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1.
Language Arts ; 100(2):96-109, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2262155

ABSTRACT

Hao and Brown explore how a teacher-researcher team created a virtual learning space that embraced culturally relevant/responsive literacy practices and supported multimodal authoring practices for emergent bilingual children during COVID-19. The extenuating circumstances of the pandemic closed many heritage language schools, and there was a need to continue literacy learning for Chinese American children. These factors caused to rethink the best ways to maintain culturally responsive and relevant literacy instruction with young learners in a distance-learning format given the power of this approach to move children toward academic success, cultural competence, and an ability to navigate critical consciousness. Their central question was: How did emergent bilingual children make meaning of stories during a virtual book club driven by culturally responsive literacy practices and a multimodal approach to authoring? In this case, they invited eight children and their parents from Ling's Chinese class to join a virtual book club that met once a week to participate in multimodal authoring surrounding read-alouds of texts connected to Chinese culture and language.

2.
Information, Communication & Society ; 26(2):340-355, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2229692

ABSTRACT

This study looks at online collaborative memory projects on GitHub, all of which started amid China's war on the then unknown corona virus in early 2020 and curated stories from Chinese language social media, news outlets, and official websites. It finds that GitHub enables a collaborative yet centralized archiving and curation workflow, and each of the three projects present unique ways the COVID-19 memories can be preserved. Three key events – the lockdown of Wuhan, the death of the whistleblowing doctor, and the controversy over Fang Fang's diaries – are further analyzed to show how these memory projects could form narratives that post challenge to the officially sanctioned version of the ‘correct' collective memory.

3.
Theory and Practice in Language Studies ; 12(9):1838-1847, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2040516

ABSTRACT

-Reading through mobile phones is increasingly popularized worldwide, particularly among young adults. However, few researchers investigate EFL learners' attitudes towards smartphone-based reading. The present research conducted a questionnaire survey to explore EFL learners' perceptions and beliefs by integrating the reading attitude model with the technology acceptance model UTAUT2. One hundred ninety-two participants responded to the questionnaire. The statistical data analysis, including t-tests and analysis of variance (ANOVA), indicated that Chinese EFL learners were generally positive in smartphone-based reading. Although they did not show keen feelings about it or form a habit of using the smartphone for EFL reading, they could perceive its usefulness and ease of use and positively believed in its future use in EFL reading. Additionally, gender differences did not impact EFL learners' overall attitudes. Still, participants' interest in English and experiences in mobile reading did suggest positive influences on their attitudes towards reading through the phone. Finally, the implications of the results and pedagogical practice of smartphone use in EFL reading are discussed.

4.
Journal of International Students ; 12:61-82, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1999686

ABSTRACT

With the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, Chinese teaching for international students in Chinese universities has largely moved online. Despite the comprehensive literature regarding the influences of environmental factors on domestic students' learning in traditional learning environment, few studies have addressed the influences of online learning environment (OLE) on international students' Chinese learning experiences. We focus on international students in intensive Chinese courses at a Chinese university, and explores the influences of OLE on these students' intrinsic motivation (IM) towards and engagement in Chinese learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data were collected from an online questionnaire survey and follow-up interviews. The results revealed that the participants had positive perceptions of the online Chinese learning environment, and that the participants had high levels of IM towards and engagement in their Chinese learning. The results also showed the positive impact of the participants' perceived OLE on their IM towards and engagement in Chinese learning. The research, though with several limitations, has implications for teachers teaching Chinese as a foreign language and institutions promoting international students' IM and SE in online teaching contexts.

5.
Journal of International Students ; 12:45-60, 2022.
Article in Chinese | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1999679

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has influenced the flow of international students and their learning experience continuously and deeply. Teaching Chinese as a foreign language to international students during the COVID-19 faces unprecedented challenges and opportunities. Based on the review of the literature on online Chinese teaching, this research explored the online learning experience of a group of South Asian students in China during the pandemic. Adopting the questionnaire method, the results revealed the participants' overall positive online learning status and evaluation of the online learning effect. In addition, this research showed that the participants' autonomous learning, reflected by their cognition and attitude towards learning, had a significant impact on learning effect evaluation, mediated by online learning status. Suggestions for teaching and management are given to support the incorporation of online and offline Chinese education during the pandemic.

6.
SciDev.net ; 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1998628

ABSTRACT

Speed read Language choice has significant impact on vaccine uptake, researchers say Scientists say study shows power of language choice in health campaigns Trust in a particular language may vary from place to place A simple language intervention has the potential to boost COVID-19 vaccination rates, by strengthening trust in the vaccines, researchers say. Janet Geipel, assistant professor, University of Exeter Business School, UK Psychologist Janet Geipel, assistant professor at the University of Exeter Business School, UK, and lead author of the study, said: “Our ultimate goal with this study was to find a low-cost intervention, which might have potential to increase trust associated with the COVID-19 vaccine and through this reduce vaccine hesitancy.” According to the researchers, the context in which two different languages are used, and the associations people have with those languages, vary from place to place.

