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1.
Pharmacophore ; 13(1):48-55, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822791

ABSTRACT

At the current time, obesity itself can be a pandemic for many risk factors such as what is occurring in western countries were quickly comforted by the increase in the frequency of obesity, whose effects on health were soon manifested by a significant increase in cardiovascular disease in the general population. Inflammatory proteins can be classified according to their functions into different categories, although they are mainly involved in the response of the acute phase of inflammation, among which is the C-reactive protein (CRP). This study aimed to provide the effects of obesity according to the inflammatory analysis with CRP test on obese patients having a high-frequency inflammation which is one of several causes lead toward the infection and catching by Coronavirus COVID-19 disease because the influence of the obesity on the immunity system, according to sex, ethnicity, and age. We focused that obese patients must avoid any high-level CRP concentration to prevent them from any risk factors of contamination by COVID-19 pandemic. Copyright (C) 2013 - All Rights Reserved - Pharmacophore

2.
International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education ; 14(1):123-129, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822598

ABSTRACT

This study applies the Adolescent Coping Scale - ACS by Erica Frydenberg and Ramon Lewis (1991, 1993) to find out the actual reacting status of high school students in the suburbs of Hanoi when facing psychological difficulties during the period of school closures in Covid 19 disease. This paper also uses the Life Orientation Test - Revised - LOT - R scale of Scheier, Carver and Bridges (1994) to classify the state of students' optimism when participating in this study. This study used an online questionnaire survey method using Google form and Zalo form. Survey was conducted from March 2020 to June 2021. The result implied that the influence of optimism on students' responding methods, The result implied that different responding to psychic difficulties accompanied with learning setting can contribute greatly to students' learning and life process.

3.
International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education ; 14(1):91-98, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822597

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of possible disruptions in education and follow-up on anxiety and depression in parents of children receiving special education support for speech and language therapy. Materials and Methods A total of 111 parents whose children required special education due to speech and/or language impairments took part in the study. After obtaining the history of children receiving speech and language therapy that was interrupted due to the pandemic and the demographic information of the parents who filled out the questionnaire, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory was used to determine the parents' anxiety level and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale was used to determine their depression level. Results Due to COVID-19, 63.1 percent of the participants were unable to access special education for more than two months. While 62.2 percent of parents who completed the questionnaires did not feel hopeless or pessimistic about their children's future, 16.2 percent did. The parents who filled out the forms had high trait anxiety and medium-high state anxiety, according to their State Trait Anxiety scores. There was a positive statistically significant relationship between state anxiety and trait anxiety. Conclusion The anxiety levels of the parents were already high due to the situation of their children, and the interruption of education may have added to their anxiety.

4.
Industrial Engineering and Management Systems ; 21(1):20-42, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822574

ABSTRACT

Renewable energy plays an important role in energy sustainability and environmental friendliness, for example in terms of biomass power, and is essential for generating electric power, which has a significant impact on sustainable energy for the future. The objective of this research, therefore, is to propose a sustainable method of assessment for biomass power plant site selection for electric power supply for field hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic in Thailand In this research, based upon overlay map layers as an empirical study, the pandemic, as well as environmental friendliness, are considered in Thailand The Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) has been applied in order to determine the weighting of the criteria. Furthermore, the Fuzzy Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (FTOPSIS) has also been applied in order to rank alternative locations. The contribution of this research lies in the development of an approach that is flexible in terms of sustainable assessment, in terms of both subjective and objective evaluation measures, in order to reduce bias in the decision-making process, as well as to include natural disaster assessment in providing guidelines for the location selection of a biomass power plant from the perspective of environment friendliness.

