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1.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 864398, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1864203

ABSTRACT

Background: Due to seriously imbalanced distribution of follow-up clinics in China, routine in-office visits are erratically attended by many cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) patients. Meanwhile, remote monitoring is significantly underutilized. Novel tools to address the current predicament of routine in-office visits in China is urgently needed. Objectives: To assess the reliability and feasibility of cloud follow-up in CIED patients. Methods: A total of 325 CIED patients from 13 hospitals in Sichuan Province, China, were enrolled. Information on patients' sociodemographic and basic clinical characteristics was collected. All devices were tested and programmed with 5G-cloud follow-up platform in a real-time manner. All patients were surveyed about their acceptance of and preferences regarding cloud follow-up compared to routine in-office visits. Results: Compliance with routine in-office visits in this region was 60.6%. None of the patients were enrolled in remote monitoring services. Clinically important predictors of non-compliance were elderly age (≥75 years old), odds ratio (OR) 2.392 (95% confidence interval, 1.111-5.150); needing notification from a follow-up clinic, OR 2.518 (1.179-5.376); and being beyond 15 months post-implantation, OR 5.440 (2.563-11.543). All cloud follow-up sessions were performed safely and efficiently, without any adverse events. 292 (89.8%) patients preferred cloud follow-up for future device management. Conclusion: Compliance with routine in-office visits in this region has much room for improvement. Cloud follow-up addresses the limitations of an imbalanced distribution of follow-up clinics and geographic barriers for in-office CIED evaluation. Thus, cloud follow-up provides a potential solution to the current predicament of routine in-office visits in China.

2.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 45(6): 815-817, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1673251

ABSTRACT

We report a case in which real-time remote interrogation and reprogramming of the parameters of a dual-chamber pacemaker was performed during the COVID-19 pandemic. The described case demonstrated the safety and effectiveness of CIED remote programming based on the 5G cloud technology support platform (5G-CTP), and showed that the application of real-time remote programming would help in reducing the risk of cross-infection between doctors and patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pacemaker, Artificial , Humans , Pandemics
3.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(2)2022 Jan 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1650148

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic has transformed the healthcare system, leading to the rapid implementation of telemedical solutions, especially in cardiology. The aim of this survey was to evaluate the patients (pts) with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) perspectives on the telemedicine elements such as teleconsultation, telemonitoring, and e-prescription. Materials and methods: An anonymous questionnaire was created and delivered to CIED pts who came to the ambulatory outpatient clinic. In this survey, we evaluated teleconsultation, home monitoring systems, and e-prescription in the 17 single-choice and multiple-choice questions and a rating on a scale of 0 to 10. Results: During the four-month period, 226 pts (58% male) completed the questionnaire. Regular visits were most frequent in pts living in the urban area where the clinic was located, and least frequent in those living in rural areas (p = 0.0158). Moreover, 89 pts (39%) had teleconsultation before CIED interrogation, and satisfaction was 99%; 24 pts (11%) had home-monitoring control and 135 pts (60%) would have liked to have this opportunity; 88 pts (34.5%) would be able to pay additional costs for home-monitoring, with a mean amount of 65 PLN (±68.24). The e-prescription system was used by 203 pts (90%), and it was evaluated with 8.6 points (±2) on a scale from 0 to 10 points. Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the previous functioning of the health system, and telemedicine became an alternative to traditional ambulatory visits and proved to be essential in the continuity of patient care. There is a substantial need for further development of telemedicine solutions in the healthcare system.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Telemedicine , Electronics , Female , Humans , Male , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Pakistan Heart Journal ; 54(4):344-347, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1629656

