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1.
3rd International Scientific Conference on Innovations in Digital Economy, SPBPU IDE 2021 ; JOUR: 348-355,
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2088905

ABSTRACT

The main trend of modern social development is determined by the fourth industrial revolution, the COVID-19 epidemic and urgent ecological problems. To solve the ecological question there must be synergy of technological innovations, economic improvement and legal support of changes and transformation ideas. This solving involves all public actors. This article considers civil participation and public ecological control in the digital age, as well as the participation of the state in their implementation on the empirical data on eco-activism in Russia: public monitoring of environmental emergencies by WWF Russia, Gazprom Space Systems, Norilsk Nickel Environmental and Climate Change Strategy, Russian Ecological Society, Change.org, Federal resource "Russian public initiative"and others. Analysis shows that two classical models of monitoring and environmental protection systems ("top-down"and "bottom-top") couldn't be realized because of the state passivity and lack of the trust for the civil society. The most effective way of interaction seems the model "civil society + corporations - top". Also, Russia is taking first steps to legal support of eco-activities, but current legislation is still a framework for the future development which also includes: implementation of the necessary regulatory concepts that would correspond to a wide range of social and economic challenges;involvement of all interested parties, vulnerable groups and stakeholders in eco-projects;readiness to review state policy and flexibility. © 2021 ACM.

2.
East European Politics ; : 1-22, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070044

ABSTRACT

Is Covid-19 undermining European democracies? Recent scholarship overlooks the fact that most pandemic-related erosions of democracy can be attributed to illiberal inertia long in place before 2019. Did the democratic decay occur during the pandemic or due to the pandemic? We analyse the extent to which pandemic power grabs succeeded and failed in Europe with special attention to the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia. The executive power of the purse was an opportunity to abuse state resources. Governments that engage in the "pandemic heist" with impunity can be directly linked to a power grab due to the pandemic.

3.
Politics & Policy ; : 1, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2063917

ABSTRACT

Related Articles In recent years, the EU's ability to mobilize European citizens in its favor and counteract such phenomena as nationalism, populism, and “sovereignism” has significantly decreased. Consequently, the suggestion has been made that the EU's social dimension should be enhanced and its citizenship be made more salient in that regard. Such a suggestion has become even more topical after the COVID‐19 outbreak and the strain it has placed on the health‐care systems and economies of EU member states. Starting from a debate which addresses that suggestion, in this article I argue that, before attempting to enhance its social dimension, the EU should first try to strengthen its still weak political foundations in order to cope with its predicament. The article also shows that this move would be consistent with the rationale behind the European integration process, where economic issues were originally regarded as only means to achieve an ever‐closer political union.Barrault‐Stella, Lorenzo, and Thomas Douniès. 2021. “Introduction to the Special Issue: Citizenship as a Tool of Government in Europe.” Politics & Policy 49(4): 824–41. https://doi.org/10.1111/polp.12423.Ewert, Benjamin. 2021. “Citizenship as a Form of Anticipatory Obedience? Implications of Preventive Health Policy in Germany.” Politics & Policy 49(4): 891–912. https://doi.org/10.1111/polp.12421.McBeth, Mark K., Donna L. Lybecker, and Kacee A. Garner. 2010. “The Story of Good Citizenship: Framing Public Policy in the Context of Duty‐Based versus Engaged Citizenship.” Politics & Policy 38(1): 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747‐1346.2009.00226.x. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] Mejorar la solidaridad entre los europeos: hacia una reevaluación política de la UE y su ciudadanía En los últimos años, la capacidad de la UE para movilizar a los ciudadanos europeos a su favor y contrarrestar fenómenos como el nacionalismo, el populismo y el “soberanismo” ha disminuido significativamente. En consecuencia, se ha sugerido que se mejore la dimensión social de la UE y que su ciudadanía se haga más prominente en ese sentido. Tal sugerencia se ha vuelto aún más actual después del brote de COVID‐19 y la presión que ha ejercido sobre los sistemas de salud y las economías de los estados miembros de la UE. Partiendo de un debate que aborda esa sugerencia, en este artículo sostengo que antes de intentar mejorar su dimensión social, la UE primero debería tratar de fortalecer sus bases políticas aún débiles para hacer frente a su predicamento. El artículo también muestra que esta medida sería coherente con la lógica detrás del proceso de integración europea, donde los asuntos económicos se consideraron originalmente como el único medio para lograr una unión política cada vez más estrecha. (Spanish) [ FROM AUTHOR] 加强欧洲人之间的团结:对欧盟及其公民身份进行政治重估 近年来,欧盟在动员欧洲公民的支持,并抵制民族主义、民粹主义和“主权主义”等现象方面的能力明显下降。因此,有人建议加强欧盟的社会维度,并在这方面使其公民身份更加突出。在新冠疫情爆发及其对欧盟成员国的医疗保健系统和经济造成压力之后,这样的建议变得更加热门。以针对该建议的辩论为出发点,我论证认为,在试图增强其社会维度之前,欧盟应首先尝试加强其仍然薄弱的政治基础,以应对其困境。本文还表明,这一举措与欧洲一体化进程背后的基本原理是一致的,在欧洲一体化进程中,经济问题最初被视为实现更紧密的政治联盟的唯一手段。 (Chinese) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Politics & Policy is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