5.
Izmir Dr Behcet Uz Cocuk Hastanesi Dergisi ; 12(1):52-59, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822532

ABSTRACT

Objective: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) changed the status-quo in psychiatric interview with the advent of telemental health practices, save for a select group of patients;forensic psychiatric interviews among them. The present study aimed to identify the predictors of completing forensic psychiatric evaluations mandated by the judicial authorities in the hospital setting during the COVID-19 outbreak. Method: Twenty-six patients who had completed an initial forensic psychiatric assessment and were required to complete a child and adolescent forensic psychiatry board interview during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic were recruited. Their records were retrospectively examined, sociodemographic data, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Screen For Child Anxiety Related Disorders (SCARED), and Wecshler Intelligence Scale for Children-revised scores were recorded and analyzed. Results: Statistical analysis revealed an association between conduct disorder and concomitant substance use with missed appointments, and maternal employment and completed interviews. BDI and SCARED total scores showed no difference between the patients who missed or completed their mandatory forensic psychiatry board assessment. BDI individual items of loss of pleasure (item 4), suicidality (item 9), and loss of interest (item 12) were associated with missed appointments. Conclusion: The results of this study support the established relationship between conduct problems and depressive symptoms, and this demographic group may be among the most affected by the limitation of access to mental health services during the COVID-19 pandemic, as they are already less likely to seek help overall.

6.
Frontiers in Marine Science ; 9:7, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822365

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic introduced many challenges for research scientists: reduction of lab and field observation collection and in-person meetings. These new constraints forced researchers to remote work and virtual networking, dramatically influencing scientific inquiry. Such challenges are compounded for those in early stages of their career, where data collection and networking are vital to be seen as productive. However, during this trying time of remote work, we, as a collective of early-career oceanographers, were actively developing and improving on an already-existent hybrid community of practice. Through our experiences, we believe this type of framework can enhance virtual collaboration to the point that it outlasts the pandemic and helps create new synergies that will diversify and enhance scientific inquiry within the ocean science community. We describe a hybrid community of practice and an example workflow that models effective collaboration. We have found that three components to this model are necessary for effective collaboration, inspiration, and communication: 1) openly accessible data, 2) software, computational, and professional-development resources, and 3) a team science approach. In our experience, both the in-person and remote aspects of the model are important. In person collaboration is key to expanding the community of practice and invigorating those already within the community. Remote collaboration has been critical for effective collaborations between in-person activities and has proven to maximize outputs during in-person collaborations. While the three components of this model are not new to the scientific community, we believe that utilizing them strategically post-pandemic will diversify and expand scientific collaboration in oceanography.

7.
German Economic Review ; 0(0):46, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822301

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has decelerated substantial parts of economic and human interaction. This paper estimates football matches' contribution to the spread of COVID-19 during Germany's second infection wave in summer and autumn 2020. Exploiting the exogenous fixture schedules of matches across German counties in an event study design, we estimate that one additional match in a county on average raises daily cases by between 0.34 to 0.71 cases per 100,000 inhabitants after three weeks. Hence, this implies an increase of the seven-day incidence per 100,000 inhabitants by around three to seven percent. We do not find qualitatively different results for a subsample of German top league matches with the strictest hygiene regulations or matches with higher occupancy levels. Notably, the found effect is mediated by the incidence level at the day of the match with very few infections for matches at a seven-day incidence below 25. Using mobile phone data, we identify strong increases in the local mobility as an underlying mechanism. We finally show that the ban of away fans successfully limited the spread of COVID-19 beyond county borders. Our results alert that even outdoor mass gatherings can remarkably cause infections.

8.
Production and Operations Management ; : 18, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822058

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is a highly contagious disease that has spread to most countries at unprecedented transmission speed. Medical resources and treatments provided by the healthcare system help reduce the mortality rate and spread of COVID-19 by isolating infectious individuals. We introduce a modified SEIR model that considers individuals access to limited medical resources to characterize the central role of medical resources during the pandemic. We discuss how the three hospital admission policies (hierarchy, mixed, and Fangcang healthcare system) affect the spread of the disease and the number of deaths and infections. We find that the Fangcang system results in the least number of infections, deaths, and occupied beds. When hospital capacity is relatively high or the transmission rate of the mildly infected patient is not ignorable, a mixed system can lead to fewer infections and deaths than a hierarchy system, but greater numbers of occupied beds. This occurs by preventing disease transmission to a great extent. The results are confirmed by our surveys with healthcare workers in major hospitals in Wuhan, China. We also investigate the performance of the three healthcare systems under a social distancing policy. We find that the Fangcang system results in the largest reduction in infections and deaths, especially even when the medical capacity is small. Moreover, we compare a one-time off policy with a bed trigger policy. We find that a one-time off policy could achieve the similar performance as bed trigger policy when it is initiated neither too early nor too late.