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Worldwide reduction in emergency procedures has been observed during the current COVID-19 pandemic. The effects of the pandemic and its associated lockdown on arrhythmia related emergency procedures is not known. This study was done to see the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on provision of emergency arrhythmia procedures and to identify vulnerable patient groups that may be disproportionately affected during lockdown. Methodology: Data for patients requiring emergency intracardiac devices including temporary and permanent pacemakers was collected from three public sector hospitals of Sindh, Pakistan, for the COVID-19 lockdown period of March to May 2020. This was compared to the data for the same period for 2019. Results: Patients presenting during lockdown decreased by 32.8% (from 250 to 168) compared to the same period without lockdown. The decline was across all emergency procedures considered. There was a more than fivefold reduction in the number of patients in patients from outside the metropolitan area of the hospital (64.3%) compared to those residing within the city (12.5%) (p=0.001). There was a trend showing women to be more effected, with the percentage decline in women being statistically significant in the rural setting (-93.8% vs. -52.9%, p=0.043). All age groups were equally affected (p=0.152). Conclusion: A marked reduction in the number of patients who presented for emergency intra cardiac devices and TPM procedures was seen during COVID-19 lockdown. The patients who presented from outside the city of the hospital and women in rural setting were significantly more effected.

5.
Card Electrophysiol Clin ; 14(1): 125-131, 2022 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1487632

ABSTRACT

During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) worldwide pandemic, patients with cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) refused scheduled follow-up visits because of the risk of infection. In this scenario, different telemedicine strategies have been implemented to ensure continuity of care to CIED patients. Patients can be monitored through dedicated applications, telephone calls, or virtual visits providing easy access to valuable information, such as arrhythmic events, acute decompensation manifestations, and device-related issues, without the need for in-person visits. This review provides a comprehensive description of the many possible applications of telemedicine for CIED patients during the COVID-19 period.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Defibrillators, Implantable , Pacemaker, Artificial , Telemedicine , Electronics , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 71: 102956, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1466029

ABSTRACT

IMPORTANCE: Bradyarrhythmia during COVID19 illness carries prognostic significance. Electrophysiological side effects of COVID19 vaccine remain largely unknown. It is imperative to report nature of cardiovascular side effects of the vaccine. CASE PRESENTATION: An 80 years-old-man presented with complains of dizziness, trepidation and shortness of breath following his first shot of COVID-19 BBIBP-CorV (Sino-pharm). ECG on arrival showed 2:1 atrioventricular block with an underlying old left bundle branch block. The AV block changed into Mobitz type-I over the course of next 2 days and into a sinus 1:1 conduction on fourth day of presentation. However, our patient underwent permanent pacemaker implantation due to the underlying conduction tissue disease and intermittent 2:1 AV block during the hospital stay. CLINICAL DISCUSSION: It is likely that patients with an already diseased conduction system are at an increased risk of worsening of AV block following inoculation of the vaccine. Vaccine associated AV blocks are likely to be reversible. Presence of prior coronary artery disease and electrical abnormalities are important considerations. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 vaccine may have added side effects in subjects with known heart disease. Humoral response towards the vaccine might interfere with the conduction system of the heart and more so in patients with diseased and scarred myocardium.

7.
Europace ; 24(2): 256-267, 2022 02 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1364793

ABSTRACT

AIMS: Remote patient monitoring (RPM) systems offer a promising alternative to conventional In-Clinic check-ups, hereby reducing unnecessary clinic visits. Especially with the rise of the COVID-19 pandemic, this reduction is of paramount importance. Regarding the association between RPM and clinical outcomes, findings of previous studies have been inconsistent. The aim of this study is to elucidate the effect of partly substituting In-Clinic visits by RPM on clinical outcomes in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study included 595 heart failure patients (LVEF ≤35%; NYHA Class II/III) implanted with an ICD compatible with the Boston Scientific LATITUDE™ system. Participants were randomized to RPM plus an annual In-Clinic visit or 3-6 months In-Clinic check-ups alone. The investigated endpoints after 2 years of follow-up included a composite of all-cause mortality and cardiac hospitalization, mortality and cardiac hospitalization as independent endpoints and ICD therapy. The incidence of mortality and hospitalization did not differ significantly as independent, nor as composite endpoint between the RPM and In-Clinic group (all Ps <0.05). The results were similar regarding ICD therapy, except for appropriate ICD therapy (odds ratio 0.50; 95% confidence interval 0.26-0.98; P = 0.04). Exploratory subgroup analyses indicated that the effect of RPM differs between patients with specific characteristics, i.e. ≥60 years and permanent atrial fibrillation (all Ps < 0.05). CONCLUSION: RPM is non-inferior to conventional In-Clinic visits regarding clinical outcomes. Routine In-Clinic follow-up may partly be substituted by RPM without jeopardizing safety and efficiency, and thus reducing unnecessary In-Clinic visits. CLINICALTRIALS.GOV IDENTIFIER: NCT01691586.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Defibrillators, Implantable , Heart Failure , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/therapy , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
8.
J Interv Card Electrophysiol ; 63(1): 21-28, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1043151