4.
Gender and Development ; 30(1-2):97-113, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2050953

ABSTRACT

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, tens of thousands of migrant workers returned from their countries of employment to their families in Lao People’s Democratic Republic. This article focuses on a specific population of migrant workers–Lao women returnee migrant workers in informal employment in Thailand–to explore how COVID-19 impacted their well-being and to what extent their home country’s social protection system supported them. It is based on more than 400 structured interviews with women migrant workers across nine provinces of Laos, who were working abroad in the informal economy and returned to Laos at the beginning of the pandemic. The research documented a rise in unemployment and income loss while aggravating gender inequalities in terms of the division of unpaid care work, discriminatory behaviours, and potential risks of gender-based violence. It identified several policy areas where systemic support for Lao women returnee migrant workers in informal employment should be prioritised: (1) extension of social protection, (2) national labour market strategy plan, (3) migration-sensitive national action plan, and (4) co-ordination between government and civil society organisations. © 2022 Oxfam KEDV.

5.
21st IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Government, EGOV 2022 ; 13391 LNCS:163-177, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2048103

ABSTRACT

Digital technologies are revamping the world, creating opportunities to increase social well-being while generating challenges associated with sustainable development. The growing popularity of social media, along with the dissemination of information, has led to the emergence of fake news. The misinformation linked to the Covid-19 pandemic has been prolific and a major barrier to dealing with this crisis. In this sense, this study aims to address the underlying challenges and opportunities associated with digital technologies initiatives implemented in Brazil to deal with the spread of health fake news during the Covid-19 pandemic. By analyzing a single longitudinal case study, we investigate how digital technologies were used by government, media groups and civil society to articulate common interests and enforce fundamental rights such as privacy and freedom of expression in a digitally connected society. © 2022, IFIP International Federation for Information Processing.

6.
Policy and Politics ; 50(3):341-341–361, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2039173

ABSTRACT

This article explores transformational change in public policy through community-based governance and the collective design of experience-oriented policy and action. Using a critical-interpretive theoretical perspective, we derived three key lessons in achieving this change from the experience of Paraisópolis, a Brazilian favela made famous for its COVID-19 successful response plan, despite historical state abandonment and overlapping vulnerabilities. The three lessons were (i) proximity coordination, (ii) collective learning, and (iii) affectionate relationality. All three underpinned the principle of ‘community activism’ and ‘deliberative empowerment’, which in turn were both crucial in effecting democratic transformations. Through our case study of Paraisópolis, we argue that transformational change crucially involved civil society engagement alongside inclusive deliberative forums. This reinforces the need to pursue a policy research agenda attentive to sociocentric experiences, ordinary actors and the emotions and values underlying public action.

