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1.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; JOUR:996-1003, 46.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101060

ABSTRACT

The arrival of Covid-19 has changed the communication strategies of all organizations. The Spanish sports federations are not immune to this fact and have had to adapt their communication policies to the new social needs. To achieve this, they have opted for online technologies and temporarily stopped using other traditional tools in the field of communication, such as public events. This article aims to reflect on the use that these institutions have made of the corporate web and social networks during the outbreak of the pandemic. To address this issue, a survey has been carried out among the communication directors of the sports federations collected by the Higher Sports Council (CSD) and an analysis of their websites has been made. It has been verified that 100% of the institutions analyzed have a corporate website and the vast majority bet on the use of social networks, mainly Facebook, Twitter and YouTube. Communication officials say that these tools have taken on greater weight in the mix of communication with the health crisis. On the other hand, the research reveals that, in just a decade, the Federations that use RRSS have gone from 39% to 97%, which shows the commitment to these communication tools.

2.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; JOUR:43-52, 46.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101056

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 health crisis has challenged teachers to use Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), with the consequent impact on the attitude towards these media. Present study identify and describes the factors associated with the attitude of Physical Education teachers towards the integration of ICT in the COVID-19 context. The study is qualitative with an exploratory and descriptive intention. 27 cases are studied through documentary analysis and in-depth interviews. 17 factors that influence the attitude of Physical Education teachers towards the integration of ICT during the health crisis are identified, five of which were not found in the reference literature. The attitude towards ICT has been strongly conditioned by a high professional and personal commitment of teachers, which led to the adoption of tools, the adoption and adaptation of methods and practices more supported by ICT. The great challenge for educational institutions points to the development of strategies focused on overcoming the barriers associated with the factors analyzed.

3.
Event Management ; 26(7):1565-1576, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2055459

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to explore the perceived impacts of COVID-19 in participating in academic events, relating the attractiveness of destinations and tourist opportunities as pull factors. Remote communication technologies have also been put into perspective to understand how they can influence future participation in events. A partial least squares (PLS) was used to test both research model and hypotheses. This study supports that COVID-19 has profoundly affected participation in events and has an impact on the attractiveness of the destination and tourist opportunities. During the pandemic context, remote communication technologies have replaced physical presence at events and are expected to continue to be present in future events. However, it is anticipated that technology will not permanently replace physical presence at events, due to the social character it represents. Also, destination attractiveness and tourist opportunities will be important in the decision to participate in physical events. This article addresses the current topic of COVID-19 and the impact on the future of physical events and gives some indicators that may contribute to a better planning of destinations in the recovery of this sector, namely by enhancing the tourist attractiveness of destinations as pull factor.

4.
Event Management ; 26(7):1537-1547, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2055458

ABSTRACT

The authors propose a strategy to help event planners pivot and adjust to the post-COVID world. This involves the use of social media and sales force automation (SFA). The authors explain how both of these can be accomplished in a low cost, easy to learn and use manner by adopting LinkedIn. The authors also present three tools that will help the event planner assess if they and their personnel are ready to make such a change. The authors conclude with a set of managerial imperatives that include not only how to be proactive and competitive but also the operational adjustments that will be necessary for the mode of operation, the reach of the planner, how online presence and content will drive awareness, the role and definition of personnel, how client relationships are conducted, and how the different facets of the event itself will change.

5.
Event Management ; 26(7):1653-1662, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2055457

ABSTRACT

The aim of this article is to examine how tourism conference organizers react to the restricted mobility incurred by the spread of the COVID-19 virus. Do they cancel, change format, or change date for the event? This study contributes to an initial analysis of how organizers of international academic conferences in the tourism and hospitality industry deal with whole groups of participants who are no longer mobile and therefore cannot actively network personally. This uniquely compiled data covers a large representative number of conferences in this field. A Multinomial Logit model is used to estimate the options available. Data are based on unique information on almost 100 conferences, meetings, and congresses in the tourism and hospitality sector, including related fields such as leisure and recreation, planned to be held during the period of March to November 2020. Descriptive evidence shows that approximately one out of five conferences changes to a virtual format, somewhat more than half moves the date (mainly to the year 2021), and the remaining 25% cancel the event without alternative offers. Estimation results reveal that the decision to change to an online format increases nonlinearly over time in the form of an inverse U-shaped curve. This indicates a certain resistance to virtual conferences, although with more time for planning, a gradual adaptation to the actual situation appears to be possible. Longer conferences are less likely to change format. The probability of cancellations is lower for association conferences, which are held regularly.

