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1.
Jpn J Infect Dis ; 75(5): 511-518, 2022 Sep 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2040398

ABSTRACT

To estimate the effect of the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) control measures taken to mitigate community transmission in many regions, we analyzed data from the influenza surveillance system in Beijing from week 27 of 2014 to week 26 of 2020. We collected weekly numbers of influenza-like illness (ILI) cases, weekly positive proportion of ILI cases, weekly ILI case proportion in outpatients, and the dates of implementation of COVID-19 measures. We compared the influenza activity indicators of the 2019/2020 season with the preceding five seasons and built two ARIMAX models to estimate the effectiveness of COVID-19 measures declared since January 24, 2020 by the emergency response. Based on the observed data, compared to the preceding five influenza seasons, ILIs, positive proportion of ILIs, and duration of the influenza epidemic period in 2019/2020 had increased from 13% to 54%; in particular, the number of weeks from the peak to the end of the influenza epidemic period had decreased from 12 to 1. According to ARIMAX model forecasting, after considering natural decline, weekly ILIs had decreased by 48.6%, weekly positive proportion had dropped by 15% in the second week after the emergency response was declared, and COVID-19 measures had reduced by 83%. We conclude that the public health emergency response can significantly interrupt the transmission of influenza.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Influenza, Human , Virus Diseases , Beijing/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , Influenza, Human/prevention & control , Public Health , Seasons
2.
9th International Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering, ICEEE 2022 ; : 290-295, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1878958

ABSTRACT

Due to the outbreak of COVID-19, the whole world is thinking of new mechanisms, preventive measures to protect human life from the widespread of the pandemic. Many countries imposed COVID-19 control measures to limit further infection spread. However, controlling the spread of COVID-19 without taking severe measures (e.g. lockdown and full quarantine) that have undesirable economic effects becomes a major challenge. By exploiting the modern and available information and communication technologies, innovative solutions may emerge to face and deal with this crisis. In this paper, an innovative and flexible solution based on the exploitation and integration of geofencing, and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies is proposed to enhance the crisis management framework in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The proposed solution is designed to monitor and impose COVID-19 control measures in different environments such as distributed home quarantine, workplaces, service areas, and COVID-19 infected zones. © 2022 IEEE.

3.
Pan Afr Med J ; 38: 243, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1257120

ABSTRACT

The first COVID-19 case was reported in Ethiopia on 13th March 2020 and series of announcements of set of measures, proclamation and directives have been enacted to fight the coronavirus pandemic. These have implications for the regular health services including the TB control program. This brief communication assesses the impact of the COVID-19 response on the TB control activities of Addis Ababa health centers based on research project data. We compared the patient flows in pre-COVID-19 period (quarter 1, Q1) and during COVID-19 (quarter 2, Q2 and quarter 3, Q3) of 2020 at 56 health centers in Addis Ababa from all 10 sub-cities per sub-city. The patient flow declined from 3,473 in Q1 to 1,062 in Q2 and 1,074 in Q3, which is a decrease by 62-76% and 52-80% in Q2 and Q3 respectively as compared to that of Q1. In Q2, Kolfe keranio and Kirkos sub-cities recorded the biggest decline (76 and 75% respectively) whereas Yeka sub-city had the least decline (62%). In Q3, Kirkos sub-city had the biggest decline (80%) and Addis ketema sub-city had the lowest (52%). We conclude that the series of measures, state of emergency proclamation and government directives issued to counter the spread of COVID-19 and the public response to these significantly affected the TB control activities in Addis Ababa city as attested by the decrease in the patient flow at the clinics. Health authorities may inform the public that essential health services are still available and open to everyone in need of these services.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Delivery of Health Care/organization & administration , Tuberculosis/prevention & control , Ethiopia , Humans
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