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1.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2021 May 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1973736

ABSTRACT

Since 2010, several duck Tembusu viruses (DTMUVs) have been isolated from infected ducks in China, and these virus strains have undergone extensive variation over the years. Although the infection rate is high, the mortality rate is usually relatively low-~5%-30%; however, since fall 2019, an infectious disease similar to DTMUV infection but with a high mortality rate of ~50% in goslings has been prevalent in Anhui Province, China. The present study identified a new Tembusu virus, designated DTMUV/Goose/China/2019/AQ-19 (AQ-19), that is believed to be responsible for the noticeably high mortality in goslings. To investigate the genetic variation of this strain, its entire genome was sequenced and analysed for specific variations, and goslings and mice were challenged with the isolated virus to investigate its pathogenicity. The AQ-19 genome shared only 94.3%-96.9% and 90.9% nucleotide identity with other Chinese and Malaysian DTMUVs, respectively; however, AQ-19 has high homology with Thailand DTMUVs (97.2%-98.1% nucleotide identity). Phylogenetic analysis of the E gene revealed that AQ-19 and most of Thailand DTMUVs form a branch separate from any of the previously reported DTMUV strains in China. After the challenge, some goslings and mice showed typical clinical signs of DTMUV, particularly severe neurological dysfunction. AQ-19 has high virulence in goslings and mice, resulting in 60% and 70% mortality through intramuscular and intracerebral routes, respectively. Pathological examination revealed severe histological lesions in the brain and liver of the infected goslings and mice. Taken together, these results demonstrated the emergence of a novel Tembusu virus with high virulence circulating in goslings in China for the first time, and our findings highlight the high genetic diversity of DTMUVs in China. Further study of the pathogenicity and host range of this novel Tembusu virus is particularly important.

2.
Climate Change Economics ; 13(3), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1973875

ABSTRACT

Green economy talks about combing final mechanisms that have ecological and macroeconomic system gains. Likewise, this research piece examined the effects of increased spending on fiscal policies and tightening fiscal policies concerning greening the economic activity as the globe reclaims itself from the COVID-19 in China. Analysis was done applying the China longitudinal data for the period 2008–2018. We utilized the ordinary least square as well as the quantile regression equation to meticulously approximate the influences of increased fiscal spending policies in addition to tightening fiscal policies has on greening the economic system acts as the countries reclaim themselves from the pandemic via a formulated green performance indicator of China nations. The findings indicate a rather exciting pattern by saying a percentage growth in fiscal policy led to nearly 6.5% growth, that is, less than 0.5 growth in the minimum carbon dioxide polluting vaporous from energy suppliers, such as natural gas, and a 0.2% less than 0.01 cuts in the midway carbon dioxide polluting liquefied energy suppliers, that is, hydrocarbon byproducts and a nonsignificant expansion of 0.2%, more significant than 0.5 in the entire case scenario coming from polluting dense energy suppliers, that is, from coal byproduct sources. At the same time, a 1% expansion in fiscal policy reduces cumulative carbon dioxide pollution to 0.2%, less than 0.05%. On this score, the presence of the environmental hypothesis was authenticated in all scenarios analyzed. Furthermore, the causality test indicated a dual movement causative correlation between fiscal policy and carbon dioxide pollution and one-way movement concerning the fiscal policy to energy use. The findings demonstrated that China witnessed a rising switch to green advancement in China;their Green Economic Efficiency increased steadily.

3.
Strategic Direction ; 38(8):7-9, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1973429

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This paper aims to review the latest management developments across the globe and pinpoint practical implications from cutting-edge research and case studies.Design/methodology/approach>This briefing is prepared by an independent writer who adds their own impartial comments and places the articles in context.Findings>Automation of business operations can help companies overcome significant challenges like those presented by the Covid-19 global pandemic. Using artificial intelligence (AI) leads to valuable improvements to speed and efficiency in many key functions. Favorable outcomes are likelier when managers are positive towards technology and this can be helped through such as provision of top leadership support and a favorable workplace environment.Originality/value>The briefing saves busy executives and researchers hours of reading time by selecting only the very best, most pertinent information and presenting it in a condensed and easy-to-digest format.