6.
Communication, Culture & Critique ; 15(3):299-410, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2051325

ABSTRACT

This introduction to the special issue on the topic of "Centering Women on Post-2010 Chinese TV" presents a brief review of major topics in the scholarship on televisual representations of women in contemporary China. The issue includes five research articles that, collectively, address research gaps in studies of post-2010 Chinese televisual-cultural discourses to do with ethnic minority women, women's media authorship, women's extramarital romance, and national heroines of the COVID-19 pandemic. We propose novel focuses for examining women's plural roles and subjectivities on and off the TV screen. We thus call for complex understandings that move beyond the predominant attention of existing scholarship on conventional depictions of women as (virtuous) wives, (good) mothers, (inspirational) female professionals or heroines, and masculine feminist girls. Instead, this special issue sheds light on the polyvalent and contested positionality of Chinese women as gendered, ethnicized, (trans)nationalized, and romanticized subjects during a (post-)globalization and (post-)pandemic age.

7.
Journal of Henan Normal University Natural Science Edition ; 49(6):228-235, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040776

ABSTRACT

This study describes the need to develop and take steps to build Inquiry-Based Social Science Digital Books to improve vocational high school students' critical thinking. This type of research is a case study approach whose data sources are data from class X Vocational High School Students and History Teachers. The data collection methods used observation, interviews, and documentation. Data analysis used the interactive flow analysis technique, which consisted of data reduction, display, and verification. Based on the results of field observations, the study results showed that student learning outcomes through Distance Learning (PJJ) History during the COVID-19 pandemic were still low. Based on the initial comments in six vocational schools in Sukoharjo Regency, it was found that social studies teachers had difficulties delivering history social studies material to students. As a result, students have difficulty in understanding the subject matter, impacting low learning outcomes. From the interviews conducted, information was obtained that teachers were less skilled at integrating social studies learning using digital book teaching media. Hence, developing an inquiry-based historical, and social studies digital book is still necessary to improve students' critical thinking.

8.
Journal of Henan Normal University Natural Science Edition ; 49(6):209-215, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040775

ABSTRACT

This study aims to assess the reality of distance learning in Moroccan universities in exceptional circumstances imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, which forced the Moroccan government to suspend face-to-face study and compensate for it by distance learning for preserving the students' pedagogical continuity. The inclusion of interactive platforms for the benefit of students to ensure pedagogical communication with professors and the monitoring of lessons through them is among the most important decisions in Moroccan universities. However, this teaching style has defined several obstacles and problems, which we have tried to assess through a student opinion survey questionnaire to identify their opinions on the extent to which university distance learning has achieved the objectives set by the Moroccan education system. The importance of the study lies in the fact that the student is the center of the teaching-learning process, which makes knowing his attitudes towards distance education one of the things that must be studied and analyzed. This may enable officials to monitor realistic data and restructure the education system to achieve successful educational outcomes. First, the study concluded that the students encountered material and financial difficulties related to the logistical means and Internet connection, which negatively affected the students' motivation toward distance learning. Then, the study concluded that the digital content available to students was ineffective. Finally, the researchers concluded that the distance learning option could not compensate for face-to-face teaching in Moroccan universities.

9.
Journal of Henan Normal University Natural Science Edition ; 49(6):52-61, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040774

ABSTRACT

With online learning technology fatly growing, especially with the Covid-19 pandemic, learning resources are produced in massive amounts, with high heterogeneity, and in numerous media formats. The key issue for today's learners is how to access the required learning resource based on their preferences and skills? Learning videos have become the central role in e-learning of higher education institutions. As a learning content, videos prove it is an important and necessary content delivery tool in all online platforms such as online, flipped, and blended classes. Hence, indicating suitable videos in seminal years possibly will help to do research in a better way. In this article, we present a recommender system that will suggest and guide learners in choosing appropriate learning videos per their requirements. Our system is based on collective intelligence. Indeed, we analyze the comments of Internet users on the videos to extract their opinions and then compare them with the evaluations to obtain a better recommendation.