9.
Kybernetes ; : 20, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822015

ABSTRACT

Purpose Existing studies have demonstrated the significances of job, personal and social resources in stimulating work engagement (WKE). However, the role of psychological empowerment (PYE) in linking these resources to WKE has received limited attention. Hence, drawing on the conservation of resources (COR) theory, this paper investigates the effects of friends and family support (FFS), supervisor support (SST), and employee resilience (ERS) in stimulating PYE for WKE amid the uncertainty associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Design/methodology/approach With a survey instrument, the authors collected data from 259 knowledge workers in Malaysia and analyzed the hypothesized model with the partial least square (PLS) structural equation modeling technique. Findings The data support the significant effects of FFS, SST, and ERS on PYE. Also, PYE was a significant mediator of FFS, SST, and ERS effects on WKE. Originality/value This study offers empirical support for the relevance of COR theory in explaining how employees adjust to the burden of uncertainty and psychological stress associated with the COVID-19 mandated "work from home" (WFH) practices through their engagement in work.

10.
The Electricity Journal ; : 107144, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1821496

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the electricity consumption and economic growth nexus using 30 European countries' quarterly data between 2015Q1 and 2021Q3. We employ the panel unit root, panel causality, and dynamic panel estimation tests and find that there is bi-directional causality between electricity consumption and economic growth. The findings of this study provide new insights into understanding the electricity consumption and economic growth nexus by suggesting that an increase in electricity consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic decreases economic growth. We also investigate the strict confinement period of the COVID-19 pandemic as a robustness test. The results of robustness analysis reveal that there is an even stronger negative impact of electricity consumption on economic growth due to the pandemic influenza mitigation strategies such as lockdowns and business’ shutdowns that cause people to intensely consume residential electricity.

11.
SSM - Population Health ; : 101118, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1821485

ABSTRACT

Excess mortality has been used to measure the impact of COVID-19 over time and across countries. But what baseline should be chosen? We propose two novel approaches: an alternative retrospective baseline derived from the lowest weekly death rates achieved in previous years and a within-year baseline based on the average of the 13 lowest weekly death rates within the same year. These baselines express normative levels of the lowest feasible target death rates. The excess death rates calculated from these baselines are not distorted by past mortality peaks and do not treat non-pandemic winter mortality excesses as inevitable. We obtained weekly series for 35 industrialized countries from the Human Mortality Database in 2000–2020. Observed, baseline and excess mortalities were measured by age-standardized death rates. We assessed weekly and annual excess death rates driven by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 and those related to seasonal (predominantly) respiratory infections in earlier years. There was a distinct geographic pattern with high excess death rates in Eastern Europe followed by parts of the UK, and countries of Southern and Western Europe. Some Asia-Pacific and Scandinavian countries experienced lower excess mortality. In 2020 and earlier years, the alternative retrospective and the within-year excess mortality figures were higher than estimates based on conventional metrics. While the latter were typically negative or close to zero in “normal” years without extraordinary epidemics, the alternative estimates were substantial. Cumulation of this usual excess over 2–3 years results in human losses comparable to those caused by COVID-19. Challenging the view that non-pandemic seasonal winter mortality is inevitable would focus attention on reducing premature mortality in many countries. As SARS-CoV-2 is unlikely to be the last respiratory pathogen with the potential to cause a pandemic, such measures would also strengthen global resilience in the face of similar threats in the future.

12.
Journal of Professional Nursing ; 41:100-107, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1821456

ABSTRACT

Background Major disruptions to higher education during COVID-19 resulted in a rapid shift to online learning and associated adaptations to teaching and assessment practices, including for postgraduate programs requiring practical skill development such as nursing and midwifery. Educator perspectives of this transition have not been widely studied. Purpose This qualitative descriptive study aimed to describe Australian postgraduate Maternal, Child and Family Health nurse educators' perceptions of COVID-19 impacts on student knowledge of theory and practice, and lessons learned through their responses. Method Semi-structured interviews were reflexively thematically analyzed. Results All participants recognized struggles, opportunities and innovations within three key themes: “We've learned how to be flexible”: Grappling with COVID-safe teaching and assessment;“Chat rooms and Zoomland”: Learning in a virtual community;and “We've had a few struggles”: Clinical placement tensions. Educators described a sense of uncertainty, increased flexibility, opportunities for change and new ways of connecting. They adapted by developing new online resources and broadening clinical practicum and assessment requirements to address new practice approaches including telehealth. Conclusions Rapidly changing practice requirements and concerns about risk of disease transfer between workplace and placement venues restricted placement opportunities. Educators learned and incorporated new skills and strategies into their teaching, while aiming to meet professional expectations and maintain quality of education. Some strategies are likely to be maintained for future education programs.

