and corneal erosion gradually improved. One week following the injury, the corneal epithelial defects were no longer detectable, and the patient’s best corrected visual acuity recovered to 20/25. It is important for ophthalmologists and primary care physicians to be aware of the ocular toxicity of A. ringens and should counsel their patients accordingly. Moreover, preventative measures, such as the use of protective eyewear, should be taken when cutting this houseplant.

8.
International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications ; 13(8):226-233, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2025699

ABSTRACT

The need for healthcare services is growing, particularly in light of the COVID-19 epidemic's convoluted trajectory. This causes overcrowding in medical facilities, making it difficult to manage, treat, and monitor patients' health. Therefore, a method to remotely observe the patient's behavior is required, to aid in early warning and treatment, and to reduce the need for hospitalization for patients with minor diseases. This paper proposes a new real-time smart camera system to monitor, recognize and warn the patient's abnormal actions remotely with reasonable cost and easy to deploy in practice. The key benefit of the proposed methods is that patient actions may be detected without the usage of ambient sensors by employing pictures from a regular video camera. It carries out the detection using high-fidelity human body pose tracking with MediaPipe Pose. Then, the Raspberry Pi 4 device and the LSTM network are used for remote monitoring and real-time classification of patient actions. The test dataset is built from reality and reuses the existing datasets. Our system has been evaluated and tested in practice with over 96.84% accuracy, runs at over 30 frames per second, suitable for real-time execution on mobile devices with limited hardware configuration. © 2022, International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications. All rights reserved.

9.
Applied Sciences ; 12(16):8262, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023100

ABSTRACT

Exosomal nanoparticles (exosomes or nanovesicles) are biogenic membrane vesicles secreted by various cell types and represent a conservative mechanism of intercellular and interspecies communication in pro- and eukaryotic organisms. By transporting specific proteins, nucleic acids, and low molecular weight metabolites, the exosomes are involved in the regulation of developmental processes, activation of the immune system, and the development of a protective response to stress. Recently, the plant nanovesicles, due to an economical and affordable source of their production, have attracted a lot of attention in the biomedical field. Being a natural transport system, the plant exosomes represent a promising platform in biomedicine for the delivery of molecules of both endogenous and exogenous origin. This review presents current data on the biogenesis of plant exosomes and their composition, as well as mechanisms of their loading with various therapeutic compounds, which are determining factors for their possible practical use. We believe that further research in this area will significantly expand the potential of targeted therapy, particularly targeted gene regulation via the small RNAs, due to the use of plant exosomes in clinical practice.

10.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 10(8)2022 Aug 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2024370

ABSTRACT

Dense bodies (DB) are complex, noninfectious particles produced during CMVinfection containing envelope and tegument proteins that may be ideal candidates as vaccines. Although DB were previously described in fibroblasts, no evidence of DB formation has been shown after propagating CMV in epithelial cells. In the present study, both fibroblast MRC-5 and epithelial ARPE-19 cells were used to study DB production during CMV infection. We demonstrate the formation of epithelial cell-derived DB, mostly located as cytoplasmic inclusions in the perinuclear area of the infected cell. DB were gradient-purified, and the nature of the viral particles was confirmed using CMV-specific immunelabeling. Epithelial cell-derived DB had higher density and more homogeneous size (200-300 nm) compared to fibroblast-derived DB (100-600 nm).In agreement with previous results characterizing DB from CMV-infected fibroblasts, the pp65 tegument protein was predominant in the epithelial cell-derived DB. Our results also suggest that epithelial cells had more CMV capsids in the cytoplasm and had spherical bodies compatible with nucleus condensation (pyknosis) in cells undergoing apoptosis that were not detected in MRC-5 infected cells at the tested time post-infection. Our results demonstrate the formation of DB in CMV-infected ARPE-19 epithelial cells that may be suitable candidate to develop a multiprotein vaccine with antigenic properties similar to that of the virions while not including the viral genome.

11.
Special Interest Group on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques Conference - Art Gallery, SIGGRAPH 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2020393

ABSTRACT

The human body has historically been a constant source of fascination in the arts and sciences. With the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the debate over the virtues and disadvantages of physical versus virtual bodies has increased dramatically. One of the most difficult attributes of the human body to translate into other forms is the essence of human movement and, by extension, energy. Radiant Soma emphasizes the ephemerality of human movement by visualizing motion capture data with light. The installation of lasers and phosphorescent objects transforms choreography that the original performer can no longer perform into a constant stream of lively spirits. © 2022 Owner/Author.