7.
International Journal of Asian Studies ; 19(2):303-317, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1908059

ABSTRACT

In 2013, the Malayalam film Drishyam, a suspenseful story of the cover up of an accidental murder, became a huge hit in India that inspired remakes in many regional languages including one in Hindi that, as with other recent Bollywood hits, traveled to China. This time, though, instead of screening the Hindi film in theaters, the narrative reached Chinese audiences with a Chinese language remake, titled Sheep Without A Shepherd《误杀》. The original film has been accused of lifting its story from a popular Japanese detective novel, The Devotion of Suspect X, which was also made into films in Japanese, Chinese, and Korean. This essay traces the many versions of the narrative to explore how comparing the Indian and Chinese films can recenter our understanding of global cinema and film circulation. When considering the many version of Drishyam, instead of focusing on tensions between center and periphery, we can examine both the anxieties and the creative power of cultural borrowing and the retelling of narratives in an increasingly inter-connected Asian film market

8.
The New Zealand Medical Journal (Online) ; 135(1556):62-72, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1897681

ABSTRACT

AIM: Little is known about the experiences of ethnic Chinese accessing mental health services in Aotearoa New Zealand, resulting in uncertainty around their service preferences, and facilitators or barriers to their mental health help-seeking. This paper investigated the experiences of providers of specific mental health services for ethnic Chinese in Aotearoa, their opinions regarding their patients' experience, and their suggestions to improve the system. METHOD: Sixteen health professionals with experience and expertise delivering mental health services for ethnic Chinese were interviewed at 12 organisations across Aotearoa. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and analysed using general inductive methods and thematic analysis. RESULTS: Practitioners' experiences revolved heavily around cultural brokerage, which is vital for culturally appropriate care, but this is time-consuming and receives little formal support. Practitioners thought the patient experience was inadequate, with a lack of language and culturally appropriate services leading to delays in help-seeking. Practitioners' suggestions for system improvement included increasing resourcing for research, and for expanding the availability of language and culturally appropriate services. CONCLUSION: Current mental health service provision is inadequate for ethnic Chinese seeking help in Aotearoa, and is causing harm by delaying mental health help-seeking. Decisive Government leadership and deeper collaboration between non-Government organisations (NGOs) will be key to improving mental health service accessibility and outcomes.

9.
Theory and Practice in Language Studies ; 12(5):876-885, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1837943

ABSTRACT

Exposure to audiovisual input has been recognised as an engaging approach for implicit vocabulary learning. Recent studies have compared the effectiveness of different types of subtitling in enhancing viewers' learning gains in single word vocabulary, but research on multiword vocabulary acquisition, especially collocations, remains limited. The present study aims to examine which type of subtitling (i.e., English-Chinese subtitles or English-only subtitles) is more effective in L2 implicit collocation learning, and it attempts to identify Chinese L2 learners' learning difficulties when acquiring collocations. Experiments and interviews were conducted with 66 Chinese undergraduates to investigate their acquisition, in terms of both form recognition and meaning recall. Results indicate that compared with English-only subtitles, the effectiveness of English-Chinese subtitles in enhancing the acquisition of L2 collocation meaning is more significant, although English-only subtitles can be more helpful in reinforcing collocation forms. The results of the interviews also suggest that participants are more likely to encounter difficulties with contextually marked phrasal verbs and idioms, and affective filters should be considered when analysing individual differences. The findings support the use of L1 in subtitles to improve the learning efficiency of vocabulary meaning, as well as to help teachers identify the sources of students' learning difficulties.

10.
Social Behavior and Personality ; 50(5):1-11, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1837425

ABSTRACT

Although the Student Career Construction Inventory (SCCI) has been used in many countries to measure the career adapting responses of college students, the applicability of the SCCI for use with Chinese college students has not yet been tested. Thus, we analyzed data from 411 college students who completed the SCCI and other related scales. The results support the second-order factor structure of the SCCI, and we found that the four dimensions, and the SCCI as a whole, were reliable. Students who scored higher on the SCCI scored higher on measures of career exploration, career planning, and career engagement, supporting the high congruent validity of the SCCI. Students with higher SCCI scores also showed stronger vocational identity and higher academic achievement, supporting the high criterion validity of the measure. Finally, the SCCI demonstrated scalar invariance across genders. Generally, the results show that the Chinese version of the SCCI is a valid and reliable scale for assessing college students career adaptation thoughts and behaviors.

11.
Foreign Language Annals ; 55(1):72-97, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1788854

ABSTRACT

The study reports pedagogical adaptations that Chinese language instructors made to support students' character learning during emergency remote teaching in 2020. Data from an online questionnaire and follow-up interviews show that the handwriting requirement in the language curriculum was ified to way to technology-based instruction, making the conventionally isolated and solitary task of character learning more integrative and interactive. Beginning-level instructors' use of technology in character instruction was correlated with their self-confidence, perceived time sufficiency, technology access, and support received. Meanwhile, intermediate- and upper-level instructors' self-confidence and perceived values of online teaching were factors associated with their technology use. The crucial role of teacher communities in offering language-specific training and peer support is emphasized, and implications to the broader field of foreign language teaching are discussed.