4.
Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management ; 13(3):585-609, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1973414

ABSTRACT

Purpose>The purpose of this paper is to investigate factors that influence customers’ adoption of biometric-based point-of-sale in Brunei.Design/methodology/approach>This paper extends technology acceptance model constructs with trust and some other variables as the framework to investigate their influence on the attitude toward the usage of a biometric point-of-sale terminal for payments in Brunei. Nine variables may influence user’s perception toward usage. The nine variables are needed, perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, experience, innovativeness, privacy, security, trust and attitude toward usage. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to test hypotheses related to these nine variables.Findings>It is found that the innovativeness of an individual and similar experience corresponds toward trust, which is positively related to attitude toward usage. Perceived usefulness and trust have significantly influenced the intention of individuals to use biometrics as an authentication method for payment.Research limitations/implications>The nature of this research is to gather the public’s opinion and perception as much as it is deemed possible to get a bigger and clearer picture of the study. As the target respondence is citizens and residents of Brunei without any specification or exclusion, a large response would be needed to have a more reliable and accurate result. However, only 205 respondents can be gathered in this study. Had there been a longer time frame, it would be best to gather a lot more responses.Originality/value>This paper explores the adoption of biometric authentication in large-scale point-of-terminals. It identifies factors that influence adoption. The results of this study could assist future researchers in which direction to take to further explore biometric as an authentication method for payment. In addition to this, it could also provide banks and financial technology in Brunei a clearer picture of the Brunei market and Bruneians perspective on the biometric system.

5.
The Electronic Library ; 40(4):376-392, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1973387

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This study aims to explore the factors influencing intentions to use library social media marketing accounts from users’ perspectives to help libraries use social media to provide targeted information services to users to meet their information needs.Design/methodology/approach>This study is based on the technology acceptance model and theory of planned behaviour and uses WeChat as an example to build the model of factors influencing intentions to use library social media marketing accounts. It takes college students as the research object, performing empirical research through questionnaire surveys and structural equation modeling.Findings>The results show that attitude, subjective norm and perceived behaviour control have a significant positive impact on library social media marketing – attitude exerts the most significant effect while the impact of perceived usefulness is nonsignificant. Notably, attitude completely mediates perceived usefulness and use intention, while perceived usefulness partially mediates perceived ease of use and attitude. However, birthplace plays a negative moderating role between attitudes and use intention.Originality/value>This study integrates the theory of planned behaviour and technology acceptance model, discusses the factors influencing intentions to use library social media marketing accounts from the users’ perspectives and proposes strategies and methods for the optimization of library social media marketing. The study helps enhance the effects of library social media marketing by improving the comprehension of current circumstances and influencing factors relevant to this issue.

6.
Chinese Management Studies ; 16(4):924-941, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1973379

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This study aims to examine how entrepreneurial orientation affects new venture performance in a dynamic environment. The authors examine whether entrepreneurial bricolage and opportunity recognition mediate the effect of entrepreneurial orientation on new venture performance and whether environmental dynamics moderate the above effects.Design/methodology/approach>This study uses questionnaires to collect data. The sample includes responses of managers from 274 new Chinese ventures. Regression analysis and bootstrapping are used to test the hypotheses.Findings>Entrepreneurial bricolage and opportunity recognition play mediating roles between entrepreneurial orientation and new venture performance. Environmental dynamism positively moderates the relationship between opportunity recognition and new venture performance.Practical implications>In a dynamic environment, new ventures should strengthen their entrepreneurial orientation, which would gradually improve their performance by improving their entrepreneurial bricolage and opportunity recognition ability.Originality/value>This study innovatively explains the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and new venture performance from the perspectives of “flexible solutions to current problems” and “discovering and grasping potential new opportunities.” It does so by using the concepts of entrepreneurial bricolage and entrepreneurial opportunity identification in the context of a dynamic environment.