12.
1st International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Sustainable Engineering Solution, CISES 2022 ; : 570-575, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2018637

ABSTRACT

X-ray radiography is used to get medical images of body parts such as chest, bones etc. These images help in detection of anomaly in inspected body part, for eg- Chest X-ray are used for detection of many diseases such as Covid-19, Pneumonia and Cancer. However, images obtained from radiography are low in contrast and with high noise level. Enhancement of an image is very crucial for the diagnostic purpose, as currently medical images are very helpful in identifying various disease and problem in human body. With the technical support, the enhancement is considered one of the first-rate methods for the betterment of visualization and raising the standard for understanding and clearing the image details. In our work, we have focused on the contrast enhancement and noise reduction, using Histogram equalization, CLAHE (Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization), median filter and DCT filter for chest X-ray images of COVID-19 positive patients. The dataset of 6,334 images are collected from the Kaggle repository. All these methods are combined and as a result, has provided the best output by giving a colored enhanced image, highlighting the major details. This work will be helpful in the diagnosis of various kind of the diseases from radiographic approach. In the future, we will extend the process for the diagnostic part of COVID-19 from the enhanced images dataset, which will help in easy detection and work as a technological support to healthcare system. © 2022 IEEE.

13.
1st International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Sustainable Engineering Solution, CISES 2022 ; : 130-135, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2018636

ABSTRACT

X-ray radiography plays a crucial part in diagnosis of various diseases in human body like Covid-19, Cancer and Pneumonia. The images obtained through X-ray radiography is interpreted by Surgeons, Pathologists and Radiologists for detecting anomaly in scanned body part. Chest X-ray is one of the cheapest and easily accessible tests of functioning of chest and lungs. However, images obtained through X-ray are not very clear, low in contrast and with lesser variation in gray level. Image enhancement is done for better visualization of images and bringing forward the underlying details of image. The Kaggle repository of total 6334 chest X-ray images were used for experimentation and calculation works. In this paper, we have compared various combinations of contrast enhancement techniques such as CLAHE, Morphological operations (black and white hat transforms) and noise reduction techniques like Median filter, DCT and DWT. The Comparison was done on the basis of image quality assessment parameters such as MSE, PSNR, and AMBE. The results showed that fusion of CLAHE and DWT techniques gave best results with highest PSNR value and lowest AMBE among the various models discussed. The proposed methodology shall be very helpful in diagnosis of diseases from chest X-ray images. © 2022 IEEE.

14.
Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science ; 10(7):231-234, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2012697

ABSTRACT

I found Italian interim guidelines for workers possibly came in contact with material from carcass, including body's serum, in morgue susceptible places and during autopsy practice for employees came in close proximity the stuff from corpses, including body fluids, in morgue and structures and during autopsy. To be particularly intriguing. In truth, the treatment of deceased bodies is a serious issue that is rarely discussed. It's possible that the illness will spread from the practitioner's body to other persons who come into touch with it. The first possible example of COVID-19 transmission from a corpse, as reported by Sriwijitalai and Wiwanitkit, demonstrates the urgent need for effective protection. I the Author intend to publish this review to provide technical insight for the personnel working in the autopsy activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. According to early studies, infection is spread by close and biblical contraption to a pathologic person, mostly through respiratory droplets produced by conversing, whooping, or blowing. Fever, cough, and difficulty breathing are all common symptoms of infection. The infection can lead to pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, multi-organ dysfunction or failure, and death in extreme instances. Because of the scarcity of scientific data and information of SARS-CoV-2 infection, it is thought prudent to treat COVID-19 patients in a systematic manner. Proper management of the dead bodies is quite crucial as the nature of the infection and its pathogenesis was not well understood at the initial phase of the pandemic. The stakes were too high to take any risks and a proper protocol was much needed to minimize any mishaps or accidents that might lead to full fledge spread of the disease.