13.
Journal of Adolescent Health ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1821322

ABSTRACT

Purpose This analysis aimed to investigate gender differences in adolescents’ concerns and the health implications of COVID-19. Methods We used two rounds of the Global Early Adolescent Study (GEAS) collected in Shanghai in 2018 and 2020. We analyzed data from 621 adolescents, comparing boys’ and girls’ concerns about COVID-19 and examining trends in general health and mental health by sex between the pre-COVID-19 and COVID-19 periods. Changes in health indicators over time were assessed using generalized estimating equation (GEE) models. Results Adolescent girls reported more health concerns (52.0% vs. 42.7%) and educational concerns (61.0% vs. 46.3%) than boys, whereas boys expressed more worries about the economic consequences of COVID-19 (32.9% vs. 25.4%). Changes in health-related outcomes during the pandemic compared to the prepandemic era differed by sex and varied by COVID-related experiences. Boys reported improved overall health (OR: 1.54, 95% CI: 1.00, 2.35) in the COVID-19 period relative to the pre-COVID-19 period. Such improvements were only observed among boys who reported no family economic hardships (OR: 2.10, 95% CI: 1.24, 3.58). We found no significant change for girls (OR: 1.14, 95% CI: 0.83, 1.55), regardless of COVID-19 economic impacts. In contrast, girls reported increased anxiety (OR: 1.63, 95% CI: 1.09, 2.45), especially among those who were concerned about their academic performance (OR: 1.85, 95% CI: 1.16, 2.97). Boys experienced no such increase (OR: 0.92, 95% CI: 0.55, 1.54), regardless of their education concerns. Discussion Adolescents’ COVID-19 experiences are highly gendered and result in increased health inequalities, with greater mental health implications for girls.

14.
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology ; : 111169, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1821287

ABSTRACT

Objectives In the COVID-19 era, extreme measures of social distancing have contained the spread of common viral respiratory infections, which are involved in the pathogenesis of Adenotonsillar Hypertrophy (ATH), and Chronic Otitis Media with Effusion (COME), the two commonest chronic ENT diseases of childhood. This study examines the lockdown effect on the number of procedures performed for these two conditions. Methods The consecutive charts of 650 and 195 children being operated respectively for ATH and COME during the quarantine (05/2020-02/2021) and unrestrained (05/2019-02/2020) periods were retrospectively reviewed. Surgical treatment of ankyloglossia, performed in 103 patients during the same periods was employed as a control procedure. Results Adenotonsillectomies and tympanostomies significantly decreased in the lockdown phase by 52% (P < 0.001) and 74% (P < 0.001), respectively, whereas control procedure counts increased by 25%. In terms of seasonal variation, ATH-related surgeries were significantly reduced during the winter season of the pandemic by 73% (P < 0.001), in comparison with the corresponding months of the unrestrained period. School-aged children received significantly fewer operations for ATH (−59%) than preschoolers (−42%), as a result of the lockdown (P = 0.044). Conclusion When the child's exposure to respiratory pathogens is minimal, as in the case of lockdown, a noticeable decline occurs in the incidence of ATH and COME indicated for surgical treatment. Chronic low-grade inflammation, boosted by repetitive viral infections seems to underlie both conditions. Timely, effective isolation measures might reverse the disease process and keep the child away from the Operating Room.