7.
Revista de Stiinte Politice ; - (75):72-81, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2033956

ABSTRACT

Public policy in democratic societies aims to create public value by providing quality public services, regulations and state-organized activities with the ultimate goal of creating a better service towards its citizens. Since policy failure has always been a concern for various scientists and researchers, this paper aims to contribute to improving the quality and efficiency of public policies by providing expertise to state institutions to ensure effectiveness, transparency, inclusiveness and accountability of the entire process.The health system is one of the main pillars of public policy of every country today, and this is especially noticeable after the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in the world, a problem which radically changed public policies and how are they percept. Kosovo as a new state faces various political and state-building challenges. The functioning of the health system is one of those challenges, which bared the main responsibility in dealing with pandemic.Therefore, the main focus of this paper will be to analyze the public policies introduced by health institutions and government bodies as response to the COVID 19 pandemic. In this regard we will try to answer some questions which are going to be raised within the paper such as how satisfied were the citizens with health policies in Kosovo, the readiness of the institutions and the professional staff engaged, knowledge and use of best practices.In order to obtain the information needed to justify the main objectives of the thesis, beside the content analysis and comparative methods, we are going to conduct a survey with officials and various institutional experts that were engaged in planning and implementation of the policies in time of Covid19 pandemic, as well as with people from private sector and that of civil society.

8.
The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Civic and Political Studies ; 17(2):73-84, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2030475

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic occurred in Indonesia in early 2020, but the government (state) did not immediately respond to it through relevant policies. As a consequence, in 2021 there was an explosion of cases. In July 2021, for example, the number of cases and deaths from COVID-19 in Indonesia was the highest compared with India and Brazil. The Indonesian government has limitations in fighting the pandemic, and, therefore, the involvement of nonstate entities is important. This study focuses on the strategic role of Muhammadiyah as a mainstream Islamic organization representing the realm of civil society participating in the response to COVID-19. Muhammadiyah is engaged in health, education, and community empowerment and is actively participating through its many hospitals, educational institutions, and volunteers. The various programs are coordinated by the Muhammadiyah COVID-19 Command Center (MCCC). This study looks at how independent associations in Indonesia assist the state in handling the COVID-19 pandemic.

9.
The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Civic and Political Studies ; 16(2):21-35, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2030470

ABSTRACT

The essay aims to clarify possible challenges to the welfare state in a post-COVID-19 society and to illustrate conceptual ideas on how to tackle those challenges from a citizen’s perspective. This is based on interdisciplinary studies, particularly the literature survey in English and Japanese. The direct and indirect impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic in the global community have been examined from a broader perspective. The article clarifies that the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic are expected to be far larger and more complicated than those originally expected. The issues regarding possible challenges to the welfare state in a post-COVID-19 society are discussed in the three contexts of 1) the vulnerability approach, 2) governmental policy priority, and 3) social distancing in a civil society. Then, some ideas are illustrated from a citizen’s perspective. Through the discussion, it can be assumed that the government of each welfare state will make its best endeavors to respond to the requests of citizens but will face challenges that cannot be resolved easily with respect to the national budget, skilled human resources, technology, information, and so on. International cooperation among states would be of paramount importance to cope with a global issue like the COVID-19 pandemic. Another important aspect to bear in mind is that the future will be created by people in civil society embracing universal values and social ethics while maintaining a good relationship with the government. When facing inexperienced challenges, good citizenship in civil society would be a starting point because governments, parliaments, and courts cannot respond to sudden challenges. Individuals may take actions to express their ideas where the information technology of social networking services has developed.

10.
International Journal of Web Based Communities ; 18(2):150-172, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2022024

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a corresponding infodemic, emphasised by the use of social media as the primary communication channel during lockdowns. This study was aimed at finding the accounts that spread information in Italian on COVID-19, and how such information was propagated in the first Western country to face a lockdown. The presented analysis shows that, besides authoritative news media and institutional accounts, a relevant role was played by actors from the 'civil society', which included a popular virologist as well as a far-right activist and an unfamiliar account supporting anti-government and anti-immigration ideas. Quite surprisingly, this latter account achieved the highest number of retweets despite a relatively low number of followers. Also, it showed information propagation paths similar to health experts and institutions. © 2022 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

