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Egypt J Neurosurg ; 37(1): 28, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2021358


Background: Cerebellopontine angle tumor (CPA) in pediatrics is rare as compared to adults. We describe a case of pediatric pilocytic astrocytoma presented as a right CPA mass with a concurrent clinical diagnosis of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Case presentation: A 14-year-old boy with a newly diagnosed hypertension presented with a short history of headache and blurring vision. Neurological examination revealed bilateral papilloedema, partial right third nerve palsy and mild sensorineuronal hearing deficits. Skin examination identified multiple café au lait spots with cutaneous neurofibromas. Preoperative neuroimaging suggested the diagnosis of an extraaxial CPA mass consistent with meningioma, with obstructive hydrocephalus. A left ventriculoperitoneal shunt was inserted and the child was subjected for a suboccipital retrosigmoid approach for tumor resection. The histopathological features, however, were typical for pilocytic astrocytoma. Conclusions: A careful evaluation of the clinical presentation and radiological images of CPA lesions is necessary prior to surgical embarkment. To the best of our knowledge, this case is the first report of pilocytic astrocytoma in the CPA in pediatric with NF1.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) ; 21(4): E355-E356, 2021 09 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1303928


Neurosurgical training is being challenged by rigorous work-hour restrictions and the COVID-19 pandemic.1 Now, more than ever, surgical simulation plays a pivotal role in resident education and psychomotor skill development. Three-dimensional (3D) printing technologies enable the construction of inexpensive, patient-specific, anatomically accurate physical models for a more convenient and realistic simulation of complex skull base approaches in a safe environment.2 All stages of the surgical procedure can be simulated, from positioning and exposure to deep microdissection, which has an unparalleled educational value. The complex approach-specific anatomy, narrow working angles, and pathoanatomic relationships can be readily explored from the surgeon's perspective or point of view.2,3 Furthermore, different thermoplastic polymers can be utilized to replicate the visual and tactile feedback of bone (cortical/cancellous), neurological, and vascular tissues.4 Retrosigmoid craniectomies are widely used in neurosurgery with various applications, including microvascular decompressions in patients with trigeminal neuralgia.5-7 Removal of the suprameatal tubercle (SMT) extends the retrosigmoid approach superiorly to the middle fossa and Meckel's cave, and anteriorly to the clivus.8,9 This maneuver may be necessary in patients with prominent SMTs obstructing the view of the trigeminal nerve and in patients with a more anterosuperior neurovascular conflict. This video illustrates a microsurgical training tool for learning and honing the technique of retrosigmoid craniectomy and suprameatal drilling using an affordable (29.00 USD) biomimetic 3D-printed simulator that closely recapitulates not only the anatomy but also the tactile feedback of drilling and manipulating neurological tissues (see Table and Graph 1; minute 07:11) as it happens at the time of surgery.