7.
China Agricultural Economic Review ; 14(3):509-526, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1973376

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This study explores how the land tenure system helps in protecting land quantity during agricultural production by estimating the influence of land certification on cropland abandonment, its mechanisms and its heterogeneous effects among groups at the provincial, community and household levels.Design/methodology/approach>To deal with potential homogeneity concerns, the authors investigate the impact of land certification on the area of abandoned croplands using nationally representative panel data from the 2017 and 2019 China Rural Household Panel Survey on 15,000 households across 29 provinces and time-varying difference-in-differences and propensity score matching-difference-in-differences models.Findings>Land certification significantly contributes to the protection of land quantity during agricultural production, and it reduces the area of abandoned croplands by at least 4%. This effect is mainly achieved by improving soil fertility, promoting land transfer, increasing the availability of agricultural subsidies and raising agricultural income. However, while land certification benefits farmers in nonmajor grain-producing areas and western regions, in plain, remote and nonpolitically central villages, and farmers who have not undergone land transfer or land adjustment, it is not beneficial for others.Research limitations/implications>In the postepidemic era, food security based on the protection of the amount of cultivated land becomes increasingly important. It is realistic and inevitable to rationally use every inch of cultivated land and curb the cropland abandonment by strengthening land tenure system reform, especially in the case of the insecurity of land tenure.Practical implications>There are various factors affecting farmers' cropland abandonment, such as poor soil fertility, unavailable land transfer, too little agricultural subsidies and too low agricultural income, but the root cause is the insecurity of land tenure. Empirical evidence from rural China has shown that a clear definition and effective protection of property rights can help curb the cropland abandonment. Enhancing the land protection behavior of farmers through the reform of land certification and promoting the sustainable use of land are what the reform of land tenure system should be.Social implications>Cultivated land, as the material carrier and endowment basis of grain production, is of great importance to safeguarding national food security, especially in the postepidemic era. At the present stage, it is still necessary for most developing countries to strengthen the construction of land tenure system, to carry out land certification reform and to issue farmers with clearly defined and legally effective land certificates. Equally important, efforts also should be made to promote the diversified utilization of the achievements of the certification after the completion of land certification reform in China and other developing countries.Originality/value>Expropriation and occupation of croplands are essential in protecting land quantity during rapid urbanization, and so is reducing cropland abandonment during agricultural production;therefore, it deserves close attention. In this regard, this study estimates the impact of land certification on the area of abandoned croplands, examines its possible mechanisms and identifies its heterogeneous effects to test the applicability of the property rights theory in the Chinese context and enrich the relevant literature and provide Chinese evidence for other developing countries to strengthen the protection of land quantity, by deepening the reform of the land tenure system under different circumstances.

8.
Environ Res ; 211: 113055, 2022 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1972077

ABSTRACT

To better understand the change characteristics and reduction in organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) in particulate matter (PM) with a diameter of ≤2.5 µm (PM2.5) driven by the most stringent clean air policies and pandemic-related lockdown measures in China, a comprehensive field campaign was performed to measure the carbonaceous components in PM2.5 on an hourly basis via harmonized analytical methods in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and its surrounding region (including 2 + 26 cities) from January 1 to December 31, 2020. The results indicated that the annual average concentrations of OC and EC reached as low as 6.6 ± 5.7 and 1.8 ± 1.9 µg/m3, respectively, lower than those obtained in previous studies, which could be attributed to the effectiveness of the Clean Air Action Plan and the impact of the COVID-19-related lockdown measures implemented in China. Marked seasonal and diurnal variations in OC and EC were observed in the 2 + 26 cities. Significant correlations (p < 0.001) between OC and EC were found. The annual average secondary OC levels level ranged from 1.8-5.4 µg/m3, accounting for 37.7-73.0% of the OC concentration in the 2 + 26 cities estimated with the minimum R squared method. Based on Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments (IMPROVE) algorithms, the light extinction contribution of carbonaceous PM to the total amount reached 21.1% and 26.0% on average, suggesting that carbonaceous PM played a less important role in visibility impairment than did the other chemical components in PM2.5. This study is expected to provide an important real-time dataset and in-depth analysis of the significant reduction in OC and EC in PM2.5 driven by both the Clean Air Action Plan and COVID-19-related lockdown policies over the past few years, which could represent an insightful comparative case study for other developing countries/regions facing similar carbonaceous PM pollution.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants , COVID-19 , Aerosols/analysis , Air Pollutants/analysis , COVID-19/prevention & control , Carbon/analysis , China , Cities , Communicable Disease Control , Environmental Monitoring , Humans , Particle Size , Particulate Matter/analysis , Seasons
9.
Management & Education ; 18(5):50-54, 2022.
Article in Bulgarian | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1971053