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: At peak COVID-19 lockdown, patients with symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) were faced with an equipoise between a palliative rate-control versus cautious rhythm-control strategy, including hospitalization for initiation of antiarrhythmic drug/s (AADs) and cardiac procedures which was impossible due to hospitalization restrictions. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of outpatient initiation of dofetilide in patients with AF using cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) for rhythm and QTc interval monitoring. METHODS: Adult patients with symptomatic AF with prior failure or intolerance to other AADs were enrolled if they were willing to in-office insertion of implantable loop recorders or already implanted with pacemakers or defibrillators capable of remote monitoring. Exclusion criteria were known medical contraindications of dofetilide and unable to provide consent. After making a shared management decision, dofetilide was initiated in a physician office, and rhythm and QTc intervals were monitored by ECGs and CIEDs. Patients were followed to assess the efficacy and safety of the treatment. RESULTS: The study cohort comprised of 30 patients, age 76 ± 7 years (mean ± standard deviation), 10 female (33%), CHA2DS2-VASc score 3.25 ± 1.3, ejection fraction 63.45% ± 8.52, and QTc interval 431.68 ± 45.09 ms. From 22 (73%) patients in AF at presentation, SR was restored in 14 (64%) patients after 4 doses of dofetilide. At 46 ± 59 days of follow-up, maintenance of SR in total 22 (73%) patients without cardiac adverse effects was accomplished. CONCLUSION: Effective and safe outpatient initiation of dofetilide during the extenuating circumstance of COVID-19 lockdown was possible in patients with AF who had CIEDs.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation , COVID-19 , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/therapeutic use , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Communicable Disease Control , Female , Humans , Outpatients , Phenethylamines , SARS-CoV-2 , Sulfonamides
9.
Indian Pacing Electrophysiol J ; 20(6): 250-256, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-731799

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly altered the practice of cardiac electrophysiology around the world for the foreseeable future. Professional organizations have provided guidance for practitioners, but real-world examples of the consults and responsibilities cardiac electrophysiologists face during a surge of COVID-19 patients is lacking. METHODS: In this observational case series we report on 29 consecutive inpatient electrophysiology consultations at a major academic medical center in New York City, the epicenter of the pandemic in the United States, during a 2 week period from March 30-April 12, 2020, when 80% of hospital beds were occupied by COVID-19 patients, and the New York City metropolitan area accounted for 10% of COVID-19 cases worldwide. RESULTS: Reasons for consultation included: Atrial tachyarrhythmia (31%), cardiac implantable electronic device management (28%), bradycardia (14%), QTc prolongation (10%), ventricular arrhythmia (7%), post-transcatheter aortic valve replacement conduction abnormality (3.5%), ventricular pre-excitation (3.5%), and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (3.5%). Twenty-four patients (86%) were positive for COVID-19 by nasopharyngeal swab. All elective procedures were canceled, and only one urgent device implantation was performed. Thirteen patients (45%) required in-person evaluation and the remainder were managed remotely. CONCLUSION: Our experience shows that the application of a massive alteration in workflow and personnel forced by the pandemic allowed our team to efficiently address the intersection of COVID-19 with a range of electrophysiology issues. This experience will prove useful as guidance for emerging hot spots or areas affected by future waves of the pandemic.

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