11.
Front Glob Womens Health ; 3: 857345, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2022698

ABSTRACT

Gender-based violence (GBV) significantly and substantially threatens women's health. The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated existing risks and patterns of GBV. The impact of COVID-19 on GBV is not inevitable, however, and can be mediated by the policies of governments. In this study we developed the Government GBV Response Index to systematically examine how countries (N = 60) performed in response to the pandemic with respect to the government 1) enacting specific national-level GBV policy; 2) making dedicated COVID-19 specific funding available; and 3) adapting existing GBV responses to COVID-19 related restrictions and challenges. Most countries (N = 33) delivered fewer than two policy responses. We also performed rapid case study analyses to investigate what might contribute to countries having more comprehensive government policy. We find that civil society organizations played a key role in facilitating GBV policy during the pandemic, especially if they are well-funded and well-connected to the government, and if the country has a high-level government official responsible for gender issues.

12.
Journal of Comparative Research in Anthropology and Sociology ; 12(2):1-20, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2012551

ABSTRACT

The Korean government's public health responses to the COVID-19 epidemic have achieved a remarkable outcome in terms of the measured number of infected patients and the overall mortality rate. Nonetheless, the public health authority's various mitigation strategies and vaccination efforts have faced several challenges primarily posed by politically motivated Christian fundamentalists and ultraconservative media's distorted news framing in Korea. This paper examines how these conservative forces - both religious and political - have undermined the Korean public health authority's various mitigation efforts and discusses how to address the problems from a public policy point of view. The paper argues that a comprehensive legal reform including the introduction of effective punitive damages in the media market is a necessary minimum to address some of these problems.

13.
SciDev.net ; 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1999576

ABSTRACT

Speed read Civil society groups say ‘Green Revolution’ programmes have failed Funds awarded by Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa ‘go to western institutions’ Leaders urge governments and donors to redirect support to Africa-led projects Civil society organisations have called on influential donors to stop funding industrial agriculture programmes, which they say harm smallholder farmers and the environment. A spokesperson for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation said: “We share AGRA’s view that there are many paths to sustainably increasing smallholder farmers’ productivity and incomes in Sub-Saharan Africa. “The German government fundamentally supports the central tasks of AGRA, including transforming smallholder farming and value chains, and increasing farm productivity to meet the needs of a growing population and improve food security,” she said.

14.
SciDev.net ; 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1998625

ABSTRACT

Speed read ‘Nature-based solutions’ to farming challenges urged at UN Food Systems Summit Food systems ‘must be climate neutral’ says summit’s science chief Critics say groups most affected were not represented The United Nations has urged the world to urgently review its food production and consumption patterns in order to save the planet, at a landmark summit beset by controversy and boycotts. In a keynote speech at the historic UN Food Systems Summit held online on Thursday, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said the world must adopt natural alternatives to industrial agricultural practises that protect the planet as it battles rising hunger, malnutrition and obesity. Joachim von Braun, chair of the summit’s scientific group, said that “food systems can and must be climate neutral”, adding: “Most food systems are not sustainable. [...]science must not only address production and consumption or the value chain, but the whole food system.”

15.
SciDev.net ; 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1998481

ABSTRACT

Speed read Vaccine, visa complications, COVID restrictions hindering COP26 participation Global South observers, civil society groups ‘don’t have seat in negotiations’ Urgent action needed to address participation gap, say advocates A participation revolution is needed to stop the “outrageous” exclusion of civil society and the global South from major international talks, development advocates have said amid accusations that COP26 is the least inclusive climate summit in a decade. See PDF] Sébastien Duyck, a senior attorney at the Center for International Environmental Law, said: “People have come from all regions, despite all of the hurdles – the economic costs of being here in Glasgow, the health risks associated with going back to their communities, to participate in the process.” Duyck called on the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Secretariat and the UK as hosts to take immediate action to ensure that the voices of communities living with the impacts of climate change are “effectively and meaningfully heard in negotiating rooms”.