ABSTRACT

At the end of November 2019, in Wuhan, Central China, a coronavirus called SARS-Cov-2 appeared. This is because, for no apparent reason, people develop pneumonia in December that does not respond to known treatments. There are evidences of human-to-human transmission of the virus, with the fastest spread in mid-January 2020. This challenging situation was the reason for a full lockdown of the whole country. By order of the Rector of the University ‘’Prof. Dr. Assen Zlatarov’’ in this period of complete isolation, students from the Department of Health Care, officially switched to an alternative form of learning-online education. Online education is education that is conducted using the Internet and devices such as computers, laptops, tablets or mobile phones. Different formats can be used during the online education-text, video, audio, graphic images, interactive content, etc. Purpose: The research aims to examine the advantages and disadvantages of students during the online education. In the period from 15.03-15.04.2022 between the future health care professionals ‘’Medical assistant’’, ‘’Nurse’’, ‘’Midwife’’ studying at the Faculty of Public Health and Health Care – Burgas. The motives of 74 students ‘’Medical assistant’’-32.9%, ‘’Nurse’’-52,1%, ‘’Midwife’’-15,1% were examined. Conclusion: The main advantages of online learning for students and also for teachers are its flexibility and accessibility from anywhere, as well as the access to resources. The main disadvantages are mostly related to the limited opportunities for communication: there is no face-to-face communication, and the very mediocrity of communication and its dependence on technological constraints also hinders the normal learning process. Most of the respondents believe that online learning is not able to fully replace the face-to-face learning process. Another difference is that students are relatively more positive about online learning in general, however, a significant part of them believe that in the long term that having such training during their studies will negatively affect the quality of the education they received. In the long term, this factor may have a negative effect on satisfaction with university education in general. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Management & Education / Upravlenie i Obrazovanie is the property of Prof. Dr. Assen Zlatarov University and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

10.
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases ; 69(2):632-644, 2022.
Article in English | Africa Wide Information | ID: covidwho-1971026

ABSTRACT

BIRDS : The variety and widespread of coronavirus in natural reservoir animals is likely to cause epidemics via interspecific transmission, which has attracted much attention due to frequent coronavirus epidemics in recent decades. Birds are natural reservoir of various viruses, but the existence of coronaviruses in wild birds in central China has been barely studied. Some bird coronaviruses belong to the genus of Deltacoronavirus. To explore the diversity of bird deltacoronaviruses in central China, we tested faecal samples from 415 wild birds in Hunan Province, China. By RT-PCR detection, we identified eight samples positive for deltacoronaviruses which were all from common magpies, and in four of them, we successfully amplified complete deltacoronavirus genomes distinct from currently known deltacoronavirus, indicating four novel deltacoronavirus stains (HNU1-1, HNU1-2, HNU2 and HNU3). Comparative analysis on the four genomic sequences showed that these novel magpie deltacoronaviruses shared three different S genes among which the S genes of HNU1-1 and HNU1-2 showed 93.8% amino acid (aa) identity to that of thrush coronavirus HKU12, HNU2 S showed 71.9% aa identity to that of White-eye coronavirus HKU16, and HNU3 S showed 72.4% aa identity to that of sparrow coronavirus HKU17. Recombination analysis showed that frequent recombination events of the S genes occurred among these deltacoronavirus strains. Two novel putative cleavage sites separating the non-structural proteins in the HNU coronaviruses were found. Bayesian phylogeographic analysis showed that the south coast of China might be a potential origin of bird deltacoronaviruses existing in inland China. In summary, these results suggest that common magpie in China carries diverse deltacoronaviruses with novel genomic features, indicating an important source of environmental coronaviruses closed to human communities, which may provide key information for prevention and control of future coronavirus epidemics

12.
Asia Policy ; 17(3):5-17, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1970967
13.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; 36(2):236-245, 2020.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1970921