15.
American Journal of Public Health ; 112(9):1242-1244, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2011700

ABSTRACT

[...]although poor women saw a 26% decrease, women living at or above 200% of the poverty level saw a 36% decrease in abortions. [...]between 2011 and 2015, conservative state legislators enacted 288 restrictions on women seeking abortion care (e.g., 24-hour waiting periods, mandatory counseling, bans on abortions after the first trimester, and banning medication abortion) as well as on abortion care providers (most commonly referred to as "targeted regulation of abortion providers," or TRAP laws, that mandated a number of unnecessary and onerous burdens on providers;https://bit.ly/3NYKZLM). [...]it is possible that declines in overall fertility were related to the recession, particularly fertility among adolescents,2 women already living in poverty, and women who already had children.3 Second, use of long-acting reversible contraception increased from 6% in 2008 to 12% in 2012.4Third, women residing in Medicaid expansion states had greater access to contraception as part of their insurance coverage than did women in nonexpansion states. [...]expansion of access to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health care by expanding insurance coverage for these services is being proposed in several states.

16.
Pediatr Surg Int ; 38(11): 1657-1662, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2007135

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 pandemic greatly affected our lives in all areas. Due to the social isolation policies implemented during this period, the majority of parents and all school-age children spent their lives at home. This study aims to investigate the effects of pandemic and isolation on home accidents treated in our center. METHODS: Foreign body ingestion (gastric foreign bodies: G.FB), foreign body aspiration (respiratory foreign bodies: R.FB), and corrosive substance (CS) ingestion cases admitted to our hospital between March 11, 2019, and March 10, 2021, were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic data, type and cause of home accidents, the time of the accident and the admission to the hospital, the location of the foreign body, and the follow-up data were recorded. The patients were divided into two groups: the pre-pandemic period (11 March 2019-10 March 2020) and the COVID pandemic period (11 March 2020-10 March 2021), and the data were evaluated between two groups as < 6 years old and 6-18 years old. RESULTS: During the 2 years, a total of 982 patients were admitted to our hospital for G.FB, R.FB, or CS. Four hundred and eighty-three of them (49.2%) were in the pre-pandemic period and 499 (50.8%) were in the pandemic period (p = 0.206). The mean age of the patients was 3.63 ± 3.32 years; 82.4% of the patients in the pre-pandemic group and 85.4% of the patients in the pandemic group were children < 6 years old. While the F/M ratio was 1/1.5 during the pre-pandemic period, it was 1/1.1 during the pandemic period. Of the cases, 73.3% were G.FB, 4.6% were R.FB, and 22.1% were CS. Almost half of the accidents occurred between the hours of 16 and 24. During the pandemic period, the accidents increased to occur between 0 and 8 am in children < 6 years old, and between 8 am and 4 pm in children 6-18 years old (p = 0.003). All of the home accidents in the 6-18 age group between 0 and 8 o'clock were girls (p < 0.0001). During the pandemic period, the frequency of button batteries and food products increased in G.FB. Also, the frequency of R.FB increased significantly (p = 0.006) and the most common R.FB was the food products. The frequency of CS increased in girls during the pandemic period, and CSs were brought to the hospital in a shorter time after the accident during the pandemic period (p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: It can be thought that the main reason why home accidents are common in the 0-6 age group is due to the developmental characteristics of the child rather than the longer time spent at home. The pandemic and isolation increase the frequency of foreign body aspirations and home accidents in girls.


Subject(s)
Burns, Chemical , COVID-19 , Caustics , Foreign Bodies , Accidents, Home , Adolescent , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , Communicable Disease Control , Female , Foreign Bodies/epidemiology , Foreign Bodies/therapy , Humans , Infant , Male , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(15)2022 Jul 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1994079

ABSTRACT

We present a case report on an older woman with unspecific symptoms and predominant long-term gastrointestinal disturbances, acute overall health deterioration with loss of autonomy for daily activities, and cognitive impairment. Autopsy revealed the presence of alpha-synuclein deposits spread into intestinal mucosa lesions, enteric plexuses, pelvic and retroperitoneal nerves and ganglia, and other organs as well as Lewy pathology in the central nervous system (CNS). Moreover, we isolated norovirus from the patient, indicating active infection in the colon and detected colocalization of norovirus and alpha-synuclein in different regions of the patient's brain. In view of this, we report a concomitant norovirus infection with synthesis of alpha-synuclein in the gastrointestinal mucosa and Lewy pathology in the CNS, which might support Braak's hypothesis about the pathogenic mechanisms underlying synucleinopathies.