10.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):163-169, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040744

ABSTRACT

The main objective of the research was to try to see the perception of virtual classes and the possible academic repercussions that university students had in Peru, and their associated factors, during the COVID-19 pandemic. Analytical cross-sectional study in Peruvian university students during the first wave of the pandemic, the variable that mediates perception was obtained through a validated scale. In the analytical statistics, it was found that women had a higher frequency of perception of academic repercussions (PRa: 1.37;95% CI: 1.18-1.59;p value <0.001), this adjusted for age, study career and university. Women were the ones who perceived the most repercussions. Although an association was only found with the sex of the respondents, larger studies should be carried out and in more advanced stages of the pandemic, since our results can be taken as baseline, but the influence of others should be followed up and determine the influence of other variables.

11.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(8), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2039244

ABSTRACT

Factors associated with COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy (which we define as refusal to be vaccinated when asked, resulting in delayed or non- vaccination) are poorly studied in sub-Saharan Africa and among refugees, particularly in Kenya. Using survey data from wave five (March to June 2021) of the Kenya Rapid Response Phone Survey (RRPS), a household survey representative of the population of Kenya, we estimated the self-reported rates and factors associated with vaccine hesitancy among non-refugees and refugees in Kenya. Non-refugee households were recruited through sampling of the 2015/16 Kenya Household Budget Survey and random digit dialing. Refugee households were recruited through random sampling of registered refugees. Binary response questions on misinformation and information were transformed into a scale. We performed a weighted (to be representative of the overall population of Kenya) multivariable logistic regression including interactions for refugee status, with the main outcome being if the respondent self-reported that they would not take the COVID-19 vaccine if available at no cost. We calculated the marginal effects of the various factors in the model. The weighted univariate analysis estimated that 18.0% of non-refugees and 7.0% of refugees surveyed in Kenya would not take the COVID-19 vaccine if offered at no cost. Adjusted, refugee status was associated with a -13.1[95%CI:-17.5,-8.7] percentage point difference (ppd) in vaccine hesitancy. For the both refugees and non-refugees, having education beyond the primary level, having symptoms of COVID-19, avoiding handshakes, and washing hands more often were also associated with a reduction in vaccine hesitancy. Also for both, having used the internet in the past three months was associated with a 8.1[1.4,14.7] ppd increase in vaccine hesitancy;and disagreeing that the government could be trusted in responding to COVID-19 was associated with a 25.9[14.2,37.5]ppd increase in vaccine hesitancy. There were significant interactions between refugee status and some variables (geography, food security, trust in the Kenyan government's response to COVID-19, knowing somebody with COVID-19, internet use, and TV ownership). These relationships between refugee status and certain variables suggest that programming between refugees and non-refugees be differentiated and specific to the contextual needs of each group.

12.
Tourism Management Perspectives ; 43(146), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2036582

ABSTRACT

This study aims to conceptualize the notion of event technology by examining past and current trends in the event technology industry. Based on social representation and agenda-setting theories, this study analyzed approximately 390,000 posts related to event technology on Twitter and Instagram. For an in-depth examination, the authors performed multilateral big data analytics: descriptive, comparative, sentiment, and content analysis. The results revealed that product life cycles are clearly discernible in the event technology industry and that the COVID-19 pandemic has provided an opportunity for rejuvenation. The findings also suggest that event technology is the dominant terminology over meeting technology and Twitter is the preferred platform for discussing event technology-related agenda. This study examines the previously unvisited topic of technology usage in the MICE industry and provides academic and practical implications to prepare for the upcoming MICE 5.0 era.

13.
Information Technology and Tourism ; 24(2):165-179, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2035475

ABSTRACT

This viewpoint article proposes an enabling framework that identifies the use of various blockchain technologies in tourism and their applications (digitalization, automation, disintermediation, and intelligent environment) across the different stages of travel (pre-trip, during the trip, and post-trip). As we know, the tourism sector contributes immensely to world GDP and job creation. However, the COVID-19 pandemic, even after two years since it first appeared, continues to adversely impact the tourism prospects of countries across the world due to nationwide lockdowns and travel restrictions. As the world tries to adapt to the "new normal," the tourism sector is forced to re-think its ways of doing business and bring about innovations to facilitate the new norms of contactless and safe transactions. Also, the sector, more than ever, need to effectively deal with its inherent challenges such as transparency and credibility of information, fraudulent practices, opportunistic behavior of intermediaries, and foreign currency risks. Blockchain technology can transform the tourism sector by offering innovative solutions that address its pressing issues. However, our current understanding of blockchain application in tourism is quite limited, with previous work being largely fragmented and narrow in terms of both scope and application. We foresee that the insights offered in this viewpoint, including the framework, will advance both theory and practice and facilitate the implementation of blockchain-enabled solutions across different travel stages.