15.
Can J Psychiatry ; 67(5): 371-379, 2022 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1820041

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the scope of common mental health problems and perceived impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic among direct service providers working with people experiencing homelessness in Canada. METHOD: This cross-sectional study used an online survey that was disseminated to homeless service, supportive housing, and harm reduction organizations and networks. Data were collected on depression, anxiety, stress, post-traumatic stress, compassion satisfaction and fatigue, and substance use problems as well as pandemic-related changes in mental health and wellness. A total of 701 service providers completed the survey and were included in data analysis. Descriptive statistics were used to examine the primary research questions, with hierarchical multiple regression models also being fit to explore mental health and wellness differences by occupational service setting. RESULTS: Most direct service providers (79.5%) working with people experiencing homelessness reported a decline in their mental health during the pandemic. There were high rates of common mental health problems within the sample that are largely consistent with those found among health-care workers during the pandemic. Occupational service settings were not associated with the severity of mental health problems, indicating pervasive issues across the workforce, though providers who were younger and spent more time in direct service roles were at greater risk. CONCLUSIONS: The common mental health problems and negative impacts of the pandemic among service providers working with people experiencing homelessness highlight a highly vulnerable workforce that could benefit from improved access to supports. Given the similarities between our findings and other studies examining essential workforces, it is recommended that initiatives that provide accessible mental health care to the health-care workforce during the pandemic be expanded to include homeless and social service providers.

16.
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management ; 17(1):8, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1820531

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to spread all over world and is outpacing the resources and capacity of health care systems. This rapidly spreading COVI D-19 infection is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and has been challenging the medical community and keeping the whole world in great threat to an unprecedented degree. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review article is to describe details of social distancing, hand hygiene and wearing face masks including there role in controlling the current COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: We conducted an electronic search of Google Scholar, Scopus, Medline and PubMed databases for articles between June to September 2021. RESULTS: The novel SARS-CoV-2 virus is transmitted from person to person by respiratory droplets or contact with an infected person. There are no established medications and vaccine available until now to restrain the transmission of the COVID-19 infection. Currently, social distancing, hand hygiene and wearing a mask are key steps to lower the transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in COVID-19 pandemic. As this infection is highly contagious via a respiratory pathway through coughing, sneezing and contact with an infected surface, the spread can be reduced by the proper practice of social distancing, hand hygiene or frequent hand washing and wearing mask. These universal precautions should be done as COVID-19 patients may be asymptomatic. CONCLUSION: Social distancing, hand washing and wearing face masks are cheap and widely acceptable methods for the prevention of the COVID-19 infection. The goal of this review paper is to discuss social distancing, hand hygiene and face mask information, including its role in managing the current COVID-19 pandemic

17.
Isprs International Journal of Geo-Information ; 11(4):15, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1820289

ABSTRACT

Currently, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains a global pandemic, but the prevention and control of the disease in various countries have also entered the normalization stage. To achieve economic recovery and avoid a waste of resources, different regions have developed prevention and control strategies according to their social, economic, and medical conditions and culture. COVID-19 disparities under the interaction of various factors, including interventions, need to be analyzed in advance for effective and precise prevention and control. Considering the United States as the study case, we investigated statistical and spatial disparities based on the impact of the county-level social vulnerability index (SVI) on the COVID-19 infection rate. The county-level COVID-19 infection rate showed very significant heterogeneity between states, where 67% of county-level disparities in COVID-19 infection rates come from differences between states. A hierarchical linear model (HLM) was adopted to examine the moderating effects of state-level social distancing policies on the influence of the county-level SVI on COVID-19 infection rates, considering the variation in data at a unified level and the interaction of various data at different levels. Although previous studies have shown that various social distancing policies inhibit COVID-19 transmission to varying degrees, this study explored the reasons for the disparities in COVID-19 transmission under various policies. For example, we revealed that the state-level restrictions on the internal movement policy significantly attenuate the positive effect of county-level economic vulnerability indicators on COVID-19 infection rates, indirectly inhibiting COVID-19 transmission. We also found that not all regions are suitable for the strictest social distancing policies. We considered the moderating effect of multilevel covariates on the results, allowing us to identify the causes of significant group differences across regions and to tailor measures of varying intensity more easily. This study is also necessary to accomplish targeted preventative measures and to allocate resources.