Subject(s)
Caliciviridae Infections , Cognitive Dysfunction , Lewy Body Disease , Norovirus , Aged , Brain/metabolism , Caliciviridae Infections/complications , Caliciviridae Infections/pathology , Cognitive Dysfunction/pathology , Female , Humans , Lewy Body Disease/pathology , Norovirus/metabolism , alpha-Synuclein/metabolism
18.
2nd International Conference on Advance Computing and Innovative Technologies in Engineering, ICACITE 2022 ; : 442-447, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1992619

ABSTRACT

With COVID-19, more than millions of people from all over the world got infected due to this pandemic disease, has wrought havoc. Due to delay in detection of presence of COVID-19 in human body, it infected large number of people all around the globe. Besides all the available manual methods, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) can help in detecting, treating and monitoring the sternness of COVID-19. This paper intends to provide a complete overview of the role of AI and ML as one important tool for COVID-19 and associated epidemic screening, prediction, forecasting, contact tracing, and therapeutic development. AI is a game-changer in terms of disease diagnosis speed and accuracy. It's a promising technique for a fully transparent and autonomous monitoring system that can follow and cure patients remotely without transmitting the infection to others. AI Application areas in the field of health care are also identified. This paper examines the role of AI in combating the COVID-19 epidemic. We attempt to present a medical network architecture based on AI. The architecture employs artificial intelligence (AI) to efficiently and effectively carry out patient monitoring, diagnosis, and their cure. © 2022 IEEE.

19.
Advances in Gender Research ; 33:203-221, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1992558

ABSTRACT

This chapter develops analytical and comparative approaches on the advance of the sexual exploitation industry in Eurozone countries, addressing specific regulations and norms on what is called sex work (when regulated by the state) or prostitution (countries with abolitionist normative frameworks). Indeed, in scenarios of economic and health recession due to Covid-19, this issue is controversial and of urgency in the public agenda due to the scarcity of statistical records that can account for the impact of the sexual exploitation market on women and feminized bodies and in relation to gender equality and equity indexes, as well as public policies. As a working assumption, it is proposed that there is a “sociological erasure” on the impact of the sexual exploitation industry on populations of high social vulnerability. Methodologically, on the one hand, a comparative analysis of indicators relevant to gender equality and human rights is developed, using second-order data to compare European countries with antagonistic legal regulations on the sex market. On the other hand, the perceptions, discourses and representations of experts in the field and key informants related to the sex market are analyzed. Finally, it is concluded that coercive prostitution affects feminized corporalities, especially migrant and poor women. Therefore, prostitution should be considered a violation of human rights and should be evidenced as an emergent of gender violence. Information and analysis regarding this industry are required to know how to intervene and contribute to reach new levels of gender equality, and to provide timely assistance to those who need it, according to the objectives for the Eurozone established in agreement with UNICEF’s global Goal 5. © Emerald Group Holdings Ltd.. All rights reserved.

20.
Gender in Management ; 37(7):785-800, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1992483

ABSTRACT

Purpose>The purpose of this study was to explore issues of gender and diversity raised by the 2020 US presidential election.Design/methodology/approach>Samples from two populations (n = 667) described either an ideal president or one of the major-party candidates for president (Donald Trump and Joe Biden) or vice president (Mike Pence and Kamala Harris) on an instrument that assessed self-ascribed masculinity and femininity. Androgyny was calculated as the difference between masculinity and femininity;the closer the score to zero, the more androgynous the candidate.Findings>The ideal president was viewed as androgynous (i.e. balanced in masculine and feminine traits) rather than masculine as in previous studies of presidential leadership. Compared to the White male candidates, Harris, a woman of color, displayed the most androgynous profile. The Democratic ticket represented a “balanced” team, with one candidate (Biden) higher on femininity and the other (Harris) higher on masculinity;in essence, an androgynous ticket. In contrast, the Republican ticket (Trump and Pence) represented a decidedly masculine ticket. Ideal president profiles differed according to respondents’ gender and preferred president.Practical implications>The Democrats winning the election with an androgynous ticket suggests that a more level playing field for female vis-à-vis male candidates for political leader roles may be arriving.Originality/value>The finding of an ideal president as androgynous rather than masculine is an original contribution to the literature on presidential leadership.

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