14.
International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management ; 34(10):3743-3763, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034609

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the three-way interaction effects among congruence type (proximal vs distal) of nonverbal ad messages, assessment perspective (internal vs external) of verbal ad messages and social distance (close vs faraway) on consumers' visit intention. Design/methodology/approach: After developing the four categories of restaurant advertisements and scenarios for each type of social distance, the authors used 780 observations collected from Chinese consumers via the online survey platform Sojump and WeChat. The authors conducted ANOVA to test the hypotheses. Findings: The results reveal that in proximal congruence situations, consumers who feel a close social distance between themselves and their companions report higher visit intentions when exposed to internal versus external perspective-oriented ad messages;in distal congruence situations, external perspective-oriented ad messages elicit higher intention to visit advertised restaurant when consumers feel a far social distance between themselves and their companions. Research limitations/implications: Future research can focus on the different categories of messages, such as functional and experiential messages, to find whether similar interaction effects are explored or not. Practical implications: This paper suggests some practical implications for advertisers to maximize the impact of advertisements on consumers' behavioral outcomes via combining the different characteristics of nonverbal and verbal messages effectively, especially according to their target consumers' characteristics. Originality/value: In the view of the three-way interaction effects, this paper offers a new lens on understanding how advertisements influence consumers' behavioral outcomes, which could contribute to the advancement of advertisement theories.

15.
Tourism and Hospitality International Journal ; 18(2):55-58, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034432

ABSTRACT

This article discusses the state of the tourism industry during the COVID-19 pandemic and how information and communication technologies (ICTs) can be used to make a valuable contribution to this sector. ICTs have become an important factor in building resilience in tourism. They have played an extremely important role during the course of the current pandemic.

16.
Nigerian Agricultural Journal ; 53(1):388-395, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034243

ABSTRACT

In the past, much of extension worker's activities were done through face-to-face contacts - a tedious and time consuming approach. There is therefore, need to shift from this traditional method of reaching farmers to a more effective, faster and wider means to cover a wide spectrum of clientele. Hence, the study assessed the influence of mass media promoted agricultural programmes on arable crop production in Ezza North L.G.A of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was adopted in the selection of 120 respondents using structured questionnaire. Data collected using primary source were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed that majority (72%) of the farmers were males with a mean age of 41 years, and a mean annual farm income of N380, 000. The major mass media available in the area were radio (98%) and television (92%). The most mass media promoted agricultural programmes in the area were One-Man-One hectare (97%), Covid-19 support loan (90%), and AGSMEIS loan (82%). With the coefficient of multiple determinations (R2) of 0.867, it was observed that mass media promoted agricultural programmes have significant influence on arable crop production in the study area. However, high cost of devices, inadequate capital, lack ICT skills, peer group influence, language barrier, cultural barrier, poor infrastructural development, policy inconsistency, time of programme broadcast, and limited coverage of media waves were identified as the major constraints in the use of mass media in enhancing arable crop production in the study area. The study recommended for improved agricultural extension services delivery to farmers on the effective utilization of mass media for agricultural production.

17.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 62(2):343-351, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2033887

ABSTRACT

The health crisis caused by COVID-19 generated the application of social distancing and confinement measures for a long time, undermining participation in community activism and promoting the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for the control and prevention of the disease;however, there is a wide gap between those who have access to the internet and those who do not, and the spread of COVID-19 has only deepened this gap. A descriptive and correlational study was carried out in order to determine the relationship between the digital divide and ICTs for the control of the COVID-19 pandemic, in 119 users who attend a telecenter in the Peruvian Amazon. A questionnaire made up of 37 items related to the digital divide and ICTs, evaluated using a Likert scale, was applied. Likewise, an instrument with 15 items was applied to evaluate the search for information about COVID-19. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis. Differences were found between what is known and what should be known about COVID-19, generating an information gap about the disease;In addition, a correlation between the digital divide and ICT was obtained. The implementation of digital inclusion programs, policies for digital access and connectivity, establishment of other telecenters and development of adequate infrastructure are required, which reduce the digital divide and promote the control and prevention of COVID-19.