18.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 19(8):30, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1820229

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted economic activity in numerous sectors due to multiple forms of disruption, including border closures, a stay-at-home policy, and social isolation;the electricity consumption trends in this region will undoubtedly improve. This article examines the impact of COVID-19 on electricity generation and consumption in China during the first two quarters (Q1-Q2) of 2020 and 2021. Furthermore, several governments' perspectives on COVID-19's implications for renewable energy development, notably offshore wind power and solar photovoltaics (PV), were examined. Results of this article show that COVID-19 impacts the power industry. According to the analysis, during the first two quarters of 2020, the amount of electricity generated and consumed by China decreased by 1.4 and 1.3 percent, respectively, the capacity of the power plants increased by 5.3 GW and coal consumption dropped by 3.6 g/kWh. Investments in the power generation sector increased by 51.5 billion yuan and investment in the power grid grew by 0.7 billion. Additionally, new generation capacity decreased by 378 GW during the first two quarters of 2020. During the first two quarters of 2021, electricity consumption and production grew by 13.7 and 16.2 percent, respectively. Power plants' capacity increased by 9.5 GW, while coal consumption for power supply fell by 0.8 g/kWh. The investment in power generation projects increased by 8.9 billion, while investment in power grid projects increased by 4.7 billion. Compared to last year's same period, 14.92 GW of new capacity was installed. Due to lockdown measures, such as studying at home or working at home, domestic power use in the first two quarters of 2020-2021 increased by 6.6 and 4.5 percent, respectively. To minimize COVID-19's impact on renewable energy development and assist in building offshore wind power plants, economic and financial measures have been put in place to reduce the epidemic's effect on solar PV systems.

19.
Biomedicines ; 10(4):43, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1820166

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 pandemic has affected the physical health, psychological wellbeing, and mental health of the whole population. Young people are among those most at risk of developing mental health symptoms or disorders related to the pandemic. Purpose: the present narrative review is aimed at providing an updated overview of the current literature concerning the psychological impact of the SARS-CoV-2 infection but also of the COVID-19 outbreak, environmental restriction, and social distancing on mental health outcomes among the youth population aged between 15 and 25 years. Methods: in December 2021, an electronic search on this topic was performed on PubMed. Relevant publications from January 2020 until December 2021 were included. Findings: 53 cross-sectional studies, 26 longitudinal studies, 4 ecological studies, 1 qualitative study, and 1 systematic review were included. We found many methodological limitations in the studies included, especially poor choice of study samples and short follow-ups. Little literature was in support of a strong relationship between SARS-CoV-2 infection and consequences on youth mental health. On the contrary, many studies showed how extraordinary measures to limit the spread of the virus have impacted young people in terms of onset of new mental disorders and symptoms, suicidality, and access to emergency psychiatric services. Depressive and anxiety symptoms and disorders show the greatest increase in incidence, especially in girls and young women. Conclusions: it seems important to pay attention to the mental health of young people in relation to the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, studies with more robust methodologies and longer follow-ups are needed to establish precise indications for targeted interventions in this context.

20.
Sage Open ; 12(2):16, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1820117

ABSTRACT

The environment of uncertainty created by the COVID-19 pandemic period has caused difficulties especially for healthcare professionals in their work activities. The purpose of this research is to find out which variables might affect the commitment of healthcare professionals to their works during this COVID- I 9 period. Based on the data announced by the Ministry of Health during the pandemic in the first quarter of 2021, it was decided to conduct a research on doctors, nurses, caregivers, and medical secretaries working in hospitals in the cities of the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey which generally show high risk. In the developed research model, satisfactory conditions (SC), emotional commitment to change (ECC), and psychological ownership (PO) as variables that may directly or indirectly affect the commitment of healthcare professionals to their works (CW) were used. The Smart PLS program was used in the analysis of the research model and hypothesis. It was seen that the ECC of healthcare professionals has a positive and significant (.694;p<.000) effect on SC. It was understood that the PO of healthcare professionals has positive and significant effects on their CW (.394;p < .000). It was also observed that the presence of SC has positive and significant effects on the PO of the healthcare professionals in the current situation (.796;p < .000). It was observed that only the effect of ECC of healthcare professionals on their CW is insignificant (.097;p > .086). Looking at the indirect (intermediary) effects obtained as a result of the research, it was seen that all of the hypotheses consist of positive coefficients. This situation reveals that the mediating variables have complementary effects on the obtained results.

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