16.
SciDev.net ; 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1998480

ABSTRACT

Speed read UN summit aims to tackle food insecurity following COVID-19 But one group say ‘top-down’ summit ignores ecological farming approaches Scientists, civic groups boycott summit, hold alternative talks A UN summit which aims to tackle food insecurity has become the scene of controversy and disagreement, with one group of scientists joining a parallel event in protest. The summit will involve UN agencies, governments and non-government organisations, while the advisory committee includes members of major food security and nutrition organisations. “Sustainable intensive agriculture recognises the importance of responding to the social and ecological dimensions of food production but does so as part of an effort to reduce and eliminate intensive agriculture’s harmful effects,” says Fakhri.

17.
Public Administration and Policy ; 25(2):109-123, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1992554

ABSTRACT

Purpose>To show that establishing an anti-corruption agency (ACA), by itself, is not likely to be a successful anti-corruption strategy. Instead, a solid base of social trust, participation, and support is just as essential as creating an ACA with significant powers and resources.Design/methodology/approach>This is a historical review of the origins and development of the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) of Hong Kong, and an assessment of its three-pronged approach strategy at both strategic and tactical levels.Findings>An ACA requires broad and deep social support and participation if it is to succeed. That the ICAC remains nearly unique in developing such a base of support provides important lessons for those countries with ineffective ACAs.Originality/value>A reassessment of the ICAC after a half-century shows that the Hong Kong case, despite its familiarity, has much to teach us if we understand it in its broadest implications.

18.
Interdisciplinary Political Studies ; 8(1):143-168, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1987106

ABSTRACT

This article aims at describing the main causes which contribute to explaining to what extent the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) Agenda does not represent a national priority for Moroccan decision makers and why the adoption of a National Action Plan (NAP) in 2022 has proceeded very slowly in the North African Kingdom. Constructed from a gender-based analysis of the Moroccan political context and drawn from 15 semi-structured interviews targeting Moroccan institutional actors, academics and civil society representatives, the study explores lags, challenges and opportunities for the WPS Agenda implementation in Morocco. Following up on new and critical approaches to the WPS agenda that expands its understanding, beyond the dichotomy of peace and security, the article brings out relevant strategic axes that the implementation of the WPS agenda could potentially imply in the country. In conclusion, the article explores the urgent need, expressed by several Moroccan scholars and activists, to reconsider the concepts of peace and security, by emancipating it from purely military issues and redirecting it to a more social and human oriented dimension. This is mainly relevant now since the COVID pandemic has made inequalities more visible and corrective measures to eliminate them more necessary, especially from a gender point of view. © 2022

19.
Journal of Communication Management ; : 14, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1985369

ABSTRACT

Purpose This study proposes a description of the civil society diplomacy that emerged in the early solutions found to fight the COVID-19 crisis. The author analyses this concept as the intersection of the social movements of individuals and civil society organisations' and international health care. Its purpose is to determine the international structure of the connective actors aimed to find concrete solutions against COVID-19 and to characterize the communication visible on Twitter towards this civil society engagement. Design/methodology/approach Based on a data-driven approach, the author collected a large dataset of tweets from Switzerland between March and June 2020 and conducted a computational text analysis methodology. Findings The results showed who the participants were, provided a visualisation of the digital networking process between engaged and mentioned participants at national and international levels, and determined the emotions that emerged during three event phases. Originality/value The study reveals that features of connective social care actions and strategic collective communication can illustrate civil society diplomacy for a shared cause in times of health crisis.

20.
Policy and Politics ; 50(3):341-361, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1978815

ABSTRACT

This article explores transformational change in public policy through community-based governance and the collective design of experience-oriented policy and action. Using a critical -interpretive theoretical perspective, we derived three key lessons in achieving this change from the experience of Parais??polis, a Brazilian favela made famous for its COVID-19 successful response plan, despite historical state abandonment and overlapping vulnerabilities. The three lessons were (i) proximity coordination, (ii) collective learning, and (iii) affectionate relationality. All three underpinned the principle of ???community activism??? and ???deliberative empowerment???, which in turn were both crucial in effecting democratic transformations. Through our case study of Parais??polis, we argue that transformational change crucially involved civil society engagement alongside inclusive deliberative forums. This reinforces the need to pursue a policy research agenda attentive to sociocentric experiences, ordinary actors and the emotions and values underlying public action.

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