18.
Cattle Practice ; 29(1):12-12, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2033861

ABSTRACT

The aims of this study are to determine if CAM use has potential to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use and support the global efforts against antimicrobial resistance, and to ensure that antimicrobials and other conventional treatment approaches are used where appropriate. 20 farms with a range of management systems, herd sizes and production goals were recruited to this study. Interviews were conducted with 24 farmers through a mixture of face-to-face, telephone and videoconferencing modalities necessitated by movement restrictions during the Covid-19 pandemic. In addition, 16 farms were visited to collect ethnographic participant observational data using ethnographic fieldnotes and photographs. Interviews were conducted using a topic guide and explored participants' experience of CAM, including drivers/barriers to CAM use, experiences of CAM use and how CAM might influence the use of conventional medicine such as antibiotics. Early findings indicate several drivers for UK dairy farmers to use CAM approaches, including their own personal [or friends' and relations'] experiences, the views of influential people and advisors, networks within the farming community and the fact that CAM use allows a greater sense of autonomy in health-based decision making. Farmers often refer to milk buyers and organic guidelines as factors which influence their use of CAM. They further refer to a desire to 'do something' for the animal and to minimise animal welfare related concerns. A range of CAM information sources were also consulted by farmers including, holistic health management organisations/courses, online materials, and pharmacies. Participating farmers associate the use of CAM approaches with other holistic health management practices, human-animal interactions, the actual character and physical characteristics of an animal and animal welfare. This indicates that CAM use is seen by farmers as part of a wider ethos and belief about holistic farming practices and land use. Additionally, data implies that some farmers value their positive personal experiences of CAM use over scientific evidence. In contrast, barriers to CAM use were also identified including: the perception that CAM approaches are reserved specifically for organic systems, little access to CAM and related resources and some existing tensions between farmers and other stakeholders' views. Early findings suggest that farmers are influenced in their use of CAM by a range of individuals within the agriculture community, including veterinary surgeons (some of whom use homeopathic practices), mainstream farming press and pro-CAM organisations and advisors.

19.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 62(2):171-182, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2033714

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the importance and utility of telemedicine in providing a way to connect patients and healthcare professionals when an in-person consultation is not possible in rural areas. A systematic review of Telemedicine and its impact on rural healthcare in times of COVID-19 was carried out from 2016 to 2021. The search strategy identified 1480 papers from digital libraries such as Google Scholar, ACM Digital Library, ProQuest, ARDI, Taylor & Francis Online, Wiley Online Libray and Microsoft Academic. Then 71 papers were considered based on exclusion criteria. The results of the systematic review have focused on recent studies of Telemedicine where it highlights the importance in the care of patients in rural areas also provides statistical graphs of the extracted studies to compare by relevance to their settings and situations.

20.
Journal of Henan Normal University Natural Science Edition ; 49(6):199-208, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026899

ABSTRACT

As the major source of information, social media has outpaced mainstream news channels. In these information overloaded days, differentiating rumors from facts is crucial and difficult. This study aims to explore the respondents' perception of the reasons for spreading rumors related to the Coronavirus on social media. Furthermore, it seeks to look at the respondents' perception of the ways of combating fake news related to the Coronavirus on social media. Lastly, the study attempts to know to what extent the respondents are satisfied with the performance of the media institutions in dealing with the Coronavirus. A cross-sectional survey design was used with a non-probability sample to explore the respondents' perceptions of the above-mentioned aims. A total of 1274 self-selected cases from Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Morocco, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and the United Arab Emirates were investigated. The study finds that all respondents agree with the reasons listed in the survey about spreading rumors related to the Coronavirus on social media, except for the reasons of lacking transparency on behalf of the Ministry of Health and other official bodies and lacking accurate information about the Coronavirus. Moreover, the study confirms the respondents' beliefs that all listed ways effectively combat fake news related to the Coronavirus on social media. Furthermore, the study finds that the respondents are satisfied with the performance of the media institutions in dealing with the Coronavirus in their countries. With these findings, the study significantly contributes to the literature. It may assist various parties, such as the government and media organizations, in making the proper decision to combat the spread of rumors via social media.

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