ABSTRACT

Human coronavirus (HCoV) is one of the important pathogens of human respiratory tract infection. in order to clarify the genetic characteristics of HCoV-0C43 in severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) cases at the molecular level, a total of 374 samples obtained from SARI cases in Henan Province, China, in 2019 were screened for the nucleic acids of HCoV -0C43 by real - time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Reverse transcription-PCR amplification and sequencing of spike (5) RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (12dRp) and nucleocapsid (N) was carried out in samples with positive detection of the nucleic acids of FICoV-0C43. Upon. combination Of 42 representative sequences obtained from the GenBank database, phylogenetic trees were constructed based on three full-length sequences of S, RdRp and N genes. The FICoV -0C43 strains obtained from SARI cases were genotyped and the genetic characteristics of three target genes were analyzed. Variations in the amino acids of S protein (an important antigen of HCoV-0C43) were also analyzed. Results showed that 15 (4.01%) out of 374 samples from SARI cases were positive for FICoV-0C43, and the full-length sequences of S, RdRp and N genes were obtained from 4 out of 15 samples. Based on the phylogenetic trees of these three target genes, three strains belonged to the U genotype and one strain belonged to the H genotype. Analysis of the amino - acid variations of S protein indicated that there were three special sites of amino - acid variation (L272P, P5165 and 5902A) among the G genotype strains in 2019, including the three strains in our study and USA /MN306041/SC0810/2019. Another special variation in amino acids (N484D) was found among the II genotype strains in 2019, including one strain in our study and USA/MN306043/SC0841/2019. Based on the genotype identification and genetic characteristics of HCoV-0C43 strains from SARI cases in Henan Province in 2019, baseline data for the study of molecular epidemiology of HCoV 0C43 in China have been provided.

14.
Revista Cubana de Medicina ; 61(1), 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1970791

ABSTRACT

Given the appearance of a "new virus" in the of Wuhan city, China, called SARSCoV- 2, which causes the well-known severe acute respiratory syndrome (COVID- 19), many scientists are trying to find a solution against the virus that has caused a pandemic. In this search, a transmembrane glycoprotein called dipeptidyl peptidase 4 or DPP-4 was found present on the surface of different types of cells and a target in MERS-Co-V infection, which opens hope by suspecting that DPP- 4 can be a target in different coronaviruses by serving as a therapeutic strategy. Added to this, there are results that find elevated DPP-4 in patients with severe complications from COVID-19, which may be a possible marker of severity. However, there is still little emphasis on the identification and association of this glycoprotein with COVID-19. To this effect, a bibliographic review was carried out on the most significant aspects of Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 and its function against COVID-19.

15.
Asia Policy ; 17(3):161-179, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1970721
16.
International Journal of Education and Management Studies ; 12(2):150-154, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1970665

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic impacted almost everyone in the world. So, to prevent the virus írom spreading as people were encouraged to self-quarantine in their homes. The lockdown had serious consequences on the mental health of people, causing issues such as stress, frustration, and depression. The psychological reactions of the people have a key role in influencing both the transmission of the disease and the occurrence of emotional anguish and social disorder during and after an infectious disease outbreak. Despite this, adequate resources are rarely provided to manage or mitigate the consequences of pandemics on mental health and well-being. Maladaptive behaviors, emotional distress, and defensive responses are all psychological responses to pandemics. Particularly those are more at risk who are genetically inclined to mental disease. According to surveys, the COVID-19 epidemic has influenced the state of friendship among many adults in the United States. Nearly 60% of young women said they lost contact with a few acquaintances during the pandemic, while 16% said they lost contact with most or all of their pals (Cherry, 2022). The mental health of people has suffered greatly as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The unprecedented level of uncertainty connected with the pandemic could contribute to stress and anxiety, particularly among people who have a high tolerance for uncertainty (Rettie & Daniels, 2021). The current study examined the experiences faced by students in higher education during the COVID-19 pandemic. To explore the effect of Loneliness and Stress among Afghan students in India during COVID-19 Pandemic a correlational study was conducted. 156 Afghan students (Bachelor's, Master's, & Ph.D. students) from age (18-25) years old living in India participated in this study. 7-item COVID-19 Student Stress Questionnaire (CSSQ) and UCLA Loneliness Scale (Version 3) were used in this study. Correlational analysis showed that there is a significant relationship between loneliness and stress. It was found that the level of stress among Afghan students living in India during a COVID-19 pandemic was moderate. Students reported rising mental health problems related to isolation, anxiety of social gatherings, and changes in connections with teachers and peers. And there was a high positive correlation between the three dimensions (isolation, relationship & academic life, & fear of contagion) of the 7-item COVID-19 Student Stress Questionnaire. It was also found that students were suffering from loneliness and isolation at a moderate level because, on the internet, students were no more able to reveal their "real" or inner self to others than they were in face-to-face settings. Therefore, situational factors like moving to a new place, physical isolation, and divorce can all cause loneliness in this context (David, 2015).