12.
Metaphor and Symbol ; 37(2):114-126, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1774162

ABSTRACT

Through metaphor, we gain distinctive perspectives on reality and communicate in new ways, especially when we use metaphor intentionally. The COVID-19 pandemic broke out in early 2020, causing significant harm to people’s lives worldwide. This article moves the focus from the ubiquitous war metaphor used in the pandemic to other deliberate metaphors identified in five Chinese news media, i.e., China Daily, People’s Daily, Huanqiu, Cankaoxiaoxi, and Xinhuanet. 59 Chinese online newspaper editorials were collected between 22 January 2020 and 22 July 2020. Using quantitative and qualitative methods, we investigate season, disease and medicine, and homework metaphors. We contend that (a) originating from common bodily experiences in the physical environment, season metaphors have emotional valences and promoted public confidence when the epidemic was severe and urged caution when it was mitigated, (b) connecting physical and socio-cultural worlds, disease and medicine metaphors could simplify and evaluate social issues besides formulating editorials’ political stances, and (c) based on shared socio-cultural knowledge, homework metaphors call for more democratic and practical governance in disease control. This study reveals how these metaphors accomplish useful pragmatic purposes in the pandemic in particular contexts.

13.
Intercultural Pragmatics ; 19(1):1-33, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1714821

ABSTRACT

On the basis of Mey’s Pragmatic Act Theory, this paper investigates the cross-cultural and cross-language variations in the pragmemes to call for social distancing in public health campaigns to combat COVID-19. We compare the officially released posters calling for social distancing in English and Chinese in two neighboring cities with distinctive socio-cultural contexts – Guangzhou and Hong Kong. Our main findings are: (1) Guangzhou takes one pragmeme to suit a short illocution-perlocution distance in calling for social distancing – “admonition,” and Hong Kong takes two pragmemes to meet a larger illocution-perlocution distance – “recommendation” and “reminder”;(2) Cross-cultural differences between the two cities are manifested in the individuated pragmatic acts of the pragmemes in both propositional contents and metapragmatic co-construction of personal references, polarity, modality, and mood;and (3) In both cities, cross-language differences can be observed in the propositional and metapragmatic dimensions of pragmatic acts, with the English posters bearing a weaker sense of addressee obligation than the Chinese. Adding the new angle of illocution-perlocution distance, our rethinking of the illocution versus perlocution dichotomy in pragmemes leads to an elaboration of the classical perlocution formula proposed by Austin in 1962.

14.
Theory and Practice in Language Studies ; 12(1):65-74, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1627288

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 has induced an abrupt shift from face-to-face instruction to online delivery mode for academic continuity. This research aims to explore the ecology of the pandemic-induced online English as foreign language (EFL) classrooms in Chinese middle schools and perceptions held by the English teachers, students, and parents. By analyzing data collected from 10, 576 questionnaires and eleven interviews, this study revealed how these participants played their respective parts in online EFL classroom ecology. Also, it was found that teachers' evaluations of students' learning performance (le arning engagement and outcomes) and teacher-student interactions (in-class interaction, after-class interaction, and teachers' feedback about homework) and their overall satisfaction of the online EFL classrooms were lower than that of the other two groups. In addition, major concerns of the participants about online EFL teaching and learning were identified, such as students' vision damage and inadequate self-discipline, lack of face-to-face communication, and unstable Internet connection. Through presenting and discussing the research findings, this study is expected to provide implications and insights for foreign language educators, learners, and parents worldwide in adapting to online classrooms during public crises.

15.
Theory and Practice in Language Studies ; 12(1):96-102, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1627284

ABSTRACT

Contrary to the pre-existing mapping and top-down instantiation from thought to language, Discourse Dynamics Framework for Metaphor(DDFM)argues that metaphor works mainly inductively upwards from the linguistic metaphor data, offering a tool for understanding people, revealing something of speaker's ideas, affective aspects and values. This study is designed to apply DDFM to a political speech about fighting COVID-19 made by Xi Jinping, the president of the People's Republic of China. Assisted by computer software, such as tables of Microsoft Office, to sort metaphors of each segment of this speech, this article investigates metaphors in the speech by progressive process of metaphor analysis of DDFM. It is found that: (1)The most frequently occurring metaphors are related to bodily action and body experience, which implies actions Chinese government will take.(2)The dynamically emergent systematic metaphors evolve as the discourse proceeds, conveying the political ideas and attitudes of Chinese government in fighting COVID-19.(3) Most of metaphors are conventionalized, which indicates the framing role of conventional metaphors in discourse. Thus, DDFM offers a new approach regarding metaphors in political discourse.

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