17.
Journal of Business and Management ; 27(2):I-III, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1970633

ABSTRACT

[...]the journal website has been updated, and we hope to share the contents freely with more scholars worldwide. Program in Business at Chung Yuan Christian University, and University Chair Professor and department chair of the Department of Management Information Systems at the National Chengchi University (NCCU), Taiwan. Based on the research areas, he authored/co-authored over 80 refereed journal articles (e.g., Information & Management, Decision Support Systems, Journal of Information Systems, Information Systems Management, Communication of AIS, Journal of Global Information Management, Information System Frontiers) and published ten textbooks.

18.
China Economist ; 17(4):2-25, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1970626

ABSTRACT

The world today is facing turbulence and change, and global development is at a crossroads. At this critical juncture, President Xi Jinping put forth the Global Development Initiative (GDI) with the theme "implementing the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda for more robust, greener and healthier global development" at the 76th General Assembly of the United Nations, which sheds light on the direction of global development. The GDI, proposed by China, has galvanized support from the international community as an international public goods to promote common development. Following the historical trends of human development, the GDI breaks through the limitations of the hegemonic stability theory and the free-riding curse to expand and innovate the theoretical perception of international public goods with the right approach to principles and interests. With a people-oriented approach and the basic principles of green and innovative development, the GDI both addresses urgent challenges and attaches importance to enhancing development capabilities and creating supporting conditions to offer a holistic solution to global challenges. Through the implementation of multiple pathways under international cooperation, the GDI will build a consensus on global development, increase the momentum of global development, and play an important role in creating a community with a shared future for mankind.

19.
Asia Maior ; 32:125-152, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1970534

ABSTRACT

Taiwan remained one of the crossroads of international politics in the second year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Cross-Strait relations with China continued their downward trend, with increasing military tensions in the airspace and waters surrounding the island, leading to speculations of a military takeover. The PLA activism in the Strait was inherently tied, in an action-reaction dynamic, to the further strengthening of relations between Washington and Taipei, with the new Biden administration in the White House operating in broad continuity with the previous Trump administration, albeit with expected differences in style. The Biden administration was instrumental in fostering support among allies to call for «peace and stability» in the Taiwan Strait. In this contest, Taiwan further strengthened relations with Japan, and made inroads in Europe. Partners abroad expanded ties with the island as a result of a broader push back against China’s ambitions on the international stage, and the impact of the global supply chain crisis revolving around the shortage of chips. Taiwan’s essential role in the supply chain crisis, a result of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company’s dominance in this strategic industrial sector and of the geographic concentration of chip plants on the island, has presented the Tsai administration with new geo-economic chal-lenges and opportunities. On the domestic front, President Tsai and the DPP obtained an important political victory after the rejection of the referendums on trade, energy, and the electoral law that were supported by the major opposition party, the KMT. © Viella s.r.l. & Associazione Asia Maior.

20.
Generations Journal ; 46(1):1-5, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1970445

ABSTRACT

When older adults came together in focus groups to share their experiences during the first 18 months of the COVID-19 pandemic, they told of loneliness, anxiety, and depression;physical and cognitive decline;and heartbreak over losing family members and friends with no chance to say goodbye. This article focuses on ways they coped and their recommendations and hopes for the future. The 17 participants represented a mix of races, geographic locations, living situations, and health issues. In addition to their own experiences, several worked with low-income and homeless individuals and shared insights into how those socioeconomic groups fared.

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